Read by QxMD icon Read

Nonoperative + fracture + pediatric

Janine Vonlanthen, Daniel M Weber, Michelle Seiler
BACKGROUND: Phalangeal fractures of the hand are common in children, and most extra-articular fractures can be treated with nonoperative management. Minimally or nondisplaced fractures may simply be immobilized, whereas displaced fractures need closed reduction before immobilization. Although few of these fractures displace secondarily, most schemes currently recommend follow-up x-rays after initial diagnosis. Our primary objective was to identify subgroups of finger fractures that are stable, thus requiring no radiographic monitoring...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Conor F McCarthy, James C Kyriakedes, R Justin Mistovich
CASE: A 30-month-old boy with a displaced medial condyle fracture and no history of an elbow dislocation was found to have an entrapped median nerve. CONCLUSION: Entrapment of the median nerve is a potential consequence of a displaced medial condyle fracture, even when there are no neurologic deficits on presentation. This provides additional support for open reduction of these fractures rather than percutaneous treatment or nonoperative management. Prompt identification and extraction of an interposed ulnar or median nerve is imperative to prevent the catastrophic consequences of an upper-extremity nerve palsy in children, as well as to optimize fracture-healing and elbow growth and development...
October 2018: JBJS Case Connector
Derek P Axibal, Brian Ketterman, Anne Skelton, Patrick Carry, Gaia Georgopoulos, Nancy Miller, Stephanie W Mayer
The purpose of our study was to compare the treatment outcomes and complications between operatively and nonoperatively treated displaced medial epicondyle fractures. Pediatric patients treated for an acute, displaced medial epicondyle fracture between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 22 operative participants were matched to 22 nonoperative participants, with an average displacement of 9.7 mm in both groups. There was no statistical difference in average length of immobilization, median time to full pronation/supination and flexion/extension, proportion of patients needing physical therapy, and complications...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Aristides I Cruz, Jeremy E Raducha, Ishaan Swarup, Jonathan M Schachne, Peter D Fabricant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe surgical treatment options for pediatric tibial shaft fractures which are the third most common pediatric long bone fracture. Management of these injuries is dictated by fracture location, fracture pattern, associated injuries, skeletal maturity, and other patient-specific factors. Although most pediatric tibial shaft fractures can be treated nonoperatively, this review provides an update on surgical treatment options when operative intervention is indicated...
February 2019: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Derek Paul Axibal, Patrick Carry, Anne Skelton, Stephanie Watson Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Compare outcomes of operative and nonoperatively managed medial epicondyle fractures in upper-extremity athletes. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review and phone survey. SETTING: Level 1, tertiary-referral pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: Propensity scores (probability of operative treatment) were estimated from a logistic regression model that included sex, age, displacement, limb dominance, and injury severity (presence of an additional fracture, nerve injury, or elbow dislocation)...
October 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Nirav K Patel, Joanna Horstman, Victoria Kuester, Senthil Sambandam, Varatharaj Mounasamy
Tibial shaft fractures are one of the most common pediatric fractures. They require appropriate diagnosis and treatment to minimize complications and optimize outcomes. Diagnosis is clinical and radiological, which can be difficult in a young child or with minimal clinical findings. In addition to acute fracture, Toddler's and stress fractures are important entities. Child abuse must always be considered in a nonambulatory child presenting with an inconsistent history or suspicious concomitant injuries. Treatment is predominantly nonoperative with closed reduction and casting, requiring close clinical and radiological followup until union...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Robert B Lewis, Omar Hariri, Marilyn E Elliott, Chan-Hee Jo, Brandon A Ramo
BACKGROUND: Health care in America continues to place more importance on providing value-based medicine. Medicare reimbursements are increasingly being tied to this and future policy changes are expected to reinforce these trends. Recent literature has shown pediatric femur fractures in preschool-age children have equivalent clinical and radiographic outcomes when treated with spica casting or flexible intramedullary nails (IMN). We compared hospital care statistics including charges for nonoperative versus operative treatment for closed femur fractures in 3- to 6-year-olds...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Daniel C Bland, Andrew T Pennock, Vidyadhar V Upasani, Eric W Edmonds
BACKGROUND: Lateral condyle fractures of the distal humerus are the second most common pediatric elbow fracture. A difference of 1 or 2 mm in fracture displacement measurement may change the operative or nonoperative management of a minimally displaced fracture. The goal of this study was to determine the interobserver and intraobserver agreement in the measurements of displacement of lateral condyle fractures of the humerus. METHODS: A retrospective radiographic review of 60 patients was performed by 3 reviewers...
September 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Katie A Donnelly, Kristen Breslin, Karen J OʼConnell
OBJECTIVES: Nonoperative management of hemodynamically stable liver lacerations in pediatric trauma patients is a safe and effective management strategy for pediatric patients; approximately 90% will be successfully managed nonoperatively. No study has specifically identified risk criteria for the need for intervention versus observation alone. Our objective for this study was to determine risk factors from the physical examination, computed tomography scan, and laboratory results associated with intervention for liver laceration...
May 25, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Patrick R Keller, Heather A Cole, Christopher M Stutz, Jonathan G Schoenecker
Posttraumatic proximal radioulnar synostosis (PPRUS) is a severe complication of radial head and neck fractures known to occur after severe injury or operative fixation. Cases of PPRUS occurring after minimally displaced, nonoperatively treated radial neck injuries are, by contrast, extremely rare. Here, we present a pediatric case of PPRUS that developed after a nonoperatively treated minimally displaced radial neck fracture with concomitant olecranon fracture. While more cases are needed to establish the association between this pattern of injury and PPRUS, we recommend that when encountering patients with a minimally displaced radial neck fracture and a concomitant elbow injury, the rare possibility of developing proximal radioulnar synostosis should be considered...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Joel B Huleatt, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
The treatment of sports injuries in the skeletally immature has a unique set of complications. Growth deformity may occur after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; therefore, skeletal age is used to help guide the choice between physeal sparing and transphyseal techniques. Arthrofibrosis after tibial spine fracture fixation can be reduced by initiating immediate range of motion, and should be treated early and cautiously to avoid iatrogenic fracture. Nonunions of medial epicondyle elbow fractures are more common with nonoperative treatment, but seldom lead to clinical problems outside of certain athletes...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Alexander J Adams, Nakul S Talathi, Jigar S Gandhi, Neeraj M Patel, Theodore J Ganley
Fractures of the tibial spine are estimated to occur in 3 per 100,000 children annually, but account for 2 to 5% of pediatric knee injuries with effusion. Although these fractures were historically associated with bicycle accidents, the surge of organized youth sports in recent decades has brought renewed attention to this injury. While minimally displaced fractures can be treated nonoperatively, several techniques have been described for fixation of displaced or comminuted fractures. Sequelae of this injury can include arthrofibrosis, knee instability, and nonunion...
May 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Christiane Kruppa, Tyler Snoap, Debra L Sietsema, Thomas A Schildhauer, Marcel Dudda, Clifford B Jones
The outcomes of pediatric talus fractures have been minimally reported in published studies. The purpose of the present retrospective study was to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes after talus fractures in pediatric and adolescent patients and to define the differences among the different age groups in this population. A total of 52 children and adolescents (54 fractures) with 24 type 1 (44.44%), 13 type 2 (24.07%), 8 type 3 (14.81%), and 9 type 4 (16.67%) Marti-Weber fractures were considered...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Elizabeth W Hubbard, Anthony I Riccio
The management of pediatric fractures has evolved over the past several decades, and many injuries that were previously being managed nonoperatively are now being treated surgically. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has developed clinical guidelines to help guide decision making and streamline patient care for certain injuries, but many topics remain controversial. This article analyzes the evidence regarding management of 5 of the most common and controversial injuries in pediatric orthopedics today...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Neal Rupani, Nicholas Riley, Ian McNab
Background  Scaphoid fractures in the pediatric population are rare. The majority of nondisplaced fractures tend to unite; however, there is an increased risk of nonunion in proximal pole fractures. Limited evidence exists in their outcomes, owing to the scarcity of the fracture pattern. Case Description  A 13-year-old boy who presented late after developing a traumatic proximal pole scaphoid fracture developed nonunion. He was treated conservatively owing to it being asymptomatic and developed union at 18 months...
February 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Mauricio Silva, Erin M Delfosse, Howard Park, Hemali Panchal, Edward Ebramzadeh
INTRODUCTION: The Appropriate Use Criteria for the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHFs), developed by American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, recommends pinning for all type II SCHFs. However, previous studies have suggested that, with close follow-up some of the less severe type II SCHF's can be successfully treated without surgery. Our purpose was to analyze data collected prospectively on a large cohort of type II SCHF's. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and radiographic information on all type II pediatric SCHF (n=1120) that were enrolled in a prospective registry and were followed for a minimum of 8 weeks...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Stephanie Garrison, Emily A Eismann, Roger Cornwall
PURPOSE: This study assessed whether using physician assistants (PAs) for fracture follow-up during nonoperative management of pediatric forearm fractures was associated with an increased risk of malunion. METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of charts of 141 children under age 18 years who were treated nonoperatively in the division of orthopedics over 12 months for forearm fractures. The effect of type and number of follow-up providers on risk of malunion was determined and controlled for fracture type, location, and initial angulation...
December 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Joanne H Wang, William Z Morris, Blaine T Bafus, Raymond W Liu
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to characterize management of supracondylar humerus fractures (SCHFs) at a level 1 trauma center and identify factors contributing to divergence in management from American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) recommendations. METHODS: A query revealed 556 patients with diagnoses of SCHF between 2013 and 2015 at a pediatric level 1 trauma center. Patients were excluded if they were younger than 2 years of age, older than 12 years of age, were polytrauma patients, or if there was not sufficient clinical or radiographic documentation, resulting in 449 patients...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Kenneth M Lin, Evan W James, Elad Spitzer, Peter D Fabricant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the epidemiology, pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and clinical management of pediatric and adolescent patients following a first-time shoulder dislocation. RECENT FINDINGS: Shoulder instability is becoming increasingly common as pediatric and adolescent patients engage in earlier organized sports competition. Recommended treatment following a first-time glenohumeral dislocation event in adolescents depends on several factors, but surgical stabilization is becoming more frequently performed...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Seung Min Ryu, Jae Woo Park, Se Dong Kim, Chul Hyun Park
We compared the outcomes of nonoperative and operative treatments of triplane fractures. Thirty-three patients with triplane fractures were treated conservatively (n=19) or surgically (n=14). Bone union and postoperative complications were radiographically examined. The mean American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scores were 100 (nonoperative group) and 98.1 (operative group) (P=0.304). The modified Weber protocol scores were excellent in both groups. One patient in each group showed a leg-length discrepancy of more than 10 mm at the last follow-up...
September 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"