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ridge expansion

Lijie Wang, Zhen Li, Cunzhu Tong, Shili Shu, Sicong Tian, Jun Zhang, Xin Zhang, Lijun Wang
We report a near-diffraction-limited tapered Bragg reflection waveguide laser (BRL) with a 10 μm ridge width, which is significantly larger than the conventional design. The large mode expansion in the vertical waveguide enables a scalable increase in the ridge width for single lateral mode operation. The role of the taper angle in the performance of tapered BRLs with the intrinsic characteristics of a thick vertical waveguide was investigated. The results indicate that the BRL with a taper angle of 3° shows the best far-field performance...
December 1, 2018: Applied Optics
John Garner, Darrell D Davidson, Daria Barwinska, George J Eckert, Sunil S Tholpady, Kinam Park, Clark T Barco
BACKGROUND: Tissue expansion of oral mucosa prior to ridge augmentation promises to reduce the soft tissue exposure and improve the final intraoral bone graft density and volume. This study explored a novel, shapeable hydrogel tissue expander (HTE) in intraoral sites that had undergone previous expansion and surgery. METHODS: Nine beagle dogs had all premolar teeth extracted with alveolar bone reduction. At least 3 months healing followed before placing the hydrogels at 4 sites for each dog: maxilla and mandible, right and left...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Periodontology
Nayana Anasane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jimmy H Tian, Rodrigo Neiva, Paulo G Coelho, Lukasz Witek, Nick M Tovar, Ivan C Lo, Luiz F Gil, Andrea Torroni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this in vivo study is to compare the osseointegration of endosteal implants placed in atrophic mandibular alveolar ridges with alveolar ridge expansion surgical protocol via an experimental osseodensification drilling versus conventional osteotome technique. METHODS: Twelve endosteal implants, 4 mm × 13 mm, were placed in porcine models in horizontally atrophic mandibular ridges subsequent to prior extraction of premolars. Implants were placed with osseodensification drilling technique as the experimental group (n = 6) and osteotome site preparation as the control group (n = 6)...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Christos Michael Suriano, David Bodznick
The developmental anatomy of the dorsal hindbrain in an elasmobranch fish, Leucoraja erinacea , is described. We focus on the cerebellum, which is a synapomorphy for gnathostomes. Cerebellar development in L. erinacea , a representative of the most basal gnathostome lineage, may be a proxy for the ancestral state of cerebellar development. We also focus on sensory processing regions termed 'cerebellum-like' structures due to common anatomical and physiological features with the cerebellum. These structures may be considered generatively homologous if they share common developmental features...
2018: Zoological Letters
Andres Stricker, Daniel Widmer, Boyko Gueorguiev, Dieter Wahl, Peter Varga, Fabian Duttenhoefer
The alveolar ridge splitting technique enables reconstruction of atrophied alveolar ridges prior implantation. However, in cases of severe atrophy, there is an unpredictable risk of fracturing the buccal lamella during the expansion. Currently, there is no preoperative assessment to predict the maximum distraction of the lamella. The aim of this study was to develop a biomechanical model to mimic the alveolar ridge splitting and a finite element (FE) model to predict the experimental results. The biomechanical testing was conducted on porcine mandibles...
2018: BioMed Research International
Ali Nabavizadeh
The charismatic and diverse ornithischian dinosaurs exhibited some of the most extreme examples of cranial anatomy, inspiring decades of investigation into their muscular anatomy. Current ornithischian jaw muscle reconstructions, although parsimonious, pose concerns of small adductor muscles and caudally-displaced insertions relative to mandibular proportions. Here, craniomandibular material of ornithischian genera spanning all subclades are reexamined for osteological correlates indicative of intracranial and oral soft tissues...
October 17, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Beatriz W T Coelho, Michael S Engel
Males of the neotropical bee genus Ruizantheda Moure sensu lato (Halictinae: Caenohalictini) differ from those of other caenohalictine genera in having the outer gonostylar plate with a large membranous region that extends to the ventral region, and the ventral gonostylar lobe retrorse. These features permit the placement of six additional species described here, four of which are new, in the genus in this broader sense. The males of these six species share the following characteristics: profemur swollen; mesofemur exceedingly swollen; mesotibia slightly swollen with flat, minutely ridged ventral area and small apical tooth; S4 shortened medially, commonly largely hidden under S3, with transverse median depression and apical margin emarginate; apicolateral lobes of S4 with tuft of branched setae and stout, simple, recurved setae on margin; S5 with U-shaped gradulus and setal patch, sometimes inconspicuous; outer lateral expansion of penis valve bilobed, and median posterior margin of volsella strongly angulate...
May 1, 2018: Zootaxa
M Cristina DÍaz, Shirley A Pomponi
Pulley Ridge, a limestone ridge that extends nearly 300 km along the southwestern Florida shelf in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, supports a mesophotic coral ecosystem (59 to 94 m deep), surrounded by deeper waters. An ongoing evaluation of Porifera biodiversity observed and collected during expeditions by Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute (2003-2015) have shown the existence of approximately 102 sponge species, with at least 20 species new to science. The present paper describes two novel Poecilosclerida from mesophotic reefs and deep escarpments in the Pulley Ridge Region, Eastern Gulf of Mexico, namely Discorhabdella ruetzleri n...
August 31, 2018: Zootaxa
Yang Yao, Kun He, Ping Gong, Hua Tang
PURPOSE: Bone splitting and osteotome are common ridge expansion choices for patients with a narrow alveolar ridge requiring dental implant restoration. Despite the effectiveness of the 2 techniques in horizontal ridge augmentation, they could also result in severe complications, which is thus considered a contraindication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A modification of the bone splitting and the osteotome techniques is proposed hereby as an alternative. RESULTS: The modified procedure reduces the tension of labial bone plate by creating a partial bone fracture at the most depressed area of labial defect where the thinner bone exists...
August 2018: Implant Dentistry
Guei-Hua Hu, Stuart J Froum, Abdullah Alodadi, Fuyuki Nose, Yung-Cheng Paul Yu, Takanori Suzuki, Sang-Choon Cho
This paper introduces a three-stage split-crest (TSSC) technique for horizontal ridge augmentation in the atrophic posterior mandible. The first stage consists of splitting the ridge. Following a 3- to 4-week healing interval, the second stage consists of expansion of the cortical plate (without elevating the periosteum) and placement of a bone replacement graft material. After 3 to 4 months of healing, the implants are placed. The advantages of this three-stage technique are increased vascularization to the surgical area, a decrease in procedure complications, and improved implant survival rates...
July 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Tatiana Miranda Deliberador, Thalyta Verbicaro, Leonel Minerva, Rafaela Scariot, Allan Fernando Giovanini, João César Zielak
In recent years, there have been a growing number of procedures involving dental implants. Most cases, though, are characterized by bone atrophy, especially horizontal atrophy. This clinical case aims to report a technique for the expansion of the horizontal alveolar ridge. A longitudinal fracture was created in the alveolar ridge to expand the bone, followed by immediate insertion of dental implants along with a particulate allogeneic bone graft. Eight implants were placed in the maxilla, and after 12 months, a surgical reopening was performed, along with rehabilitation with a protocol-type prosthesis, for which a zirconia infrastructure was made...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Matteo Chiapasco, Paolo Casentini
The rehabilitation of partially or totally edentulous patients with implant-supported prostheses has become routine, with excellent long-term outcome. A proper implant position is mandatory to achieve good functional and esthetic outcome and may require an adequate amount of alveolar bone and surrounding soft tissue. When this is lacking because of atrophy, sequelae of periodontal disease, traumas or congenital malformations, increased bone volume and/or keratinized mucosa can be obtained by guided bone regeneration, bone-grafting techniques and alveolar bone expansion...
June 2018: Periodontology 2000
Steven D Briscoe, Caroline B Albertin, Joanna J Rowell, Clifton W Ragsdale
The avian dorsal telencephalon has two vast territories, the nidopallium and the mesopallium, both of which have been shown to contribute substantially to higher cognitive functions. From their connections, these territories have been proposed as equivalent to mammalian neocortical layers 2 and 3, various neocortical association areas, or the amygdala, but whether these are analogies or homologies by descent is unknown. We investigated the molecular profiles of the mesopallium and the nidopallium with RNA-seq...
March 5, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Daria Barwinska, John Garner, Darrell D Davidson, Todd G Cook, George J Eckert, Sunil S Tholpady, Keith L March, Kinam Park, Clark T Barco
BACKGROUND: There are few methods for expanding oral mucosa, and these often cause complications such as tissue necrosis and expander eruption. This study examines mucosal blood perfusion following insertion of a novel shapeable hydrogel tissue expander (HTE). The canine model used subgingival insertion of HTE following tooth extraction and alveolar bone reduction. The primary goal of this study was to gain understanding of epithelial perfusion and reparative responses of gingival mucosa during HTE expansion...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Nayansi Jha, Eun Ha Choi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Jae Jun Ryu
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate instrumentation procedures of the alveolar ridge expansion technique (ARST) with or without Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) and to identify the most used instruments for successful outcome. An electronic as well as manual literature search was conducted in several databases including Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, for articles written in English up to September 2016. The question in focus was to identify the type of device for ridge expansion that is most frequently used and provides adequate bone expansion and implant success rate...
2017: PloS One
Fernando Jativa, Xuehua Zhang
Silk is a natural polymer with a broad range of potential applications in textiles, advanced materials, biomedical devices, and drug delivery. The ability to control the morphology and assembly of silk fibroin is essential for the fabrication of silk-based structured materials. Here, we report an effective and simple approach based on droplet dissolution for weaving silk fibroin into spheres of several hundred micrometers in diameter. The spheres possess regular wrinkled microstructures on the surface and switchable transparency for visible light...
August 8, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
X Li, P Xu, X Xu, S Liu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of delayed expansion of the alveolar ridge in dental implantation. This method avoids the need to harvest autogenous bone and the requirement to fix a block with screws, and could help prevent the uncontrolled fracture and avascular necrosis that may result from the traditional alveolar split. Eighteen patients and 43 implants were included in this retrospective study. The width of the alveolar ridge was measured before implantation, immediately after implantation, and after the final restoration...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ivo Agabiti, Daniele Botticelli
PURPOSE: When the bone ridge is corticalized, the displacement of the buccal plate may result in an unintentional malfracture. The aim of this study was to report the results of a 2-stage atrophic alveolar ridge expansion performed with a sonic-air surgical instrument. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, the atrophic distal segments of the mandible were treated by a split-thickness flap approach and application of an alveolar ridge expansion performed in 2 surgical phases...
October 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
S C Möhlhenrich, A Modabber, K Kniha, F Peters, T Steiner, F Hölzle, U Fritz, S Raith
Surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE) is a common treatment to correct transverse maxillary deficiencies. Finite element analysis was simulated for six designs of SARPE based on a computed tomography scan of a human skull: median osteotomy with palatal (type A) or alveolar ridge (type B) bone-borne force, additional lateral osteotomy with palatal (type C) or alveolar ridge (type D) bone-borne force, and additional pterygomaxillary separation with palatal (type E) or alveolar ridge (type F) bone-borne force...
October 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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