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functional MRI Lupus

Jessika Nystedt, Peter Mannfolk, Andreas Jönsen, Petra Nilsson, Tor O Strandberg, Pia C Sundgren
To investigate core resting state networks in SLE patients with and without neuropsychiatric symptoms by examining functional connectivity changes correlating with results of cognitive testing. Structural MRI and resting state-fMRI (rs-fMRI) were performed in 61 female SLE patients (mean age: 36.8 years, range 18.2-52.0 years) and 20 healthy controls (HC) (mean age 36.2 years, range 23.3-52.2 years) in conjunction with clinical examination and cognitive testing. Alterations in core resting state networks, not found in our healthy controls sample, correlated with cognitive performance gauged by neuropsychological tests in non-neuropsychiatric SLE (nNP) as well as in neuropsychiatric SLE patients (NP)...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Hong Yu, Xiang Qiu, Yu-Qing Zhang, Yan Deng, Mao-Yuan He, Yu-Ting Zhao, Zhao-Hua Zhai
PURPOSE: To explore the amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and functional connectivity (FC) disorders in non-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (non-NPSLE) patients by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and to study whether there are some clinical biomarkers that can be used to monitor the brain dysfunction. METHODS: Based on the rs-fMRI data of 36 non-NPSLE patients and 30 normal controls, we first obtained the regions with abnormal ALFF signals in non-NPSLE patients...
January 12, 2019: Neuroradiology
Shuang Liu, Yuqi Cheng, Zhongqi Xie, Aiyun Lai, Zhaoping Lv, Yueyin Zhao, Xiufeng Xu, Chunrong Luo, Hongjun Yu, Baoci Shan, Lin Xu, Jian Xu
Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is one of the main causes of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Signs and symptoms of NPSLE are heterogeneous, and it is hard to diagnose, and treat NPSLE patients in the early stage. We conducted this study to explore the possible brain activity changes using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) in SLE patients without major neuropsychiatric manifestations (non-NPSLE patients). We also tried to investigate the possible associations among brain activity, disease activity, depression, and anxiety...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Chiara Tani, Linda Carli, Chiara Stagnaro, Elena Elefante, Viola Signorini, Francesca Balestri, Andrea Delle Sedie, Marta Mosca
Musculoskeletal symptoms are among the most common manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), being reported in up to 95% of patients; joint and tendon involvement can range from arthralgia to severe deforming arthropathy; while myositis a rare manifestation, comorbid fibromyalgia is reported in up to 40% of SLE patients. All these manifestations have a significant impact on the patients' quality of life, possibly leading to disability and functional impairment in daily living activities...
September 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
M B Lauvsnes, A B Tjensvoll, S S Maroni, I Kvivik, T Grimstad, O J Greve, E Harboe, L G Gøransson, C Putterman, R Omdal
OBJECTIVE: A prevailing hypothesis for neuropsychiatric involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary Sjögren's syndrome is that brain reactive autoantibodies enter the brain through a disrupted blood-brain barrier. Our aim was to investigate whether TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) plays a role in cerebral involvement in human SLE and primary Sjögren's syndrome, and whether an impaired blood-brain barrier is a prerequisite for neuropsychiatric manifestations...
November 2018: Lupus
E Kozora, C M Filley, D Erkan, A M Uluğ, A Vo, G Ramon, A Burleson, R D Zimmerman, M D Lockshin
Objective This pilot study aimed to examine longitudinal changes in brain structure and function in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and neuropsychological testing. Methods Fifteen female SLE patients with no history of major neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestations had brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with DTI at baseline and approximately 1.5 years later. At the same time points, a standardized battery of cognitive tests yielding a global cognitive impairment index (CII) was administered...
October 2018: Lupus
Maryam Sahebari, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Mandana Khodashahi, Bita Abbasi, Fazlollah Ayatollahi
Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Cognitive dysfunction is one of the manifestations that could present prior to the emergence of any other neuropsychiatric involvements in SLE. Cognitive dysfunction is a subtle condition occurring with a high frequency. However, there is no data on the correlation of cognitive dysfunction with central nervous system (CNS) imaging findings, in particular single-photon emission computed tomography scan (SPECT) and functional MRI...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
Paola C Roldan, Rex E Jung, Wilmer L Sibbitt, Clifford R Qualls, Ranee A Flores, Carlos A Roldan
Neurocognitive dysfunction and brain injury on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are common in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, brain MRI is expensive, is restricted by payers, and requires high expertise. Neurocognitive assessment is an easily available, safe, and inexpensive clinical tool that may select patients needing brain MRI. In this cross-sectional and controlled study, 76 SLE patients (69 women, age 37 ± 12 years) and 26 age and gender-matched healthy subjects (22 women, age 34 ± 11 years) underwent assessment of attention, memory, processing speed, executive function, motor function, and global neurocognitive function...
August 2018: Rheumatology International
Aaron M Hawkins, Lalith S B Jesuthasan, Deepak L Vardesh
We report a case of severe lupus myocarditis with rapid, acute deterioration to cardiogenic shock and multiorgan failure, highlighting the importance of early identification and treatment of acute presentations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. A 31-year-old woman with previously diagnosed subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus initially presented with abdominal pain and frank per-rectal bleeding. She deteriorated rapidly with type 1 respiratory failure and acute kidney injury requiring dialysis secondary to acute cardiac failure with a prolonged intensive care unit admission, over a month...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Zhenfeng Zheng, Tiekun Yan, Junya Jia, Dong Li, Li Wei, Wenya Shang, Huilan Shi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renal pathological changes affect the motion of water molecules, which can be detected using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). The current study was performed to explore the correlation between renal tissue pathological injuries and DWI iconographical parameters in lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Twenty adult patients with LN and 11 healthy volunteers were recruited. Patients with LN received renal biopsies and renal DWI-MRI inspections. The renal biopsy tissues were characterized based on the ISN/RPS 2003 classification...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
S J Wiseman, M E Bastin, E N Amft, J F F Belch, S H Ralston, J M Wardlaw
Objective To investigate brain structural connectivity in relation to cognitive abilities and systemic damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Structural and diffusion MRI data were acquired from 47 patients with SLE. Brains were segmented into 85 cortical and subcortical regions and combined with whole brain tractography to generate structural connectomes using graph theory. Global cognitive abilities were assessed using a composite variable g, derived from the first principal component of three common clinical screening tests of neurological function...
July 2018: Lupus
Jessika Nystedt, Peter Mannfolk, Andreas Jönsen, Anders Bengtsson, Petra Nilsson, Pia C Sundgren, Tor O Strandberg
To investigate resting-state functional connectivity of lupus patients and associated subgroups according to the ACR NPSLE case definitions (ACR ad hoc). In addition, we investigated whether or not the observed alterations correlated with disease duration, the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-Disease Activity Index-2000 (SLEDAI-2k), and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinical/ACR organ damage index (SDI)-scores. Anatomical 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and resting-state functional MRI were performed in 61 female lupus patients (mean age = 37...
May 2018: Brain Connectivity
Mariana Freschi Bombini, Fernando Augusto Peres, Aline Tamires Lapa, Nailú Angélica Sinicato, Beatriz Ricato Quental, Ágatha de Souza Melo Pincelli, Tiago Nardi Amaral, Caroline Cristina Gomes, Ana Paula Del Rio, João Francisco Marques-Neto, Lilian T L Costallat, Paula Teixeira Fernandes, Fernando Cendes, Leticia Rittner, Simone Appenzeller
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To evaluate olfactory function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc) and healthy controls over a 2-year period, and to determine the association of olfactory dysfunction with age, disease activity, disease damage, treatment, anxiety and depression symptoms and limbic structures volumes. METHODS: Consecutive SLE and SSc patients were enrolled in this study. Clinical, laboratory disease activity and damage were assessed according to diseases specific guidelines...
April 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Huilan Shi, Junya Jia, Dong Li, Li Wei, Wenya Shang, Zhenfeng Zheng
BACKGROUND: Precise renal histopathological diagnosis will guide therapy strategy in patients with lupus nephritis. Blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been applicable noninvasive technique in renal disease. This current study was performed to explore whether BOLD MRI could contribute to diagnose renal pathological pattern. METHODS: Adult patients with lupus nephritis renal pathological diagnosis were recruited for this study...
February 9, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Huilan Shi, Junya Jia, Dong Li, Li Wei, Wenya Shang, Zhenfeng Zheng
Objective Blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD MRI) is a noninvasive technique useful in patients with renal disease. The current study was performed to determine whether BOLD MRI can contribute to the diagnosis of renal pathological patterns. Methods BOLD MRI was used to obtain functional magnetic resonance parameter R2* values. Gray-level co-occurrence matrixes (GLCMs) were generated for gray-scale maps. Several GLCM parameters were calculated and used to construct algorithmic models for renal pathological patterns...
January 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Huilan Shi, Tiekun Yan, Dong Li, Junya Jia, Wenya Shang, Li Wei, Zhenfeng Zheng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nephrologists have pursued ideal, dynamic and noninvasive methods for assessing renal function and disease progression. Blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) imaging is a useful technique for assessing renal disease. This current study was performed to explore the correlation between the hypoxia iconographical index and renal pathological features in lupus nephritis. METHODS: Adult patients with lupus nephritis (LN) and healthy volunteers were recruited for this study...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
M Postal, A Tamires Lapa, F Reis, L Rittner, S Appenzeller
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic, inflammatory, immune-mediated disease affecting 0.1% of the general population. Neuropsychiatric manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus have been more frequently recognized and reported in recent years, occurring in up to 75% of patients during the disease course. Magnetic resonance imaging is known to be a useful tool for the detection of structural brain abnormalities in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus patients because of the excellent soft-tissue contrast observed with MRI and the ability to acquire multiplanar images...
April 2017: Lupus
N Bódi, A Polgár, E Kiss, Á Mester, G Poór, S Kéri
Introduction There is evidence for hippocampal dysfunctions in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which may contribute to neuropsychiatric impairments. However, fine structural alterations of the hippocampus have not been investigated in SLE. Methods We measured the volume of hippocampal subfields in 18 SLE patients and 20 healthy control individuals matched for age, gender, and education. The MRI protocol included structural T1 volumes (Philips Achieva 3T scanner, magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (MPRAGE))...
November 2017: Lupus
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
Swati Vishwanathan, Michael Lucke, Indu G Poornima
A woman aged 22 years with a history of lupus presented in the 18th week of pregnancy with hypertensive emergency and flash pulmonary oedema. Bedside echocardiogram revealed severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction with an ejection fraction (EF) of 25% and pericardial effusion. Laboratories revealed hypocomplementemia, proteinuria, elevated C reactive protein and anti-DS-DNA, raising concern for a lupus flare. Cardiac MRI showed an acute intramyocardial oedematous process, consistent with lupus carditis, and further worsening of LVEF to 13%...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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