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achilles tendonopathy

Turab Arshad Syed, Anthony Perera
Haglund's syndrome encompasses several different pathologies, including Haglund's deformity, insertional Achilles tendonopathy, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and superficial bursitis. Traditionally treated with open surgery, there is increasing interest in a more minimally invasive approach to this difficult region to reduce complications and improve the rate and ease of recovery. We review the evidence available for 2 of these techniques: the endoscopic calcaneoplasty and percutaneous Zadek's calcaneal osteotomy (also known as Keck and Kelly's osteotomy)...
September 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Selim Kurtoğlu, Leyla Akın, Mustafa Kendirci, Sedat Çağlı, Salih Özgöçmen
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in children and adolescents is a rare condition. PHPT is usually sporadic and caused by parathyroid adenoma. Patients may present with bone pain, proximal myopathy, bony deformities, fractures, renal calculi, mass on the neck, or acute pancreatitis. A sixteen-year-old boy presented to our outpatient clinic with difficulty in walking due to swelling of both ankles. Ultrasonography revealed intratendinous calcific nodules in both Achilles tendons. Serum biochemistry showed hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Dishan Singh
Familial hypercholesterolaemia is an autosomal dominant disease, with a prevalence of 1 in 500, where lipid deposits occur in the skin, tendons (particularly Achilles tendon) and arteries. It has a high risk of early coronary artery disease and mortality but is treatable with cholesterol lowering strategies if patients are diagnosed early. Studies in patients attending lipid clinics have shown that half the patients may have suffered from Achilles tendon symptoms 20 years earlier and it has been proposed that all patients presenting with Achilles tendon pain should have a serum cholesterol test...
December 2015: Foot
Sébastien Aubry, Jean-Philippe Nueffer, Mickaël Tanter, Fabio Becce, Chrystelle Vidal, Fabrice Michel
PURPOSE: To investigate the differences in viscoelastic properties between normal and pathologic Achilles tendons (ATs) by using real-time shear-wave elastography (SWE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this study, and written informed consent was obtained from 25 symptomatic patients and 80 volunteers. One hundred eighty ultrasonographic (US) and SWE studies of ATs without tendonopathy and 30 studies of the middle portion of the AT in patients with tendonopathy were assessed prospectively...
March 2015: Radiology
Janet C Patterson-Kane, Tina Rich
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injury in equine athletes is one of the most well-accepted, scientifically supported companion animal models of human disease (i.e., exercise-induced Achilles tendon [AT] injury). The SDFT and AT are functionally and clinically equivalent (and important) energy-storing structures for which no equally appropriate rodent, rabbit, or other analogues exist. Access to equine tissues has facilitated significant advances in knowledge of tendon maturation and aging, determination of specific exercise effects (including early life), and definition of some of the earliest stages of subclinical pathology...
2014: ILAR Journal
Carol House, Allyson Reece, Dan Roiz de Sa
This study was undertaken to determine whether the incidence of lower limb overuse injuries (LLOIs) sustained during Royal Marine training could be reduced by issuing the recruits with shock-absorbing insoles (SAIs) to wear in their military boots. This was a retrospective longitudinal trial conducted in two phases. Injury data from 1,416 recruits issued with standard Saran insoles and 1,338 recruits issued with SAI were compared. The recruits in the two groups were of similar height, body mass, and aerobic fitness and followed the same training course...
June 2013: Military Medicine
Eugene G McNally, Shilpa Shetty
Plantar fasciopathy is a common cause of heel pain. This article covers the imaging anatomy of the hindfoot, the imaging findings on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of plantar fasciopathy, plantar fibromas, trauma, Achilles tendonopathy, neural compression, stress fractures of the os calcis and other heel pad lesions. Thickening of the plantar fascia insertion more than 5 mm either on ultrasound or MRI is suggestive of plantar fasciopathy. Ultrasound is superior to MRI for diagnosis of plantar fibroma as small low signal lesions on MRI are similar to the normal plantar fascia signal...
September 2010: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
D S Blaise Williams, James A Zambardino, Valerie A Banning
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine if runners with a history of Achilles tendonopathy (AT) demonstrate a difference in transverse-plane motion and moments at the distal tibia and knee compared to runners without a history of AT. BACKGROUND: One of the more prevalent overuse running injuries is AT. It has been hypothesized that prolonged pronation causes contradictory rotational forces acting on the AT. Conflicting joint motions may also accentuate the rotation of the tendon...
December 2008: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Michael D Luck, Andrew G Gordon, Judy S Blebea, Murray K Dalinka
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between accessory soleus muscle and abnormalities of the Achilles tendon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed 15 consecutive cases with a diagnosis of accessory soleus muscle from a computerized database of ankle magnetic resonance (MR) examinations reported between January 1998 and January 2007. On review, two cases were eliminated because of an incorrect initial diagnosis: One patient had a low lying soleus attachment to the Achilles tendon, while the other had a prominent flexor hallucis longus tendon partially obliterating Kager's fat...
December 2008: Skeletal Radiology
Troy Glaser, Sourav Poddar, Beth Tweed, Charles W Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2008: Journal of Family Practice
William T DeCarbo, Christopher F Hyer
Chronic Achilles tendinosis can be a challenging problem to the foot and ankle surgeon. Multiple surgical treatment options have been described for this condition including transfer of the Flexor Hallucis Longus (FHL) tendon for an incompetent Achilles tendon. Our technique describes FHL tendon transfer into the calcaneus to replace or supplement the Achilles tendon using a single posterior incision, a "short harvest" and interference screw fixation.
January 2008: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Nele Nathalie Mahieu, Peter McNair, Ann Cools, Caroline D'Haen, Katrien Vandermeulen, Erik Witvrouw
PURPOSE: It has been shown that eccentric training can be effective in the rehabilitation of patients with Achilles tendonopathy. The mechanism behind these results is not clear. However, there is evidence that tendons are able to respond to repeated forces by altering their structure and composition, and, thus, their mechanical properties change. In this regard, the objective of the present study was to investigate whether eccentric training affects the mechanical properties of the plantar flexor's muscle-tendon tissue properties...
January 2008: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
P J Richards, T Win, P W Jones
OBJECTIVES: To assess the distribution of microvascular response on colour Doppler (CD) and power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) of the tendo Achilles (TA) in tendonopathy, and to look for any relationship between tendon morphology and symptoms. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A retrospective, observational study was carried out on consecutive ambulant US patients with suspected tendonopathy, presenting with pain or an Achilles mass. Exclusion criteria were: use of steroids, and previous or possible rupture or surgery in either tendon or arthropathy...
June 2005: Skeletal Radiology
Vincent Morelli, Ernest James
Injuries to the Achilles tendon are common in primary care. Insertional tendonitis, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and paratenonitis are acute injuries usually treated conservatively with rest, ice, anti-inflammatory measures, and physical rehabilitation. Causative factors such as improper training or biomechanical abnormalities must be corrected to prevent reoccurrence. Achilles tendinosis is a chronic condition that does not always cause clinical symptoms. When symptoms occur, they are thought to be due to microtrauma or progressive failure resulting in inflammation...
December 2004: Primary Care
Darin W Allred, Ghazi M Rayan
A patient is reported with a history of multiple tendon ruptures including biceps, flexor hallucis longus and achilles tendons. He presented with closed rupture of the flexor carpi radialis tendon following long standing tendonopathy and scapho-trapezio-trapezoid arthrosis. Non-operative treatment was elected because of low physical demands on the upper extremity. Early management of scapho-trapezio-trapezoid arthritis can prevent flexor carpi radialis tendon rupture.
May 2003: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
A Oatridge, A Herlihy, R W Thomas, A L Wallace, B K Puri, D J Larkman, G M Bydder
AIMS: To assess the Achilles tendon in patients with chronic tendonopathy using magnetic resonance (MR) magic angle imaging, and to compare the appearances and uptake of contrast medium in abnormal tendons with those in normal tendons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight patients with chronic Achilles tendonopathy and five normal controls were examined with the long axis of the tendon placed at 55 degrees and at 0 degrees to the main magnetic field. Conventional two-dimensional (2D) multi-slice images were obtained and T1 values were calculated before, and for up to 1h after the administration of intravenous gadodiamide...
May 2003: Clinical Radiology
D W Hayes, E K Gilbertson, V J Mandracchia, T F Dolphin
Corticosteroids have been used extensively in the practice of orthopedics and podiatry. It is the authors' opinion that the issue of corticosteroids and their effect on the healing of tendon pathology has not been addressed sufficiently or answered adequately. Few studies have used a well-controlled injury model. Steroid dosage and steroid selection also appear to be random. Clinical experience in conjunction with a complete review of the literature, however, leads the authors to believe that the use of local corticosteroid injection is a valid treatment option...
October 2000: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
S I Subotnick
Peroneal tendonopathy or injuries are not common but may be troubling to the sports enthusiast. Prompt diagnosis and treatment usually result in complete recovery with conservative measures. Biodynamic orthosis with deep heel cups and a long lateral flange extension often are required for return to activity. MR imaging is helpful in difficult, persistent cases to check for ruptures. Surgery is not commonly performed but if required is usually successful in correcting the pathology. Alternative medicine may improve treatment outcomes...
July 1997: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
G O Hofmann, T Weber, G Lob
This is a report on three cases with spontaneous ruptures of major tendons of the lower extremities. In two cases ruptures occurred in the quadriceps tendon, one of them bilaterally, and in one case in the Achilles' tendon. All patients suffered from chronic renal failure and were treated by long-term hemodialysis. Coincidentally secondary hyperparathyroidism was noticed twice. The pathophysiological relation between chronic renal failure and spontaneous tendon rupture is still unknown. An "uremic tendopathy" is discussed...
June 1990: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
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