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quit smoking visual aids

Sumit D Agarwal, Matthew Kerwin, Jacob Meindertsma, Andrew M D Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Decision aids are not readily available to individualize the benefits of smoking cessation but could help health care providers engage in meaningful conversations with their patients to explore and encourage an attempt to quit smoking. We conducted a pilot study of a novel decision aid among an underserved population to assess its effectiveness in increasing readiness to quit and quit attempts. METHODS: We designed a decision aid that used images of birthday cakes to highlight the number of years of life that could be gained from smoking cessation and tested it in an urban safety net clinic...
October 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Reagan R Wetherill, Hengyi Rao, Nathan Hager, Jieqiong Wang, Teresa R Franklin, Yong Fan
Cigarette smoking continues to be a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. Although the majority of smokers report making a quit attempt in the past year, smoking cessation rates remain modest. Thus, developing accurate, data-driven methods that can classify and characterize the neural features of nicotine use disorder (NUD) would be a powerful clinical tool that could aid in optimizing treatment development and guide treatment modifications. This investigation applied support vector machine-based classification to resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) data from individuals diagnosed with NUD (n = 108; 63 male) and matched nonsmoking controls (n = 108; 63 male) and multi-dimensional scaling to visualize the heterogeneity of NUD in individual smokers based on rsFC measures...
June 27, 2018: Addiction Biology
Dale S Mantey, Keryn E Pasch, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction: Cue-reactivity theory suggests smoking-related visual cues such as point-of-sale (POS) marketing (e.g., advertising, product displays) may undermine cessation attempts by causing an increase in nicotine cravings among users. This study examined the relationship between recall of exposure to POS marketing and subsequent cessation behaviors among young adult cigarette smokers. Methods: Participants included 813 18-29 year old (m=21.1, sd=2.70) current cigarette smokers attending 24 Texas colleges...
November 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Billie Bonevski, Maree Gruppetta, Jennifer Reath, Gillian S Gould
Australian Aboriginal pregnant women have a high smoking prevalence (45%). Health professionals lack adequate educational resources to manage smoking. Resources need to be tailored to ensure saliency, cultural-sensitivity and account for diversity of Indigenous populations. As part of an intervention to improve health professionals' smoking cessation care in Aboriginal pregnant women, a resource package was developed collaboratively with two Aboriginal Medical Services. The purpose of this study was to assess and validate this resource package...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Melanie Sloan, Katarzyna A Campbell, Katharine Bowker, Tim Coleman, Sue Cooper, Barbara Brafman-Price, Felix Naughton
INTRODUCTION: Smoking in pregnancy remains an important and costly public health concern with policy makers worldwide researching methods to aid cessation. UK government guidelines recommend implementation of an "opt-out" (ie, whether requested or not) referral pathway for pregnant smokers to specialist smoking cessation support using carbon monoxide (CO) screening. This study explores the views of pregnant smokers who experienced this new pathway in one UK hospital trust. METHODS: Eighteen semi-structured telephone interviews with women who experienced the opt-out pathway were undertaken...
May 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
N E Stanczyk, H de Vries, M J J M Candel, J W M Muris, C A W Bolman
BACKGROUND: In western countries, smoking prevalence rates are high among smokers unmotivated to quit and those with a lower socioeconomic status (LSES). Multiple computer tailoring and the use of audio-visual aids may improve such interventions and increase cessation in LSES smokers. This study assessed the 12-month effectiveness of a video- and text-based computer-tailored intervention. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial in the Netherlands was used in which smokers were allocated to the video-based condition (VC) (N=670), the text-based condition (TC) (N=708) or the control condition (CC) (brief generic text advice) (N=721)...
January 2016: Preventive Medicine
Angela S Attwood, Tim Williams, Sally Adams, Francis J McClernon, Marcus R Munafò
BACKGROUND: Smoking-related cues can trigger drug-seeking behaviors, and computer-based interventions that reduce cognitive biases towards such cues may be efficacious and cost-effective cessation aids. In order to optimize such interventions, there needs to be better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the effects of cognitive bias modification (CBM). Here we present a protocol for an investigation of the neural effects of CBM and varenicline in non-quitting daily smokers. METHODS/DESIGN: We will recruit 72 daily smokers who report smoking at least 10 manufactured cigarettes or 15 roll-ups per day and who smoke within one hour of waking...
October 7, 2014: Trials
Arti Singh, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, John Britton, Marcus R Munafò, Laura L Jones
PURPOSE: To compare perceptions of text and pictorial warning labels on cigarette packs among Ghanaian smokers and nonsmokers and to explore their views on the introduction of pictorial warnings in Ghana. METHODS: Qualitative study involving 12 focus group discussions with 50 smokers and 35 nonsmokers aged 15 years and older in Kumasi, Ghana. Semistructured discussion guides along with visual discussant aids were used to explore the perception, acceptance, and potential use of pictorial warning labels in Ghana...
December 2014: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
A J Austin, T Duka, J Rusted, A Jackson
RATIONALE: Varenicline, a partial agonist at α4β2 nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) aids smoking cessation by reducing craving. Successful quitting may be associated with greater inhibitory control but the effectiveness of varenicline in this regard is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of varenicline on aspects of inhibitory control in smokers. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigating the effect of varenicline 1 mg (or matched placebo) in satiated and abstinent smokers...
September 2014: Psychopharmacology
Suthat Rungruanghiranya, Chatchai Ekpanyaskul, Chanin Sakulisariyaporn, Prapada Watcharanat, Kunyanit Akkalakulawas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of fresh lime as a smoking cessation aid compared with nicotine gum. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A randomized, controlled trial was conducted between March 2009 and September 2009. Only regular smokers aged 18 or older who were willing to quit were randomized to receive either fresh lime (n = 47) or nicotine gum (n = 53). Smokers were excluded if they were using other smoking cessation aids, allergic to citrus, or had dental problems...
December 2012: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Edward D Levin, Susan Slade, Corinne Wells, Ann Petro, Jed E Rose
Expanding the variety of treatments available to aid smoking cessation will allow the treatments to be customized to particular types of smokers. The key is to understand which subpopulations of smokers respond best to which treatment. This study used adult female Sprague-Dawley rats to evaluate the efficacy of D-cycloserine, a partial NMDA glutamate receptor agonist, in reducing nicotine self-administration. Rats were trained to self-administer nicotine (0.03 mg/kg/infusion, i.v.) via operant lever response (FR1) with a secondary visual reinforcer...
April 2011: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Keleigh M Lee, Karen K Saules, Cynthia S Pomerleau, Anthony W Opipari, Sandy M Snedecor, Ananda Sen, Neo Vannest, Rees Midgley, Lewis Kleinsmith
BACKGROUND: Because cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN, or dysplasia) is associated with behavioral factors, health education is an important part of the care of patients at risk for this disease. Smoking, which is strongly associated with CIN and cancers, is particularly important because smoking cessation, even after the onset of CIN, improves outcomes. This study is part of an effort to identify effective ways to convey information about the association between smoking and CIN to at-risk women...
2007: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Hugh Lee
PURPOSE: Sexual health promotion aimed at men who have sex with men (MSM) is not achieving its objective of reducing the incidence of new infections of sexually transmitted diseases, notably HIV/AIDS, in the MSM population. The paper aims to raise awareness of possible unintended consequences when using visual culture and advertising techniques in the field of sexual (and other) health promotion and public health messages. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Using critical textual analysis and drawing on visual culture methodology the approach is to critique current practice and suggest alternative ways to approach gay men's sexual health which are not predicated on a "model" gay man...
2007: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Antoine Benard, Fabrice Bonnet, Jean-François Tessier, Helene Fossoux, Michel Dupon, Patrick Mercie, Jean-Marie Ragnaud, Jean-François Viallard, François Dabis, Genevieve Chene et al.
In treated HIV-infected patients, mortality is now dominated by non-AIDS-related causes in which tobacco smoking is a predominant risk factor. The implementation of tobacco smoking cessation programs is therefore warranted to increase survival but should consider the specificities of this population to be successful. All outpatients consulting in May to June 2004 within the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort of HIV-infected patients were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire including questions about tobacco and other drugs consumption, the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), a visual scale to estimate motivation to stop smoking and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) scale...
July 2007: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
J E Rose, C S Hickman
We tested the ability of a citric acid aerosol to simulate the tracheal sensations produced by cigarette smoke and to satisfy smokers' desire for cigarettes. Fifteen smokers rated puffs from their own brand of cigarette, citric acid aerosol, a low tar and nicotine cigarette, and air. To focus on tracheal perceptions and pharmacologic effects of nicotine, we equated visual, olfactory and taste cues across conditions. Subjects rated the citric acid aerosol more similar to their own brand, more desirable, and more satisfying (after a block of puffs) than control puffs of air...
December 1987: Chest
L Renaud, M Caron-Bouchard, G Sacks-Silver
In Montreal a team of social workers has developed a scripto-visual method for breaking tobacco dependency. It is intended for functionally illiterate women between 18 and 35 years old with less than nine years of schooling. Before testing it on the target population, the team completed a developmental experiment with the goal of evaluating and measuring the efficacity of this method. The article presents the various components of the manual and summarizes the findings. The preparation of the manual naturally took into consideration the diverse factors affecting the decision to begin smoking as well as the arguments advanced for breaking the habit...
March 1990: Hygie
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