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Overweight in childrens

Emma Kjellberg, Josefine Roswall, Jonathan Andersson, Stefan Bergman, Ann-Katrine Karlsson, Pär-Arne Svensson, Joel Kullberg, Jovanna Dahlgren
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate how visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volumes were associated with metabolic risk factors in 7-year-old children. METHODS: A total of 81 children (52% girls) from a Swedish birth cohort were studied. At 6 years of age, anthropometric data, fasting insulin, glucose, cholesterol, and blood pressure were collected on 53 children with normal weight and 28 children with overweight or obesity, and insulin resistance was estimated...
April 19, 2019: Obesity
Katelin M Hudak, Elizabeth F Racine
CONTEXT: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a food assistance program that helps Americans afford a healthy diet. However, its influence on children's weight status is unclear. This review examined the evidence of the relationship between SNAP participation and child weight. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The following databases were searched: PubMed, EconLit, Web of Science, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service. The last search was performed in October 2018...
April 17, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
M Boyle, J P Buckley, L Quirós-Alcalá
BACKGROUND: Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are synthetic chemicals found in many consumer products, including furniture, electronics, processed foods, and building materials. Emerging in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that OPEs are metabolism disrupting compounds; however, epidemiologic studies investigating their associations with adiposity markers are sparse. OBJECTIVE: We examined cross-sectional associations between OPE biomarkers and adiposity measures among U...
April 16, 2019: Environment International
Naser Elkum, Monira Alarouj, Abdullah Bennakhi, Azza Shaltout
Objectives: To identify predictors of childhood and adolescent obesity in Kuwaitis with Arab ethnicity. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 6-18 year-old schoolchildren was randomly selected from 244 public schools across all six governorates in the State of Kuwait. Anthropometric data were measured from 6,574 Arab Kuwaiti schoolchildren, and a structured questionnaire was used to collect information on possible risk factors associated with obesity. Overweight and obesity were defined in accordance with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention criteria...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
María Martín-García, Luis M Alegre, Beatriz García-Cuartero, Eleanor J Bryant, Bernard Gutin, Ignacio Ara
Purpose: This study aims to analyze the effects of a 3-month vigorous physical activity (VPA) intervention on eating behavior and body composition in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Methods: Forty-seven participants (7-16 years) took part in the study: 28 were assigned to the intervention group (IG) (10 boys and 18 girls) and 19 in a control group (CG) (8 boys and 11 girls). Body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), anthropometrics (body mass, height, and body mass index (BMI)), and eating behavior traits (Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21C) were determined before and after the VPA intervention...
March 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Ruopeng An, Jing Shen, Qiuying Yang, Yan Yang
Background: Neighborhood built environment may profoundly influence children's physical activity (PA) and body weight. This study systematically reviewed scientific evidence regarding the impact of built environment on PA and obesity among children and adolescents in China. Methods: A keyword and reference search was conducted in Active Living Research, Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Web of Science. Studies that met all of the following criteria were included in the review: (1) study designs-experimental studies, observational studies, and qualitative studies; (2) study subjects-Chinese children and/or adolescents aged ≤17 years; (3) exposures-neighborhood built environment; (4) outcomes-PA and/or body weight status; (5) article type-peer-reviewed publications; (6) time window of search-from the inception of an electronicbibliographic database to May 31, 2018; (7) country-China; and (8) language-articles written in English...
March 2019: Journal of Sport and Health Science
Heba Ashi, Guglielmo Campus, Gunilla Klingberg, Heléne Bertéus Forslund, Peter Lingström
Background: Obesity is a multifactorial disease that is increasing worldwide and is caused by different environmental and genetic factors, with an increase in the consumption of high-energy-containing food and a decrease in physical activity constituting two of the main reasons. Sweet taste perception may have an effect on the subject's dietary choices and affect his or her predisposition to obesity. Objectives: The aim was to study the sweet taste perception and dental caries in relation to body mass index (BMI) in 13-15-year-old schoolchildren from three different countries and to compare the BMI among the countries...
2019: Food & Nutrition Research
Adriana Modesto, Cristina Armbruster Jacas, Sohyon Michelle Kim, Alexander Desman, Ilsa West, Molly Lebow, Caroline Littlejohn, Kathleen Deeley, Deborah Studen-Pavlovich, Alexandre R Vieira
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if dental ages are more advanced in overweight children and influenced by genetic variation. Methods: Panoramic radiographs from 577 children were obtained. For performing genetic studies, an additional 236 subjects had panoramic radiographs and whole saliva samples collected. Genotyping of IGF, FGF, and FGFR markers was done. Dental age was determined in 177 patients utilizing Demerjian's method and panoramic radiographs. Skeletal maturation was determined in 28 patients using Baccetti's cervical vertebral maturation method on lateral cephalograms...
March 15, 2019: Pediatric Dentistry
Nese Akcan, Ruveyde Bundak
Objective: Tri-ponderal mass index (TMI) has been reported to estimate body fat more accurately than body mass index (BMI). This study aimed to compare the efficacy of TMI and BMI in forecasting of insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, impaired liver enzymes or thyroid hormone functions and vitamin D level. Method: One hundred and forty-three overweight or obese children according to standardised BMI (BMI SDS) were studied retrospectively. TMI thresholds to diagnose overweight status were 16...
April 17, 2019: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Abeer Alassaf, Rasha Odeh, Lubna Gharaibeh, Sarah Ibrahim, Kamel Ajlouni
Background: Adequate glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes reduces the risk of future complications. Identifying factors affecting HbA1c is crucial to achieve adequate metabolic control. We aim to identify possible socioeconomic predictors of poor metabolic control in children with type 1 diabetes in Jordan; which resembles a developing country with limited resources. Methods: Medical charts were reviewed for patients attending the pediatric endocrine clinics in two major diabetes centers...
April 17, 2019: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Caroline Carriere, Hélène Thibault, Pascal Barat, Fatiha Guemazi-Kheffi, Blandine Mellouet-Fort, Laurent Ancillon, Anne-Marie Bertrand, Sylvain Quinart, Sophie Guilmin-Crépon, Armine Arsan, Anne Lestournelle, Régine Brument, Camille Saison-Canaple, Lise Renel, Adeline Daussac, Béatrice Jouret, Véronique Negre, Maïthé Tauber
BACKGROUND: The nine French regional health networks for the prevention and care of paediatric obesity offer a 2-year program of multidisciplinary primary care (medical, dietetical, psychological, adapted physical activity) based on multicomponent lifestyle interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the short-term and long-term impact of care management. METHODS: The impact of the multidisciplinary care was assessed by changes in the body mass index (BMI) Z score during the period of the care, and at least 2 years after the end...
April 16, 2019: Pediatric Obesity
Peipei Wang, Ming Hao, Wei Han, Taro Yamauchi
This study was conducted to investigate the nutritional status and gross motor development of children in a suburban area of northeast China and the factors influencing these issues. A total of 189 children aged 1-3 years and their mothers participated. Child and maternal length/height and weight were measured. Information was collected on basic characteristics, household monthly income, child's age at achievement of six gross motor milestones, and feeding practices by interviewing the mothers/caregivers...
April 15, 2019: Nursing & Health Sciences
Pauline W Jansen, Ivonne P M Derks, Amber Batenburg, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Feeding practices have been implicated in childhood overweight, but the long-term effects of using food to comfort a distressed child remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether the use of food to soothe in infancy was associated with later body composition, and whether children's eating behaviors mediate this relation. METHODS: Participants were 3960 children of Generation R, a population-based birth cohort in the Netherlands...
April 16, 2019: Journal of Nutrition
Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Alfonso Martinez-Nova, Pilar Alfageme-Garcia, Jesus Montes-Alguacil, Angela Margaret Evans
OBJECTIVES: The foot posture index (FPI) is an observational tool designed to measure the position of the foot. The objective of this study was to establish international reference data for foot posture across childhood, and influence of body mass index (BMI) on paediatric foot posture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The dataset comprised 3217 healthy children, aged from 3 to 15 years. Contributing data were acquired from Spain, UK and Australia...
April 14, 2019: BMJ Open
Dan Liu, Yun Xia Hao, Ting Zhi Zhao, Peng Kun Song, Yi Zhai, Shao Jie Pang, Yan Fang Zhao, Mei Zhang, Zhuo Qun Wang, Sheng Quan Mi, Yu Ying Wang, Jian Zhang, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is recognized as a significant risk factor for diabetes and hypertension. The present study aimed to examine the associations between adults'obesity risk and childhood and parental obesity. METHODS: A total of 204 children aged 6-17 years were recruited in 2002 with an average follow-up period of 13.2 years. Height and body weight were measured by trained staffs. Overweight and obesity were defined based on the Chinese standard for children and adults...
March 2019: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
Shufang Liu, Jiachen Zhang, Jia Ma, Yu Shang, Yanyan Ma, Xinzhu Zhang, Shunan Wang, Yuan Yuan, Xiangling Deng, Wenquan Niu, Zhixin Zhang
This study aimed to examine the association of late bedtime and fast eating speed, both individually and interactively, in predicting overweight and obesity in Chinese preschool-aged children. This was a cross-sectional survey among children aged 3-6 years. Overweight and obesity is defined according to the WHO, IOTF, and China criteria, respectively. Total 1123 preschool-aged children were analyzed. After multivariable adjustment, late bedtime after 11:00 pm and fast eating speed increased the risk of overweight and obesity significantly under the WHO (odds ratio [OR]=1...
April 12, 2019: Aging
Agnieszka Jankowicz-Szymańska, Marta Bibro, Katarzyna Wodka, Eliza Smola
BACKGROUND: Excessive body weight is a lifestyle issue, which is commonly found in children in many countries worldwide, and has enormous medical implications. This study aimed to determine the effect of overweight and obesity on the shape of the spine in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 910 children 10-12 years of age participated in this study. Their height, weight, and fat tissue content were measured. Their BMI was calculated, and their body weight status was categorized...
April 12, 2019: Childhood Obesity
Leanne Thalji, Yu Shi, Kristine T Hanson, Elliot Wakeam, Elizabeth B Habermann, Joseph A Hyder
PURPOSE: While high body mass index (BMI) is a recognized risk factor for pulmonary complications in adults, its importance as a risk factor for complications following pediatric surgery is poorly described. We evaluated the association between BMI and severe pediatric perioperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated pediatric patients (aged 2-17 years) undergoing elective procedures in the 2015 Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP-P)...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Anesthesia
Alissa D Smethers, Liane S Roe, Christine E Sanchez, Faris M Zuraikat, Kathleen L Keller, Samantha M R Kling, Barbara J Rolls
BACKGROUND: Although short-term studies have found that serving larger portions of food increases intake in preschool children, it is unknown whether this portion size effect persists over a longer period or whether energy intake is moderated through self-regulation. OBJECTIVES: We tested whether the portion size effect is sustained in preschool children across 5 consecutive days, a period thought to be sufficient for regulatory systems to respond to the overconsumption of energy...
April 12, 2019: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Heather A Robinson, Rinita Dam, Lamiece Hassan, David Jenkins, Iain Buchan, Matthew Sperrin
Children's body mass index (BMI) growth trajectories are associated with adult health outcomes, and vary by geography and epoch. Understanding these trajectories could help to identify high risk children and thus support improved health outcomes. In this review, we compare and quantitatively analyse BMI level and trajectory data published since 2010. We characterise recent growth in children aged 4-11 years, an age range most frequently targeted for BMI intervention, yet less studied than young childhood or infancy...
June 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
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