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Oropharingeal dysphagia

Rodolfo Peña-Chávez, Miguel López-Espinoza, Madelein Guzmán-Inostroza, Mirna Jara-Parra, Claudia Sepúlveda-Arriagada, Constanza Sepulveda-Arriagada, Priscila Zapata-Sepúlveda
INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic dysphagia is a consequence of stroke that sometimes threatens the patient's life. The magnitude of the brain damage commonly generated by stroke generates the emergence of other disorders that accompany dysphagia and worsen the patient's health. AIM: To analyze possible associations between communication disorders, disease factors, demographic factors and comorbidities with post-stroke dysphagia in years 2009 to 2011. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 1519 medical records of patients that suffered stroke between 2009 and 2011...
October 1, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
F Gómez-Busto, V Andía Muñoz, M Sarabia, L Ruiz de Alegría, I González de Viñaspre, N López-Molina, N Cabo Santillán
The oropharingeal dysphagia is a very prevalent syndrome among the elderly, and even more among institutionalized individuals. Dysphagia is frequently caused by neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular conditions, the dementia syndrome being the most common of them, where the latest stages of the process are often accompanied by frequent swallowing problems requiring to incorporate thick foodstuffs in the diet of the elderly, such as the pudding. Nutritional supplements with a puddinglike consistency are not financed by the National Health System...
July 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
M M Grajić, D D Matanović, Z K Railić, M Vukasinović, Dusan V Mustur, A N Milovanović
Dysphagia and aspiration are important problems among the elderly population, particularly in neurological patients and patients with cancers of the oropharingeal area or laryngs. Early detection and rehabilitation are crucial because adequate management can reduce morbidity and complications like aspiration pneumonia, dehidratation and malnutrition. We overviewed rehabilitation procedures including nutritional management, postures, maneuvers, exercises and stimulation techniques and their efficacy in treatment of patients with dysphagias...
2009: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
M F Caiaffa, A Tursi, L Macchia
Grape allergy is particularly rare in spite of the vast extension of Vitis vinifera cultivation on all continents. We report on the case of a 28-year-old woman who presented with allergic systemic reaction after eating white grapes (Vitis vinifera). She complained of two severe episodes of anaphylaxis after eating grapes, with generalized pruritus, acute generalized urticaria, facial swelling, lip and oropharingeal angioedema, and dysphagia. Both the episodes were treated at the Emergency Room level, with parenteral administration of corticosteroids and antihistamines...
2003: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Ana Maria Furkim, Mara Suzana Behlau, Luc Louis Maurice Weckx
Cerebral palsy is a condition that may be associated with swallowing disorders, that is, oropharingeal dysphagia. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the swallowing processes of 32 children with this condition, by clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluation, with special focus on tracheal aspiration detectability. Results show an important compromise of oral phase. The most important findings during the pharyngeal phase were velopharingeal incompetence and residuals on the pharyngeal recesses...
September 2003: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
A Zaragoza, M Tomás-Ridocci, R Añón, A Benages
The clinical symptoms, including oropharingeal dysphagia and bronchial symptoms, have been analyzed in 18 normal controls and in 48 patients with reflux esophagitis. Patients with reflux and pyrosis and regurgitation usually have a disease of longer duration, more bronchial symptoms, greater severity of endoscopic lesions and less pressure in the U.E.S. area than those who only have heartburn. In 10 normals as well as in 28 patients (15 with pyrosis and 13 with both pyrosis and regurgitation) the pressure behavior of the superior esophageal sphincter has been studied with a specially designed instrument after different stimuli: acid perfusion at 5 and 10 cm of the U...
April 1992: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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