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Social pragmatic communication disorder

Kyle Jasmin, Stephen J Gotts, Yisheng Xu, Siyuan Liu, Cameron D Riddell, John E Ingeholm, Lauren Kenworthy, Gregory L Wallace, Allen R Braun, Alex Martin
Conversation is an important and ubiquitous social behaviour. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (autism) without intellectual disability often have normal structural language abilities but deficits in social aspects of communication like pragmatics, prosody, and eye contact. Previous studies of resting state activity suggest that intrinsic connections among neural circuits involved with social processing are disrupted in autism, but to date no neuroimaging study has examined neural activity during the most commonplace yet challenging social task: spontaneous conversation...
January 28, 2019: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Ana Miranda, Carmen Berenguer, Belén Roselló, Inmaculada Baixauli
The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is one of the most widely used screening instruments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the relationships between the reciprocal social interaction, communication, and repetitive/stereotyped factors on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and pragmatic, socialization, and behavioral problems in children with ASD and children with typical development (TD). Participants were seven- to 11-year-old children with ASD without intellectual disability (n = 52) and with TD (n = 37)...
January 14, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Olivia Conlon, Joanne Volden, Isabel M Smith, Eric Duku, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Charlotte Waddell, Peter Szatmari, Pat Mirenda, Tracy Vaillancourt, Teresa Bennett, Stelios Georgiades, Mayada Elsabbagh, Wendy J Ungar
Possible gender differences in manifestations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were examined using data on production of narratives. The Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument (ERRNI; Bishop, Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument, Harcourt assessment, London, 2004) was administered to a sample of matched 8-year-old intellectually able boys and girls with ASD (13M, 13F), who had been selected from a large, longitudinal study. In addition, transcripts of the narratives were analyzed in detail...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Lisa Wauters, Thomas P Marquardt
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to a wide array of behavioral and cognitive deficits. Individuals with TBI often demonstrate difficulties with the recognition and expression of emotion communicated through multiple modalities including facial expression, vocal prosody, and linguistic content. Deficits in emotional communication contribute to a pattern of social pragmatic communication problems, leading to decreased psychosocial function. Growing evidence supports intervention targeting affective processing...
February 2019: Seminars in Speech and Language
Marc-Antoine d'Albis, Pamela Guevara, Miguel Guevara, Charles Laidi, Jennifer Boisgontier, Samuel Sarrazin, Delphine Duclap, Richard Delorme, Federico Bolognani, Christian Czech, Céline Bouquet, Myriam Ly-Le Moal, Stefan Holiga, Anouck Amestoy, Isabelle Scheid, Alexandru Gaman, Marion Leboyer, Cyril Poupon, Jean-François Mangin, Josselin Houenou
The current theory implying local, short-range overconnectivity in autism spectrum disorder, contrasting with long-range underconnectivity, is based on heterogeneous results, on limited data involving functional connectivity studies, on heterogeneous paediatric populations and non-specific methodologies. In this work, we studied short-distance structural connectivity in a homogeneous population of males with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder and used a novel methodology specifically suited for assessing U-shaped short-distance tracts, including a recently developed tractography-based atlas of the superficial white matter fibres...
December 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Ahmed Abdelaziz, Sara T Kover, Manuela Wagner, Letitia R Naigles
Purpose: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate many mechanisms of lexical acquisition that support language in typical development; however, 1 notable exception is the shape bias. The bases of these children's difficulties with the shape bias are not well understood, and the current study explored potential sources of individual differences from the perspectives of both attentional and conceptual accounts of the shape bias. Method: Shape bias performance from the dataset of Potrzeba, Fein, and Naigles (2015) was analyzed, including 33 children with typical development (M = 20 months; SD = 1...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jason Crutcher, Alex Martin, Gregory L Wallace
Impairments in social communication (coupled with intact nonsocial language skills) are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the neural correlates of these social communication deficits in adolescents and young adults with ASD are not fully understood. The communication checklist self-report (CC-SR) was administered to adolescents and young adults with ASD (n = 52) and typically developing (TD) controls (n = 64) to assess structural-language, pragmatic-language, and social-engagement. One high-resolution T1-weighted structural image was obtained from each participant...
August 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Frances Rice, Lucy Riglin, Ajay K Thapar, Jon Heron, Richard Anney, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita Thapar
Importance: Depression often first manifests in adolescence. Thereafter, individual trajectories vary substantially, but it is not known what shapes depression trajectories in youth. Adult studies suggest that genetic risk for schizophrenia, a psychiatric disorder with a neurodevelopmental component, may contribute to an earlier onset of depression. Objective: To test the hypothesis that there are distinct trajectories of depressive symptoms and that genetic liability for neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders (eg, schizophrenia, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]), as well as for major depressive disorder (MDD), contribute to early-onset depression...
October 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Dave Parsons, Reinie Cordier, Hoe Lee, Torbjorn Falkmer, Sharmila Vaz
This exploratory randomised controlled trial tested the effectiveness of a tablet-based information communication technology early intervention application to augment existing therapy with the aim of improving visual motor, imitation, language and social skills in young children with ASD who reside in regional areas. Fifty-nine participants were recruited and randomised to either a therapy-as-usual group or intervention group. With the exception of the expressive language subscale on the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, no significant between-group differences were recorded for visual motor, imitation, receptive language and social skills of participants between baseline and post-intervention...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Lauren Parsons, Reinie Cordier, Natalie Munro, Annette Joosten
PURPOSE: This study trialled a play-based, peer-to-peer intervention with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to identify suitable instruments for measuring changes in pragmatic language following the intervention, and evaluate preliminary effectiveness. It also aimed to investigate the appropriateness of the intervention for participants. METHOD: Ten children with ASD, their typically developing peers, and parents participated. The Pragmatics Observational Measure (POM), Social Emotional Evaluation (SEE) and Profiling Elements of Prosody in Speech Communication (PEPS-C) measured the participant's social communication skills before, after, and 2-months following the intervention...
September 2, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Zehra Topal, Nuran Demir Samurcu, Sarper Taskiran, Ali Evren Tufan, Bengi Semerci
Social communication disorder (SCD) is a novel diagnosis listed under the rubric of communication disorders within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) and it is reported to be characterized by impairment in use of verbal and nonverbal communication for social aims. This review attempts to summarize the current understanding of the SCD concept along with its evolution and presents data from previous studies conducted. Suggestions for further research are also delineated. As listed in DSM-5, the criteria for this novel diagnosis are vague, display elevated comorbidity with other neurodevelopmental disorders and other childhood psychopathologies, and show partial overlap with autistic spectrum disorders both in terms of genetics and family histories...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Antonio Carotenuto, Sirio Cocozza, Mario Quarantelli, Giorgio Arcara, Roberta Lanzillo, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Ilaria Cerillo, Enrico Tedeschi, Giuseppe Orefice, Valentina Bambini, Arturo Brunetti, Rosa Iodice
Recent studies showed that multiple sclerosis (MS) patients might experience communicative deficits, specifically in pragmatics (i.e., the ability to integrate the context-dependent aspects of language). A crucial region for pragmatics is the temporo-parietal junction, in particular the so-called Geschwind's area (GA), which is involved in high-level language processes, including the comprehension of narratives, metaphor, and irony. We evaluated the relationship between pragmatic abilities, measured through the Assessment of Pragmatic Abilities and Cognitive Substrates (APACS) test, and the functional connectivity (FC) of the bilateral GAs, assessed through a seed-based analysis of Resting-State fMRI in patients with MS...
October 2018: Brain and Language
Namwook Kim, Uk Su Choi, Sungji Ha, Seul Bee Lee, Seung Ha Song, Dong Ho Song, Keun Ah Cheon
PURPOSE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social communication impairments and repetitive behaviors or restricted interests. Impaired pragmatic language comprehension is a universal feature in individuals with ASD. However, the underlying neural basis of pragmatic language is poorly understood. In the present study, we examined neural activation patterns associated with impaired pragmatic language comprehension in ASD, compared to typically developing children (TDC)...
September 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Walter Schaeken, Marie Van Haeren, Valentina Bambini
This study investigated the understanding of underinformative sentences like "Some elephants have trunks" by children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The scalar term 'some' can be interpreted pragmatically, 'Not all elephants have trunks,' or logically, 'Some and possibly all elephants have trunks.' Literature indicates that adults with ASD show no real difficulty in interpreting scalar implicatures, i.e., they often interpret them pragmatically, as controls do. This contrasts with the traditional claim of difficulties of people with ASD in other pragmatic domains, and is more in line with the idea that pragmatic problems are not universal...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ellen Van Den Heuvel, Eric Manders, Ann Swillen, Inge Zink
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a genetic condition associated with a highly variable phenotypic expression. During childhood speech and language deficits are commonly observed. Findings of cross-sectional studies suggest syndrome-specific and changing language profiles, but a longitudinal approach to identify developmental changes is still lacking to date. AIMS: The present study aimed to delineate language characteristics and trajectories by comparing the performance of Dutch-speaking school-aged children with 22q11...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Cynthia Harrison-Felix, Jody K Newman, Lenore Hawley, Clare Morey, Jessica M Ketchum, William C Walker, Kathleen R Bell, Scott R Millis, Cynthia Braden, James Malec, Flora M Hammond, C B Eagye, Laura Howe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a replicable group treatment program for improving social competence after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing 2 methods of conducting a social competency skills program, an interactive group format versus a classroom lecture. SETTING: Community and veteran rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: Civilian, military, and veteran adults with TBI and social competence difficulties (N=179), at least 6 months postinjury...
November 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Paula Morales-Hidalgo, Pere J Ferrando, Josefa Canals
The aim of the present study was to assess whether the nature of the main autistic features (i.e., social communication problems and repetitive and restrictive patterns) are better conceptualized as dimensional or categorical in a school population. The study was based on the teacher ratings of two different age groups: 2,585 children between the ages of 10 and 12 (Primary Education; PE) and 2,502 children between the ages of 3 and 5 (Nursery Education; NE) from 60 mainstream schools. The analyses were based on Factor Mixture Analysis, a novel approach that combines dimensional and categorical features and prevents spurious latent classes from appearing...
July 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Iryna Culpin, Becky Mars, Rebecca M Pearson, Jean Golding, Jon Heron, Isidora Bubak, Peter Carpenter, Cecilia Magnusson, David Gunnell, Dheeraj Rai
OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that autism spectrum disorders (ASD) diagnosis and traits in childhood are associated with suicidal thoughts, plans and self-harm at 16 years, and that any observed associations are explained by depression at 12 years. METHOD: We examined associations between ASD diagnosis and 4 dichotomized ASD traits (social communication, pragmatic language, repetitive behavior, and sociability) with suicidal and nonsuicidal self-harm, suicidal thoughts, and suicidal plans at age 16 years in 5,031 members of the United Kingdom-based birth cohort study the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Haiying Yuan, Christine Dollaghan
Purpose: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition introduced a new neurodevelopmental disorder, social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD), that is characterized by deficits in 4 areas of communication. Although descriptions of these areas are provided, no assessment tools for SPCD are recommended. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which items from measurement tools commonly used in assessing pragmatic language impairment and related disorders might be useful in assessing the characteristics of social communication that define SPCD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Soile Loukusa, Leena Mäkinen, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Hanna Ebeling, Eeva Leinonen
By utilizing the Pragma test this study investigated how sixteen five- to ten-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and sixteen typically developing (TD) children comprehended contextually challenging scenarios demanding 1) contextual inference with theory of mind (ToM), 2) contextual inference without ToM, 3) relevant use of language, 4) recognition of feelings, and 5) understanding false beliefs. The study also compared children's ability to explain their own correct answers. In addition, this study evaluated the sensitivity of three different methods for discriminating the children with ASD from the TD children: 1) the Pragma test, 2) the Social Interaction Deviance Composite (SIDC) of Children's Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2), and 3) the Theory of Mind subtest of the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, Second edition (NEPSY-II)...
May 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
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