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Anti- inflammatory therapies

A Islam, I Urbarova, J A Bruun, I Martinez-Zubiaurre
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), given their regenerative potential, are being investigated as a potential therapeutic tool for cartilage lesions. MSCs express several bioactive molecules which act in a paracrine fashion to modulate the tissue microenvironment. Yet, little is known about the divergence of these signalling molecules in different MSC populations. The present study investigated secretomes of stromal cells harvested from Hoffa's fat pad (HFPSCs), synovial membrane (SMSCs), umbilical cord (UCSCs) and cartilage (ACs) by quantitative liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) proteomics...
February 20, 2019: European Cells & Materials
Wenbei Han, Qian Ma, Yinglu Liu, Wei Wu, Yue Tu, Lu Huang, Yan Long, Wenwen Wang, Hongyun Yee, Ziyue Wan, Renmao Tang, Yigang Wan, Haitao Tang
BACKGROUND: Huangkui capsule (HKC), an anti-inflammatory Chinese modern patent medicine, has been now widely applied to the clinical therapy of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the overall therapeutic mechanisms in vivo are still unclear. Renal tubular epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the major pathogenesis of renal interstitial fibrosis in DN. Recently, the physiological roles of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling are closely linked to EMT...
December 17, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Talat Roome, Sabahat Aziz, Anam Razzak, Zara Aslam, Lubna, Khawar Saeed Jamali, Bushra Sikandar, Tehseen Fatima, Lubna Abidi, Muhammad Imran, Shaheen Faizi, Muhammad Raza Shah
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease of synovial inflammation and joint destruction. This study reports anti-arthritic potential of opuntioside-I opuntiol, and its gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs) against Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritic rats. The mechanistic studies were performed targeting TLRs (TLR-2 and TLR-4) and cytokines (IL-1β and TNF-α) expressions to validate their anti-inflammatory and immuno-modulatory response. The nano-formulations were successfully characterized employing Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) analysis...
February 20, 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Gajiram Dharamdas Banothe, Vyasdeva Mahanta, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Tukaram S Dudhamal
Background: Mutraghata a disease of Mutravaha Srotasa (urinary system) described in Ayurveda, closely resembles with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) of the modern medicine. It affects man above the age of 40 years. Conservative management with hormonal therapy, open prostatectomy and TURP are the options available in modern medicine. In Ayurveda, the drugs having Vata Kapha pacifying action, Shothahara (anti-inflammatory) and Mutrala (diuretic) are recommended for its management. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of Kanchanara Guggulu orally and Bala Taila Matra Basti in the management of Mutraghata (BPH)...
April 2018: Ayu
Faezeh Basiri, Abolfazl Rad, Davood Mahdian, Mehdi Molavi, Bahareh Amin
BACKGROUND: The most important limitations of morphine in pain therapy are its tolerance and dependence. In this study, we evaluated the protective effect of glucosamine against morphine-induced tolerance and dependence in mice. METHODS: Mice received twice daily morphine (20 mg/kg, s.c.) alone, or along with orally administered glucosamine (500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg), for 9 continuous days. To assess antinociceptive effect of morphine, percentage of maximal possible effect (%MPE) of animals exposed to thermal stimulus was measured in the hot plate test, 30 min after morphine administration...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Biomedical Science
Zhi-Xiang Huang, Wei-Ming Deng, Xin Guo, Chu-Lan Lin, Tian-Wang Li
Bony erosion and dural ectasia rarely occur in the posterior part of the vertebral body in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Because of the compression of nerve tissue that adheres to the inflamed dura mater, a range of neurologic symptoms may develop. Few studies have investigated therapies for this condition, and surgical intervention might alleviate the neurologic dysfunction. Here, we report an uncommon case of lumbar spinal cord herniation secondary to anterior dural ectasia in a patient with AS. The patient had a 31-year history of AS and presented with progressive numbness and weakness of his left leg that had lasted for nearly 1 month...
February 19, 2019: Journal of International Medical Research
Sosmitha Girisa, Bano Shabnam, Javadi Monisha, Lu Fan, Clarissa Esmeralda Halim, Frank Arfuso, Kwang Seok Ahn, Gautam Sethi, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Cancer is still a major risk factor to public health globally, causing approximately 9.8 million deaths worldwide in 2018. Despite advances in conventional treatment modalities for cancer treatment, there are still few effective therapies available due to the lack of selectivity, adverse side effects, non-specific toxicities, and tumour recurrence. Therefore, there is an immediate need for essential alternative therapeutics, which can prove to be beneficial and safe against cancer. Various phytochemicals from natural sources have been found to exhibit beneficial medicinal properties against various human diseases...
February 18, 2019: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Francine Azouz, Komal Arora, Keeton Krause, Vivek R Nerurkar, Mukesh Kumar
Zika virus (ZIKV) infections have caused a wide spectrum of neurological diseases, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, myelitis, meningoencephalitis, and congenital microcephaly. No effective therapies currently exist for treating patients infected with ZIKV. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small RNAs involved in the regulation of a wide variety of cellular and physiological processes. In this study, we analyzed digital miRNA and mRNA profiles in ZIKV-infected primary mouse neurons using the nCounter technology...
February 16, 2019: Viruses
Jamie G Hijmans, Kelly A Stockelman, Vinicius Garcia, Ma'ayan V Levy, L Madden Brewster, Tyler D Bammert, Jared J Greiner, Brian L Stauffer, Elizabeth Connick, Christopher A DeSouza
Background Circulating microparticles have emerged as biomarkers and effectors of vascular disease. Elevated rates of cardiovascular disease are seen in HIV -1-seropositive individuals. The aims of this study were to determine: (1) if circulating microparticles are elevated in antiretroviral therapy-treated HIV -1-seropositive adults; and (2) the effects of microparticles isolated from antiretroviral therapy -treated HIV -1-seropositive adults on endothelial cell function, in vitro. Methods and Results Circulating levels of endothelial-, platelet-, monocyte-, and leukocyte-derived microparticles were determined by flow cytometry in plasma from 15 healthy and 15 antiretroviral therapy-treated, virologically suppressed HIV -1-seropositive men...
February 19, 2019: Journal of the American Heart Association
Norbert Müller
Infection and inflammation resulting from a malfunctioning of the immune system have been discussed as pathological factors in psychosis for more than 130 years. The first immune-modulating therapeutic approaches for psychosis were developed more than 100 years ago, but the breakthrough of antipsychotic treatment in the 1950s shifted the emphasis of research to catecholaminergic neurotransmission. In the 1990s, however, the unsatisfactory therapeutic effects of antipsychotics, and the fact that the pathological mechanisms of psychosis were still unknown, reignited the scientific interest in other topics, including inflammation...
February 19, 2019: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
Yanhong Li, Di Zhang, Ling Xu, Lin Dong, Ji Zheng, Yikong Lin, Jiefang Huang, Yanyun Zhang, Yu Tao, Xingxing Zang, Dajin Li, Meirong Du
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are pluripotent cells with immunomodulatory properties, have been considered good candidates for the therapy of several immune disorders, such as inflammatory bowel diseases, concanavalin A-induced liver injury, and graft-versus-host disease. The embryo is a natural allograft to the maternal immune system. A successful pregnancy depends on the timely extinction of the inflammatory response induced by embryo implantation, followed by the switch to a tolerant immune microenvironment in both the uterus and the system...
February 18, 2019: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Hao Chi Zhang, Wenyi Luo, Yinghong Wang
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs), used to treat different advanced malignancies, are associated with a wide range of immune-related adverse reactions (irAEs) that deserve close monitoring of patients. Gastrointestinal reactions and hepatotoxicity may occur, which warrant careful evaluation to confirm the etiology and attribution to ICPIs as these events could affect future management. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a patient with prostate adenocarcinoma, treated with dual ICPIs comprised of ipilimumab and nivolumab, who developed elevated liver enzymes in the context of infliximab therapy prescribed to treat gastrointestinal irAE from his ICPIs...
February 18, 2019: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Viera Jančinová, Katarína Drábiková, Zdenko Killinger, Silvia Pažoureková, Radomír Nosáľ, Juraj Payer
The relationship between inflammation and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is still not completely understood and excessive inflammatory reaction is attributed to increased yet also to reduced ROS formation. To compare ROS formation in severe and low inflammation, neutrophil oxidative burst was analyzed in rheumatic patients before and during therapy with TNFα- or interleukin-6 receptor-neutralizing antibodies. Intracellular and extracellular ROS productions were evaluated on the basis of luminol- and isoluminol-enhanced chemiluminescence in isolated peripheral neutrophils...
February 15, 2019: International Immunopharmacology
Srinath Rajaraman, Denis Canjuga, Michael Ghosh, Marius Cosmin Codrea, Raika Sieger, Florian Wedekink, Marcos Tatagiba, Marilin Koch, Ulrich M Lauer, Sven Nahnsen, Hans-Georg Rammensee, Michael D Mühlebach, Stefan Stevanovic, Ghazaleh Tabatabai
Glioblastoma is an aggressive primary brain tumor with bad prognosis. On the other hand, oncolytic measles virus (MeV) therapy is an experimental glioma treatment strategy with clinical safety and first evidence of anti-tumoral efficacy. Therefore, we investigated the combination of MeV with conventional therapies by cytotoxic survival assays in long-term glioma cell lines LN229, LNZ308, and glioma stem-like GS8 cells, as well as the basal viral infectivity in primary glioblastoma cultures T81/16, T1094/17, and T708/16...
March 29, 2019: Molecular Therapy Oncolytics
David R Maldonado, Ajay C Lall, Muriel R Battaglia, Joseph R Laseter, Jeffrey W Chen, Benjamin G Domb
Background: Iliopsoas fractional lengthening (IFL) is performed on patients with symptomatic internal snapping. This condition is defined as painful and sometimes audible snapping of the iliopsoas (IP) tendon over the femoral head or iliopectineal line. Arthroscopic IFL is performed if the snapping is unresponsive to conservative treatment1,2 . Description: Hip arthroscopy is performed with the patient in the supine position on a traction table. The portals used to access the joint capsule include standard anterolateral, mid-anterior, and distal anterolateral accessory (DALA) portals3 ...
December 26, 2018: JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques
Charlotte Lichnog, Sha Klabunde, Emily Becker, Franklin Fuh, Philipp Tripal, Raja Atreya, Entcho Klenske, Rich Erickson, Henry Chiu, Chae Reed, Shan Chung, Clemens Neufert, Imke Atreya, Jacqueline McBride, Markus F Neurath, Sebastian Zundler
Background: Anti-integrin therapy is a new frontline strategy in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The anti-β7 integrin antibody etrolizumab is currently being investigated for safety and efficacy in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in several phase III trials. Mechanistically, etrolizumab is known to block β7 integrin ligand binding and reduces intestinal trafficking of β7-expressing cells. Etrolizumab blocks β7 integrin ligand binding and reduces β7-positive lymphocyte migration and retention in the inflamed gut mucosa, but the exact mechanisms by which this inhibition occurs are not fully understood...
2019: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Filip Machaj, Elżbieta Dembowska, Jakub Rosik, Bartosz Szostak, Małgorzata Mazurek-Mochol, Andrzej Pawlik
Despite continuous efforts to prevent cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), heart failure prevails as the number one cause of death in developed countries. To properly treat CVDs, scientists had to take a closer look at the factors that contribute to their pathogenesis and either modernize current pharmaceuticals or develop brand new treatments. Enhancement of current drugs, such as tolvaptan and omecamtiv mecarbil, sheds new light on already-known therapies. Tolvaptan, a vasopressin antagonist, could be adopted in heart failure therapy as it reduces pre- and afterload by decreasing systolic blood pressure and blood volume...
2019: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Willy E Mwangi, Eddy M Mogoa, James N Mwangi, Paul G Mbuthia, Susan W Mbugua
Aim: This was a systematic review conducted to evaluate the analgesic drugs and techniques used in the management of pain in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Materials and Methods: Systematic searches in PubMed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect were conducted for peer-reviewed articles written in English and published from 1995 to 2015. The key search words were dogs, ovariohysterectomy, pain, and analgesics. This was followed by a manual search of the references within the primary data sources...
December 2018: Veterinary World
Tomer Adar, David Faleck, Saranya Sasidharan, Kelly Cushing, Nienke Z Borren, Niharika Nalagatla, Ryan Ungaro, Wayne Sy, Samuel C Owen, Anish Patel, Benjamin L Cohen, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan
BACKGROUND: The older patient group with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is particularly vulnerable to consequences of disease and therapy-related side effects but little is known about the best treatment options in this population. AIM: To compare safety and efficacy of tumor necrosis factor α antagonist (anti-TNF) or vedolizumab (VDZ) in patients with IBD >60 years of age. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) initiating anti-TNF or VDZ therapy ≥60 years of age at three study sites...
February 17, 2019: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Durr-E-Shahwar Siddiqui, Syeda Afroz, Rafeeq Alam Khan
Psoriasis has become a topic of global concern because of consistency in its prevalence according to Global Report on Psoriasis 2016, however, till date, no therapy has provided complete cure of this disease and no useful measure was discovered to prevent it or eliminate the risk of its relapse. Hence, the present study was designed to evaluate anti-psoriatic effects of Spinacia oleracea due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative and skin-strengthening contents. Psoriasis was induced by oral potassium iodide solution which was then determined by two methods i...
January 2019: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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