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heart failure and diet

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768364/obesogenic-diet-in-aging-mice-disrupts-gut-microbe-composition-and-alters-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-leading-to-inflamed-milieu-in-acute-heart-failure
#1
Vasundhara Kain, William Van Der Pol, Nithya Mariappan, Aftab Ahmad, Peter Eipers, Deanna L Gibson, Cecile Gladine, Claire Vigor, Thierry Durand, Casey Morrow, Ganesh V Halade
Calorie-dense obesogenic diet (OBD) is a prime risk factor for cardiovascular disease in aging. However, increasing age coupled with changes in the diet can affect the interaction of intestinal microbiota influencing the immune system, which can lead to chronic inflammation. How age and calorie-enriched OBD interact with microbial flora and impact leukocyte profiling is currently under investigated. Here, we tested the interorgan hypothesis to determine whether OBD in young and aging mice alters the gut microbe composition and the splenic leukocyte profile in acute heart failure (HF)...
February 15, 2019: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764868/prevalence-and-predictors-of-self-care-practices-among-hypertensive-patients-at-jimma-university-specialized-hospital-southwest-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#2
Busha Gamachu Labata, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Ginenus Fekadu Mekonen, Fekede Bekele Daba
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is a major risk factor and precursor of myocardial infarction, chronic kidney disease, heart failure and premature death. These vascular events increased costs of hypertension management. Self-care Practices were recommended to control blood pressure among hypertensive patients. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess predictors of self-care practices among hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. RESULTS: A 341-hypertensive patients participated in the study...
February 14, 2019: BMC Research Notes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757932/the-association-between-education-and-risk-of-major-cardiovascular-events-among-prostate-cancer-patients-a-study-from-the-diet-cancer-and-health-study
#3
Ida Rask Moustsen, Anne Sofie Friberg, Signe Benzon Larsen, Anne Katrine Duun-Henriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Susanne K Kjaer, Klaus Brasso, Christoffer Johansen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton
BACKGROUND: High socioeconomic position is associated with better prognosis in prostate cancer patients but it is unknown if part of this association may be explained by socioeconomic differences in severe late effects. We investigated the association between education as an indicator for socioeconomic position and cardiovascular events after prostate cancer and if such associations were mediated by differences in lifestyle, cardiovascular risk factors and prostate cancer treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified 1980 men diagnosed with prostate cancer from 1993 to 2014 among participants in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study...
February 13, 2019: Acta Oncologica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30756119/factors-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-overview-of-reviews
#4
M Rochoy, V Rivas, E Chazard, E Decarpentry, G Saudemont, P-A Hazard, F Puisieux, S Gautier, R Bordet
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a frequent pathology, with a poor prognosis, for which no curative treatment is available in 2018. AD prevention is an important issue, and is an important research topic. In this manuscript, we have synthesized the literature reviews and meta-analyses relating to modifiable risk factors associated with AD. Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, physical inactivity, depression, head trauma, heart failure, bleeding and ischemic strokes, sleep apnea syndrome appeared to be associated with an increased risk of AD...
2019: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30755628/cardiac-fibroblast-activation-and-hyaluronan-synthesis-in-response-to-hyperglycemia-and-diet-induced-insulin-resistance
#5
Daniel J Gorski, Anne Petz, Christina Reichert, Sören Twarock, Maria Grandoch, Jens W Fischer
Diabetic patients are at a greater risk of heart failure due to diabetic cardiomyopathy and worsened outcome post-myocardial infarction. While the molecular mechanisms remain unclear, fibrosis and chronic inflammation are common characteristics of both conditions. Diabetes mellitus (types I and II) results in excessive hyaluronan (HA) deposition in vivo, and hyperglycemia stimulates HA synthesis for several cell types in vitro. HA-rich extracellular matrix contributes to fibrotic, hyperplastic and inflammatory disease progression...
February 12, 2019: Scientific Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30716297/clinician-s-guide-to-the-updated-abcs-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-a-review-part-2
#6
REVIEW
Kelly Arps, Vincent A Pallazola, Rhanderson Cardoso, Joseph Meyer, Richard Jones, Jacqueline Latina, Ty J Gluckman, Neil J Stone, Roger S Blumenthal, John W McEvoy
Efforts to better control risk factors for cardiovascular disease and prevent the development of subsequent cardiovascular events are crucial to maintaining healthy populations. In today's busy practice environment and with the overwhelming pace of new research findings, ensuring appropriate emphasis and implementation of evidence-based preventive cardiovascular care can be challenging. The ABCDEF approach to cardiovascular disease prevention is intended to improve dissemination of contemporary best practices and ease the implementation of comprehensive preventive strategies for clinicians...
February 1, 2019: American Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712327/the-role-of-intestinal-microbiota-in-cardiovascular-disease
#7
REVIEW
Mengchao Jin, Zhiyuan Qian, Jiayu Yin, Weiting Xu, Xiang Zhou
Accumulating evidence has indicated that intestinal microbiota is involved in the development of various human diseases, including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). In the recent years, both human and animal experiments have revealed that alterations in the composition and function of intestinal flora, recognized as gut microflora dysbiosis, can accelerate the progression of CVDs. Moreover, intestinal flora metabolizes the diet ingested by the host into a series of metabolites, including trimethylamine N-oxide, short chain fatty acids, secondary bile acid and indoxyl sulfate, which affects the host physiological processes by activation of numerous signalling pathways...
February 3, 2019: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30703746/csrp3-mediates-polyphenols-induced-cardioprotection-in-hypertension
#8
Carole Oudot, Andreia Gomes, Valérie Nicolas, Morgane Le Gall, Philippe Chaffey, Cédric Broussard, Giuseppe Calamita, Maria Mastrodonato, Patrizia Gena, Jean-Luc Perfettini, Jocelyne Hamelin, Antoinette Lemoine, Rodolphe Fischmeister, Helena L A Vieira, Claudia N Santos, Catherine Brenner
Berries contain bioactive polyphenols, whose capacity to prevent cardiovascular diseases has been established recently in animal models as well in human clinical trials. However, cellular processes and molecular targets of berries polyphenols remain to be identified. The capacity of a polyphenol-enriched diet (i.e., blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberry tree fruits and Portuguese crowberries berries mixture) to promote animal survival and protect cardiovascular function from salt-induced hypertension was evaluated in a chronic salt-sensitive Dahl rat model...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30677469/myocardial-iron-homeostasis-and-hepcidin-expression-in-a-rat-model-of-heart-failure-at-different-levels-of-dietary-iron-intake
#9
Petrak Jiri, Havlenova Tereza, Krijt Matyas, Behounek Matej, Janka Franekova, Cervenka Ludek, Pluhacek Tomas, Vyoral Daniel, Melenovsky Vojtech
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients with chronic heart failure (HF) have systemic iron deficiency, which contributes to symptoms and poor prognosis. Myocardial iron deficiency (MID) in HF patients has been recently documented, but its causes and consequences are unknown. The goal of our study was to address these questions in a well-defined rat HF model induced by volume overload due to aorto-caval fistula. METHODS: Modulation of dietary iron content in a rat model of HF has been used to address how iron status affects cardiac iron levels, heart structure and function, and how the presence of HF affects cardiac expression of hepcidin and other iron-related genes...
January 21, 2019: Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30669549/the-demographic-diversity-of-food-intake-and-prevalence-of-kidney-stone-diseases-in-the-indian-continent
#10
REVIEW
Manalee Guha, Hritwick Banerjee, Pubali Mitra, Madhusudan Das
Food intake plays a pivotal role in human growth, constituting 45% of the global economy and wellbeing in general. The consumption of a balanced diet is essential for overall good health, and a lack of equilibrium can lead to malnutrition, prenatal death, obesity, osteoporosis and bone fractures, coronary heart diseases (CHD), idiopathic hypercalciuria, diabetes, and many other conditions. CHD, osteoporosis, malnutrition, and obesity are extensively discussed in the literature, although there are fragmented findings in the realm of kidney stone diseases (KSD) and their correlation with food intake...
January 21, 2019: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665496/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-effects-of-vasopressin-v2-receptor-antagonism-on-myocardial-fibrosis-in-rats
#11
LiangLiang Zhang, Lija Joseph, Jacob Joseph
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis is a major pathophysiologic substrate of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Vasopressin is an important therapeutic target in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction since it can modulate fluid balance, and based on a few studies, myocardial matrix deposition. Hence we examined the role of vasopressin antagonism in modulating myocardial matrix metabolism in vivo and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo studies utilized an established model of hyperhomocysteinemia-induced myocardial fibrosis in Sprague-Dawley rats combined with high salt diet; in vivo studies also utilized the same profibrotic stimuli of homocysteine and NaCl in cultured rat cardiac fibroblasts...
February 2019: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30648430/urocortin-2-gene-transfer-reduces-the-adverse-effects-of-western-diet-on-cardiac-function-in-mice
#12
Young Chul Kim, Dimosthenis Giamouridis, N Chin Lai, Tracy Guo, Bing Xia, Zhenxing Fu, Mei Hua Gao, H Kirk Hammond
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased risk of heart failure. We previously demonstrated in mice that a single injection of adeno-associated virus 8 encoding urocortin 2 (AAV8.UCn2) increases glucose disposal in models of insulin resistance and improves function of the failing heart. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that UCn2 gene transfer would reduce diabetes-related left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. METHODS: 8-week-old C57BL6 male mice fed a Western diet (WD; 45% fat, 35% carbohydrate) for 40 weeks...
January 16, 2019: Human Gene Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643137/intergenerational-inheritance-of-high-fat-diet-induced-cardiac-lipotoxicity-in-drosophila
#13
Maria Clara Guida, Ryan Tyge Birse, Alessandra Dall'Agnese, Paula Coutinho Toto, Soda Balla Diop, Antonello Mai, Peter D Adams, Pier Lorenzo Puri, Rolf Bodmer
Obesity is strongly correlated with lipotoxic cardiomyopathy, heart failure and thus mortality. The incidence of obesity has reached alarming proportions worldwide, and increasing evidence suggests that the parents' nutritional status may predispose their offspring to lipotoxic cardiomyopathy. However, to date, mechanisms underlying intergenerational heart disease risks have yet to be elucidated. Here we report that cardiac dysfunction induced by high-fat-diet (HFD) persists for two subsequent generations in Drosophila and is associated with reduced expression of two key metabolic regulators, adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL/bmm) and transcriptional cofactor PGC-1...
January 14, 2019: Nature Communications
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639431/sympathetic-nervous-system-in-age-related-cardiovascular-dysfunction-pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-perspective
#14
Claudio de Lucia, Michela Piedepalumbo, Giuseppe Paolisso, Walter J Koch
Cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure and metabolic syndrome have high prevalence in the elderly population and are leading causes of death, disability, hospitalization, driving high healthcare costs worldwide. To reduce this social and economic burden there is urgency to find effective therapeutic targets. Several studies have linked the dysfunction of the Sympathetic Nervous System and β-adrenergic receptor signaling with the pathogenesis of age-related cardiovascular diseases. Therapeutic treatments that restore their functions have been shown to be effective in subjects with cardiovascular comorbidities...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30638609/patterns-of-adherence-to-diuretics-dietary-sodium-and-fluid-intake-recommendations-in-adults-with-heart-failure
#15
Barbara Riegel, Solim Lee, Julia Hill, Marguerite Daus, Foster Osei Baah, Joyce W Wald, George J Knafl
BACKGROUND: Three behaviors advocated to minimize fluid-related hospitalizations in patients with heart failure (HF) are restricted sodium and fluid intake and consistent oral diuretic use. Adherence to behaviors intended to decrease risk of hospitalization is believed to vary over time, but surprisingly little research has addressed patterns of adherence in HF patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns over time of 3 recommended self-care behaviors (i.e., diet, fluid intake, and diuretic dosing) in adults with HF and to determine how time and behavior influenced adherence rates...
January 9, 2019: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629164/obesity-induced-activation-of-jund-promotes-myocardial-lipid-accumulation-and-metabolic-cardiomyopathy
#16
Sarah Costantino, Alexander Akhmedov, Giovanni Melina, Shafeeq A Mohammed, Alaa Othman, Samuele Ambrosini, Winandus J Wijnen, Lidia Sada, Giuseppino M Ciavarella, Luca Liberale, Felix C Tanner, Christian M Matter, Thorsten Hornemann, Massimo Volpe, Fatima Mechta-Grigoriou, Giovanni G Camici, Riccardo Sinatra, Thomas F Lüscher, Francesco Paneni
Aims: Metabolic cardiomyopathy (MC)-characterized by intra-myocardial triglyceride (TG) accumulation and lipotoxic damage-is an emerging cause of heart failure in obese patients. Yet, its mechanisms remain poorly understood. The Activator Protein 1 (AP-1) member JunD was recently identified as a key modulator of hepatic lipid metabolism in obese mice. The present study investigates the role of JunD in obesity-induced MC. Methods and results: JunD transcriptional activity was increased in hearts from diet-induced obese (DIO) mice and was associated with myocardial TG accumulation and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction...
January 9, 2019: European Heart Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30629149/the-intestine-responds-to-heart-failure-by-enhanced-mitochondrial-fusion-through-glucagon-like-peptide-1-signaling
#17
Genki Naruse, Hiromitsu Kanamori, Akihiro Yoshida, Shingo Minatoguchi, Tomonori Kawaguchi, Masamitsu Iwasa, Yoshihisa Yamada, Atsushi Mikami, Masanori Kawasaki, Kazuhiko Nishigaki, Shinya Minatoguchi
Aims: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a neuroendocrine hormone secreted by the intestine. Its receptor (GLP-1R) is expressed in various organs, including the heart. However, the dynamics and function of the GLP-1 signal in heart failure remains unclear. We investigated the impact of the cardio-intestinal association on hypertensive heart failure using miglitol, an α-glucosidase inhibitor known to stimulate intestinal GLP-1 production. Methods and Results: Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats fed a high-salt diet were assigned to miglitol, exendin (9-39) (GLP-1R blocker) and untreated control groups and treated for 11 weeks...
January 10, 2019: Cardiovascular Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30626750/magnesium-supplementation-improves-diabetic-mitochondrial-and-cardiac-diastolic-function
#18
Man Liu, Euy-Myoung Jeong, Hong Liu, An Xie, Eui Young So, Guangbin Shi, Go Eun Jeong, Anyu Zhou, Samuel C Dudley
In heart failure and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), the majority of patients have hypomagnesemia, and magnesium (Mg) supplementation has improved cardiac function and insulin resistance. Recently, we have shown that DM can cause cardiac diastolic dysfunction (DD). Therefore, we hypothesized that Mg supplementation would improve diastolic function in DM. High-fat diet-induced diabetic mouse hearts showed increased cardiac DD and hypertrophy. Mice with DM showed a significantly increased E/e' ratio (the ratio of transmitral Doppler early filling velocity [E] to tissue Doppler early diastolic mitral annular velocity [e']) in the echocardiogram, left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV), incidence of DD, left ventricular posterior wall thickness in diastole (PWTd), and ratio of heart weight to tibia length (HW/TL) when compared with controls...
January 10, 2019: JCI Insight
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30616078/a-review-for-the-pharmacological-effect-of-lycopene-in-central-nervous-system-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Dongjian Chen, Chao Huang, Zhuo Chen
Lycopene is an aliphatic hydrocarbon carotenoid extracted from plants like tomatoes, papayas, and watermelons. Previous studies have shown that lycopene can exert prophylactic and/or therapeutic effects in different disorders, such as heart failure and neoplasm via anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative activities. In the central nervous system (CNS), lycopene also has prophylactic and/or therapeutic effects in different type of disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), cerebral ischemia, epilepsy, and depression...
January 4, 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30608197/circulating-very-long-chain-saturated-fatty-acids-and-heart-failure-the-cardiovascular-health-study
#20
Rozenn N Lemaitre, Barbara McKnight, Nona Sotoodehnia, Amanda M Fretts, Waqas T Qureshi, Xiaoling Song, Irena B King, Colleen M Sitlani, David S Siscovick, Bruce M Psaty, Dariush Mozaffarian
Background Circulating very-long-chain saturated fatty acids ( VLSFAs ) are integrated biomarkers of diet and metabolism that may point to new risk pathways and potential targets for heart failure ( HF ) prevention. The associations of VLSFA to HF in humans are not known. Methods and Results Using a cohort study design, we studied the associations of serially measured plasma phospholipid VLSFA with incident HF in the Cardiovascular Health Study. We investigated the associations of time-varying levels of the 3 major circulating VLSFAs , lignoceric acid (24:0), behenic acid (22:0), and arachidic acid (20:0), with the risk of incident HF using Cox regression...
November 6, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
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