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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786309/occult-urinary-incontinence-treatment-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-brazilian-guidelines
#1
Priscila Katsumi Matsuoka, Rodrigo Aquino Castro, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jorge Milhem Haddad
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate if performing anti-incontinence procedures during surgical anterior and/or apical prolapse correction in women with asymptomatic urinary incontinence (UI) may prevent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) postoperatively. METHODS:  We have performed a systematic review of articles published in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Lilacs databases until March 31, 2016. Two reviewers performed the data collection and analysis, independently. All of the selected studies were methodologically analyzed...
February 2019: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786308/effectiveness-of-insulin-analogs-compared-with-human-insulins-in-pregnant-women-with-diabetes-mellitus-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Leyna Leite Santos, Jamilly Leite Santos, Luciano Timbó Barbosa, Ivan do Nascimento da Silva, Célio Fernando de Sousa-Rodrigues, Fabiano Timbó Barbosa
Diabetes during pregnancy has been linked to unfavorable maternal-fetal outcomes. Human insulins are the first drug of choice because of the proven safety in their use. However, there are still questions about the use of insulin analogs during pregnancy. The objective of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of insulin analogs compared with human insulin in the treatment of pregnant women with diabetes through a systematic review with meta-analysis. The search comprised the period since the inception of each database until July 2017, and the following databases were used: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, LILACS, Scopus, SIGLE and Google Scholar...
February 2019: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786122/birth-weight-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#3
REVIEW
Gang Tian, Chunmei Guo, Quanman Li, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Xu Chen, Xuejiao Liu, Dongdong Zhang, Cheng Cheng, Leilei Liu, Feiyan Liu, Qionggui Zhou, Chongjian Wang, Linlin Li, Bingyuan Wang, Yang Zhao, Dechen Liu, Ming Zhang, Dongsheng Hu
BACKGROUND: The association between birth weight and type 2 diabetes mellitus has been debated for several decades, and the dose-response relationship has not been reported. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantitatively clarify the association between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus based on cohort studies. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science and Embase Databases for cohort study articles on the association between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus published up to March 1, 2018...
February 20, 2019: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786114/caffeinated-and-decaffeinated-coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#4
REVIEW
Q Li, Y Liu, X Sun, Z Yin, H Li, C Cheng, L Liu, R Zhang, F Liu, Q Zhou, C Wang, L Li, B Wang, Y Zhao, M Zhang, D Hu
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analysis showed an inverse association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality. However, the relationship between caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and all-cause mortality is inconsistent. We aimed to identify and review the published evidence updating the association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality and, furthermore, to investigate the association of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumption and all-cause mortality...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786027/riluzole-promotes-neurological-function-recovery-and-inhibits-damage-extension-in-rats-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Long-Yun Zhou, Zi-Rui Tian, Min Yao, Xu-Qing Chen, Yong-Jia Song, Jie Ye, Nan-Xing Yi, Xue-Jun Cui, Yong-Jun Wang
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition that has few treatment options. Riluzole, a sodium channel blocker used to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, has been initially trialed in human SCI. We performed a systematic review to critically assess the efficacy of riluzole in locomotor recovery and damage extension in SCI rat models, and the potential for clinical translation. PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Chinese databases were searched from their inception date to March 2018. Two reviewers independently selected animal studies that evaluated neurological recovery and lesion area following riluzole treatment in SCI rat models, extracted data and assessed methodological quality...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785989/-a-phd-completed-the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-smartphone-app-for-adolescent-orthodontic-patients
#6
J F M Scheerman
The primary aim of the dissertation was to develop and evaluate a smartphone app, the WhiteTeeth app, designed to promote good oral health behaviour and oral hygiene among adolescent orthodontic patients between the ages of 12 and 16. The app's development and evaluation was guided methodically by intervention mapping (IM). Development thus starts with an analysis of the health problem and the identification of the psychosocial factors and health behaviour related to it. To identify the psychosocial factors underlying oral health behaviour in our target group, a systematic literature review with meta-analysis was conducted,a cross-sectional clinical study and semi-structured interviews...
February 2019: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785955/description-of-network-meta-analysis-geometry-a-metrics-design-study
#7
Fernanda S Tonin, Helena H Borba, Antonio M Mendes, Astrid Wiens, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Roberto Pontarolo
BACKGROUND: The conduction and report of network meta-analysis (NMA), including the presentation of the network-plot, should be transparent. We aimed to propose metrics adapted from graph theory and social network-analysis literature to numerically describe NMA geometry. METHODS: A previous systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological interventions was performed. Data on the graph's presentation were collected. Network-plots were reproduced using Gephi 0.9.1. Eleven geometric metrics were tested...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785954/supported-employment-meta-analysis-and-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-individual-placement-and-support
#8
Donald E Frederick, Tyler J VanderWeele
Supported employment is a treatment whereby those with severe mental illness (or other disabilities) receive aid searching for competitive employment and mental health (or other) treatments concurrently. The most popular implementation of supported employment is individual placement and support (IPS). We conducted meta-analytic analyses of the randomized controlled trials of IPS. We found that subjects in IPS, compared to usual treatment conditions, had better vocational outcomes (obtained any competitive employment: RR = 1...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785921/ibrutinib-increases-the-risk-of-hypertension-and-atrial-fibrillation-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Daniel Caldeira, Daniela Alves, João Costa, Joaquim J Ferreira, Fausto J Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Ibrutinib is an oral covalent inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase approved for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), mantle cell lymphoma and Waldenstrӧm's macroglobulinemia. Ibrutinib has an increased risk of atrial fibrillation but the mechanism is unknown, and hypertension may play a role in the pathogenesis of this adverse drug reaction. METHODS: We aimed to review the risk of hypertension and atrial fibrillation as adverse events associated with ibrutinib through a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) retrieved in December 2018 on MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and ClinicalTrials...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785910/surgical-management-of-intraocular-lens-dislocation-a-meta-analysis
#10
Shangfei Yang, Kailai Nie, Hui Jiang, Liwen Feng, Wei Fan
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of intraocular lens (IOL) repositioning and IOL exchange for the treatment of patients with IOL dislocation. METHODS: We systematically searched for relevant publications in English or Chinese in MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, WHO International Clinical Trial Registration Platform, Clinical Trial.gov, China Biology Medicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database and grey literature sources...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785706/faecal-calprotectin-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-review-focused-on-meta-analyses-and-routine-usage-limitations
#11
REVIEW
Emilio J Laserna-Mendieta, Alfredo J Lucendo
A growing body of evidence has been published about the usefulness of measuring calprotectin in faecal samples (FCAL) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) assessment, including diagnosis, monitoring of disease activity and relapse prediction. Several systematic reviews with meta-analyses compiling studies for each particular clinical setting have been carried out in recent years. Most of these were focused on the use of FCAL in IBD diagnosis and showed a relevant role for this marker in selecting patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who would not need a further examination by endoscopy...
January 7, 2019: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785659/the-role-of-maternal-obesity-in-infant-outcomes-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#12
REVIEW
Mahnaz Bahri Khomami, Anju E Joham, Jacqueline A Boyle, Terhi Piltonen, Chavy Arora, Michael Silagy, Marie L Misso, Helena J Teede, Lisa J Moran
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with worsened pregnancy and infant outcomes, higher body mass index (BMI), and longitudinal weight gain. Despite most of the clinical features of PCOS being risk factors for worsened infant outcomes in the general population, their impact on infant outcomes in PCOS is unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of PCOS with infant outcomes considering maternal adiposity, other known risk factors, and potential confounders. The meta-analyses included 42 studies in 7041 women with PCOS and 63 722 women without PCOS...
February 20, 2019: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785519/best-polypectomy-technique-for-small-and-diminutive-colorectal-polyps-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Caio Vinicius Tranquillini, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Vitor Ottoboni Brunaldi, Eduardo Turiani de Moura, Sergio Barbosa Marques, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
BACKGROUND: Polypectomy of colorectal polyps is the mainstay of colorectal cancer prevention. Identification of the best polypectomy technique is imperative. OBJECTIVE: This review aims at comparing efficacy of nine different resection methods for small colorectal polyps (<10 mm). METHODS: We searched and selected only randomized controlled trials. Primary outcome was complete resection rates of small polyps by histological eradication...
October 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785378/cortical-superficial-siderosis-and-recurrent-intracerebral-hemorrhage-risk-in-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-large-prospective-cohort-and-preliminary-meta-analysis
#14
Andreas Charidimou, Gregoire Boulouis, Duangnapa Roongpiboonsopit, Li Xiong, Marco Pasi, Kristin M Schwab, Jonathan Rosand, M Edip Gurol, Steven M Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: To obtain more precise estimates on cortical superficial siderosis as an MRI predictor of lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) recurrence risk in cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) from a large prospective MRI cohort and a systematic review. METHODS: We analyzed a single-center MRI prospective cohort of consecutive CAA-related ICH survivors. Using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses, we investigated cortical superficial siderosis and ICH risk, adjusting for known confounders...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785303/clinical-evaluation-of-javanica-oil-emulsion-injection-combined-with-the-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Jiarui Wu, Mengwei Ni, Jialian Zhu, Kaihuan Wang, Dan Zhang, Shuyu Liu
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of Javanica oil emulsion injection (JOEI) combined with the radiotherapy (RT) for treating esophageal cancer (EC). DESIGN: A literature search was conducted for collecting the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on EC treated by JOEI in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed), the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, the China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP), and the Wanfang Database from inception to February 4, 2017...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785014/role-of-thoracic-consolidation-radiation-in-extensive-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Shrinivas Rathod, Branislav Jeremic, Arbind Dubey, Meredith Giuliani, Bashir Bashir, Amitava Chowdhury, You Liang, Sandra Pereira, JaiPrakash Agarwal, Rashmi Koul
Extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) carries a poor prognosis, and the thoracic progression is common. Consolidation radiation to thoracic disease (cRT) could improve progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We conducted an electronic search of PubMed and Embase with no language, year or publication status restrictions and evaluated randomised controlled trials (RCTs) addressing the role of cRT in ES-SCLC. Preferred Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines for systematic review and Cochrane methodology for meta-analysis were followed...
February 18, 2019: European Journal of Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784826/comparison-of-caesarean-section-and-vaginal-delivery-for-pelvic-floor-function-of-parturients-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Xiao-Jing Yang, Yun Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects and complications of caesarean section (CSD) and vaginal delivery (VD) for pelvic floor function of parturients. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched for full-text articles regarding the clinical effects and complications of CSD and VD. Review Manager 5.0 was used for meta-analyses, sensitivity analysis and bias analysis. RESULTS: In total, 4491 patients were included in nine studies that met the eligibility criteria...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784684/wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ahmad Masri, Ahmed M Altibi, Sebhat Erqou, Mohammad A Zmaili, Ala Saleh, Raed Al-Adham, Karam Ayoub, Moaaz Baghal, Laith Alkukhun, Amr F Barakat, Sandeep Jain, Samir Saba, Evan Adelstein
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to synthesize the available evidence on the use of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD). BACKGROUND: Observational WCD studies for the prevention of sudden cardiac death have provided conflicting data. The VEST (Vest Prevention of Early Sudden Death) trial was the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) showing no reduction in sudden cardiac death as compared to medical therapy only. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar for studies reporting on the outcomes of patients wearing WCDs from January 1, 2001, through March 20, 2018...
February 2019: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784604/hormone-therapy-in-trauma-patients
#19
REVIEW
Karim Asehnoune, Mickael Vourc'h, Antoine Roquilly
Low-dose hydrocortisone reduces the dose of vasopressors and hospital length of stay; it may also decrease the rate of hospital-acquired pneumonia and time on ventilator. No major side effect was reported, but glycemia and natremia should be monitored. Progesterone did not enhance outcome of trauma patients. A meta-analysis suggested that oxandrolone was associated with shorter length of stay and reduced weight loss. Erythropoietin did not enhance neurologic outcome of traumatic brain-injured patients; such treatment, however, could reduce the mortality in subgroups of patients...
April 2019: Critical Care Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784539/management-of-calcaneal-fracture-malunion-with-bone-block-distraction-arthrodesis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Mitchell J Thompson, Thomas S Roukis
One of the most severe complications in calcaneal fractures is a malunion. When a malunion occurs, subtalar bone block distraction arthrodesis provides restoration of calcaneal height, length, correction of varus deformity, and elimination of subtalar joint arthritis. A systematic review showed the union rate for all procedures was 95.78%. The overall complication rate was 38% for all procedures. This is the first study to categorically break down complications with statistical analysis. The data presented indicate the level of difficulty of the subtalar distraction bone block arthrodesis for calcaneal malunions and may even suggest the need for newer techniques...
April 2019: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
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