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Su-Ching Kuo, Fur-Hsing Wen, Jen-Shi Chen, Wen-Chi Chou, Wen-Chi Shen, Siew Tzuh Tang
CONTEXT: Postloss depressive-symptom trajectories are heterogeneous and predicted by preloss psychosocial resources, but this evidence was from one old study on terminal cancer patients' caregivers for whom these issues are highly relevant. OBJECTIVES: To identify depressive-symptom trajectories among cancer patients' bereaved caregivers and examine if they are predicted by preloss psychosocial resources while considering caregiving burden. METHODS: Preloss psychosocial resources (sense of coherence [SOC] and social support) were measured among 282 caregivers...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Bruno Agustini, Robyn L Woods, John J McNeil, Mark R Nelson, Raj C Shah, Van Nguyen, Elsdon Storey, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Rory S Wolfe, Jessica E Lockery, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to estimate prevalence rates and factors associated with depressive symptoms indexed by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies - Depression (CES-D-10) score in a large sample of community-dwelling healthy older adults from Australia and the United States. Convergent and divergent validity of the CES-D-10 were also examined. METHODS: A total of 19,114 individuals aged ≥65 years were enrolled from a primary prevention clinical trial...
April 16, 2019: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Dan Tang, Zhiyong Lin, Feinian Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the interplay among living arrangements, social networks, and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults. METHODS: Data are derived from the 2014 baseline survey of the China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey (CLASS), which provides a sample of older Chinese who had been married and had children (N = 7,662). This study examines the association between living arrangements and depressive symptoms (measured as CES-D scale, 0-18) of older adults, and addresses the moderating role of social networks (measured as family ties and friendship ties, 0-15) on this perceived association...
April 12, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Claudia Miranda-Castillo, Daniel Contreras, Karin Garay, Paula Martínez, María O León-Campos, Maryam Farhang, Javier Morán, Virginia Fernández-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Currently in Chile there is a lack of validated tools for measuring anxiety in the elderly population. Considering this, the purpose of this study was to validate the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in the country. METHOD: An analysis of the psychometric properties of the GAI was carried out, using a non-clinical sample of 301 older adults in the Metropolitan and Valparaíso regions of Chile. Older people were asked about anxiety, rumination, depression, well-being and sociodemographic data...
March 27, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Francesco Bolzetta, Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Chiara Cacco, Alberto Cester, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Rosa Reddavide, Maria Notarnicola, Stefania Maggi, Ai Koyanagi, Michele Fornaro, Joseph Firth, Lee Smith, Marco Solmi
Few studies assessed the associations between dietary vitamin K and depressive symptoms. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary vitamin K and depressive symptoms in a large cohort of North American People. In this cross-sectional analysis, 4,375 participants that were aged 45⁻79 years from the Osteoarthritis Initiative were included. Dietary vitamin K intake was collected through a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and categorized in quartiles. Depressive symptoms were diagnosed using the 20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) ≥ 16...
April 5, 2019: Nutrients
Rebecca Lys, Emmanuelle Belanger, Susan P Phillips
OBJECTIVES: Older adults experience increasing physical illness with age, but paradoxically, they frequently describe improvements in mood and self-rated health. The role of declining physical health as a risk for depression in elderly men and women remains unclear. We assessed whether declining physical health predicted changes in depression over time among seniors using data from the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHODS: IMIAS is a longitudinal population-based study of older adults in Canada, Colombia, and Brazil...
2019: PloS One
Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Jay Verkuilen, Renzo Bianchi
In this study, we addressed the ongoing debate about what burnout and depression scales measure by conducting an exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) bifactor analysis. A sample of 734 U.S. teachers completed a survey that included the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D-10), the depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), which contains emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and (diminished) personal accomplishment (PA) subscales...
April 8, 2019: Psychological Assessment
Joanna McHugh Power, Jianjun Tang, Rose Ann Kenny, Brian A Lawlor, Frank Kee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between loneliness and cognitive functioning, and whether depressive and anxiety symptoms have intermediate roles therein. METHODS: Information about 7,433 participants of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (a prospective, representative cohort study), aged over 50, was collected at three time-points two years apart, and analysed using Structural Equation Modelling to assess whether depressive and anxiety symptoms mediate the relationship between loneliness and cognitive functioning...
April 7, 2019: Aging & Mental Health
Lúzie Fofonka Cunha, Lucia Campos Pellanda, Caroline Tozzi Reppold
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a gratitude intervention on a community sample of adults in relation to aspects involving well-being and mental health. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 1,337 participants, composed of an intervention group (Gratitude group, n = 446), and two control groups (Hassles group, n = 444 and Neutral Events group, n = 447). Participants assigned to the intervention condition were asked to write daily gratitude lists for 14 days, listing moments they had been grateful for during the day...
2019: Frontiers in Psychology
Idah Mokhele, Cornelius Nattey, Nelly Jinga, Constance Mongwenyana, Matthew P Fox, Dorina Onoya
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common mental health condition that can compromise the quality of life and functional capacity of mothers and cause health and developmental problems in children born to affected mothers. OBJECTIVES: We set out to measure the prevalence of PPD comparing postpartum HIV-1 infected women with pre-pregnancy HIV care experience, newly diagnosed (in latest pregnancy) HIV-1 infected women and HIV negative women, and to identify predictors of major PPD among these women in a peri-urban clinic in South Africa...
2019: PloS One
Dominik Bergis, Lea Tessmer, Klaus Badenhoop
AIMS: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most frequent malnutrition worldwide and often associated with reduced quality of life (QoL) and depression. We aimed to investigate the iron status in middle-aged type 1 diabetes in relation to depression and QoL. METHODS: 109 people with type 1 diabetes (54.1% male, mean age 56.2 years) were enrolled in a cross-sectional study at the diabetes clinic of the Goethe University Hospital. Iron, haemoglobin and ferritin levels were measured...
March 29, 2019: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Yijia Li, Zheng Wang, Yu Cheng, James T Becker, Eileen Martin, Andrew Levine, Leah H Rubin, Ned Sacktor, Ann Ragin, Ken Ho
BACKGROUND: Efavirenz is associated with side effects involving the central nervous system. However, it remains largely unknown whether switching off EFV improves neuropsychological performance. METHODS: We utilized data from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). Participants were categorized by their use of EFV: never on EFV (No EFV), continuously on EFV (No Switch-OFF) and on EFV and then switched off (Switch-OFF). Baseline time points were defined as visits when first neuropsychological data were available...
March 19, 2019: AIDS
Daniela Rohde, Eva Gaynor, Margaret Large, Orla Conway, Kathleen Bennett, David J Williams, Elizabeth Callaly, Eamon Dolan, Anne Hickey
BACKGROUND: Family members frequently provide long-term care for stroke survivors, which can lead to psychological strain, particularly in the presence of cognitive decline. OBJECTIVES: To profile anxious and depressive symptoms of family caregivers at 5 years post-stroke, and to explore associations with stroke survivor cognitive decline. METHODS: As part of a 5-year follow-up of the Action on Secondary Prevention Interventions and Rehabilitation in Stroke (ASPIRE-S) cohort of stroke survivors, family members completed a self-report questionnaire...
March 23, 2019: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
A Yu, A E M Liljas
OBJECTIVES: To explore cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between self-reported hearing and vision impairments and self-rated health, quality of life (QoL) and depressive symptoms at 4-year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: The study involved cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses with 4-year follow-up using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. METHODS: Community-dwelling adults (n = 3931) aged ≥50 years from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing participated in this study...
March 21, 2019: Public Health
Martin Berwig, Susanne Lessing, Ruth Deck
BACKGROUND: More than one million people in Germany live with dementia. Most of these people are cared for at home in the family setting. Supporting and caring for people with dementia is time-consuming, and family carers often have high stress levels and are at an increased risk of becoming physically and mentally ill. Medical rehabilitation (rehab) helps to relieve family carers and provide them with strategies to cope with stress. The aim of this study is to improve the sustainability of a multimodal rehab program for family carers of people with dementia...
March 21, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
Sara Peracchia, Fabio Presaghi, Giuseppe Curcio
Videogaming is an increasingly prevalent activity among adolescents worldwide. The present study aimed at adapting the Gaming Motivation Scale (GAMS) to the Italian context, assessing its psychometric properties and verifying its sensitivity to predict depression and anxiety levels. From a sample of 1899 participants, a group of 388 adolescents who participated in the survey was divided into two subgroups of Heavy (HG, N = 188) and Light Gamers (LG, N = 200). A sub-sample of N = 172 adolescents also filled-in CESD and STAI to assess, respectively, depression and trait anxiety...
March 20, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Seong-Sik Cho, Hyunjoo Kim, JinWoo Lee, Sinye Lim, Woo Chul Jeong
Call-center workers work under unfavorable psychosocial working conditions, including, emotional labor and job insecurity, which might be linked to depressive symptoms.The purpose of this study was to explore the link between emotional labor and depressive symptoms and to investigate the influence of combined exposure to emotional labor and job insecurity on depressive symptoms.A health survey was conducted among female call-center workers in Geumcheon-gu (a district in Seoul), South Korea, in November 2012...
March 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Leslie B Adams, Nisha Gottfredson, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Carol Golin, Wizdom Powell
The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale is one of the most widely used measures for assessing depression in population-based research. Little is known about the varying range of symptomatology expressed by Black men, who report higher chronicity and disability of their depressive symptoms compared to men of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. This study assessed the dimensional structure of the CES-D 12-item scale using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis in a community-based sample of Black men ( n = 683)...
March 2019: American Journal of Men's Health
Leah H Rubin, Gayle Springer, Eileen M Martin, Eric C Seaberg, Ned C Sacktor, Andrew Levine, Victor G Valcour, Mary A Young, James T Becker, Pauline M Maki
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIV+) women appear to be more vulnerable to neurocognitive impairment than HIV+ men, perhaps in part due to mental health factors. We assessed the association between elevated depressive symptoms and NCI among HIV+ and HIV-uninfected (HIV-) women and men. SETTING: Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) and Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS). METHODS: 858 HIV+ (429 women; 429 men) and 562 HIV- (281 women; 281 men) completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D; 16 cutoff) scale and measures of psychomotor speed/attention, executive, and motor function over multiple visits (or time points)...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Jianjun He, Weirong Dai, Ying Li, Li He, Ruixue Huang
Background: Few studies have evaluated depression in female caregivers of patients with silicosis. Thus, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in such caregivers and to clarify the factors associated with symptoms of depression. Methods: Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Results: A total of 561 participants met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study...
2019: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
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