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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30748059/the-impact-of-haemophilia-on-the-social-status-and-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-lebanese-persons-with-haemophilia
#1
Elie Naous, Philippe de Moerloose, Ghassan Sleilaty, Alessandro Casini, Claudia Djambas Khayat
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) studies are increasingly needed to prevent and improve the medical care of persons with haemophilia (PWH). AIM: We assessed the impact of haemophilia on HRQoL and social status of adult Lebanese PWH compared to a reference population. METHODS: In this case-control study, 60 severe and moderate PWH were compared to 112 healthy controls. Detailed socio-demographic data and disease characteristics were collected, and HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire...
February 12, 2019: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740756/seat-belts-related-behaviours-in-car-drivers-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices
#2
Piotr Niewinski, Dariusz Jagielski, Krystian Josiak, Krzysztof Nowak, Bartosz Biel, Stanislaw Tubek, Tomasz Walczak, Iwona Szemplinska, Agnieszka Siennicka, Waldemar Banasiak, Piotr Ponikowski
BACKGROUND: Seat belt use is the single most effective means of reducing fatal injuries in road traffic accidents. The presence of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) might influence seat belt-related behaviours due to the physical proximity of the seat belt and left subclavian area in which the device is usually implanted. Understanding the underlying mechanisms of improper seat belt use may improve safety of these patients. METHODS: We performed a prospective study using a structured questionnaire with 120 CIED recipients (age 63...
February 10, 2019: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738541/editorial-connecting-the-nodes-of-altered-brain-network-organization-in-eating-disorders
#3
EDITORIAL
Stefan Ehrlich, Joseph A King, Ilka Boehm
Two prevalent eating disorders (ED) in adolescence are anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). AN is characterized primarily by an extensive restriction of energy intake leading to significantly low body weight. In contrast, the cardinal symptom of BN is uncontrolled eating of an abnormally large amount of food, followed by compensatory behavior to avoid weight gain (eg, self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse). Despite these differences and the fact that individuals with BN are usually of normal weight, patients with both disorders have an abnormal preoccupation with body weight and shape,1 often in the form of distressing ruminations...
February 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738539/editorial-to-eat-or-not-to-eat-advancing-the-neuroscience-of-hedonic-versus-controlled-eating-across-weight-and-eating-disorders
#4
EDITORIAL
Stefan Ehrlich, Joseph A King, Ilka Boehm
Excessive weight and obesity, especially with childhood onset, is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality and places a major burden on the health care system. In the United States, 17% of children and adolescents are obese (32% overweight). By adulthood, the number rises to 34% or even 68% when also considering overweight individuals.1 Conventional nonsurgical treatments are often ineffective, and weight loss achieved with behaviorally oriented therapy programs is usually small (∼5%) and short-lived...
February 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30718189/energy-psychology-efficacy-speed-mechanisms
#5
REVIEW
David Feinstein
The most well known forms of "energy psychology" combine cognitive and exposure techniques with the stimulation of selected acupuncture points (acupoints) by tapping on them. Most clinicians who learn and utilize an acupoint tapping protocol integrate the approach within their existing clinical frameworks rather than using it as a stand-alone therapy. The method has been highly controversial, with its efficacy, purported speed, and explanatory models all questioned. Nonetheless, its utilization within clinical settings and as a self-help method has continued to expand since it was introduced more than three decades ago...
November 25, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711914/the-epistemic-and-pragmatic-value-of-non-action-a-predictive-coding-perspective-on-meditation
#6
REVIEW
Antoine Lutz, Jérémie Mattout, Giuseppe Pagnoni
The surge of interest about mindfulness meditation is associated with a growing empirical evidence about its impact on the mind and body. Yet, despite promising phenomenological or psychological models of mindfulness, a general mechanistic understanding of meditation steeped in neuroscience is still lacking. In parallel, predictive processing approaches to the mind are rapidly developing in the cognitive sciences with an impressive explanatory power: processes apparently as diverse as perception, action, attention, and learning, can be seen as unfolding and being coherently orchestrated according to the single general mandate of free-energy minimization...
January 7, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704846/the-hierarchically-mechanistic-mind-a-free-energy-formulation-of-the-human-psyche
#7
REVIEW
Paul B Badcock, Karl J Friston, Maxwell J D Ramstead
This article presents a unifying theory of the embodied, situated human brain called the Hierarchically Mechanistic Mind (HMM). The HMM describes the brain as a complex adaptive system that actively minimises the decay of our sensory and physical states by producing self-fulfilling action-perception cycles via dynamical interactions between hierarchically organised neurocognitive mechanisms. This theory synthesises the free-energy principle (FEP) in neuroscience with an evolutionary systems theory of psychology that explains our brains, minds, and behaviour by appealing to Tinbergen's four questions: adaptation, phylogeny, ontogeny, and mechanism...
January 10, 2019: Physics of Life Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691931/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-the-impact-of-reflexology-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-using-the-mycaw-scale
#8
Ayush K Kapila, Allison Herd, Natalie Knife, Pauly Chaplin, Ashraf Patel
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer treatment and recovery remain physically and psychologically challenging for patients. Reflexology has been studied as a complementary therapy to help relieve patients of the physical and psychological stresses involved with breast cancer. As a result of recent positive evidence, we studied its effects quantitatively from 2015 to 2016. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients completed pre- and post-reflexology intervention 'Measure Yourself Concerns and Wellbeing' (MYCaW) questionnaires...
December 19, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30677589/the-relationship-between-task-mastery-role-clarity-social-acceptance-and-stress-an-intensive-longitudinal-study-with-a-sample-of-newly-registered-nurses
#9
Elin Frögéli, Ann Rudman, Petter Gustavsson
BACKGROUND: Transitioning into a new professional role is challenging. Unfortunately, little is currently known about how to reduce experiences of stress among new professionals. The socialization processes role clarity, task mastery, and social acceptance are assumed to reduce experiences of stress as they mediate new professionals' acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors. However, little prospective data is available on the actual effect of the processes on stress...
January 3, 2019: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30658263/body-composition-and-disability-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-study
#10
Lara A Pilutti, Robert W Motl
INTRODUCTION: Body composition refers to the relative distribution of different tissue types within the body, including fat, lean, and bone tissues. There is evidence for associations between body composition and the development of multiple sclerosis (MS). The relationship between body composition and disease progression and disability accumulation, however, is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To examine: a) differences in overall and regional body composition by disability status in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS); and b) the relationship between body composition and other outcomes reflecting impairments and limitations due to MS...
January 3, 2019: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30653528/which-construal-level-combinations-generate-the-most-effective-interventions-a-field-experiment-on-energy-conservation
#11
Anouk M Griffioen, Michel J J Handgraaf, Gerrit Antonides
Many campaigns targeting pro-environmental behavior combine multiple approaches without properly understanding how these different approaches interact. Here we study the effect of such combinations. We apply construal level theory to classify different intervention approaches, which can either be at a high construal level (abstract and distant) or at a low construal level (concrete and proximal). In a field experiment we recruited 197 students living in one-person apartments in an all-inclusive student housing facility...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651576/cognitive-dietary-restraint-disinhibition-and-hunger-are-associated-with-24-h-energy-expenditure
#12
Emma J Stinson, Alexis L Graham, Marie S Thearle, Marci E Gluck, Jonathan Krakoff, Paolo Piaggi
BACKGROUND: Higher energy expenditure (EE) is associated with greater food intake, possibly because the human body senses EE and modifies eating behaviors to regulate food intake and ultimately achieve energy balance. As eating behaviors are also influenced by social and cultural factors, any association between EE and eating behavior may differ between ethnicities and sexes. OBJECTIVE: To assess relationships between EE and eating behavior constructs of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ)...
January 16, 2019: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30642052/the-gut%C3%A2-brain-axis-in-the-neuropsychological-disease-model-of-obesity-a-classical-movie-revised-by-the-emerging-director-microbiome
#13
REVIEW
Elena Niccolai, Federico Boem, Edda Russo, Amedeo Amedei
The worldwide epidemic of obesity has become an important public health issue, with serious psychological and social consequences. Obesity is a multifactorial disorder in which various elements (genetic, host, and environment), play a definite role, even if none of them satisfactorily explains its etiology. A number of neurological comorbidities, such as anxiety and depression, charges the global obesity burden, and evidence suggests the hypothesis that the brain could be the seat of the initial malfunction leading to obesity...
January 12, 2019: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30641723/correlation-between-basal-metabolic-rate-visceral-fat-and-insulin-resistance-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-peripheral-neuropathy
#14
A Sampath Kumar, G Arun Maiya, B A Shastry, K Vaishali, Shubha Maiya, Shashikiran Umakanth
BACKGROUND: Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) means the amount of energy utilized by body in physical and psychological resting rate, after a night sleep, awake without any previous physical activity post meal (10 h after last meal) & neutral environment. In people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) there is an increase in BMR which is said to be associated with the level of glycaemic control. So, the objective of the study was to find out the correlation between BMR, Insulin resistance and Visceral fat in T2DM with peripheral neuropathy...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30641689/an-update-on-obesity-mental-consequences-and-psychological-interventions
#15
REVIEW
Dinh-Toi Chu, Nguyen Thi Minh Nguyet, Vu Thi Nga, Nguyen Vu Thai Lien, Duc Duy Vo, Nguyen Lien, Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Le Hoang Son, Duc-Hau Le, Vu Bich Nga, Pham Van Tu, Ta Van To, Luu Song Ha, Yang Tao, Van-Huy Pham
Besides physical consequences, obesity has negative psychological effects, thereby lowering human life quality. Major psychological consequences of this disorder includes depression, impaired body image, low self-esteem, eating disorders, stress and poor quality of life, which are correlated with age and gender. Physical interventions, mainly diet control and energy balance, have been widely applied to treat obesity; and some psychological interventions including behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and hypnotherapy have showed some effects on obesity treatment...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30640287/functional-resistance-training-and-affective-response-in-female-college-age-students
#16
Jamie Faro, Julie A Wright, Laura L Hayman, Marisa Hastie, Philimon N Gona, Jessica A Whiteley
ABSTRACTINTRODUCTIONWhile resistance training (RT) can lead to acute improvements in psychological, physiological and psychosocial outcomes, prevalence rates remain low in college-age females likely due to perceived barriers. This study compared the effects of an acute bout of both a functional (FRT) and traditional resistance training (TRT) session on affect, state anxiety enjoyment and physiological measures.METHODSFemales (n=34, mean age = 27±4.5 years) not currently meeting ACSM RT guidelines completed 4 sessions (2 FRT, 2 TRT) within 4-weeks in a randomized crossover design...
January 10, 2019: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639978/prevalence-of-symptoms-and-symptom-clusters-of-patients-on-dialysis-in-uruguay
#17
Ana Inés Galain, Juan José Dapueto, Ramón Alvarez, Liliana Gadola
BACKGROUND: Patients on dialysis report high levels of symptom burden. The association of these symptoms may have an increased deleterious effect on the patients' well-being. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of symptoms, to identify symptom clusters, and to describe the impact of concurrent symptoms on physical and emotional well-being in a sample of dialysis patients. METHODS: Data of the first assessment of a longitudinal study aimed to assess patient-reported outcomes in dialysis were included here...
January 10, 2019: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632614/effectiveness-of-oxygen-and-other-acute-treatments-for-cluster-headache-results-from-the-cluster-headache-questionnaire-an-international-survey
#18
Stuart M Pearson, Mark J Burish, Robert E Shapiro, Yuanqing Yan, Larry I Schor
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of acute cluster headache medications in a large international sample, including recommended treatments such as oxygen, commonly used medications such as opioids, and emerging medications such as intranasal ketamine. Particular focus is paid to a large subset of respondents 65 years of age or older. BACKGROUND: Large international surveys of cluster headache are rare, as are examinations of treatments and side effects in older cluster headache patients...
January 11, 2019: Headache
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623579/predicting-emotional-health-indicators-from-linguistic-evidence-of-psychological-distancing
#19
Anoushka D Shahane, Bryan T Denny
Psychological distancing, a form of cognitive reappraisal, involves construal of emotionally-valenced stimuli in an objective manner, or with perceived spatial and temporal distance. Prior work suggests that in appropriate contexts, reappraisal broadly, and distancing specifically, is related to adaptive mental and physical health outcomes. Additionally, recent research suggests that shifting language to be more distant (i.e., linguistic distancing (LD)) can have adaptive emotion regulatory effects. The present study addressed whether LD is also associated with adaptive health indicators...
January 8, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614136/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-verbal-learning-and-memory-in-major-depression-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Katharina Dannehl, Winfried Rief, Frank Euteneuer
Major depression (MD) is often accompanied by deficits in cognitive functioning. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has beneficial effects on MD. The aim of this study was to examine whether cognitive behavioral therapy affects verbal learning and memory in patients with MD and whether CBT that emphasizes exercise during behavioral activation has additional effects on verbal performance. Ninety-eight patients with MD were randomly assigned to CBT emphasizing either exercise during behavioral activation (CBT-E) or CBT emphasizing pleasurable low-energy activities (CBT-C)...
January 4, 2019: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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