Sarah Stricker, Grégoire Boulouis, Sandro Benichi, Marie Bourgeois, Florent Gariel, Lorenzo Garzelli, Jean-François Hak, Quentin Alias, Basile Kerleroux, Kevin Beccaria, Anaïs Chivet, Timothée de Saint Denis, Syril James, Giovanna Paternoster, Michel Zerah, Manoelle Kossorotoff, Nathalie Boddaert, Francis Brunelle, Philippe Meyer, Stéphanie Puget, Olivier Naggara, Thomas Blauwblomme
OBJECTIVE: Rupture of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is the main etiology of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in children. Ensuing intracranial hypertension is among the modifiable prognosis factors and sometimes requires emergency hemorrhage evacuation (HE). The authors aimed to analyze variables associated with HE in children with ruptured AVM. METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective analysis of children treated for ruptured AVM. The authors evaluated the occurrence of HE, its association with other acute surgical procedures (e...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
James P Caruso, M Burhan Janjua, Alison Dolce, Angela V Price
OBJECTIVE: Corpus callosotomy remains an established surgical treatment for certain types of medically refractory epilepsy in pediatric patients. While the traditional surgical approach is often well tolerated, the advent of MR-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) provides a new opportunity to ablate the callosal body in a minimally invasive fashion and minimize the risks associated with an open interhemispheric approach. However, the literature is sparse regarding the comparative efficacy and safety profiles of open corpus callosotomy (OCC) and LITT callosotomy...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Dong Ah Shin, Dong Kyu Chin
Originally founded in 1885, Gwanghyewon later became the Severance Hospital (named after philanthropist Louis Severance, who supported and funded the construction of a modern hospital) and Yonsei University College of Medicine. The Department of Neurosurgery at Severance Hospital was established in 1957, and its residency program began in 1961. Currently, the Department of Neurosurgery has 34 professors and 17 fellows; specialties include vascular, functional, pediatric, tumor, skull base, and spine neurosurgery...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery
Salma M Bakr, Ajay Patel, Mohamed A Zaazoue, Kathryn Wagner, Sandi K Lam, Daniel J Curry, Jeffrey S Raskin
OBJECTIVE: The grid-based orthogonal placement of depth electrodes (DEs), initially defined by Jean Talairach and Jean Bancaud, is known as stereo-electroencephalography (sEEG). Although acceptance in the United States was initially slow, advances in imaging and technology have spawned a proliferation of North American epilepsy centers offering sEEG. Despite publications highlighting minimal access techniques and varied indications, standard work for phase I targeted DE has not been defined...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Daniella M DiGuglielmo, Mireille E Kelley, Mark A Espeland, Zachary A Gregory, Tanner D Payne, Derek A Jones, Tanner M Filben, Alexander K Powers, Joel D Stitzel, Jillian E Urban
To reduce head impact exposure (HIE) in youth football, further understanding of the context in which head impacts occur and the associated biomechanics is needed. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of contact characteristics on HIE during player versus player contact scenarios in youth football. Head impact data and time-synchronized video were collected from 4 youth football games over 2 seasons in which opposing teams were instrumented with the Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System. Coded contact characteristics included the player's role in the contact, player speed and body position, contact height, type, and direction, and head contact surface...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Liron Malka Yosef, Yonatan Lahav, Chen Hazout, Elchanan Zloczower, Doron Halperin, Oded Cohen
PURPOSE: Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) may appear in all age groups. The impact of age on surgical outcome has been reported with conflicting results. The aim of the study was to evaluate different risk factors for surgical success according to stratified age groups. METHODS: A single center retrospective study. All patients who underwent a Sistrunk procedure between 2004 and 2018 were enrolled. Data included demographics, pre-operative presentation, intra\postoperative complications and surgical failures...
January 16, 2021: American Journal of Otolaryngology
K V Nisha, M Sanjana, V S Rohith, K Rajalakshmi, Prashanth Prabhu
OBJECTIVES: The present study explored the auditory benefits of abacus-training using a battery of tests (auditory acuity, clarity, and cognition). The study also aimed to identify the relative contributions of auditory processing tests that are most sensitive to the effects of abacus-training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 60 children aged between 9 - 14 years. These participants were divided into two groups (abacus trained and untrained) of 30 each, who underwent a series of auditory functioning tests...
January 5, 2021: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Julia Hadley, Jessica Moore, Amy Goldberg
Although accidental trauma is the most common mechanism for genital bleeding, sexual abuse should be considered when the patient is prepubertal and/or a vague history of bleeding is provided. Pre-pubertal female genital exams should be completed routinely; this clinical technique is critical for pediatricians to assess pubertal progression, to identify pathologies or differences in sexual differentiation, and to narrow a broad differential diagnosis of bleeding. Physical evidence of sexual abuse on exam is rarely found, and therefore the diagnosis relies on a child's disclosure...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Luke G Eckersley, Simon Urschel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2021: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
B Grassiot, P A Beuriat, F Di Rocco, P Leblond, C Faure-Conter, A Szathmari, C Mottolese
INTRODUCTION: Modern approach for the treatment of posterior fossa medulloblastomas remains a challenge for pediatric neurosurgeons and pediatric oncologists and requires a multidisciplinary approach to optimize survival and clinical results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report the surgical principles of the treatment of posterior fossa medulloblastomas in children and how to avoid technical mistakes especially in very young patients. We also report our experience in a series of 64 patients operated from a medulloblastoma between 2000 and 2018 in Lyon...
January 19, 2021: Neuro-Chirurgie
Naomi Caselli, Jennie Pyers, Amy M Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether deaf or hard of hearing children who have hearing parents can develop age-level vocabulary skills when they have early exposure to a sign language. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study of vocabulary size included 78 deaf or hard of hearing children between 8- and 68-months-old who were learning American Sign Language (ASL) and had hearing parents. Children who were exposed to ASL before 6- months-old or between 6- and 36-months-old were compared with a reference sample of 104 deaf and hard of hearing children who have deaf, signing parents...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
Liane Eng, Leslie Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
Fang-Fang Zhang, Qing Zhang, Yuan-Lin Wang, Fang-Fang Wang, Paul J Hardiman, Fan Qu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
Ryan R Davies, Jodie Lantz, Sara Mullowney, Ryan Butts, Timothy Pirolli, Robert D B Jaquiss, David Sutcliffe
Mechanical support of patients with superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) is challenging; multiple factors contribute to SCPC failure: elevated pulmonary vascular resistance, aorto-pulmonary collateral flow, veno-venous collaterals, ventricular dysfunction, and atrioventricular valve regurgitation. We report 2 cases of conversion from a single ventricle circulation to biventricular mechanical support by re-establishing caval continuity. Both patients have demonstrated recovery of end-organ function and participation in rehabilitation...
January 19, 2021: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Lior Sasson, Arie Schachner
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery published a seminal article by the late Dr. Amram ("Ami") Cohen and his associates entitled "Save a Child's Heart: We Can and We Should" in 2001. It stressed the moral imperative and challenge of pediatric heart care in the developing world. The current article presents an update of the past 25 years of the history, experience and international ramifications of one institution and one UN-recognized Israeli organization.
January 19, 2021: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Alexander Koven, Fardod O'Kelly, Ali El-Ghazzaoui, Jacob C Langer, David Levin, Aubie Diamond, Yisroel Goldstein, Ezriel Reichman, Martin A Koyle
OBJECTIVES: To assess caregiver satisfaction, procedural outcomes and practitioner opinion regarding a novel program designed for patients to undergo a deferred Jewish ritual circumcision (Brit Milah) in the operating room (OR), combined with other indicated surgical procedures. METHODS: All patients undergoing Brit Milah in the OR at our institution between 2013-2019 were included. Surveys were administered to assess caregiver satisfaction and Society for Pediatric Urology (SPU) member practice patterns...
January 19, 2021: Urology
Tracey E McMillan, Sarah Austin, Kristiina Hyrkas
In the United States, the number of deaths related to overdose of heroin and other opioids, specifically among women of reproductive age, has been rising. This case report adds new knowledge to the limited scientific literature currently available. We describe the care of a 30-year-old pregnant (31.4 weeks gestation) woman who was found unresponsive from a suspected opioid overdose in a friend's home. In response to an unwitnessed cardiopulmonary arrest, the team initiated therapeutic hypothermia 12 hours after the event...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Tom Misteli
The ultra-rare, pediatric premature aging disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is caused by mutation of LMNA, encoding the nuclear architectural protein lamin A. Patients develop atherosclerosis and typically die of heart failure in their teens. FDA-approved Zokinvy prevents farnesylation of lamin A, reduces vascular stiffness, and extends survival in HGPS patients. To view this Bench to Bedside, open or download the PDF.
January 21, 2021: Cell
Grayson N Holmbeck, Tessa K Kritikos, Alexa Stern, Monique Ridosh, Catherine V Friedman
PURPOSE: This article focuses on the transition to adult health care in youth with spina bifida (SB) from the perspective of theory, measurement, and interventions. METHODS: The purpose of this article is to discuss (a) a theory of linkages between the transfer of medical responsibility from parent to child and the transition from pediatric to adult health care, as mediated by transition readiness; (b) measurement issues in the study of self-management and the transition to adult health care; and (c) U...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Justin Beebe, Corey Kronman, Farah Mahmud, Molly Basch, Melinda Hogan, Eileen Li, Chris Ploski, Laura Simons
OBJECTIVE: Some children with chronic pain struggle with fear of pain, avoidance behaviors, and associated disability; however, movement adaptations in the context of chronic pain in childhood is virtually unknown. Variability in adaptive movement responses previously observed between individuals might be largely explained by the presence of problematic psychological drivers (eg, fear, avoidance). The goals of this study were to (1) quantify the variability of gait and (2) examine relationships among pain, fear, avoidance, function, perceived and objective, and gait variability...
January 22, 2021: Physical Therapy
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