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Verónica Perez-Cabezas, Carmen Ruiz-Molinero, Bernardo Nuñez-Moraleda, José Jesús Jimenez-Rejano, Raquel Chillón-Martinez, Jose A Moral-Munoz
Zika virus (Zikv) infection implies a significant public health issue due to the different syndromes associated. It is related to several central nervous system problems, such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barre Syndrome. In this way, the first document about the relation of Guillain-Barre Syndrome and Zika indexed in Web of Science was published in 2014. Therefore, the primary goal of the present study is to analyze the leading scientific producers, the relative specialization of the countries, and the collaboration network in the research area...
February 13, 2019: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Albert Km Chan, Michael G Botelho, Otto Lt Lam
BACKGROUND: While the application of learning analytics in tertiary education has received increasing attention in recent years, a much smaller number have explored its use in health care-related educational studies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to examine the use of e-learning analytics data in health care studies with regards to how the analytics is reported and if there is a relationship between e-learning analytics and learning outcomes. METHODS: We performed comprehensive searches of papers from 4 electronic databases (MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, Web of Science, and ERIC) to identify relevant papers...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jiasian Teh, Joe Wei, Glen Chiang, Tatenda C Nzenza, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
INTRODUCTION: Men's health research covers a broad range of topics. Men and women face different barriers to health, with men almost universally having a lower life expectancy than women. Access to high-quality information on men's health topics is potentially an important part of engaging men with medical services. We aim to assess the quality of men's health resources available on the internet across 4 developed countries using a tier-based rating system as well as the World Health Organisation Health on the Net (HON) standards...
February 12, 2019: World Journal of Urology
Yulin Hswen, Anuraag Gopaluni, John S Brownstein, Jared B Hawkins
BACKGROUND: More than 3.5 million Americans live with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Major challenges persist in diagnosing ASD as no medical test exists to diagnose this disorder. Digital phenotyping holds promise to guide in the clinical diagnoses and screening of ASD. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the feasibility of using the Web-based social media platform Twitter to detect psychological and behavioral characteristics of self-identified persons with ASD...
February 12, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Hatem Shili, Sonia Ben Hadj Hassen, Taycir Daoud, Hichem Denguir, Françoise Ounalli
The Tunisian health care system is experiencing a significant period of change and needs reforms so as to adapt. The nursing profession, which is the main actor of this system, in terms of number and function, is barely known or utterly unknown. The present paper's authors, who are paramedical teachers, aim to shed light on the specificity of the nursing and the nursing profession based on data collecting, and rare articles and legislation texts. In four sections, the paper will discuss the following issues: the nursing population demography, providing several indicators, their training throughout the reforms period, their training which has been "hooked" to university studies, their job profile and career plan...
October 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Janet E Squires, Ian D Graham, Doris Grinspun, John Lavis, France Légaré, Robert Bell, Stephen Bornstein, Susan E Brien, Mark Dobrow, Megan Greenough, Carole A Estabrooks, Michael Hillmer, Tanya Horsley, Alan Katz, Christina Krause, Wendy Levinson, Adrian Levy, Michelina Mancuso, Alies Maybee, Steve Morgan, Letitia Nadalin Penno, Andrew Neuner, Tamara Rader, Janet Roberts, Gary Teare, Joshua Tepper, Amanda Vandyk, Denise Widmeyer, Michael Wilson, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition in Canada and globally that a substantial proportion of health care delivered is inappropriate as evidenced by (1) harmful and/or ineffective practices being overused, (2) effective clinical practices being underused, and (3) other clinical practices being misused. Inappropriate health care leads to negative patient experiences, poor health outcomes, and inefficient use of scarce health care resources. The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of inappropriate health care in Canada...
February 11, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Cari van Schalkwyk, Jean Maritz, Gert U van Zyl, Wolfgang Preiser, Alex Welte
BACKGROUND: Access to qualitative HIV PCRs for early infant diagnosis (EID) is restricted in resource-limited settings due to cost. We hypothesised that pooling of dried blood spots (DBS), defined as combining multiple patient samples in a single test with subsequent individual testing of positive pools, would be cost saving while retaining clinical accuracy compared to individual patient testing. METHODS: Cost savings: A model was developed to simulate reagent and consumable cost saving of pooled compared to individual sample testing...
February 11, 2019: BMC Infectious Diseases
John Chelsom, Naveed Dogar
This paper describes a method by which the Web Ontology Language (OWL) can be used to specify a highly structured health record, following internationally recognised standards such as ISO 13606 and HL7 CDA. The structured record is coded using schemes such as SNOMED, ICD or LOINC, with the coding applied statically, on the basis of the predefined structure, or dynamically, on the basis of data values entered in the health record. The highly structured, coded record can then be linked with external knowledge sources which are themselves coded using the Resource Description Framework...
2019: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Ajanta Singh, Devaraj Acharya, Krishna Pathak, Basundhara Sharma, Shiva Raj Mishra
Background: Universal health coverage (UHC) assures all types of health service and protects all citizens financially in any conditions due to illness. Globally, the UN sustainable development goal (SDG) provides high priority for UHC as a health related goal. The National health system of Nepal has prioritized in similar way. The aim of this study is to explore the challenges and opportunities on the road to UHC in Nepal. Method: We used varieties of search terminologies with popular search engines like PubMed, Google, Google Scholar, etc...
2019: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Taylor A Wilson, Rebekah G Langston, Ka Hin Wong, Analiz Rodriguez
OBJECTIVEThe American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation (NREF) provides ongoing competitive research fellowships for residents and young investigators. The authors sought to determine the characteristics and career tracks of award recipients.METHODSThe authors analyzed characteristics and academic productivity parameters of NREF resident and young investigator awardees in the United States and Canada from 1983 to 2017. Data were extracted from the NREF database and online resources (Web of Science, NIH reporter)...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Neurosurgery
Livia Benato, Nicola J Rooney, Jo C Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of pain and analgesia in rabbits with the aim of developing a more accurate understanding of these topics. To illustrate and discuss the areas that have advanced in recent years and those that still require further research. DATABASES USED: Three key subject resources were used: Web of Science, Medline and CAB Abstracts. Search terms were rabbits, lagomorphs, laboratory animals, pet, pain, surgical procedures, ovariohysterectomy, orchiectomy, castration, analgesia, opioids, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
December 14, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
David G Baxter, Margo Hilbrecht, Cameron T J Wheaton
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a complex issue with diverse antecedents and resulting harms that have been studied from multiple disciplinary perspectives. Although previous bibliometric reviews of gambling studies have found a dominance of judgement and decision-making research, no bibliometric review has examined the concept of "harm" in the gambling literature, and little work has quantitatively assessed how gambling research priorities differ between countries. METHODS: Guided by the Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling (CFHG), an internationally relevant framework of antecedents to harmful gambling, we conducted a bibliometric analysis focusing on research outputs from three countries with different gambling regulatory environments: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand...
February 8, 2019: Harm Reduction Journal
Alla Keselman, Catherine Arnott Smith, Anita C Murcko, David R Kaufman
BACKGROUND: Critical evaluation of online health information has always been central to consumer health informatics. However, with the emergence of new Web media platforms and the ubiquity of social media, the issue has taken on a new dimension and urgency. At the same time, many established existing information quality evaluation guidelines address information characteristics other than the content (eg, authority and currency), target information creators rather than users as their main audience, or do not address information presented via novel Web technologies...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Kathryn M Tabor, Gregory D Marquart, Christopher Hurt, Trevor S Smith, Alexandra K Geoca, Ashwin A Bhandiwad, Abhignya Subedi, Jennifer L Sinclair, Hannah M Rose, Nicholas F Polys, Harold A Burgess
Decoding the functional connectivity of the nervous system is facilitated by transgenic methods that express a genetically encoded reporter or effector in specific neurons; however, most transgenic lines show broad spatiotemporal and cell-type expression. Increased specificity can be achieved using intersectional genetic methods which restrict reporter expression to cells that co-express multiple drivers, such as Gal4 and Cre. To facilitate intersectional targeting in zebrafish, we have generated more than 50 new Cre lines, and co-registered brain expression images with the Zebrafish Brain Browser, a cellular resolution atlas of 264 transgenic lines...
February 8, 2019: ELife
Beth D Kaufman, Seth A Hollander, Yulin Zhang, Sharon Chen, Daniel Bernstein, David N Rosenthal, Christopher S Almond, Jenna M Murray, Alyssa M Burgart, Harvey J Cohen, James N Kirkpatrick, Elizabeth D Blume
OBJECTIVES: This study's objective was to investigate compassionate ventricular assist device deactivation (VADdeact) in children from the perspective of the pediatric heart failure provider. BACKGROUND: Pediatric VAD use is a standard therapy for advanced heart failure. Serious adverse events may affect relative benefit of continued support, leading to consideration of VADdeact. Perspectives and practices regarding VADdeact have been studied in adults but not in children...
February 7, 2019: Pediatric Transplantation
Antonino Cusumano, Jeffrey A Harvey, Marcel Dicke, Erik H Poelman
Although consumers often rely on chemical information to optimize their foraging strategies, it is poorly understood how top carnivores above the third trophic level find resources in heterogeneous environments. Hyperparasitoids are a common group of organisms in the fourth trophic level that lay their eggs in or on the body of other parasitoid hosts. Such top carnivores use herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) to find caterpillars containing parasitoid host larvae. Hyperparasitoids forage in complex environments where hosts of different quality may be present alongside non-host parasitoid species, each of which can develop in multiple herbivore species...
February 5, 2019: Oecologia
Sarah Habran, Pierre Crespin, Mathieu Veschkens, Suzanne Remy
In response to the Walloon Environment and Health Program, the Scientific Institute of Public Services (ISSeP) developed an integrated approach of environmental exposure assessment in the Walloon region, Belgium. The study presents an index-based approach to estimate the multiple environmental burdens at regional level and detailed local resolution. Indicators are based on environmental measurements of pollutants in ambient air and soil, and on stressors for citizens related to noise and radon. These indicators were mapped as proportions to obtain an accurate comparison between spatial units...
February 6, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
John Harlow, Nadir Weibel, Rasheed Al Kotob, Vincent Chan, Cinnamon Bloss, Rubi Linares-Orozco, Michelle Takemoto, Camille Nebeker
Mobile health (mHealth) research involving pervasive sensors, mobile apps and other novel data collection tools and methods present new ethical, legal, and social challenges specific to informed consent, data management and bystander rights. To address these challenges, a participatory design approach was deployed whereby stakeholders contributed to the development of a web-based commons to support the mHealth research community including researchers and ethics board members. The CORE (Connected and Open Research Ethics) platform now features a community forum, a resource library and a network of nearly 600 global members...
February 6, 2019: Science and Engineering Ethics
Taylor Jade Willmott, Bo Pang, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Abi Badejo
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a vulnerable period for unhealthy lifestyle adoption and excess weight gain. Scant attention has been focused on developing and evaluating effective weight gain prevention strategies for this age group. Electronic health (eHealth) offers potential as a cost-effective means of delivering convenient, individually-tailored, and contextually-meaningful interventions at scale. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this systematic review was to locate and synthesize the evidence on eHealth weight management interventions targeting young adults, with a particular focus on (eHealth) intervention components and outcomes...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Fiona Sach, Ellen S Dierenfeld, Simon C Langley-Evans, Michael J Watts, Lisa Yon
Background: The increasing human population and global intensification of agriculture have had a major impact on the world's natural ecosystems and caused devastating effects on populations of mega-herbivores such as the African savanna elephants, through habitat reduction and fragmentation and increased human-animal conflict. Animals with vast home ranges are forced into increasingly smaller geographical areas, often restricted by fencing or encroaching anthropogenic activities, resulting in huge pressures on these areas to meet the animals' resource needs...
2019: PeerJ
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