keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

acute kidney injury in children

keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786108/gastrostomy-tubes-appear-to-be-safe-following-pediatric-orthotopic-heart-transplant
#1
Rick D Vavolizza, David F Grabski, Daniel E Levin, Jeffrey W Gander
BACKGROUND: Gastrostomy tube (GT) placement is a common pediatric surgical procedure typically indicated for oral aversion. This may develop in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) who require an orthotopic heart transplant (OHT). The safety profile of GT placement in OHT patients who are immunosuppressed is unknown. Given the potential increased risk of wound site complications on a patient receiving immunosuppression, we sought to determine the safety profile of GT placement in pediatric patients with OHT...
February 20, 2019: Pediatric Transplantation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30764902/computed-tomography-with-intravenous-contrast-is-not-associated-with-development-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-severely-injured-pediatric-patients
#2
McGaha Paul K, Jeremy Johnson, Tabitha Garwe, Zoona Sarwar, Prasenjeet Motghare, William Daly, Robert Letton
Data for the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) related to intravenous contrast administration in the pediatric trauma population are limited. Obtaining a creatinine value before elective CT scans is a relatively accepted standard of care. We sought to determine whether there was any significant difference in the incidence of AKI between severely injured patients who received IV contrast and those who did not. We reviewed data from the trauma registry at our Level I pediatric trauma center. We limited the patients to severely injured pediatric traumas (<15 years old) directly transported from the scene of injury with a creatinine level measured on arrival...
January 1, 2019: American Surgeon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763561/postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Dana Y Fuhrman, Lan G Nguyen, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo, Priyanka Priyanka, John A Kellum
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing number of young adults living with congenital heart disease (CHD). The goal of this study was to ascertain the frequency of acute kidney injury (AKI) as well as the risk factors and outcomes associated with AKI in young adults with CHD after a surgical procedure. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective cohort study including all patients 18-40 years of age with a diagnosis of CHD admitted to a quaternary care children's hospital cardiac intensive care unit postoperatively from 2004-2015...
February 11, 2019: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760357/computed-tomography-with-intravenous-contrast-is-not-associated-with-development-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-severely-injured-pediatric-patients
#4
McGaha Paul K, Jeremy Johnson, Tabitha Garwe, Zoona Sarwar, Prasenjeet Motghare, William Daly, Robert Letton
Data for the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) related to intravenous contrast administration in the pediatric trauma population are limited. Obtaining a creatinine value before elective CT scans is a relatively accepted standard of care. We sought to determine whether there was any significant difference in the incidence of AKI between severely injured patients who received IV contrast and those who did not. We reviewed data from the trauma registry at our Level I pediatric trauma center. We limited the patients to severely injured pediatric traumas (<15 years old) directly transported from the scene of injury with a creatinine level measured on arrival...
January 1, 2019: American Surgeon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745052/furosemide-response-predicts-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#5
Jamie Penk, Katja M Gist, Eric L Wald, Laura Kitzmiller, Tennille N Webb, Yi Li, David S Cooper, Stuart L Goldstein, Rajit K Basu
OBJECTIVE: A standardized assessment of response to furosemide is predictive of acute kidney injury progression in adults, but a paucity of data exists in pediatric patients. We evaluate furosemide responsiveness in a multicenter cohort of pediatric patients after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Children who underwent cardiac surgery with a Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery score of 3 or greater were retrospectively identified...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740947/markers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Monika Augustynowicz, Agnieszka Bargenda-Lange, Krzysztof Kałwak, Danuta Zwolińska, Kinga Musiał
Acute kidney injury (AKI), one of the major complications in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), is an independent predictor of the patient's survival and a prognostic factor of progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the multifaceted role of AKI, its early diagnosis in the course of HSCT remains a challenge. These difficulties may result from the inefficiency of traditional methods used to assess kidney function, like serum creatinine or estimated glomerular filtration rate...
February 11, 2019: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737860/paediatric-acute-kidney-injury-induced-by-vancomycin-monotherapy-versus-combined-vancomycin-and-meropenem
#7
Tao Zhang, Hua Cheng, Yuan Li, Yu-Zhu Dong, Ying Zhang, Xiao-Liang Cheng, An-Min Wang, Ya-Lin Dong
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Increasing reports of the combined use of vancomycin (VAN) and piperacillin/tazobactam leading to higher nephrotoxicity have led to carbapenems being recommended as an alternative option to combine with VAN when nephrotoxicity is a major concern. However, whether carbapenems also increase the nephrotoxicity of VAN is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether meropenem is a suitable drug to combine with VAN based on whether meropenem enhances the nephrotoxicity of VAN...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719406/pelvic-neuroblastoma-presenting-with-acute-urinary-retention-and-acute-kidney-injury
#8
Lisa B E Shields, Dennis S Peppas, Eran Rosenberg
•Neuroblastomas are tumors that arise from primitive sympathetic ganglion cells and are rarely seen in the pelvic region.•Neuroblastomas are the most common extracerebral solid tumors in children under the age of five years.•Acute urinary retention due to extrinsic compression from a pelvic mass is a rare phenomenon in infants.•Pelvic neuroblastoma may cause acute urinary retention and acute kidney injury.
March 2019: Urology Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706124/malaria-and-acute-kidney-injury
#9
Denver D Brown, Sonia Solomon, Daniele Lerner, Marcela Del Rio
Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquitos, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. It affects 212 million worldwide, causing death in up to 303,000 children annually. In the USA, up to 1700 people are affected yearly. Although the prevalence in developed countries is less than in developing countries, travelers from low transmission areas, and those from endemic areas who later return, are very susceptible to malaria and its complications. Severe malaria can cause significant multiorgan dysfunction including acute kidney injury (AKI)...
January 31, 2019: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30676490/oliguria-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-children-implications-for-diagnosis-and-outcomes
#10
Ahmad Kaddourah, Rajit K Basu, Stuart L Goldstein, Scott M Sutherland
OBJECTIVES: Consensus definitions for acute kidney injury are based on changes in serum creatinine and urine output. Although the creatinine criteria have been widely applied, the contribution of the urine output criteria remains poorly understood. We evaluated these criteria individually and collectively to determine their impact on the diagnosis and outcome of severe acute kidney injury. DESIGN AND SETTING: Post hoc analysis of Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Injury, Renal Angina, and Epidemiology study-a prospective international observational multicenter study...
January 22, 2019: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672838/positive-cumulative-fluid-balance-is-associated-with-mortality-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-the-setting-of-acute-kidney-injury
#11
Matt S Zinter, Aaron C Spicer, Kathleen D Liu, Benjamin E Orwoll, Mustafa F Alkhouli, Paul R Brakeman, Carolyn S Calfee, Michael A Matthay, Anil Sapru
OBJECTIVES: As acute kidney injury and elevated cumulative fluid balance commonly co-occur in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome, we aimed to identify risk factors for their development and evaluate their independent relationships with mortality. We hypothesized that acute kidney injury and elevated cumulative fluid balance would be associated with markers of inflammation and that children with elevated cumulative fluid balance and concomitant acute kidney injury would have worse outcomes than other children...
January 21, 2019: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30665180/prevalence-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-liver-transplantation-in-children-comparison-of-the-prifle-akin-and-kdigo-criteria-using-corrected-serum-creatinine
#12
Elhanan Nahum, Gili Kadmon, Eytan Kaplan, Avichai Weissbach, Hanan Hijazi, Orly Haskin, Yael Mozer-Glassberg
PURPOSE: To compare the application of three standardized definitions of acute kidney injury (AKI), using corrected serum creatinine values, in children immediately after liver transplantation. METHODS: Retrospective search of a tertiary pediatric hospital database yielded 77 patients (age < 18 years) who underwent liver transplantation in 2007-2017. Serum creatinine levels during the 24 h before and after surgery were corrected to daily fluid balance, and the prevalence of AKI was calculated using the Pediatric RIFLE (pRIFLE), AKI Network (AKIN), and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria...
April 2019: Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664588/23-4-hypertonic-saline-and-intracranial-pressure-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-among-children-a-10-year-retrospective-analysis
#13
Andrew G Wu, Uzma Samadani, Tina M Slusher, Lei Zhang, Andrew W Kiragu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of 23.4% hypertonic saline for management of elevated intracranial pressure in children admitted to our institution for severe traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective medical chart analysis. SETTING: A PICU at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States. PATIENTS: Children admitted for severe traumatic brain injury from 2006 to 2016 who received 23.4% hypertonic saline and whose intracranial pressures were measured within 5 hours of receiving 23...
January 18, 2019: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30641369/melamine-and-cyanuric-acid-exposure-and-kidney-injury-in-us-children
#14
Sheela Sathyanarayana, Joseph T Flynn, Mary Jo Messito, Rachel Gross, Kathryn B Whitlock, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Rajendiran Karthikraj, Debra Morrison, Maryann Huie, Dimitri Christakis, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Melamine and cyanuric acid, which are currently used in a variety of common consumer products and present in foods, have been implicated in the development of urolithiasis and acute kidney injury in Chinese children. To determine whether US children have measurable concentrations of these chemicals in their bodies and whether they are at greater risk of acute kidney injury, we measured melamine and cyanuric acid exposure in a cohort of US children and determined their relationship with markers of kidney injury...
November 2, 2018: Environmental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636517/clinico-epidemiological-profile-and-predictors-of-outcome-in-children-with-diphtheria-a-study-from-northern-india
#15
Nabaneeta Dash, Sanjay Verma, Muralidharan Jayashree, Rakesh Kumar, Pankaj C Vaidya, Meenu Singh
Diphtheria, a vaccine preventable disease in children, is still being reported from India. Details of 99 children with a clinical diagnosis of diphtheria admitted to a paediatric tertiary care teaching and referral hospital between January 2008 and December 2015 were collected retrospectively and analysed. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) age of the study group was 7.0 years (IQR = 5.0-8.0 years). Nearly two-thirds were unimmunised. Clinical features included fever (97%), dysphagia (82%), sore throat (67%), bull neck (54%), stridor (40%), neuropathy (27%) and nasal discharge (14%)...
January 12, 2019: Tropical Doctor
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624493/association-between-pediatric-risk-injury-failure-loss-and-end-stage-renal-disease-score-and-mortality-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-study
#16
Jader Pereira Almeida, Ivan Ferraz Valente, Marina da Rocha Lordelo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between acute kidney injury through the pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss and End Stage Renal Disease score and mortality in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study assessed all children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of a reference hospital in Brazil from January to December 2016. Patients were screened for the presence of acute kidney injury through the pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss and End Stage Renal Disease score...
October 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30619690/acute-kidney-injury-in-childhood-onset-nephrotic-syndrome-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
Mi Young Kim, Myung Hyun Cho, Ji Hyun Kim, Yo Han Ahn, Hyun Jin Choi, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hee Gyung Kang
Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerulopathy in children. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of NS, caused by severe intravascular volume depletion, acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, or progression of NS. However, the incidence and risk factors of childhood-onset NS in Korea are unclear. Therefore, we studied the incidence, causes, and risk factors of AKI in hospitalized Korean patients with childhood-onset NS. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with childhood-onset NS who were admitted to our center from January 2015 to July 2017...
December 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588973/clinicopathological-profile-of-pediatric-renal-biopsies-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-pakistan
#18
Asim Sadaf, Moorani N Khemchand, Lateef Fouzia, Zubair Asia
Renal biopsy is an important tool for the diagnosis of acute and chronic glomerular diseases in children. We aimed to analyze the spectrum of clinical indications and histopathological patterns (HPP) in children who underwent renal biopsy (RB). This is a retrospective review of case records of 108 renal biopsies carried out from January 2010 to December 2015 at the Pediatric Nephrology Department, National Institute of Child Health Karachi, Pakistan. RB was performed under Ketamine-Midazolam sedation and real-time ultrasound...
November 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30581228/impact-of-hemolysis-on-acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-in-children-supported-with-cardiac-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#19
Santiago Borasino, Yuvraj Kalra, Ashley R Elam, Lawrence Carlisle O'Meara, Joseph G Timpa, Kellen G Goldberg, J Leslie Collins Gaddis, Jeffrey A Alten
Intravascular hemolysis with elevated plasma-free hemoglobin (PFH) complicates extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). In 50 consecutive pediatric cardiac patients requiring ECMO, we sought to describe the relationship between PFH and clinical outcomes; primary outcomes were acute kidney injury (AKI) and prolonged (>14 days) renal replacement therapy (RRT). Median age was 35 days, median weight 3.9 kg, and median ECMO duration 4.2 days. Seventy-eight percent (39/50) weaned off ECMO; survival to discharge was 50% (25/50)...
December 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30547058/risk-factors-for-short-and-long-term-outcomes-in-children-with-stec-hus-d-hus-a-single-center-experience
#20
Judith Sebestyen VanSickle, Tarak Srivastava, Uri S Alon
Background . Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is one of the common causes for acute kidney injury in childhood. Objective . The goals of our study were to identify risk factors for short-term complications and long-term outcomes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)-HUS and other diarrhea positive (D+ ) HUS. Methods . Retrospective chart review was obtained of 58 pediatric patients treated for STEC-HUS and other D+ HUS between February 2002 and January 2011. Results ...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
keyword
keyword
109285
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"