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Carcinoembrionic antigen

Thomas Tsitsias, Levon Toufektzian, Tom Routledge, John Pilling
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether there is a specific subgroup of patients that would benefit from pulmonary metastasectomy for colorectal carcinoma (CRC). A total of 524 papers were identified using the reported search, of which 1 meta-analysis, 1 systematic review and 17 retrospective studies represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, country, study type, population, outcomes and key results are tabulated...
December 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Hyun-Dong Chae, In-Hwan Kim
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal recurrence is the most common cause of death after surgery for gastric cancer. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis has been used to detect free cancer cells in peritoneal wash during surgery. This study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic significance of carcinoembrionic antigen (CEA) mRNA detected by RT-PCR in peritoneal wash from patients with gastric cancer after curative resection through a 5-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peritoneal wash were obtained from 117 patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer...
August 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Amal H Hamza, Hanaa M Abdulfattah, Rasha H Mahmoud, Wagdy K B Khalil, Hanaa H Ahmed
Additional approaches to control malignancies are needed due to the emerging trends in the incidence of cancer of different organ sites. Due to the high frequency of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its poor prognosis, preventing HCC is an urgent priority. To explore the antioxidant and apoptotic pathways of grape seed extract (GSE) we induce HCC experimentally by diethylnitrosoamine (DEN) and treated the animals with low and high doses of GSE. The results indicate good therapeutic possibilities for GSE use in treatment of HCC...
2015: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Nicolas Kahn, Julia Riedlinger, Markus Roeßler, Christina Rabe, Michael Lindner, Ina Koch, Sabine Schott-Hildebrand, Felix J Herth, Marc A Schneider, Michael Meister, Thomas R Muley
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers can be subtle tools to aid the diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of therapy and disease progression. The validation of biomarkers is a cumbersome process involving many steps. Serum samples from lung cancer patients were collected in the framework of a larger study for evaluation of biomarkers for early detection of lung cancer. The analysis of biomarker levels measured revealed a noticeable difference in certain biomarker values that exhibited a dependence of the time point and setting of the sampling...
2015: Clinical Proteomics
Ken Fukaya, Toshiharu Tabata, Muneo Minowa, Hiroshi Katsumata, Shigefumi Fujimura
A 54-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray. A computed tomography( CT) scan of the chest revealed a 6.5 cm tumor in the right upper lobe suspected of superior vena cava (SVC) infiltration. He was diagnosed as lung cancer(adenocarcinoma), and the right upper lobectomy with partial resection of SVC was performed. But the pathology confirmed the surgery to be non-curative. Nine months after operation, carcinomatous pleuritis was detected on chest X-ray. Since deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)analysis revealed a mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in exon 21, gefitinib treatment was started...
May 2014: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Sergio Henrique Mattioda de Lima, Vitorino Modesto Dos Santos, Andersen Charles Darós, Victor Paranaíba Campos, Fabiana Ruas Domingues Modesto
INTRODUCTION: Giant cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary are rarely described conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: The authors describe a 57-year-old Brazilian woman who presented with an increase in abdominal girth in February 2003. Imaging studies showed a giant abdominal pelvic mass with probable origin in the right ovary. Cancer antigen-125 was elevated, while carcinoembrionic antigen and alpha-fetoprotein were normal. Total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy and omentectomy were done...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mona A Al-Damegh
CONTEXT: High malaria burden has led to the increased use of insecticides in the tropics and subtropics. This study thus aimed at assessing the hematological effects alteration of pyrethroid insecticide exposure using the experimental animal model. OBJECTIVE: A commonly available Electric Mosquito-Repellent Liquid pyrethroid insecticide containing prallethrin 1.6% w/w is widely used for mosquito control in Saudi Arabia. The immunotoxic effects after inhalation exposures to the preparation for a continuous period of 24, 48, and 72 h were investigated in rats...
April 2013: Inhalation Toxicology
Hiroyoshi Tsubochi, Hirozo Sakaguchi, Nobuhiro Yamasaki, Hiroyuki Nitanda, Hironori Ishida, Koichi Kaneko
We reviewed the data on 149 patients who underwent complete resection for small-sized (≤ 2 cm)peripheral non-small cell lung cancer at our institution between January 2002 and July 2010. Patients with small-sized lung cancer underwent a lobectomy in 121, segmentectomy in 13, and wedge resection in 15 cases. The overall and 5-year disease-free survivals were 89% and 82%, respectively. The 5-year disease-free survival of patients with tumors exceeding 1.5 cm was lower than that of patients with tumors 1.5 cm or smaller (p=0...
January 2012: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Yaron Niv, Betsi Half, Menachem Moshkowitz, Revital Kariv, Alex Vilkin, Zohar Levi
The position paper of the GastrointestinaL Oncology Section of the Israeli Gastroenterological Association recommends specific guidelines for surveillance after polypectomy and curative resection of colorectal cancer. Periodic colonoscopy is necessary for early detection of metachronous lesions or cancer recurrence. After polypectomy of a simple hyperplasic polyp, colonoscopy is repeated in 10 years. Small adenoma dictates colonoscopy after 5-10 years. In the case of advanced adenoma, repeat coLonoscopy is to be conducted after 3 years...
October 2010: Harefuah
Ahmet Selim Yurdakul, Nalan Akyürek, Senay Demirtaş, Jale Karakaya, Leyla Memiş, Can Oztürk
Poor prognosis in the lung cancer result from early metastatic potential of the tumoral cells. The mechanisms of tumoral cell metastasis are complex. Adhesion molecules play an important role in metastatic process, which is cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix interactions and chemokins which arrange the migration and growth of the cells are also important in metastatic biology. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic relevance of carcinoembrionic antigen cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) and chemokine receptor CXCR4 expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
2010: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
Jae Won Shin, Sun Il Lee, Hong Young Moon
PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of conventional chest radiography, carcinoembrionic antigen (CEA) level and abdominal computed tomography (CT) or chest CT for early detection of pulmonary metastasis after a curative resection of colorectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 84 cases of pulmonary metastasis from a group of colorectal cancer patients who had a curative surgical resection from 2000 to 2006 at the Korea University Medical Center...
August 2010: Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology
Tomasz Gawlik, Andrea d'Amico, Sylwia Szpak-Ulczok, Aleksander Skoczylas, Elżbieta Gubała, Anna Chorąży, Kamil Gorczewski, Jan Włoch, Barbara Jarząb
INTRODUCTION: Calcitonin (Ct) and carcinoembrional antigen (CEA) are widely used as tumor markers for the post-operative follow-up of patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC).In patients with elevated serum Ct and CEA their dynamics can be described by calculating the doubling time (DT) - the time, they need to double the serum concentration. Previous reports concluded that the Ct and CEA DT have prognostic value in MTC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 70 MTC patients with elevated serum Ct or CEA...
November 3, 2010: Thyroid Research
Franco Rongioletti, Manuela Baldari, Carla Carli, Roberto Fiocca
Squamomelanocytic tumor is an uncommon cutaneous neoplasm composed of an admixture of melanocytic and squamous cellular phenotypes. We describe a case of this tumor in a 94-year-old man who presented with a nodule on the back. Histologically, a well-demarcated expansive dermal nodule was composed of anastomosing epithelial strands with focal formation of squamous pearls and ductal structures commixed with elongated spindle cells with clear cytoplasm grouped in nests. The two cell types were diffusely admixed or clustered in groups within the nodule...
April 2009: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Camelia Doina Vrabie, M Ceauşu, Angela Petrescu, Maria Waller, I Dina
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is an important disease with a large morbidity and mortality and also with increasing health care costs because of widespread of the multi-modal therapy and of the new drugs that continue to appear. There are 678.000 colorectal cancer cases and 400.000 deaths from the disease worldwide. It is the second commonest cause of cancer death in the European Union but, unlike the commonest cause of cancer related death that is lung cancer, the basis of the disease initiation is currently not understood...
2008: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Yutaka Ogata, Hidetsugu Murakami, Teruo Sasatomi, Nobuya Ishibashi, Shinjiro Mori, Masataka Ushijima, Yoshito Akagi, Kazuo Shirouzu
BACKGROUND: To determine the prognostic factors and to rationalize adjuvant therapy, the clinicopathologic data of patients with a stage II colon cancer were analyzed retrospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 392 patients underwent potentially curative resection at the Kurume University Hospital between 1982 and 2005. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy using oral fluoropyrimidines was administered in 163 patients, and the other 229 patients underwent surgery alone...
January 1, 2009: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Daher C Chade, Priscila M Andrade, Ricardo C Borra, Katia R Leite, Enrico Andrade, Fabiola E Villanova, Miguel Srougi
PURPOSE: We developed and characterized by histopathology and immunohistochemistry a syngeneic murine bladder tumor model derived from the MB49 tumor cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bladder tumor implantation was achieved by intravesical instillation of 5 x 105 MB49 tumor cells in C57BL/6 mice. A chemical lesion of the bladder was performed in order to promote intravesical tumor implantation. The bladder wall lesion was accomplished by transurethral instillation of silver nitrate (AgNO3)...
March 2008: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Hisao Wakabayashi, Yoshihiro Nishiyama, Tsuyoshi Otani, Takanori Sano, Shinichi Yachida, Keiichi Okano, Kunihiko Izuishi, Yasuyuki Suzuki
AIM: To evaluate the role of positron emission tomography using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) in the surgical management of patients with pancreatic cancer, including the diagnosis, staging, and selection of patients for the subsequent surgical treatment. METHODS: This study involved 53 patients with proven primary pancreatic cancer. The sensitivity of diagnosing the primary cancer was examined for FDG-PET, CT, cytological examination of the bile or pancreatic juice, and the serum levels of carcinoembrionic antigens (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9)...
January 7, 2008: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Masahiro Uehara, Dai Manaka, Shinji Baba, Yuto Oji, Kazuhiro Hirata, Masaki Shimizu, Masashi Noguchi
PURPOSE: Carcinoembrionic Antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) are the most frequently used tumor markers in the clinical setting of colorectal cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative serum levels of CEA and CA 19-9 in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Serum levels of CEA and CA 19-9 were examined in 586 patients with colorectal cancer. Cut-off levels were calculated at reference value:<2.5 ng/mL (group A) versus >2...
September 2007: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Youji Fukumoto, Masahide Ikeguchi, Sachiko Matsumoto, Masashi Inoue, Tomohiro Osaki, Kenji Fukuda, Hiroaki Saito, Shigeru Tatebe, Shun-Ichi Tsujitani
BACKGROUND: The gene expression of the cytokines interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-10 in peritoneal washings was examined in relation to the presence of cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from 50-ml peritoneal wash samples from 124 patients (gastric cancer, n = 110; controls, n = 14). Carcinoembrionic antigen (CEA) messenger RNA (mRNA) was used to identify the number of cancer cells in peritoneal wash samples by a real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method, which method was also used to assay the IL-2 and IL-10 gene expression levels...
2006: Gastric Cancer
J Gazulla, I Benavente, M Sarasa Barrio
A case of adult-onset ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is presented, with debut at the age of 18 years and survival into the fourth decade. The clinical picture included cerebellar ataxia, distal weakness and hypopalesthesia in the lower limbs, oculomotor apraxia, dysarthria, and conjunctival telangiectasiae. Carcinoembrionic antigen was raised in plasma. MR imaging showed atrophy of the cerebellar vermis and thinning of the spinal cord. Deficiencies of gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate have been found in the cerebellar cortex in a case of AT...
October 2006: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
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