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Resiliency training

J F Coker, M E Martin, R M Simpson, L Lafortune
BACKGROUND: Frailty is seen across various health and social care settings. However, little is known about how healthcare professionals, particularly those who provide care for older adults living in the community view frailty. There is also a dearth of information about the extent to which a shared understanding of frailty exists across the various disciplines of care. Such an understanding is crucial across care professionals as it ensures consistent assessment of frailty and facilitates interdisciplinary working/collaboration which is a key component in the management of frailty...
February 19, 2019: BMC Geriatrics
Sadhbh Joyce, Fiona Shand, Tara J Lal, Brendan Mott, Richard A Bryant, Samuel B Harvey
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research suggests that resilience training can play a pivotal role in creating mentally healthy workplaces, particularly with regard to protecting the long-term well-being of workers. Emerging research describes positive outcomes from various types of resilience training programs (RTPs) among different occupational groups. One specific group of workers that may benefit from this form of proactive resilience training is first responders. Given the nature of their work, first responders are frequently exposed to stressful circumstances and potentially traumatic events, which may impact their overall resilience and well-being over time...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
James A Fauerbach, Amanda K Gehrke, Shawn T Mason, Neda F Gould, Stephen M Milner, Julie Caffrey
OBJECTIVE: (1) To evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Safety, Meaning, Activation and Resilience Training (SMART) intervention versus Non-Directive Supportive Psychotherapy (NDSP) in an acutely hospitalized adult burn survivor sample; (2) To assess the preliminary impact of SMART on Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)/Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depress Disorder (MDD) symptom reduction as secondary prevention. DESIGN: Proof-of-concept, parallel group, RCT design...
February 15, 2019: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
David Li, Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Brian D Hodges
Recently in medicine, the accuracy of machine learning models in predictive tasks has started to meet or exceed that of board certified specialists. The ability to automate cognitive tasks using software has raised new questions about the future role of human physicians in health care. Emerging technologies can displace people from their jobs, forcing them to learn new skills, so it is clear that this looming challenge needs to be addressed by the medical education system. While current medical education seeks to prepare the next generation of physicians for a rapidly evolving health care landscape to meet the needs of the communities they serve, strategic decisions about disruptive technologies should be informed by a deeper investigation of how machine learning will function in the context of medicine...
February 12, 2019: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Bita Ajilchi, Hamid Reza Amini, Zahra Pouraghaei Ardakani, Majid Mozafari Zadeh, Steve Kisely
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness is a proven treatment in clinical settings. Our objective was to examine the feasibility and effect of a mindfulness-training program on the mental resilience and emotional intelligence of amateur basketball players. METHODS: This was a parallel-group, pre- and post- test, randomised controlled trial. Thirty male amateur male basketball players from Tehran, Iran, were assigned randomly into experimental and control groups ( n = 15 each)...
February 14, 2019: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Ana Domi, Serena Stopponi, Esi Domi, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Nazzareno Cannella
Recent animal models of alcohol use disorder (AUD) are centered in capturing individual vulnerability differences in disease progression. Here, we used genetically selected Marchigian Sardinian alcohol-preferring (msP) and Wistars rats to apply a multidimensional model of AUD adapted from a previously described DSM-IV/DSM-5 multisymptomatic cocaine addiction model. As proof of concept, we hypothesized that msP rats, genetically selected for excessive drinking, would be more prone to develop dependence-like behavior compared to Wistars...
2019: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Marek Brzezinski, Jasleen Kukreja, John D Mitchell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Teaching in the stressful, high-acuity environment of the ICU is challenging. The intensivist-educator must use teaching strategies that are both effective and time-efficient, as well as evidence-based approaches to the ICU curriculum. This review provides an overview of pertinent educational theories and their implications on educational practices, a selection of effective teaching techniques, and a review on feedback. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence supports the role of conceptual frameworks in providing the educator with a key perspective to obtain a deeper understanding of the factors contributing to an effective and goal-directed education in the ICU...
February 8, 2019: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Sareena Gajebasia, Jessica Pearce, Melody Redman, Miriam Johnson, Gabrielle Finn
BACKGROUND: Care of the dying patient is an intrinsic part of the role of Foundation Year doctors (FYs). This study aimed to explore FYs' experiences of training and their perceived training needs for their role in care of the dying. Care of the dying patient is an intrinsic part of the role of Foundation Year doctors METHODS: All FYs in one Foundation school were invited to take part in semi-structured group or individual interviews. A total of 8 group interviews and 21 individual interviews were conducted with 47 participants...
February 12, 2019: Clinical Teacher
Vanessa Blanco, Fernando L Vázquez, María Adelina Guisande, María Teresa Sánchez, Patricia Otero
OBJECTIVES: Despite the importance of resilience in well-being and adaptation to the role of caregiver in non-professional caregivers, research on resilience in this population has been scarce and contradictory, and has methodological limitations. The objective of this study was to identify subgroups of caregivers with high levels of resilience based on a series of predictors including sociodemographic variables and variables related to care and personal and social development. METHOD: 294 non-professional caregivers (89...
February 10, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Anne D Müller, Ida C T Gjøde, Mette S Eigil, Helle Busck, Merete Bonne, Merete Nordentoft, Anne A E Thorup
BACKGROUND: Children born to parents with a severe mental illness, like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major recurrent depression, have an increased risk of developing a mental illness themselves during life. These children are also more likely to have developmental delays, cognitive disabilities, or social problems, and they may have a higher risk than the background population of experiencing adverse life events. This is due to both genetic and environmental factors, but despite the well-documented increased risk for children with a familial high risk, no family-based early intervention has been developed for them...
February 8, 2019: Trials
Alvaro Sanchez-Lopez, Jonas Everaert, Jill Van Put, Rudi De Raedt, Ernst H W Koster
This study used a novel eye-gaze contingent attention training (ECAT) to test the prediction that attention regulation is involved in reappraisal and rumination. Sixty-six undergraduates were randomly assigned to either the control or the active training condition of the ECAT. Active ECAT comprised training in allocating attention toward positive words to efficiently create positive interpretations while receiving gaze-contingent feedback. Participants in the control condition freely generated interpretations without receiving gaze-contingent feedback...
February 5, 2019: Biological Psychology
Herman van Wietmarschen, Bram Tjaden, Marja van Vliet, Marieke Battjes-Fries, Miek Jong
Background: Primary care physicians are subjected to a high workload, which can lead to stress and a high incidence of burnout. A mindfulness training course was developed and implemented for primary care physicians to better cope with stress and improve job functioning. Aim: To gain insight into the effects of the mindfulness training on perceived stress, self-compassion, and self-reflection of primary care physicians. Design & setting: A pragmatic mixed-methods pre-post design in which physicians received 8 weeks of mindfulness training...
December 2018: BJGP Open
Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: Racism is a critical determinant of racial inequalities in health. This article discusses three pressing challenges in the study of racism as a social determinant of health and identifies ideas to guide future psychological and behavioral research. METHOD: The first challenge is moving beyond a near-exclusive focus on individual racism. The second challenge is measuring racism, and the third challenge is elucidating the developmental pathways linking racism to health outcomes...
January 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Maryam Farhang, Claudia Miranda-Castillo, Miriam Rubio, Guilherme Furtado
ABSTRACTBackground:Mind-body interventions have been associated with a range of positive outcomes in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of the present study was to review the impact of different non-pharmacological programs based on mind-body intervention for older adults with MCI. METHODS: A comprehensive search method as required by the Cochrane Collaboration has been performed through the following databases: Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, Cochrane, Ebsco...
February 4, 2019: International Psychogeriatrics
R E Nevill, S M Havercamp
BACKGROUND: Considering the growing body of studies investigating the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on caregivers supporting people with developmental disabilities, the current study aimed to explore the role that the cognitive processes of mindfulness, coping style and resilience played in predicting caregiver retention and burnout among a sample of direct support professionals working with aggressive adults with developmental disabilities. METHODS: Ninety-seven direct support professionals were surveyed to determine level of mindfulness, coping styles, resilience and burnout and were interviewed 3 months later to determine if they were still working with the aggressive adult...
January 27, 2019: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Christy L Tharenos, Amber M Hayden, Emily Cook
This arts- based project creatively introduces residents to photography, self-portraiture and narratives to document the longitudinal journey of becoming a family physician. Visual arts and writing can foster reflection: an important skill to cultivate in developing physicians. Unfortunately, arts based programs are lacking in many residency programs. Tools and venues that nourish physician well being and resilience may be important in today's changing healthcare environment and epidemic of physician burnout...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Medical Humanities
Olivier Laverdière, John S Ogrodniczuk, David Kealy
Psychotherapists can experience emotional drain as a result of their work with distressed and traumatized patients. It has been suggested that psychotherapists' empathy, which is central to clinical work, may be an important risk factor in the development of burnout or secondary traumatic stress. This apparent contradiction is thought provoking, especially given the complexity of empathic response. The current study aimed to explore the relationship of empathy to compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress, while also considering the influence of important work conditions...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Ameeta Shivdas Kalokhe, Sandhya Iyer, Tuman Katendra, Keshav Gadhe, Ambika R Kolhe, Anuradha Paranjape, Carlos Del Rio, Rob Stephenson, Seema Sahay
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is frequently experienced by women of low socioeconomic status in India. It is a human rights violation and associated with negative effects on physical and mental well-being, underscoring the need for effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a dyadic intervention for the primary prevention of IPV among newly married couples residing in slum communities in India. METHODS: The intervention was developed using a community-based, mixed-methods design rooted in couple-interdependence theory and guided by the intervention mapping (IM) framework...
January 18, 2019: JMIR Research Protocols
Junhua Wang, Yumeng Kong, Ting Fu
This study presents the work in predicting crash risk on expressways with consideration of both the impact of safety critical events and traffic conditions. The traffic resilience theory is introduced to learn safety problems from the standpoint of 1) considering safety critical events, such as traffic violations, as the safety disturbances, and 2) considering safety resilience as the ability of the traffic, greatly associated with traffic conditions, to resist critical events turning into crashes. The concept of safety resilience was illustrated qualitatively through simulation experiments...
January 17, 2019: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Jonathan D Bartholomaeus, Joseph E M Van Agteren, Matthew P Iasiello, Aaron Jarden, David Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of a community wellbeing intervention, delivered by community partners, on the wellbeing, resilience, optimism, and social connection of older adults in the general population (Study 1) and older adult carers (Study 2), a population at risk for low wellbeing. METHODS: Participants self-selected to take part in an 8-week multi-component wellbeing and resilience program consisting of weekly training sessions, and optional mentoring/peer support...
January 18, 2019: Clinical Gerontologist
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