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Child question comprehension

Susanne Brandstetter, Antoaneta A Toncheva, Jakob Niggel, Christine Wolff, Silvia Gran, Birgit Seelbach-Göbel, Christian Apfelbacher, Michael Melter, Michael Kabesch
BACKGROUND: Birth cohort studies can contribute substantially to the understanding of health and disease - in childhood and over the life course. The KUNO-Kids birth cohort study was established to investigate various aspects of child health, using novel omics technologies in a systems medicine approach. RESULTS: After 3 years of recruitment, 2515 infants and their families have joined the study. Parents with higher education are overrepresented as in many other birth cohorts and are more likely to complete follow-up assessments via self-report questionnaires...
January 9, 2019: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
Katherine G Doyle, Mercedes M Blackstone, Brett C Barrett
We present a case of a 20-month-old girl who presented to the emergency department with anorexia, progressive weakness, and lethargy who was found to have severe hypercalcemia (20.7 mg/dL) and vitamin D hypervitaminosis. Further questioning revealed that this was secondary to a subacute toxic ingestion of "L'il Critters" calcium and vitamin D3 gummy vitamins that were being administered by the patient's mother multiple times a day for several weeks or even months. This occurred in the setting of child neglect due to the mother's mental illness...
January 7, 2019: Pediatric Emergency Care
Patrícia Sampaio da Anunciação, Zeni Carvalho Lamy, Marina Uchoa Lopes Pereira, Hellyne Giselle Reis Madeira, Cristina Douat Loyola, Laura Lamas Martins Gonçalves, Fernando Lamy-Filho
The aim of this study was to learn how mothers interpret and explain the death of a newborn child. The study used a qualitative approach. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 15 women in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil, whose newborn infants died between July 2012 and July 2014. Data were collected from April 1st to August 29th, 2014. The interviews included questions on labor, delivery, birth, and postpartum. Thematic content analysis was performed. The mothers' testimony evidenced weaknesses in the network of care...
December 20, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Hiroshi Mano, Sayaka Fujiwara, Nobuhiko Haga
BACKGROUND: To effectively improve motor function, a sound understanding of one's body-for example, relative spatial positions, relationships, names and functions of body parts-is essential. This study aimed to explore how children with congenital lower limb deficiencies (LLDs) perceive their bodies, particularly their legs. METHODS: Six children with congenital LLDs and 14 controls, aged 5-12 years, were recruited for this study. They drew self-portraits and answered questions about names of body parts...
December 19, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Fernanda Garcia Bezerra Góes, Maria da Anunciação Silva, Geicielle Karine de Paula, Luíza Pereira Maia de Oliveira, Nathalia da Costa Mello, Sthéfany Suzana Dantas da Silveira
OBJECTIVE: to identify scientific evidence on the contribution of nurses' work to good practices in child care in the Brazilian literature. METHOD: integrative review of the literature, carried out in Latin American and Caribbean in Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Brazilian Nursing Database (BDENF), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) database, from 2008 to 2018...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Virginia Rasi, Mario Cortina-Borja, Helen Peters, Rebecca Sconza, Claire Thorne
BACKGROUND: The indisputable benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the reduction of mother-to-child-transmission of HIV (MTCT) have to be carefully balanced with the risks of embryo-foetal toxicities due to foetal exposure to maternal ART.The recent report of a potential safety signal with Dolutegravir use in pregnancy and potential increased rate of neural tube defects (NTDs), has raised the question of a potential class effect for Integrase Strand Inhibitors. To contribute real-world evidence we evaluated data on pregnant women receiving Raltegravir (RAL) or Elvitegravir (EVG) in the UK and Ireland...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEThe goal of this study was to determine what strategies caregivers use to cope with the stress of a child who has recently undergone surgical treatment for a newly diagnosed brain tumor. Results will be used to improve psychosocial assessments and treatments provided to these families during initial hospitalization.METHODSCaregivers of children with newly diagnosed brain tumors admitted to Children's of Alabama were enrolled during the child's initial hospitalization for surgical treatment from April 2016 to August 2017...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Yixin Jiang, Lucy A Tully, Matthew T Burn, Patrycja Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Caroline Moul, Paul J Frick, David J Hawes, Eva R Kimonis, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Vicki Anderson, Mark R Dadds
While there has been increasing interest in promoting father engagement in parenting interventions for child wellbeing, both research and practice endeavors have been hindered by a lack of a measure of father engagement practices. This paper reports the development and evaluation of a comprehensive, practitioner-report measure of father engagement practices--the Father Engagement Questionnaire (FEQ). Practitioners ( N  = 589; 84.5% females; mean age = 38.56) involved in delivering parenting interventions in Australia completed the FEQ, along with background demographics and questions regarding their own and organization's practice...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Akaansha Ganju, Anupama Suresh, Julie Stephens, Marilly Palettas, Diana Burke, Laura Miles, K Lehman, R Rudesill, Maryam Lustberg, Seuli Bose-Brill, Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy
INTRODUCTION: The protective effects of breastfeeding against developing breast cancer are well known; however, it is unknown whether women are aware of this breastfeeding benefit. Research Aim/Questions: The aim of this investigation was to determine whether mothers received information about breast cancer risk reduction during breastfeeding counseling and whether this knowledge affected their decision to initiate and sustain breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center with women aged 18-50 who had at least one live birth...
October 23, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Paola de Souza Rezende, Denise Ely Bellotto de Moraes, Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
Maternal pressure for the child to eat may have counterproductive effects on child's eating behavior, such as impairing their ability to self-regulate intake and generating greater refusal of the pressured foods. Associated factors with this feeding practice are still poorly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the use of pressure to eat by mothers and anthropometric, sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of mothers and their children. Nine hundred and twenty seven mothers of 2-to-8-year-old children participated in the study...
October 21, 2018: Appetite
Maria Brenner, Miriam P O'Shea, Philip Larkin, Daniela Luzi, Fabrizio Pecoraro, Oscar Tamburis, Jay Berry, Denise Alexander, Michael Rigby, Mitch Blair
With improvements in neonatal and paediatric care, more children living with complex care needs are surviving beyond infancy into late childhood and adulthood than in the past. We examined the current approach to the management and integration of care of children living with complex care needs in 30 European countries, as well as the implications for primary care service delivery. This descriptive study, with an embedded qualitative aspect, consisted of questions adapted from the Standards for Systems of Care for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs, and included questions on a complex care European survey of change, adapted from the Eurobarometer survey...
November 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Rafat Hussain, Stuart Wark, Peta Ryan
Australia has one of the world's highest life expectancy rates, and there is a rapidly growing need for informal caregivers to support individuals who are ageing, have chronic illness or a lifelong disability. These informal carers themselves face numerous physical and psychological stressors in attempting to balance the provision of care with their personal life, their work commitments and family responsibilities. However, little is known about the specific challenges facing rural carers and the barriers that limit their capacity to provide ongoing support...
October 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ö Ece Demir-Lira, Lauren R Applebaum, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Susan C Levine
It is widely believed that reading to preschool children promotes their language and literacy skills. Yet, whether early parent-child book reading is an index of generally rich linguistic input or a unique predictor of later outcomes remains unclear. To address this question, we asked whether naturally occurring parent-child book reading interactions between 1 and 2.5 years-of-age predict elementary school language and literacy outcomes, controlling for the quantity of other talk parents provide their children, family socioeconomic status, and children's own early language skill...
October 16, 2018: Developmental Science
Debra Teitelbaum
Patients and their families have expressed that they want information (Hendricks, 2000) and as a result often turn to Google for health and medical information. Society as a whole is more informed than ever and no longer rely only on medical practitioners as in previous generations. Instead, and rightly so, they question medical experts and want to know the reasoning and rationale behind everything they experience. This combined with the shift towards family-centred principles over the last 20 years underscores the need to provide comprehensive and effective education to families...
October 15, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Sunhea Choi, Ho Ming Yuen, Reginald Annan, Trevor Pickup, Andy Pulman, Michele Monroy-Valle, Nana Esi Linda Aduku, Samuel Kyei-Boateng, Carmen Isabel Velásquez Monzón, Carmen Elisa Portillo Sermeño, Andrew Penn, Ann Ashworth, Alan A Jackson
BACKGROUND: Scaling up improved management of severe acute malnutrition has been identified as the nutrition intervention with the largest potential to reduce child mortality, but lack of operational capacity at all levels of the health system constrains scale-up. We therefore developed an interactive malnutrition eLearning course that is accessible at scale to build capacity of the health sector workforce to manage severely malnourished children according to the guidelines of the World Health Organization...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, Yolanda S Castañeda, Suzanne M Wernimont, Laura Liebermann, Christina S Cheng-Patel, Eileen E Birch, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To identify specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and functional vision concerns of children with eye conditions, and create comprehensive lists of potential questionnaire items as a first step in developing patient-reported outcome measures. METHODS: Children experiencing a range of pediatric eye conditions, along with one of their parents, were interviewed to identify specific concerns. Transcribed interviews were reviewed, and specific HRQOL and functional vision concerns were coded independently by two reviewers...
September 20, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Azize Pınar Metbulut, Elif N Özmert, Ozlem Teksam, Kadriye Yurdakök
The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare mothers' and grandparents' feeding behaviours, the differences between the behaviours, the relationship between children's feeding problems and grandparents' feeding behaviours, as well as the relationship between grandparents' feeding behaviour and children's body mass index (BMI). This study prompts physicians to pay attention to the on feeding behaviours of grandmothers when evaluating the feeding problems and behaviours of children. This study is a controlled case study...
December 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Katherine Turner
The well-child visit allows for comprehensive assessment of a child and the opportunity for further evaluation if abnormalities are detected. A complete history during the well-child visit includes information about birth history; prior screenings; diet; sleep; dental care; and medical, surgical, family, and social histories. A head-to-toe examination should be performed, including a review of growth. Immunizations should be reviewed and updated as appropriate. Screening for postpartum depression in mothers of infants up to six months of age is recommended...
September 15, 2018: American Family Physician
Saahoon Hong, Taeho Greg Rhee, Kristine N Piescher
Although research investigating associations among child maltreatment, cognitive functioning, and academic achievement has grown in recent years, important questions remain. In particular, assessing the influence of maltreatment apart from that of other co-occurring and confounding factors remains difficult. This study was developed to further the field's understanding by investigating cognitive functioning in association with time-variant maltreatment patterns. Using multiple time-variant linear mixed models, we investigated the relationships between maltreatment timing and three domains of cognitive functioning (i...
October 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Rohan Magoon, Arindam Choudhury, Ameya Karanjkar, Ummed Singh
Cyanosis due to right to left shunt across an atrial septal defect (ASD) brings up lots of questions in an inquisitive mind! Systemic desaturation at rest or during exercise can limit physical ability and impair the quality of life of patients with congenital heart defect (CHD). Traditionally, ASD is taught as an acyanotic CHD, but we encountered a child with a different clinical presentation. Understanding the mechanism of early onset systemic desaturation in the presence of an ASD is vital for surgical planning and decision-making...
July 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
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