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Lifestyle habits

Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Qi Jin, David Rainey, Maria Coyle, Stefanos N Kales
The primary health concerns among US firefighters are cardiovascular disease, cancer, and depression and occur in an occupational setting where dietary habits are suboptimal. To understand if a diet or lifestyle modification works in a fire academy training setting, it is important to evaluate the cultural barriers and challenges that might be faced. A semi-structured telephone interview method followed by a focus group was used to gather common themes among fire service leaders. Twelve leaders participated in the telephonic interviews and a subset of five in the subsequent group session...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Liwen Zhang, Yubei Huang, Ziwei Feng, Xin Wang, Haixin Li, Fangfang Song, Luyang Liu, Junxian Li, Hong Zheng, Peishan Wang, Fengju Song, Kexin Chen
Epidemiological studies have a clear definition of the risk factors for breast cancer. However, it is unknown whether the distribution of these factors differs among breast cancer subtypes. We conducted a hospital-based case-only study consisting of 8067 breast cancer patients basing on the Tianjin Cohort of Breast Cancer Cases. Major breast cancer subtypes including luminal A, luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-enriched and basal-like were defined by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER2, and Ki-67 status...
February 14, 2019: Cancer Medicine
Lillian E Hayes, Alexandre Boulos, Aristides I Cruz
BACKGROUND: Cross-country runners experience high rates of injury. This prospective cohort study aimed to identify pre-season risk factors for in-season injury in a cohort of collegiate cross- country athletes. METHODS: Pre-season and post-season electronic surveys were designed and administered to 297 NCAA Division I and III runners in August and November 2016, respectively. Pre-season surveys queried athletes' training methods, lifestyle habits, and history of previous injuries...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Nanette LeBlanc-Morales
There is a well-established body of evidence that connects particular dietary lifestyle choices to good health. Despite this knowledge, rates of obesity, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic disease continue to rise. Culinary medicine uses what is known about the pharmacologic properties of food to treat, manage, and prevent disease. It fuses medicinal nutrition with culinary knowledge to help individuals adopt a diet that supports good health. Culinary techniques used to change behaviors and improve eating habits is an innovative modality to preserve and promote the health of a nation in need of effective medical interventions...
March 2019: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Cinzia Cruder, Pelagia Koufaki, Marco Barbero, Nigel Gleeson
BACKGROUND: The achievement and improvement of skills in musical techniques to reach the highest levels of performance may expose music students to a wide range of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). In order to establish effective solutions for PRMDs and to develop future preventive measures, it is fundamental to firstly identify the main risk factors that play a significant role in the development of musculoskeletal conditions and symptoms. The aim of the study is to identify those factors associated with increased risk of PRMDs among music students...
February 8, 2019: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Megan L Hammersley, Anthony D Okely, Marijka J Batterham, Rachel A Jones
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) obesity programs offer benefits to traditionally delivered programs and have shown promise in improving obesity-related behaviors in children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a parent-focused, internet-based healthy lifestyle program for preschool-aged children, who are overweight or at or above the fiftieth percentile for body mass index (BMI) for their age and sex, on child BMI, obesity-related behaviors, parent modeling, and parent self-efficacy...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Raquel Arroyo-Olivares, Rodrigo Alonso, Gracia Quintana-Navarro, Francisco Fuentes-Jiménez, Nelva Mata, Ovidio Muñiz-Grijalvo, José L Díaz-Díaz, Daniel Zambón, Francisco Arrieta, Jesús García-Cruces, Juan A Garrido-Sanjuan, José R Banegas, Pedro Mata
OBJECTIVE: Healthy lifestyle habits are the cornerstone in the management of familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH). Nevertheless, dietary studies on FH-affected populations are scarce. The present study analyses dietary habits, adherence to a Mediterranean diet pattern and physical activity in an adult population with FH and compares them with their non-affected relatives. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data came from SAFEHEART, a nationwide study in Spain...
February 8, 2019: Public Health Nutrition
Sabine Baker, Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell
The prevalence of lifestyle-related disease worldwide is high and increasing. The majority of approaches that aim to prevent and manage these conditions target adults' health behaviors; however, it is important to note that the foundations for long-term health are laid down in early childhood. This paper examines evidence for relationships between children's self-regulation and short-, medium-, and long-term health outcomes. It further considers the role of child self-regulation in the development of healthy habits and examines evidence for intervention approaches that seek to upregulate children's self-regulatory capacities...
February 6, 2019: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Carlos Salas, Fanny Petermann-Rocha, Carlos Celis-Morales, Emilio J Martínez-López
INTRODUCTION: Parents are key models for transmitting and teaching healthy lifestyle habits to their children. Our objective was to determine the influence of the economic and motivational support, and parental involvement in their children physical activity (PA) and its relationship with nutritio nal status and cardiorespiratory fitness. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study which included 70 six-year-old schoolchildren. Parents completed the "The Parental Influence on Physical Activity Scale" questionnaire...
December 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Ji Eun Kim, Woo Bin Yun, Mi Lim Lee, Jun Young Choi, Jin Ju Park, Hye Ryeong Kim, Bo Ram Song, Jin Tae Hong, Hyun Keun Song, Dae Youn Hwang
Constipation is an acute or chronic illness attributed to various causes, ranging from lifestyle habits to side effects of a disease. To improve the laxative effects of some traditional medicines, herbal mixtures of Liriope platyphylla, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, and Cinnamomum cassia (LGC) were evaluated for their mechanism of action and therapeutic effects in loperamide (Lop)-induced constipated Sprague Dawley rats by examining alterations in excretion parameters, histological structure, mucin secretion, and related protein levels...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Medicinal Food
Jadwiga Hamulka, Lidia Wadolowska, Monika Hoffmann, Joanna Kowalkowska, Krystyna Gutkowska
To increase teenagers' nutrition knowledge is an important target and has the potential to improve their dietary habits and lifestyle while reducing incidences of obesity-related non-communicable diseases throughout the whole lifespan. This study protocol presents the general approach and details of an assessment of nutritional knowledge, attitudes toward nutrition, diet quality, lifestyle and body composition that have been used to comprehensively evaluate the cross-behavioral patterns covering dietary and lifestyle behaviors in Polish teenagers...
October 5, 2018: Nutrients
Višnja Đorđić, Predrag Božić, Ivana Milanović, Snežana Radisavljević, Maja Batez, Jagoda Jorga, Sergej M Ostojić
Background and objectives: The effectiveness of short-term focused educational programs to change health behaviors across large populations seems to be poorly described so far. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate an age-specific 45-min educational program, designed in accordance with the current U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture dietary guidelines and physical activity (PA) guidelines, among adolescents and adults. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the health-promoting lifestyle habits by the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) at baseline and following 6⁻8 weeks post-education in a nationally representative sample of Serbian adolescents and adults ( n = 3822)...
February 4, 2019: Medicina
Mark R Joslyn, Donald P Haider-Markel
RATIONALE: Although obesity represents a potential public health crisis, our understanding of public perceptions of obesity, emotional responses to the obese, and related policy preferences is limited. OBJECTIVE: We employed Weiner's attribution theory of controllability (Weiner, 1988, 2011) to examine perceived causes of obesity, emotional responses, and related policy implications. If the perceived cause is controllable (eating and lifestyle habits), we expected less sympathy and greater anger toward obese people and support for prejudicial hiring policies based on weight...
January 19, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Lidia Wadolowska, Jadwiga Hamulka, Joanna Kowalkowska, Natalia Ulewicz, Monika Hoffmann, Magdalena Gornicka, Monika Bronkowska, Teresa Leszczynska, Pawel Glibowski, Renata Korzeniowska-Ginter
The sustainability of education focused on improving the dietary and lifestyle behaviours of teenagers has not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to determine the sustainability of diet-related and lifestyle-related school-based education on sedentary and active lifestyle, diet quality and body composition of Polish pre-teenagers in a medium-term follow-up study. An education-based intervention study was carried out on 464 students aged 11⁻12 years (educated/control group: 319/145). Anthropometric measurements were taken and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratios (WHtR) were calculated, both at the baseline and after nine months...
February 3, 2019: Nutrients
Saverio Caini, Benedetta Bendinelli, Giovanna Masala, Calogero Saieva, Melania Assedi, Andrea Querci, Thomas Lundh, Soterios A Kyrtopoulos, Domenico Palli
Background : Lead exposure, even at low levels, is associated with adverse health effects in humans. We investigated the determinants of individual lead levels in a general population-based sample of adults from Florence, Italy. Methods : Erythrocyte lead levels were measured (using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry) in 454 subjects enrolled in the Florence cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study in 1992⁻1998. Multiple linear regression models were used to study the association between demographics, education and working history, lifestyle, dietary habits, anthropometry, residential history, and (among women) menstrual and reproductive history and use of exogenous sex hormones, and erythrocyte lead levels...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Samuel Fernández-Tomé, Blanca Hernández-Ledesma
Non-communicable diseases have become the medical challenge of the 21st century because of their high incidence and mortality rates. Accumulating evidence has suggested that the modulation of diet and other lifestyle habits is the best strategy for the prevention of these diseases. An increasing number of dietary compounds have been found to exert health promoting benefits beyond their nutritional effects. Among them, lunasin is considered one of the most studied bioactive peptides. Since its discovery in soybean twenty years ago, many researchers around the world have focused their studies on demonstrating the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity of lunasin...
February 2019: Food Research International
Gloria Santos-Beneit, Patricia Bodega, Mercedes de Miguel, Carla Rodríguez, Vanesa Carral, Xavier Orrit, Domènech Haro, Isabel Carvajal, Amaya de Cos-Gandoy, José Luis Peñalvo, Emilia Gómez-Pardo, Belén Oliva, Borja Ibañez, Juan Miguel Fernández-Alvira, Rodrigo Fernández-Jiménez, Valentin Fuster
Unhealthy habits in children are increasing at an alarming rate. The school provides a promising setting for effective preventive strategies to improve children's lifestyle behaviors. The SI! Program is a multilevel multicomponent school-based educational intervention aimed at all stages of compulsory education in Spain. Here, we present the design of the SI! Program for Elementary School cluster-randomized controlled trial, targeting children aged 6 to 11 years. This trial aims to study the impact of different timings and intensities of exposure to SI! Program activities on elementary school children and their immediate environment (parents/caregivers, teachers, and school)...
January 8, 2019: American Heart Journal
Norie Sawada, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Atsushi Goto, Taichi Shimazu, Manami Inoue, Kozo Tanno, Kiyomi Sakata, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso, Nobufumi Yasuda, Tadahiro Kato, Isao Saito, Maiko Hasegawa, Kiyoshi Aoyagi, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle and life-environment factors have undergone drastic changes in Japan over the last few decades. Further, many molecular epidemiologic studies have reported that genetic, epigenetic and other biomarker information may be useful in predicting individual disease risk. METHODS: Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study for the Next Generation (JPHC-NEXT) was launched in 2011 to identify risk factors for lifestyle-related disease, elucidate factors which extend healthy life expectancy, and contribute toward personalized healthcare based on our more than 20 years' experience with the JPHC Study...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Epidemiology
C A Stuenkel
Over the past decades, progress in efforts to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has been achieved, although a disturbing trend for stagnation of cardiovascular mortality rates among younger women compared with those in younger men has been identified. While the menopause transition has traditionally offered an unequivocal opportunity to assess cardiovascular risk and counsel women to adopt preventive strategies, the veritable 'window of opportunity', usually applied to the concept of timing the initiation of menopausal hormone therapy, must be opened much wider to encompass younger women including those who have experienced adverse events during pregnancy, treatment for breast cancer, and premature menopause...
February 4, 2019: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Picha Suwannahitatorn, Joanne Webster, Steven Riley, Mathirut Mungthin, Christl A Donnelly
In contrast to northern and northeastern Thailand, central Thailand was believed not to be endemic for Opisthorchis viverrini (OV). Fieldwork conducted in a rural area of central Thailand revealed that the prevalence and incidence were relatively high compared with regional average data. We hypothesized that the behavioural-psycho-social background of the study population might play an important role in the high burden of the infection. As a result, a qualitative study was conducted to highlight potential social determinants of the infection dynamics to gain greater understanding of the risk behaviours and their contexts...
2019: PloS One
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