Read by QxMD icon Read

income inequality

Beatriz Rodríguez-Sánchez, David Cantarero-Prieto
The aim of this study is to explain the trends in socioeconomic inequality and diabetes outcomes in terms of hospital admission and death in old European people. The sample includes 73,301 individuals, across 16 European countries taken from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). People being diagnosed of diabetes were more likely to be admitted to hospital than those without diabetes, although its effect dropped after controlling for clinical and functional complications. Largest asscociations were observed in women, people aged 50-65 years old, with medium educational level and medium household income...
January 17, 2019: Economics and Human Biology
Wim J G M Verest, Henrike Galenkamp, Bea Spek, Marieke B Snijder, Karien Stronks, Irene G M van Valkengoed
BACKGROUND: The burden of multimorbidity is likely higher in ethnic minority populations, as most individual diseases are more prevalent in minority groups. However, information is scarce. We examined ethnic inequalities in multimorbidity, and investigated to what extent they reflect differences in socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: We included Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study participants of Dutch (N = 4582), South-Asian Surinamese (N = 3258), African Surinamese (N = 4267), Ghanaian (N = 2282), Turkish (N = 3879) and Moroccan (N = 4094) origin (aged 18-70 years)...
February 14, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Gareth D Mercer, Penny Lyons, Ken Bassett
PURPOSE: Women bear an inequitable burden of blinding conditions compared to men primarily because they have more limited access to eye care services. This systematic review sought evidence regarding interventions to increase gender equity in eye care. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and EBSCO CINAHL, and contacted experts to identify studies in low- and middle-income countries of health services interventions for age-related cataract, childhood cataract, and trachoma...
February 15, 2019: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Katrine M L Sauvé-Schenk, Mary Y Egan, Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz-Wilner, Elizabeth Kristjansson
PURPOSE: Low income is known to influence participation post stroke, but the process by which this occurs is poorly understood. METHODS: A qualitative multiple case study approach, focusing on the experience of returning to participation in personal projects among eight low-income francophone stroke survivors living in eastern Ontario (Canada). Data included semi-structured interviews with the stroke survivors and with their care partners, participant observations, assessment measures, and chart reviews...
February 14, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Maricruz Rivera-Hernández, Momotazur Rahman, Omar Galárraga
OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of Seguro Popular (SP) on preventive care utilization among low-income SP beneficiaries and uninsured elders in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fixed-effects instrumental-variable (FE-IV) pseudo-panel estimation from three rounds of the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (2000, 2006 and 2012). RESULTS: Our findings suggest that SP has no significant effect on the use of preventive services, including screening for diabetes, hypertension, breast cancer and cervical cancer, by adults aged 50 to 75 years...
2019: Salud Pública de México
Youngsoo Kim, Saerom Kim, Seungmin Jeong, Sang Guen Cho, Seung-Sik Hwang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate the mediating effect of subjective unmet healthcare needs on poor health. The mediating effect of unmet needs on health outcomes was estimated. METHODS: Cross-sectional research method was used to analyze Korea Health Panel data from 2011 to 2015, investigating the mediating effect for each annual dataset and lagged dependent variables. RESULTS: The magnitude of the effect of low income on poor health and the mediating effect of unmet needs were estimated using age, sex, education level, employment status, healthcare insurance status, disability, and chronic disease as control variables and selfrated health as the dependent variable...
January 2019: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Maja Halgren Olsen, Christoffer Johansen, Jørgen H Olsen, Kaae Klaus Andersen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in survival after cancer have been reported in several countries and also in Denmark. Changes in cancer diagnostics and treatment may have changed the gap in survival between affluent and deprived patients and we investigated if the differences in relative survival by income has changed in Danish cancer patients over the past 25 years. METHODS: The 1- and 5-year relative survival by income quintile is computed by comparing survival among cancer patients diagnosed 1987-2009 to the survival of a cancer-free matched sample of the background population...
February 11, 2019: Acta Oncologica
Hwa-Mi Yang, Jina Choo
Little evidence exists on the role of work-to-family conflict (WFC) in explaining socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health (SRH). We examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and SRH and tested the mediating effect of WFC in the association between SES and SRH among married Korean working women. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the 2014 Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Family. Participants were 3,226 women. Three SES indicators were used: income as measured by income-to-needs ratio; education categorized into college vs...
February 11, 2019: Women & Health
Pooja Dewan, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S Jhund, Joao Pedro Ferreira, Faiez Zannad, Li Shen, Lars Køber, William T Abraham, Akshay S Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Milton Packer, Jean L Rouleau, Scott D Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R Zile, John J V McMurray
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between income inequality and heart failure outcomes. BACKGROUND: The income inequality hypothesis postulates that population health is influenced by income distribution within a society, with greater inequality associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: This study analyzed heart failure outcomes in 2 large trials conducted in 54 countries. Countries were divided by tertiles of Gini coefficients (where 0% represented absolute income equality and 100% represented absolute income inequality), and heart failure outcomes were adjusted for standard prognostic variables, country per capita income, education index, and hospital bed, and health worker density...
February 4, 2019: JACC. Heart Failure
Anna Cronin-de-Chavez, Shahid Islam, Rosemary R C McEachan
Greenspace is important for physical and mental health. Low-income, multi-ethnic populations in deprived urban areas experience several barriers to using greenspace. This may exacerbate health inequalities. The current study explored structural and individual determinants of greenspace use amongst parents of young children in an urban, deprived, multi-cultural area situated in the North of England, UK. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 30 parents of children aged 0-3 between December 2016 and May 2017 from a range of ethnic groups...
February 5, 2019: Health & Place
Elaine Power, Susan Belyea, Patricia Collins
OBJECTIVES: Ontario's public health units (PHUs) face considerable challenges in addressing the social determinants of health, even though "reducing health inequities" is a primary population health outcome in the Ontario Public Health Standards (OPHS). Since 1998, the OPHS mandated PHUs to use the Nutritious Food Basket (NFB) protocol to document food costs, a requirement that was removed in 2018. This study examined how the NFB advanced health equity advocacy by Ontario PHUs, and why some have used this tool more strategically than others...
February 7, 2019: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Cecilie Daugaard, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anne Høy Seeman Vestergaard, Mette Kjærgaard Nielsen, Søren Paaske Johnsen
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, patients who are terminally ill have the right to drug reimbursement due to terminal illness (DRTI). DRTI, a proxy marker of planned end-of-life care, is intended to be equally accessible regardless of socioeconomic position. This study examined social and socioeconomic differences in DRTI among Danish patients who are terminally ill. METHODS: This cross-sectional study based on individual-level nationwide data included all patients dying from cancer, dementia, ischaemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic liver disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes or stroke in 2006-2015 (n=307 188)...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Claudia Chaufan, Daniel Saliba
Important insights have been gained from studying how corporate social actors -- such as Big Tobacco or Big Food -- influence how global health issues are framed, debated, and addressed, and in so doing contribute to reproducing health inequities. Less attention has been paid to the role of nonprofit organizations (NPOs), even when all too often NPOs actively contribute to these inequities through normalizing discourses and practices that legitimize establishment views, poor public policies and existing relations of power...
January 23, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Anita Lal, Mohammadreza Mohebi, Rohan Sweeney, Marjory Moodie, Anna Peeters, Rob Carter
BACKGROUND: There is an implicit equity approach in cost-effectiveness analysis that values health gains of socioeconomic position groups equally. An alternative approach is to integrate equity by weighting quality-adjusted life-years according to the socioeconomic position group. OBJECTIVES: To use two approaches to derive equity weights for use in cost-effectiveness analysis in Australia, in contexts in which the use of the traditional nonweighted quality-adjusted life-years could increase health inequalities between already disadvantaged groups...
February 2019: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Elizabeth L Fox, Claire Davis, Shauna M Downs, Werner Schultink, Jessica Fanzo
Nutrition interventions that target mothers alone inadequately address women's needs across their lives: during adolescence, preconception, and in later years of life. They also fail to capture nulliparous women. The extent to which nutrition interventions effectively reach women throughout the life course is not well documented. In this comprehensive narrative review, we summarized the impact and delivery platforms of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions targeting adolescent girls, women of reproductive age (nonpregnant, nonlactating), pregnant and lactating women, women with young children <5 y, and older women, with a focus on nutrition interventions delivered in low- and middle-income countries...
January 2019: Current developments in nutrition
Shankar Prinja, Deepak Balasubramanian, Atul Sharma, Rakesh Gupta, Saroj Kumar Rana, Rajesh Kumar
Introduction India aims to achieve universal health coverage, with a focus on equitable delivery of services. There is significant evidence on extent of inequities by income status, gender and caste. In this paper, we report geographic inequities in coverage of reproductive, maternal and child health (MCH) services in Haryana state of India. Methods Cross-sectional data on utilization of maternal, child health and family planning services were collected from 12,191 women who had delivered a child in the last one year, 10314 women with 12-23 months old child, and 45864 eligible couples across all districts in Haryana state...
January 30, 2019: Maternal and Child Health Journal
F Schlottmann, P D Strassle, A L Cairns, F A M Herbella, A Fichera, M G Patti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among both men and women in the United States. We aimed to determine racial and socioeconomic disparities in emergent colectomy rates for colorectal cancer in the US Health Care system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the National Inpatient Sample including adult patients (⩾18 years) diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and who underwent colorectal resection while admitted between 2008 and 2015...
January 29, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Miao Li, Rong Fu, Hong Xue, Youfa Wang
Drawing on the intergenerational stress proliferation theory, the courtesy stigma thesis, and the buffering ethnic culture thesis, this study examines the association between maternal obesity and child's peer victimization and whether this association varies for white and black children. Based on longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of mother-child pairs in the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement, negative binomial models show that maternal obesity is associated with increased frequency of peer victimization, even after controlling for family socioeconomic status, child weight status, health status, self-esteem, and demographic characteristics...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Stuart Holdsworth, Lisa Corscadden, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Grant Russell
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with having a successful treatment plan for managing chronic conditions. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Commonwealth Fund's 2014 International Health Policy Survey. SETTING: Australia 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3310 Australian adults over 55 years old. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Whether respondents: (i) had a treatment plan for their chronic condition; and (ii) believed that the plan was helpful in managing their condition...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Richard Layte, Cathal McCrory, Cliona Ni Cheallaigh, Nollaig Bourke, Mika Kivimaki, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Silvia Stringhini, Paolo Vineis
The status anxiety hypothesis proposes that systematic inflammation as a consequence of chronic psycho-social stress is a possible pathway linking socio-economic position (SEP) to premature ageing and is a possible explanation for cross-national variation in patterns of health and well-being. Harmonised data from the LIFEPATH consortium on 18,349 individuals aged 50 to 75 and 30,632 observations are used to measure variation in the association between inflammation measured as C-reactive protein and SEP across four countries (Britain, Ireland, Portugal and Switzerland) and five studies (ELSA, Whitehall II, TILDA, EPIPorto and SKIPOGH)...
January 28, 2019: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"