Erum Mubashir Shariff, Fahd Ali Al Khmais, Saima Nazish, Noman Ishaque, Aishah Ibrahim Al Bakr, Reem S AlOmar, Danah Aljaafari, Mohammad AlShurem, Azra Zafar, Rizwana Shahid, Sari AlSuhaibani, Saeed Al-Jubran, Nehad M Soltan, Abdulaziz Mohammad Al-Sharydah, Majed Alabdali
Objective: Wake-up stroke (WUS) comprises a significant proportion of ischemic strokes. However, due to unclear onset, these patients are often not considered for reperfusion therapy. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical and imaging differences between WUS patients and those with clear-onset stroke, documenting any sex, age, or risk factor predilection for WUS. Methods: This prospective observational cohort study used an ongoing stroke registry to identify patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to a hospital in Saudi Arabia within 5 days of symptom onset from April 2018 to March 2020...
November 24, 2022: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Dominik Stelzle, Charles Makasi, Veronika Schmidt, Chiara Trevisan, Inge van Damme, Tamara M Welte, Charlotte Ruether, Agnes Fleury, Pierre Dorny, Pascal Magnussen, Gideon Zulu, Kabemba E Mwape, Emmanuel Bottieau, Sarah Gabriël, Bernard J Ngowi, Andrea S Winkler
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is common among people with epilepsy in low-resource settings. Prevalence of NCC and radiological characteristics of patients with NCC vary considerably even within small areas but differences have been poorly characterized so far. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study between August 2018 and April 2020 in three district hospitals in southern Tanzania (Ifisi, Tukuyu and Vwawa). Patients with and without epileptic seizures were included in this study...
November 2022: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Jie Sun, Na Li, Min Xu, Li Li, Ji Lin Chen, Yong Chen, Jian Guo Xu, Ting Hua Wang
PURPOSE: To study the effects of Lu-tong Granules (LTG) in ICH etermine the underlying mechanism of molecular network. METHODS: Modern bioinformatics and network pharmacology methods were used to predict molecular network mechanisms between ICH and LTG. Animal experiments were carried out to verify the effect of LTG for the treatment of ICH, combined with behavior test and morphologic detection. RESULTS: Forty-three active components in LTG and involved 192 gene targets were identified successfully...
2022: PloS One
Freya Tyrer, Richard Morriss, Reza Kiani, Satheesh K Gangadharan, Harish Kundaje, Mark J Rutherford
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, 15-min appointments with the general practitioner (GP) are recommended for people with complex health conditions, including intellectual disabilities and health needs, but we do not know whether this happens. AIMS: We compared number and length of primary care consultations (GP, nurse, other allied health, other) for people with and without intellectual disabilities and health needs. METHODS: Linked primary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) in England were used to investigate face-to-face and telephone primary care consultations in 2017-2019...
November 28, 2022: Family Practice
Zhuoran Zhang, Yan Li, Shihe Jiang, Fu-Dong Shi, Kaibin Shi, Wei-Na Jin
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a neurological condition that causes unprovoked, recurrent seizures. Accumulating evidence from clinical and experimental studies indicates that neuroinflammation exacerbates seizure activity. METHODS: We investigated the transcriptional changes occurring in specific brain domains of a seizure mouse model, using 10× Genomics spatial transcriptomics. Differential gene expression and pathway analysis were applied to investigate potential signaling targets for seizure, including CCL5/CCR5 pathway...
November 28, 2022: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Ana Gonzalez-Ramos, Kerstin Laurin, Fredrik Berglind, Marco Ledri, Merab Kokaia, My Andersson
A reduced number or dysfunction of inhibitory interneurons is a common contributor to neurodevelopmental disorders. Therefore, cell therapy using interneurons to replace or mitigate the effects of altered neuronal circuits is an attractive therapeutic avenue. To this end, more knowledge is needed about how human stem cell-derived GABAergic interneuron-like cells (hdINs) mature, integrate, and function over time in the host circuitry. Of particular importance in neurodevelopmental disorders is a better understanding of whether these processes in transplanted cells are affected by an evolving and maturing host brain...
November 11, 2022: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
S López-Anguita, B Gutiérrez-Ruano, A Muñoz-González, F J Valenzuela-Rojas, M N Olmedilla-González
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy in cancer patients has a prevalence of 13%, and is especially high in patients with brain tumours, with a higher morbidity and mortality rate compared to non-tumour-related epilepsy. Its physiopathogenic mechanisms are distinct and include distortion of the cortical architecture and alteration of the glutamate-enhancing tumoural and peritumoural molecular microenvironment. Nevertheless, there is scarce and inconsistent scientific evidence on some fundamental aspects, such as primary post-operative prophylaxis, the ideal pharmacological profile or the withdrawal time of antiseizure drugs after their release...
December 1, 2022: Revista de Neurologia
Najma Iqbal Malik, Rabia Fatima, Irfan Ullah, Mohsin Atta, Ashraf Awan, Abdulqadir J Nashwan, Saeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the effects of perceived stigma and discrimination on epilepsy patients' psychological problems, such as depression, anxiety, and quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: A purposive sampling technique was used in this cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 186 patients with epilepsy. The Stigma Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, and Quality of life in Epilepsy-10 were used to measure the study variables...
2022: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Congfu Huang, Chunuo Chu, Yuanping Peng, Nong Zhang, Zhenyu Yang, Jia You, Fengxiang Wei
We here studied the correlation between gut and oral microbiota in children with cerebral palsy and Epilepsy (CPE). We enrolled 27 children with this condition from the social welfare center of Longgang District, collected their oral plaque and stool samples, and analyzed their gut microbiota (GM) and oral microbiota (OM) through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Taxonomical annotation revealed that the levels of Firmicutes and Bacteroides in the oral cavity were significantly lower in CPE children than in healthy children, whereas the abundance of Actinomycetes increased significantly in CPE children...
2022: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Meng Dong, Tianyu Zhang, Ruimei Hu, Meng Li, Guan Wang, Xinjie Liu
OBJECTIVE: STXBP1 mutations are associated with early onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE). Our aim was to explore the phenotype spectrum, clinical treatment and prognosis of STXBP1 -related encephalopathy ( STXBP1 -E). METHODS: Clinical and genetic data were collected from 10 patients with STXBP1 mutations. These patients were examined and diagnosed from 2015 to 2021 at the Pediatric Department of Qilu Hospital. Blood samples were collected and sequenced by next generation sequencing and Candidate pathogenic variants were identified using Sanger sequencing in all family members...
2022: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Ziryab Imad Taha, Israa Abdelghani Awad Ibrahim, Salih Boushra Hamza, Yassin A Abdalla, Elnour M Elagib, Husam A M Ali, Sara Joseph, Jimmy William
PURPOSE: To assess and establish the relationship between neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) involvement and serological biomarkers like antiribosomal-P antibodies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an analytical cross-sectional hospital-based study conducted on patients attending Omdurman Military Hospital from July 2019 to December 2019. A total of 90 patients were enrolled, 30 of whom had NPSLE compared with 60 SLE patients without NPSLE. SLE diagnosis was established based on the revised SLICC criteria (presence of at least 4 criteria) for SLE classification, with neuropsychiatric manifestations defined based on the ACR nomenclature...
2022: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
Philip Schmiedhofer, Florian Daniel Vogel, Filip Koniuszewski, Margot Ernst
Endocannabinoids (eCBS) are endogenously derived lipid signaling molecules that serve as tissue hormones and interact with multiple targets, mostly within the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a highly conserved regulatory system involved in homeostatic regulation, organ formation, and immunomodulation of chordates. The term "cannabinoid" evolved from the distinctive class of plant compounds found in Cannabis sativa , an ancient herb, due to their action on CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1/2 receptors are the primary targets for eCBs, but their effects are not limited to the ECS...
2022: Frontiers in Physiology
M E Santarone, L M Piscitello, C Volponi, F Vigevano, L Fusco
The seizure type most frequently described in GLUT1 deficiency is generalized (mainly absence). We report the case of a young boy who, as the main clinical manifestation presented with focal non-motor, and then focal motor seizures. At the age of 3 months episodes of face pallor/cyanosis and hypotonus lasting about 1 min, occurred. They were initially misdiagnosed as gastroesophageal reflux. These episodes disappeared spontaneously at 6 months of age. At 12 months, episodes similar to the previous ones reappeared...
2022: Epilepsy & behavior reports
Yanzhang Li, Yihan Li, Jintao Sun, Kai Niu, Pengfei Wang, Yue Xu, Yingfan Wang, Qiqi Chen, Ke Zhang, Xiaoshan Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cognitive function sleep spiking activation and brain activity in self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (SeLECTS). METHODS: We used spike-wave index (SWI), which means the percentage of the spike and slow wave duration to the total non-REM (NREM) sleep time, as the grouping standard. A total of 14 children with SeLECTS (SWI ≥ 50%), 21 children with SeLECTS (SWI < 50%), and 20 healthy control children were recruited for this study...
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Valeria Pingue, Chiara Mele, Stefania Biscuola, Antonio Nardone, Sergio Bagnato, Diego Franciotta
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether, in patients undergoing rehabilitation after traumatic or hemorrhagic brain injury, seizures and the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) negatively impact on functional outcome, and, in turn, whether prophylactic AED therapy can prevent the development of seizures. DESIGN: Observational retrospective study. SETTING: Highly specialized inpatient neurorehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), or hemorrhagic stroke (HS) consecutively admitted to our neurorehabilitation unit between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2018...
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Hire Hersi, Jukka T Saarinen, Jani Raitanen, Jukka Peltola
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of studies using the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) recommendation to define drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). This study evaluated the seizure freedom rates of substitution or add-on and subsequent antiseizure medication (ASM) therapies using different proposed definitions of DRE or ASM trials in patients with a failed first ASM. We also identified prognostic factors for 1-year seizure freedom. METHODS: This study included 459 patients with epilepsy of whom 151 were not seizure-free after the first ASM...
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Toshiki Okadome, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Takahiko Mukaino, Ayumi Sakata, Katsuya Ogata, Hiroshi Shigeto, Noriko Isobe, Taira Uehara
PURPOSE: Interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) are known to affect cognitive function in patients with epilepsy, but the mechanism has not been elucidated. Sleep spindles appearing in synchronization with IEDs were recently demonstrated to impair memory consolidation in rat, but this has not been investigated in humans. On the other hand, the increase of sleep spindles at night after learning is positively correlated with amplified learning effects during sleep for motor sequence learning...
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Valerio Frazzini, Stephen Whitmarsh, Katia Lehongre, Pierre Yger, Jean-Didier Lemarechal, Bertrand Mathon, Claude Adam, Dominique Hasboun, Virginie Lambrecq, Vincent Navarro
Periventricular nodular heterotopia (PNH) is a malformation of cortical development that frequently causes drug-resistant epilepsy. The epileptogenicity of ectopic neurons in PNH as well as their role in generating interictal and ictal activity is still a matter of debate. We report the first in vivo microelectrode recording of heterotopic neurons in humans. Highly consistent interictal patterns (IPs) were identified within the nodules: (1) Periodic Discharges PLUS Fast activity (PD+F), (2) Sporadic discharges PLUS Fast activity (SD+F), and (3) epileptic spikes (ES)...
2022: Frontiers in Neurology
Ming Zhang, Lin Kou, Yaya Qin, Junwen Chen, Dazhang Bai, Li Zhao, Hongyu Lin, Guohui Jiang
Background: Diazepam is a classic benzodiazepine drug that has been widely used for disorders such as anxiety, sleep disorders, and epilepsy, over the past 59 years. The study of diazepam has always been an important research topic. However, there are few bibliometric analyses or systematic studies in this field. This study undertook bibliometric and visual analysis to ascertain the current status of diazepam research, and to identify research hotspots and trends in the past 10 years, to better understand future developments in basic and clinical research...
2022: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Peter Suhr Breitenstein, Israa Mahmoud, Fahed Al-Azzawi, Saeed Shakibfar, Maurizio Sessa
Purpose: There is a lack of available evidence regarding the treatment pattern of switches and add-ons for individuals aged 65 years or older with epilepsy during the first years from the time they received their first anti-seizure medication because of the lack of valid methods. Therefore, this study aimed to develop an algorithm for identifying switches and add-ons using secondary data sources for anti-seizure medication users. Methods: Danish nationwide databases were used as data sources. Residents in Denmark between 1996 and 2018 who were diagnosed with epilepsy and redeemed their first prescription for anti-seizure medication after epilepsy diagnosis were followed up for 730 days until the end of the follow-up period, death, or emigration to assess switches and add-ons occurred during the follow-up period...
2022: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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