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Ziqiang Wang, Ying Li, Ying Wang, Kunxiao Zhao, Yanqing Chi, Baoxing Wang
High glucose(HG)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Pyrroloquinoline quinine (PQQ), a new B vitamin, has been demonstrated to be important in antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects. However, its effect on HK-2 cells and the potential mechanism are rarely investigated. In this study, we investigated that PPQ had protective effects against HG-induced oxidative stress damage and apoptosis in vitro model of diabetic nephropathy...
November 28, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Inja Cho, Kyoung Hoon Jeong, Jing Zhu, Yun Ho Choi, Kyoo Ho Cho, Kyoung Heo, Won-Joo Kim
In pathological conditions such as status epilepticus (SE), neuronal cell death can occur due to oxidative stress that is caused by an excessive production and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sirtuin3 (Sirt3) plays an important role in maintaining appropriate ROS levels by regulating manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), which scavenges ROS in mitochondria. Using a SE model, we demonstrated that Sirt3 directly regulated MnSOD activity by deacetylation, which protects hippocampal cells against damage from ROS...
November 8, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Xinshuai Li, Shu Song, Mengting Xu, Yuyun Hua, Yun Ding, Xiaoyu Shan, Guoliang Meng, Yuqin Wang
Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) plays an important role in maintaining normal mitochondrial function and alleviating oxidative stress. After carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) administration, the expression of SIRT3 decreased in the liver of mice, which indicated that the SIRT3 might play a crucial role during chemical-induced acute hepatic injury. To verify the hypothesis, CCl 4 was given to induce acute hepatic injury in SIRT3 knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) mice. CCl 4 -induced liver injury was more severe in SIRT3 KO mice compared with the WT mice...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Ji-Shi Ye, Lei Chen, Ya-Yuan Lu, Shao-Qing Lei, Mian Peng, Zhong-Yuan Xia
AIMS: Increasing evidence indicates that neuroinflammatory and oxidative stress play two pivotal roles in cognitive impairment after surgery. Honokiol (HNK), as an activator of Sirtuin3 (SIRT3), has potential multiple biological functions. The aim of these experiments is to evaluate the effects of HNK on surgery/anesthesia-induced cognitive decline in mice. METHODS: Adult C57BL/6 mice received a laparotomy under sevoflurane anesthesia and HNK or SIRT3 inhibitor (3-TYP) treatment...
September 17, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
M V Silpa, Thomas Naicy, T V Aravindakshan, G Radhika, Anu Boswell, M Mini
Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is a member of the Sirtuin family of NAD+ -dependent deacetylase. They have evolved as a vital protein in preventing the activation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in oocytes. A novel study on caprine SIRT3 was conducted, to characterize caprine SIRT3, to detect potential polymorphisms in SIRT3 and to analyze their association with litter size in the two indigenous goat breeds of India viz., the prolific Malabari and low prolific Attappady Black goats. A 1070 bp mRNA sequence of SIRT3 cDNA comprised of an ORF of 1002 bp encoding 333 amino acids, having 96% identity with bovine SIRT3...
September 12, 2018: Theriogenology
Yu Song, Shuai Li, Wen Geng, Rongjin Luo, Wei Liu, Ji Tu, Kun Wang, Liang Kang, Huipeng Yin, Xinghuo Wu, Yong Gao, Yukun Zhang, Cao Yang
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration contributes largely to pathoanatomical and degenerative changes of spinal structure that increase the risk of low back pain. Apoptosis in nucleus pulposus (NP) can aggravate IVD degeneration, and increasing studies have shown that interventions targeting NP cell apoptosis can ameliorate IVD degeneration, exhibiting their potential for use as therapeutic strategies. Recent data have shown that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in NP tissues in parallel with the progression of IVD degeneration and form a microenvironment of oxidative stress...
October 2018: Redox Biology
Jing Feng, Xin Chen, Rui Liu, Changkui Cao, Wei Zhang, Yang Zhao, Shinan Nie
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury is a crucial cause for mortality throughout the world. Recent studies indicated that melatonin might exert profound cardio-protective effect in MI/R injury. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. In the current study, we aimed to explore the potential effect of melatonin in the pathological process of MI/R. Both in vivo MI/R model and in vitro H9c2 cell line simulated I/R (SIR) model were applied with or without melatonin supplementation...
August 2018: Free Radical Research
Aiyun Li, Qun Liu, Qiang Li, Baolin Liu, Yang Yang, Ning Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial pyruvate import via mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC) is a central step in hepatic gluconeogenesis. Berberine inhibits hepatic gluconeogenesis, but the mechanism is incompletely understood. This study aims to investigate whether berberine could reduce excessive hepatic glucose production (HGP) by limiting mitochondrial import of pyruvate through MPC1. METHODS: High-fat diet (HFD) feeding augmented HGP. The effects of berberine on hepatic fatty acid oxidation, sirtuin3 (SIRT3) induction and mitochondrial pyruvate carrier 1 (MPC1) function were examined...
August 2018: EBioMedicine
Dong-Yang Zhang, Chun-Feng Zhang, Bi-Cheng Fu, Lu Sun, Xue-Qing Wang, Wei Chen, Wei Liu, Kai-Yu Liu, Guo-Qing Du, Chong-Yi Ma, Shu-Lin Jiang, Ren-Ke Li, Hai Tian
Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is associated with oxidative stress and lifespan. However, the possible mechanisms underlying its influence are unknown. We hypothesized that SIRT3 increases the antioxidant capacity of aged cells and improves the efficacy of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) therapy for ischaemic heart diseases in aged patients. In vitro, the antioxidant capacity of old hMSCs (O-hMSCs) was increased after SIRT3 overexpression using a gene transfection technique, while the antioxidant capacity of young hMSCs (Y-hMSCs) was decreased by SIRT3 silencing...
November 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Shun-Jin Liu, Xiao-Yu Liu, Jing-Hui Li, Jing Guo, Fan Li, Yang Gui, Xiu-Hua Li, Li Yang, Chun-Yun Wu, Yun Yuan, Juan-Juan Li
Microglia activation and its mediated production of proinflammatory mediators play important roles in different neurodegenerative diseases; hence, modulation of microglia activation has been considered a potential therapeutic strategy to ameliorate neurodegeneration. This study was aimed to determine whether Gastrodin, a common herbal agent known to possess neuroprotective property, can attenuate production of proinflammatory mediators in activated microglia through the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and Sirtuin3 (SIRT3)...
July 31, 2018: Neurochemistry International
Yoon Sook Kim, Minjun Kim, Mee Young Choi, Dong Hoon Lee, Gu Seob Roh, Hyun Joon Kim, Sang Soo Kang, Gyeong Jae Cho, Eun-Kyung Hong, Wan Sung Choi
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of diabetic retinopathy. Here, we examined whether α-lipoic acid (α-LA), a natural antioxidant, attenuated retinal injury in diabetic mice. The α-LA was orally administered to control mice or mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. We found that α-LA reduced oxidative stress, decreased and increased retinal 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and glutathione peroxidase, respectively, and inhibited retinal cell death. Concomitantly, α-LA reversed the decreased activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and increased the levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta and sirtuin3 in diabetic mouse retinas, similar to results shown after metformin treatment of retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) exposed to high glucose...
September 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jingwei Zheng, Ligen Shi, Feng Liang, Weilin Xu, Tao Li, Liansheng Gao, Zeyu Sun, Jun Yu, Jianmin Zhang
Aim: Sirtuin3 (sirt3) plays a pivotal role in improving oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction which directly induced neuronal apoptosis after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is also a critical activator in triggering NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes activation which can regulate inflammatory responses in brain. Moreover, hyperglycemia can aggravate the ICH-induced damage. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the mechanisms of neuroprotection of sirt3 in hyperglycemic ICH...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Dan-Dan Huang, Xiao-Hong Wei, Hong-Na Mu, Chun-Shui Pan, Quan Li, Bai-He Hu, Xin Chang, Li Yan, Jing-Yu Fan, Yu-Ying Liu, Jian-Yuan Luo, Jing-Yan Han
Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) and Sirtuin3 (Sirt3) are known to participate in regulating mitochondrial function. However, whether Total Salvianolic Acid Injection (TSI) protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through regulating Sirt1, Sirt3, and mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of TSI on I/R-induced myocardial injury and the underlying mechanism. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 30 min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 90 min reperfusion with or without TSI treatment (8 mg/kg/h)...
June 1, 2018: Shock
Jianxun Feng, Chang Lu, Qin Dai, Junqin Sheng, Min Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for diabetic nephropathy. Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is a novel mitochondrial protective factor. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether SIRT3 protects against hyperglycemia-induced AFSCs damage and enhances the therapeutic efficiency of AFSCs in diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: To establish the diabetic nephropathy model, db/ db mice were used. AFSCs were obtained and transplanted into the kidney tissue of db/ db mice...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
M Guitart-Mampel, A Gonzalez-Tendero, S Niñerola, C Morén, M Catalán-Garcia, I González-Casacuberta, D L Juárez-Flores, O Ugarteburu, L Matalonga, M V Cascajo, F Tort, A Cortés, E Tobias, J C Milisenda, J M Grau, F Crispi, E Gratacós, G Garrabou, F Cardellach
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with cardiovascular remodeling persisting into adulthood. Mitochondrial bioenergetics, essential for embryonic development and cardiovascular function, are regulated by nuclear effectors as sirtuins. A rabbit model of IUGR and cardiovascular remodeling was generated, in which heart mitochondrial alterations were observed by microscopic and transcriptomic analysis. We aimed to evaluate if such alterations are translated at a functional mitochondrial level to establish the etiopathology and potential therapeutic targets for this obstetric complication...
May 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects
Dan Li, Qianyu Liu, Wen Sun, Xiuping Chen, Ying Wang, Yuxiang Sun, Ligen Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation in adipose tissue is critical in the onset and development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue and pro-inflammatory polarization play key roles in adipose tissue inflammation. The fruit hull of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is used in traditional medicine to treat various inflammatory diseases. However, its role in regulating adipose tissue inflammation is unexplored. This study was designed to identify xanthones from G...
May 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Sara Chenari, Fatemeh Safari, Ali Moradi
Objectives: Bill duct ligation (BDL) is a representative model of biliary cholestasis in animals. Curcumin has a protective effect on the liver; however, its underlying mechanisms are not completely known. This study explored the hepatoprotective activity of curcumin on hepatic damage via measuring the expression of sirtuin3 (SIRT3), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT-1A), isocitrate dehydrogenase2 (IDH2) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) as well as the level of serum lipid profile in the BDL fibrotic rat model...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Tao Chen, Shu-Hui Dai, Xia Li, Peng Luo, Jie Zhu, Yu-Hai Wang, Zhou Fei, Xiao-Fan Jiang
Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) and Sirtuin3 (Sirt3) are two well-characterized members of the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of proteins. Both Sirt1 and Sirt3 have been shown to play vital roles in resistance to cellular stress, but the interaction between these two sirtuins has not been fully determined. In this study, we investigated the role of Sirt1-Sirt3 axis in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability after ischemia in vitro. Human brain microvascular endothelial cells and astrocytes were co-cultured to model the BBB in vitro and oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) was performed to mimic ischemia...
April 2018: Redox Biology
Xiaobin Guo, Fangying Yan, Xiaolan Shan, Jingyuan Li, Yi Yang, Jie Zhang, Xuefang Yan, Peili Bu
AIMS: Cardiac fibrosis is an inevitable process of numerous cardiovascular diseases in which the transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblasts plays a pivotal role. Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) has been believed to protect against cardiac fibrosis. However, the mechanism underlying this beneficial effect has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the potential mechanism of SIRT3 on the inhibition of fibroblast-to-myoblast transdifferentiation. MAIN METHODS: Cells were stimulated by angiotension II (Ang II) with SIRT3 overexpression or knockdown...
October 1, 2017: Life Sciences
Rashmita Pradhan, Rahul Kumar, Shashank Shekhar, Nitish Rai, Akash Ambashtha, Joyita Banerjee, Mona Pathak, S N Dwivedi, Sharmistha Dey, Aparajit B Dey
BACKGROUND: Ageing process is characterized by a decline in function; different age related diseases and excessive age associated mortality. There has always been a quest for easily accessible biomarkers to monitor and identify the development of age-associated stress for providing new anti-ageing strategies. Forkhead box protein O3A (FOXO3A) and Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) are such potential markers which plays important role in a wide variety of cellular mechanisms and has been proposed to be an ideal candidate to study longevity and are potential candidate for healthy ageing by oxidative burst...
September 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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