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Kate-Ellen J Elliott, Christine M Stirling, Angela J Martin, Andrew L Robinson, Jennifer L Scott
BACKGROUND: Research on workforce development for high-quality dementia care more often focuses on enhancing employee knowledge and skill and less on managing employee stress and coping at work. OBJECTIVE: To review employee stress and coping in response to high job demands in community-based dementia care organizations in Tasmania, Australia. METHODS: Stress and coping in response to job roles of 25 community-based dementia care workers were reviewed using self-report questionnaire data...
December 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
I Tischoff, A Tannapfel
Colorectal carcinomas are the third most common malignant tumours worldwide with an incidence of 570,000 per year. According to their molecular mechanisms, sporadic colorectal carcinomas can be divided into two different phenotypes. The genetic phenotype, 50 to 70 % of all sporadic colorectal carcinomas, is characterised by a chromosomal instability (CIN) with the classical adenoma-carcinoma sequence due to alteration of the APC-betacatenin pathway with p53 mutations, SMAD alterations and LOH (loss of heterozygositiy) of 5q, 17 p 18q...
October 2008: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
J Lutz, M Stangl, U Heemann
In Germany the number of kidney transplantations has increased rather slowly during recent years. While living donations increased, the number of postmortal donations decreased during the same time. In order to lower the number of patients on the waiting lists in Germany, the rate of postmortal or living donations as well as the number of marginal donors must be increased. Furthermore, risk factors related to the development of coronary heart disease or chronic allograft nephropathy, have to be strictly controlled in order to improve graft survival and, thus, reduce the waiting lists...
October 2003: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Christoph Strey, Wolfgang Grotz, Christian Mutz, Przemyslaw Pisarski, Alex Furtwaengler, Martin Bluemke, Guenter Kirste
BACKGROUND: En bloc kidneys from pediatric donors are regarded as questionable with respect to the safety and quality of the transplant outcome. Therefore, we retrospectively studied graft outcome and graft function of our 56 en bloc kidneys transplanted in paraaortal position between 1992 and 1999. METHODS: Graft outcome of en bloc kidneys (group A) was compared with graft outcome of single cadaveric adult donor kidneys (group B). Matched pairs were generated regarding HLA-missmatch, cold ischemic time, recipient age, body mass index, and systolic arterial blood pressure...
April 15, 2002: Transplantation
H A Dierick, J F Mercer, T W Glover
We have identified a phosphoglycerate mutase brain isoform (PGAM 1, PGAM B) cDNA that is localized between exons 1 and 2 of the Menkes disease gene (ATP7 A, MNK) at Xq13.3. The cDNA shows 98% identity to the previously identified PGAM 1 cDNA (Sakoda et al., J. Biol. Chem. 263 (1988) 16899-16905) and probably represents a recent retroposition of this parent PGAM 1 mRNA. Although the typical features of a processed pseudogene are present, the open reading frame (ORF) of this PGAM cDNA is potentially expressed...
October 1, 1997: Gene
S Sugimura, K Ozawa, T Iriyama, Y Hattori, K Watanabe, N Sai
Since March 1981 till the end of 1987, a total of 76 artificial heart valves were implanted in 72 patients. Heart valve prostheses were selected individually according to the patient's needs rather than assigning a single model to every patient. Postoperatively patients were placed on an anticoagulation therapy regimen consisting of reduced-dose warfarin (prothrombin time maintained at 30% of the control) and a small dose (81 mg/day) aspirin. During this period no bioprosthesis was implanted. For aortic valves, Starr-Edwards caged-ball valves were used in 53...
June 1989: Rinshō Kyōbu Geka, Japanese Annals of Thoracic Surgery
J Kato, S Hirata, A Nozawa, N Yamada-Mouri
Progesterone receptors (PRs) are known to exist in two forms: a larger molecular, form B, and a smaller one, form A. Rat PR cDNA corresponding to the region around the translation-initiation site (ATGB) of the putative PR form B mRNA was cloned, together with cloning of steroid-binding domain of the PR forms A and B. An imperfect "estrogen responsive element," GGTCG*** TGACT, was located around ATGB of the rat PR cDNA. The distribution of PR mRNA-containing neurons was mapped in the female adult rat brain by in situ hybridization, which was largely in agreement with that of PR proteins...
December 1994: Hormones and Behavior
T Suzuki, M Imagawa, K Nomura, S Hochi, M Hirabayashi, M Ueda, T Kitagawa, M Muramatsu
By means of transgenic rats, we have recently shown that the GPEI enhancer of the glutathione transferase P (GST-P) gene, which has two one-base-missmatched AP-1 sites locating palindromically with three-base spacing in between, is sufficient for conferring tumor-specific activation of the gene in vivo. It is noted that there is another consensus AP-1 site near the promoter of this gene. By using seven independent transgenic rats, bearing distinct areas of the GST-P gene that are connected to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) coding sequence, we analyzed CAT expression in various tissues (brain, lung, liver, kidney, spleen) in these transgenic rats...
1995: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
M Suttorp, N Schmitz, S Leuschner, M Appelt, M Rister, J Schaub
Nineteen children (median age, 13 years; range 4 to 18 years) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (ALL) (10 patients) or acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANNL) (9 patients) received allogeneic bone marrow transplants (BMT). Marrow was taken from HLA-identical sibling donors (16 patients) (pts), HLA-identical unrelated donor (1 pt), or one-antigen-missmatched sibling donor (1 pt). Preparatory regimen consisted of fractionated total body irradiation and high-dose VP-16 (50-70 mg/kg body weight). At the time of BMT nine of the pts were not in complete remission (CR): seven pts were refractory to aggressive multiagent chemotherapy and two pts were in first relapse...
December 1989: Bone Marrow Transplantation
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