Read by QxMD icon Read


Katheri Maris Zamprogna, Vânia Marli Schubert Backes, Jouhanna do Carmo Menegaz, Bruna de Souza Francisco
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the didactic and pedagogical training offered in Brazilian stricto sensu Postgraduate Programs in Nursing. METHOD: Descriptive, documentary research, based on data from 30 postgraduate programs that offer an academic master's degree and a PhD degree. We collected the course projects and teaching plans of the disciplines related to didactic and pedagogical training, accessed through the Sucupira Platform or the institutional website. The variables were analyzed by descriptive statistics, through calculations of relative and absolute frequency...
February 18, 2019: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Julia Berteletti, Sherry L Pagoto, Jessica Bibeau, Katie Baker, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L Henry
In the United States, parents' health beliefs affect HPV vaccination decisions. Our team acquired insights into mothers' health beliefs from their reactions and comments to posts on HPV vaccination in a social media adolescent health campaign in a randomized trial (n = 881 mothers; 63.1% reported daughters had 1+ doses of the HPV vaccine) evaluating communication intended to reduce daughters' indoor tanning. A total of 10 HPV vaccination messages in didactic (n = 7) and narrative (n = 3) formats were posted on vaccination need, uptake, and effectiveness and stories of young women who died from cervical cancer and a mother's decision to vaccinate her daughters...
February 20, 2019: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Lily H P Nguyen, Ilana Bank, Rachel Fisher, Marco Mascarella, Meredith Young
BACKGROUND: A longitudinal curriculum was developed in conjunction with anesthesiologists, otolaryngologists, emergency physicians and experts in medical simulation and education. METHODS: Residents participated in four different simulation-based training modules using animal models, cadavers, task trainers, and crisis scenarios using high fidelity manikins. Scenarios were based on various clinical settings (i.e. emergency room, operating room) and were followed by video-assisted structured debriefings...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Laura Malmut, Monica Rho
BACKGROUND: Simulation technology is being increasingly adopted into medical education and is consistently associated with positive effects on knowledge, skills, and patient-related outcomes. There is little evidence on the use of simulation technology for the instruction of urgent medical complications to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a simulation-based educational program can improve PM&R resident confidence and knowledge in the assessment and management of urgent medical complications...
February 18, 2019: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Hui Ling Tan, Fatwa F Abdi, Yun Hau Ng
The functionality of a photoactive semiconductor (i.e., photocatalysts, photoelectrodes, etc.) is largely dictated by three key aspects: (i) band gap; (ii) absolute potentials of the conduction band minimum and the valence band maximum; and (iii) bulk and surface charge carrier dynamics. Their relevance to governing the energetics and the photo(electro)chemical mechanisms of the semiconductor has prompted development of a multitude of characterization tools to probe the specific characteristic of the material...
February 14, 2019: Chemical Society Reviews
Ryan Bradley, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Doug Hanes, Craig Scott, Karen J Sherman, Yvonne S Lin, Heather Zwickey
Despite wide use by the public, limited evidence is available for many complementary and integrative health (CIH) practices. Thus, clinical researchers knowledgeable about CIH disciplines are necessary to study the efficacy and effectiveness of CIH practices to benefit the public health. To partially address the need for clinical researchers versed in CIH, the authors of this study report the design of an interprofessional clinical research training program focused on CIH, the Building Research across Interdisciplinary Gaps (BRIDG) program, supported by a 5-year T90/R90 grant from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Paru Patrawalla, Mangala Narasimhan, Lewis Eisen, Ariel L Shiloh, Seth Koenig, Paul Mayo
OBJECTIVE: Training in critical care ultrasonography is an essential tool in critical care medicine and recommended for fellowship programs in pulmonary and critical care medicine. Major barriers to implementing competency-based training in individual fellowship programs include a lack of expert faculty, time, and funding. Our objective was to investigate whether regional collaboration to deliver an introductory critical care ultrasonography course for fellows might overcome these barriers while achieving international training standards...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Jaclyn Conelius, Sheila Grossman, Lisa Grossman Becht
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurse practitioners (NPs) are expected to fill gaps in providing primary care in the United States and need vital skills to meet the growing need for primary care providers. One necessary skill is managing "on-call" clinical questions/concerns by patients across the life span. To date, there are no published studies that address "on-call" simulations for family NP (FNP) students across the life span. METHODS: This quasi-experimental, mixed-methods design used a confidence scale and Krippendorff's method for content analysis of discussion pages to determine the effectiveness and confidence of simulated "on-call" scenarios for FNP students during each of their clinical courses...
February 2019: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Erin Pfeiffer, Medge Owen, Christie Pettitt-Schieber, Romeck Van Zeijl, Emmanuel Srofenyoh, Adeyemi Olufolabi, Rohit Ramaswamy
BACKGROUND: Frontline healthcare workers are critical to meeting the maternal, newborn and child health Sustainable Development Goals in low- and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization has identified leadership development as integral to achieving successful health outcomes, but few programs exist for frontline healthcare workers in low-resource settings. METHODS: An 18-month pilot leadership development program was designed and implemented at Greater Accra Regional Hospital, a tertiary care facility in Ghana...
February 11, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Stephen G West
Technological developments increasingly permit the collection of longitudinal data sets in which the data structure contains a large number of participants N and a large number of measurement occasions T. Promising new dynamical systems approaches to the analysis of large N, large T data sets have been proposed that utilize both between-subjects and within-subjects information. The COGITO project, begun over a decade ago, is an early large N = 204, large T = 100 study that collected high quality cognitive and psychosocial data...
February 12, 2019: Multivariate Behavioral Research
Arnold Steckel, Gitta Schlosser
Tandem mass spectrometry is an important tool for structure elucidation of natural and synthetic organic products. Fragmentation of odd electron ions (OE⁺) generated by electron ionization (EI) was extensively studied in the last few decades, however there are only a few systematic reviews available concerning the fragmentation of even-electron ions (EE⁺/EE- ) produced by the currently most common ionization techniques, electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI). This review summarizes the most important features of tandem mass spectra generated by collision-induced dissociation fragmentation and presents didactic examples for the unexperienced users...
February 10, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Lora Humphrey Beebe, Sandra J Mixer, Kathleen Thompson, Sharon Davis, Lizanne Elliott, Brooke Lakin, Tammy Bullard, Maria Hurt, Victoria Niederhauser
Given the large body of evidence linking physical and mental health and the impetus provided by health care reform and the Affordable Care Act, the time is ripe to engage nurses in community based, integrated primary care teams to holistically address psychiatric, mental health and substance abuse needs. There is a compelling need for curricular redesign and clinical innovation to prepare an RN workforce for practice in community based integrated primary care teams. To that end, a faculty team of primary care, interprofessional education and content experts developed the Transforming RN Roles in Community Based Integrated Primary Care (TRIP) program for BSN students in a large university in the southeastern United States...
February 11, 2019: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Olivia H Chang, Barbara Levy, Heather Lytle, Rachel Pope, Henry Phiri, Thomas Gellhaus, Carla Eckhardt, Joseph Sclafani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal mortality and changes in the culture of safety before and after the implementation of the Alliance for Innovation on Maternal Health (AIM) Malawi program. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study at a central hospital and a district health center in Malawi from March 2016 to November 2017. The AIM Malawi program included classroom didactics on obstetric hemorrhage, teamwork protocols, skills laboratory activities, and simulation training...
February 4, 2019: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Meredith Nahm Zozus, Leslie W Young, Alan E Simon, Maryam Garza, Lora Lawrence, Songthip T Ounpraseuth, Megan Bledsoe, Sarah Newman-Norlund, J Dean Jarvis, Mary McNally, Kimberly R Harris, Russell McCulloh, Rachel Aikman, Sara Cox, Lacy Malloch, Anita Walden, Jessica Snowden, Irene Mangan Chedjieu, Chester A Wicker, Lauren Atkins, Lori A Devlin
Studies often rely on medical record abstraction as a major source of data. However, data quality from medical record abstraction has long been questioned. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) potentially add variability to the abstraction process due to the complexity of navigating and locating study data within these systems. We report training for and initial quality assessment of medical record abstraction for a clinical study conducted by the IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network (ISPCTN) and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network (NRN) using medical record abstraction as the primary data source...
2019: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Anne Marie Browne, Ellen S Deutsch, Krystyna Corwin, Daniela H Davis, Jeanette M Teets, Michael Apkon
Errors in thinking contribute to harm, delays in diagnosis, incorrect treatments, or failures to recognize clinical changes. Models of cognition are useful in understanding error occurrence and avoidance. Intra-team conflict can represent failures in joint cognitive processing. The authors developed training focused on recognizing and managing cognitive bias and resolving conflicts. The program provides context and introduces models of cognition, concepts of bias, team cognition, conflict resolution, and 2 tools...
February 9, 2019: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
Devon A Sherwood
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Attitudes towards disclosure of a psychiatric diagnosis and directed at persons with mental illness have represented negativity and stigma. The purpose of this study was to identify stigma towards mental illness among health profession students in pharmacy, nursing, and social work programs, and identify if primary psychiatric coursework in each curriculum has an impact on students' perceptions. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Pharmacy, nursing and social work students were surveyed pre- and post-primary didactic psychiatry coursework (pre-course = 154 total; 95 pharmacy, 47 nursing, 12 social work; post-course = 128 total; 79 pharmacy, 38 nursing, and 11 social work) using the Opening Minds Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)...
February 2019: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Matthew J Witry, Benjamin Y Urick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medication adherence is perhaps the most prominent quality measure applied to pharmacies. Teaching students about nonadherence usually takes the form of lectures and simulated pill taking exercises. While these approaches have value, activities are needed in other aspects of medication adherence. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: This activity was used within a didactic course on endocrine therapeutics for second-year student pharmacists at a public pharmacy college...
February 2019: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Elizabeth Gatewood
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional (IP) clinical training experiences for nurse practitioner (NP) students are on the rise. Faculty interaction with students during clinical rotations varies. Therefore, students must be prepared to use self-directed learning (SDL) to maximize learning. METHOD: Using an SDL framework, this project prepared NP students for working with IP preceptors. A didactic presentation provided students with content on a typical clinical trajectory and common pitfalls...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Nursing Education
Michael W Nolan, Marton Balogh, Suzanne Shelly Waltman
Due to limitations in traditional approaches to didactic and clinical learning, professional veterinary medical students face challenges in developing skills and competencies related to clinical practice. The Veterinary Information Network's (VIN) Virtual Clinic (VVC) aims to support learning by using gaming techniques to simulate clinical case management in a low-risk setting. The VVC lets students explore medical scenarios inside a virtual hospital. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of a learning approach that blends classroom instructor-directed learning with online simulation-based learning, using the VVC...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Rachel D DeWitt
Driven by the convergence of the exponential growth of medical knowledge and the dated medical education delivery system, educators in physician assistant (PA) programs are striving to create teaching practices that actively engage students, improve knowledge retention, and prepare students for a career that requires lifelong learning and reflection. The emphasis on professor-directed teaching and learning activities is shifting toward a more learner-centered approach. To incorporate appropriate active learning exercises into the PA classroom, instructors must plan, design, and execute pedagogically sound practices...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"