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perioperative anesthetic and analgesic management of newborn bladder exstrophy

Ibrahim S Farid, Elizabeth J Kendrick, Mark J Adamczyk, Nancy R Lukas, Eric Z Massanyi
Effective multimodal analgesia and sedation reduce the postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with newborn bladder exstrophy repair. Epidural analgesia is safe and effective for major surgery in neonates and infants, reducing the need for muscle relaxants, opioids, and ventilator support postoperatively. The risk of epidural catheter colonization typically dictates removal after 3 to 5 days. Tunneling the catheter subcutaneously reduces the risk of colonization, providing prolonged analgesia for patients requiring an extended immobilization to prevent compromise of the repair...
October 1, 2015: A & A Case Reports
P C Rubenwolf, B Koller, I Rübben, A-K Ebert, F Pohl, W H Rösch
Regional analgesia is firmly established in modern pediatric anesthetic practice and its popularity continues to grow. In our department continuous epidural anesthesia (CEA) is a frequently used technique of pain management following major reconstructive procedures of the lower urinary tract. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy, safety, and potential benefits of CEA over standard analgesics.We retrospectively reviewed the records of 21 infants who underwent single-stage bladder exstrophy repair in our department...
May 2011: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Sabine Kost-Byerly, Eric V Jackson, Myron Yaster, Lori J Kozlowski, Ranjiv I Mathews, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of bladder exstrophy in newborn infants requires immobilization, sedation and pain management to prevent distracting forces from compromising the repair. We present a 6-year review of our experience. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the perioperative management of newborn infants undergoing reconstruction between November 1999 and October 2006. Data are presented as means+/-SD. RESULTS: Twenty-three newborn infants underwent surgery under a combined epidural and general anesthetic technique...
August 2008: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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