Lei Liu, Wenbin Wu, Longbo Gong, Miao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Non-intubated thoracoscopic lung surgery has been reported to be technically feasible and safe. Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus, also known as Boerhaave's syndrome (BS), is rare after chest surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old female non-smoker underwent non-intubated uniportal thoracoscopic wedge resection for a pulmonary nodule. Ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block was utilized for postoperative analgesia. However, the patient suffered from severe emesis, chest pain and dyspnea 6 h after the surgery...
October 1, 2020: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Allen Widysanto, Maranatha Liem, Karina Dian Puspita, Cindy Meidy Leony Pradhana
We report the case of a 53-year-old male that presented to our hospital with a history of a brain tumour. He was hospitalized 10 days prior in another hospital. Before surgery, he complained of mild cough. Routine chest radiography demonstrated right upper lobe consolidation which was diagnosed as hospital-acquired pneumonia. Broad-spectrum empirical antimicrobial was initiated. After surgery, his clinical condition deteriorated and he felt breathlessness. Chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) scan without contrast revealed necrotizing and cavitating pneumonia complicated by bronchopleural fistula (BPF) and hydropneumothorax...
November 2020: Respirology Case Reports
Karima El Fakiri, Ghizlane Draiss, Noureddine Rada, Mohammed Bouskraoui, Abderrachid Hamdaoui, Mohamed Oulad Saiad
Pneumoblastoma is a rare primary childhood tumor. We report the observation of an infant aged 2 years and 8 months who presented with dry cough and dyspnea. The physical examination found mixed pleural effusion syndrome on the right. The chest X-ray revealed a right pneumothorax. Biology has shown leukocytosis at 16,000/mm3 . The CT scan revealed parenchymal air cystic lesions affecting the outer segment of the middle lobe mimicking a pulmonary malformation. Thoracic drainage brought back 100 ml of the fluid...
2020: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Antonio Higor Marques Aragão, Letícia Aguiar Fonseca, Flávio Clemente Deulefeu, Israel Lopes Medeiros, Rafael Fernandes Viana de Araújo, Carlos Alberto da Cruz Neto, Antero Gomes Neto
Spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a rare and potentially life-threatening disorder which complicates about 1-12% of patients presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax and has a remarkable predilection for male patients. It may present with signs of hypovolemic shock without apparent cause. While there are no specific guidelines for the management of patients diagnosed with such condition, wide debate in the literature relating to patient selection for surgery remains unresolved, and recently there seems to be a trend increasingly favorable towards early surgical intervention...
2020: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Yehia Z Ali, Htin Aung, Nathan J Doll, Sorin V Pislaru
Background: Pneumopericardium is an uncommon clinical finding. It most commonly occurs after chest trauma but can also emerge as a complication following interventional or surgical procedures and can result in life-threatening complications. A high index of clinical suspicion should be present and once the condition is recognized, it should be managed promptly. Paucity of literature on pneumopericardium makes outlining any new case of paramount importance to emphasize the aspects of diagnosis and management of this rare condition...
December 2019: European Heart Journal. Case Reports
Toshinari Ema, Kazuhito Funai, Akikazu Kawase, Hiroaki Oiwa, Shuhei Iizuka, Norihiko Shiiya
A 61-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room because of sudden right chest pain and dyspnea. A chest X-ray and chest computed tomography (CT) revealed severe right pneumothorax with massive pleural effusion. Chest drainage was performed and approximately 1.2 L of pleural fluid was removed. Hemothorax was suspected based on the imaging findings, but the pleural effusion was serous. Active air leakage continued for 4 days after chest drainage, thus we decided to surgically control the air leakage and performed video-assisted surgery...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Hamida Kwas, Ines Zendah, Habib Ghedira
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is a frequent complication of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and a severe form of the disease. In spite of the fact that TB is a common cause of pneumothorax, a very few series, have been reported. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the experience of SP secondary to TB in patients who were hospitalized in our department between 2005 and 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 38,5±19 years. Two patients had a history of pulmonary tuberculosis...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Lamyae Amro, Saloua El Fadili, Hind Serhane, Hafsa Sajiai, Salma Ait Batahar
Hydatid cyst is an infectious disease which is quite frequent in Morocco. Pelvic and pancreatic locations of this parasitic infection are rare, namely exceptional. We report the case of a 66-year old patient who was operated for liver hydatic cyst 6 years before, presenting for chest pain associated with hydatidoptysis. Chest X-ray objectified left hydropneumothorax. Thoraco-abdominopelvic CT showed mediastinal liquid mass as well as multiple hepatic, pancreatic (isthmus), pelvic and left under diaphragmatic cystic lesions...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Joseph R Shiber, Emily Fontane, Jin H Ra, Andrew J Kerwin
BACKGROUND: A brief review of the historical aspects of esophageal rupture is presented along with a case and current recommendations for diagnostic evaluation and treatment. CASE REPORT: A 97-year-old woman complained of acute dyspnea without prior vomiting. Chest x-ray study showed a large right pneumothorax with associated effusion. A thoracostomy tube was placed with return of > 1 L turbid fluid with polymicrobial culture and elevated pleural fluid amylase level...
June 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohd Jazman Che Rahim, Nurashikin Mohammad, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali
We report a case of a 46-year-old Malay woman with underlying hypothyroidism post thyroidectomy who presented with worsening breathlessness, orthopnoea, productive cough and left-sided pleuritic chest pain of 3 days duration. Chest X-ray on admission showed left-sided massive hydropneumothorax. Pleural tapping revealed empyema. A chest tube was inserted immediately. The culture of pleural fluid grew Streptococcus constellatus The patient was treated with antibiotics for a total of 6 weeks and underwent open thoracotomy and decortication during admission...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Een Hendarsih, Trinugroho H Fadjari, Amaylia Oehadian
We present 2 patients who developed spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) following rapid regression of lymphoma and rhabdomyosarcoma with lung metastases. Case 1, a 43-year old man was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea 10 days before admission. He denied any recent trauma or previous treatment for lung tuberculosis. Three weeks prior to admission, he received first cycle of CHOP for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma stage II BE. Chest X-ray consistent with right pneumothorax. After treatment with chest tube drainage for about 1 month, the patient recovered and chemotherapy could be continued without further complications...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
David DeLapp, Christopher Chan, Perry Nystrom
Mesothelioma is a rare pulmonary malignancy commonly associated with asbestos exposure. Its presentation is insidious and non-specific, with complaints of chest pain, dyspnea and cough. Chest X-ray may demonstrate unilateral pleural effusion. CT and PET scans may highlight nodular pleural plaques. Diagnosis often times is difficult with negative imaging and negative pleural fluid studies. In rare cases, hydropneumothoraces may be seen. We report a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma presenting as recurrent hydropneumothorax with negative CT scan of the chest for pleural abnormalities and negative pleural fluid studies...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Carolina Ortega, Carla Gonzales, Manuel E Soto-Martinez, Adriana Yock-Corrales
Hydropneumothorax is an uncommon presentation of a complicated pneumonia, and very few cases in the pediatric population have been reported. This is a case of a 5-month-old patient who presented to the emergency department (ED) with a three-day history of fever, diarrhea, and respiratory distress. His initial assessment suggested a lower respiratory tract infection and because of his respiratory distress and hypoxia a chest X-ray was performed. Other clinical information and radiologic studies will be discussed further, but his chest X-ray suggested a right-sided hydropneumothorax secondary to a complicated pneumonia...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Vassil Nikolov Zefov, Maryam Anas Almatrooshi
INTRODUCTION: Late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare anomaly with misleading symptoms and signs. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 7-year-old Middle Eastern girl who presented with acute nonspecific abdominal symptoms and respiratory distress of 2 days' duration after sustaining a blunt trauma on her left chest wall on a background of chronic ill-defined left chest pain of 2 weeks' duration. Her initial chest radiograph showed an air-fluid level, which was thought to be a hydropneumothorax, so a chest tube was inserted and was shown to be positioned between the chest wall and the air collection; therefore, a nasogastric tube was inserted and it was positioned in the left chest cavity so the diagnosis of late-onset congenital diaphragmatic hernia was made...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Arkaprabha Chakraborty, Anindya Mukherjee, Payel Talukdar, Arunansu Talukdar
Filarial infection can have varied manifestations, but hydropneumothorax at presentation has not yet been reported. A 28-year-old man presented to our hospital with heaviness of the left chest for the past 10 days, which was preceded by a sudden, short stabbing pain in the left chest after straining. Chest X-ray revealed left-sided hydropneumothorax. A peripheral blood picture revealed significant eosinophilia. A pleural fluid report also showed eosinophilia and a few motile microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti...
November 24, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Jeffrey Albores, Tisha Wang
A 46-year-old woman with end-stage liver disease that was complicated by recurrent hepatic hydrothorax requiring multiple thoracenteses presented with breathlessness. Chest examination found no breath sounds on the right side. Radiography of the chest revealed a hydropneumothorax (Panel A; the..
May 7, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Liju Ahmed, Hugh Ip, Deepak Rao, Nishil Patel, Farinaz Noorzad
Malignant pleural effusions cause significant morbidity, but there is no gold standard minimally invasive treatment. A new therapeutic approach combines talc pleurodesis and indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) to enable outpatient management. This case series summarizes the safety and efficacy data of all patients (24) with a symptomatic malignant pleural effusion who underwent talc pleurodeses via IPCs between December 2010 and July 2013. Successful pleurodesis was achieved in 22 procedures (92%). There was one empyema, one hydropneumothorax, one recurrent effusion, and two minor complications: one drain site wound infection and one complaint of chest pain...
December 2014: Chest
Babak Eshaghian, Farhad Mazdisnian
SESSION TITLE: Cancer Cases ISESSION TYPE: Affiliate Case Report SlidePRESENTED ON: Monday, October 27, 2014 at 11:00 AM - 12:00 PMINTRODUCTION: Malignant mesothelioma is a neoplasm arising from the mesothelial surface of the peritoneum, pericardium, and tunica vaginalis, with majority of cases arising from the pleura. We report a rare case of malignant mesothelioma affecting the major airways.CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old man with a history of asbestos exposure presented with dyspnea with minimal exertion...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Hamdy Mahmoud, ISmail Mobarak, Usma Arafa
SESSION TITLE: Pleural Disease PostersSESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: The diseased liver leads to deleterious effects on multiple organ systems including the pleura .Pleural complication of liver diseases including hepatic hydrothorax, empyema, chylothorax, pneumothorax and hydropneumothorax. Objective:To determine clinical characteristics, causes and outcomes of pleural complications in cirrhotic patients...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Masoud Ataiekhorasgani, Nasim Jafaripozve, Omid Zaerin
Streptomyces are saprophytic soil organisms rarely known to cause invasive infections. Streptomyces is the largest genus, producing antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasitic drugs. The case was a 24-year-old man, admitted for sudden dyspnea, fever and sputum and decreased sound in the left lung. The chest X-ray showed hydropneumothorax. After chest tube insertion, lung expansion did not happen. Pleural effusion was exudative with gram-positive bacillus and Streptomyces in culture. Owing to symptoms of Cushing in history, examination and laboratory work-up for Cushing was done and finally he underwent bilateral adrenalectomy...
2014: Advanced Biomedical Research
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