Rong Sun, Zi-Jun Meng, Xuewen Hou, Yang Chen, Yi-Feng Yang, Guang Huang, Sheng-Dong Nie
To design an ensemble learning based prediction model using different breast DCE-MR post-contrast sequence images to distinguish two kinds of breast cancer subtypes (luminal and non-luminal). We retrospectively studied preoperative DCE-MRIs and molecular information of 266 breast cancer cases with either luminal subtype (luminal A and luminal B) or non-luminal subtype (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and triple negative). Then, multiple bounding boxes covering tumor lesions were acquired from three series of post-contrast DCE-MR sequence images which were determined by radiologists...
July 30, 2021: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Meng Lan, Zhaodi Kong, Fengjie Liu, Tengteng Zou, Lihong Li, Tiange Cai, Tian Huaqin, Yu Cai
Abnormal apoptosis can lead to uncontrolled cell growth, aberrant homeostasis or the accumulation of mutations. Therapeutic agents that re-establish the normal functions of apoptotic signaling pathways offer an attractive strategy for the treatment of breast cancer. Baicalin (BA) is one of the natural compounds with anti-proliferation and pro-apoptosis activities against numerous tumor cells. However, low bioavailability restricts the clinical application of BA. In order to improve its therapeutic efficacy and study the mechanism of actions, active targeting delivery systems were developed for targeting tumor environment and selective cell killing effects...
July 30, 2021: Nanotechnology
Marissa B Lawson, Christoph I Lee, Daniel S Hippe, Shasank Chennupati, Catherine R Fedorenko, Kathleen E Malone, Scott D Ramsey, Janie M Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with receipt of screening mammography by insured women before breast cancer diagnosis, and subsequent outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using claims data from commercial and federal payers linked to a regional SEER registry, we identified women diagnosed with breast cancer from 2007 to 2017 and determined receipt of screening mammography within 1 year before diagnosis. We obtained patient and tumor characteristics from the SEER registry and assigned each woman a socioeconomic deprivation score based on residential address...
July 30, 2021: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Hanne Lefrère, Giuseppe Floris, Marjanka K Schmidt, Patrick Neven, Ellen Warner, Elyce Cardonick, Fedro A Peccatori, Sibylle Loibl, Charlotte Maggen, Hanne De Mulder, Katarzyna J Jerzak, Diether Lambrechts, Liesbeth Lenaerts, Frédéric Amant
BACKGROUND: In young women, a breast cancer diagnosis after childbirth increases the risk for metastasis and death. Studies in rodents suggest that post-weaning mammary gland involution contributes to the poor prognosis of postpartum breast cancers. However, this association has not been investigated in humans, mainly because of missing information on the patient's lactation status at diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 1180 young women with primary invasive breast cancer, diagnosed within 2 years postpartum (PP-BC), during pregnancy (Pr-BC), or nulliparous (NP-BC), were collected...
July 27, 2021: European Journal of Cancer
Tian-Wen Ni, Xiao-Chuan Duan, Meng Wang, Mei-Qi Jia, Ying Chen, Yang Yu, Nan Qin, Hong-Quan Duan
Breast cancer has become the number one killer of women. In our previous study, an active compound, ION-31a, with potential anti-metastasis activity against breast cancer was identified through the synthesis of ionone alkaloid derivatives. In the present study, we aimed to identify the therapeutic target of ION-31a. We used a fluorescence tag labeled probe, molecular docking simulation, and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis to identify the target of ION-31a. The main target of ION-31a was identified as heat shock protein 90 (HSP90)...
July 22, 2021: Bioorganic Chemistry
Menna A Ewida, Heba A Ewida, Mahmoud S Ahmed, Heba Abdelrasheed Allam, Ramzia I ElBagary, Riham F George, Hanan H Georgey, Hussein I El-Subbagh
Inhibiting the Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzyme has been validated in multiple clinical manifestations related to bacterial infection, malaria, and multiple types of cancer. Herein, novel series of 3-methyl-imidazo[2,1-b] thiazole-based analogs were synthesized and biologically evaluated for their in vitro inhibitory profile towards DHFR. Compounds 22 and 23 exhibited potent inhibitory profile targeting DHFR (IC50 0.079 and 0.085 µM, respectively comparable to MTX IC50 0.087 µM). Compounds 22 and 23 showed promising cytotoxicity against MCF7 breast cancer cell lines inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis...
July 24, 2021: Bioorganic Chemistry
Katie Wang, Kento Nakano, Naghmeh Naderi, Mona Bajaj-Elliott, Afshin Mosahebi
PURPOSE: High prevalence, unreliable risk discrimination and poor clinical outcomes are observed in malignant and benign breast diseases (BD). The involvement of microbial communities in the development of BD has become topical, and distal influences of microbial dysregulation in the breast have been well established. Despite advances, the role of the breast skin microbiota in BD remains unclear. Interactions between the skin microbiota and the underlying mucosal immune system are complex...
July 21, 2021: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Baoqi Zeng, Kai Yu, Le Gao, Xueyang Zeng, Qingxin Zhou
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the screening performance of synthesized mammography (SM) plus digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) with digital mammography (DM) plus DBT or DM alone. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched from January 2010 to January 2021. Eligible population-based studies on breast cancer screening comparing SM/DBT with DM/DBT or DM in asymptomatic women were included...
July 22, 2021: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Małgorzata Białek, Agnieszka Białek, Anna Ruszczyńska, Ewa Bulska, Kamil Zaworski, Marian Czauderna
BACKGROUND: The 'developmental origin of health and disease' (DOHaD) hypothesis assumes that due to the action of some stimuli during fetal life the long-term physiological changes occurs and may affects the risk of various diseases. The main aim of this study was to assess impact of supplementation of maternal' and early postnatal diet with conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) isomers on selected elements content in hearts of their female offspring with chemically induced breast cancer. METHODS: Elemental composition was determined by quadrupole mass spectrometer with inductively coupled plasma ionization (ICP-MS)...
July 7, 2021: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Oukseub Lee, Maarten C Bosland, Minhua Wang, Ali Shidfar, Omid Hosseini, Xiaoling Xuei, Priyam Patel, Matthew J Schipma, Irene Helenowski, J Julie Kim, Susan E Clare, Seema A Khan
Pharmacological approaches to breast cancer risk-reduction for BRCA1 mutation carriers would provide an alternative to mastectomy. BRCA1-deficiency dysregulates progesterone signaling, promoting tumorigenesis. Selective progesterone receptor (PR) modulators (SPRMs) are therefore candidate prevention agents. However, their efficacy varies in different BRCA1-deficient mouse models. We examined chemopreventive efficacy of telapristone acetate (TPA), ulipristal acetate (UPA) and mifepristone (MFP) in mice with a conditional knockout of the Brca1 C-terminal domain...
July 27, 2021: Cancer Letters
Sarah Erem, Mohammed S Razzaque
This review examines the beneficial effects of ultraviolet radiation on systemic autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and type I diabetes, where the epidemiological evidence for the vitamin D-independent effects of sunlight is most apparent. Ultraviolet radiation, in addition to its role in the synthesis of vitamin D, stimulates anti-inflammatory pathways, alters the composition of dendritic cells, T cells, and T regulatory cells, and induces nitric oxide synthase and heme oxygenase metabolic pathways, which may directly or indirectly mitigate disease progression and susceptibility...
July 27, 2021: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Uditi Bhatt, Amy L Kretzmann, Aurore Guédin, Arnold Ou, Simon Kobelke, Charles S Bond, Cameron W Evans, Laurence H Hurley, Jean-Louis Mergny, K Swaminathan Iyer, Archa H Fox, Nicole M Smith
Paraspeckles are RNA-protein structures within the nucleus of mammalian cells, capable of orchestrating various biochemical processes. An overexpression of the architectural component of paraspeckles, a long non-coding RNA called NEAT1 (Nuclear Enriched Abundant Transcript 1), has been linked to a variety of cancers and is often associated with poor patient prognosis. Thus, there is an accumulating interest in the role of paraspeckles in carcinogenesis, however there is a limited understanding of how NEAT1 expression is regulated...
July 27, 2021: Biochimie
Nienke Hoekstra, Steven Habraken, Annemarie Swaak-Kragten, Jean-Philippe Pignol, Mischa Hoogeman
INTRODUCTION: With the introduction of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) and the trend of reducing the number of fractions, the geometric accuracy of treatment delivery becomes critical. APBI patient setup is often based on fiducials, as the seroma is frequently not visible on pretreatment imaging. We assessed the motion of fiducials relative to the tumor bed between planning CT and treatment, and calculated margins to compensate for this motion. METHODS: A cohort of seventy patients treated with APBI on a Cyberknife was included...
July 27, 2021: Radiotherapy and Oncology
Stephen L Shiao, Kathleen M Kershaw, Jose J Limon, Sungyong You, Junhee Yoon, Emily Y Ko, Jlenia Guarnerio, Alka A Potdar, Dermot P B McGovern, Shikha Bose, Tahir B Dar, Paul Noe, Jung Lee, Yuzu Kubota, Viviana I Maymi, Madison J Davis, Regina M Henson, Rachel Y Choi, Wensha Yang, Jie Tang, Matthew Gargus, Alexander D Prince, Zachary S Zumsteg, David M Underhill
Studies suggest that the efficacy of cancer chemotherapy and immunotherapy is influenced by intestinal bacteria. However, the influence of the microbiome on radiation therapy is not as well understood, and the microbiome comprises more than bacteria. Here, we find that intestinal fungi regulate antitumor immune responses following radiation in mouse models of breast cancer and melanoma and that fungi and bacteria have opposite influences on these responses. Antibiotic-mediated depletion or gnotobiotic exclusion of fungi enhances responsiveness to radiation, whereas antibiotic-mediated depletion of bacteria reduces responsiveness and is associated with overgrowth of commensal fungi...
July 29, 2021: Cancer Cell
Nazia Nayeem, Arefa Yeasmin, Samantha Naomi Cobos, Ali Younes, Karen Hubbard, Maria Contel
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is one of the breast cancers with poorer prognosis and survival rates. TNBC has a disproportionally high incidence and mortality in women of African descent. We report on the evaluation of Ru-IM (1) in TNBC cell lines derived from patients of European (MDA-MB-231) and African (HCC-1806) ancestry (including IC50 values, cellular and organelle uptake, cell death pathways, cell cycle, effects on migration, invasion, and angiogenesis, a preliminary proteomic analysis, and an NCI 60 cell-line panel screen)...
July 30, 2021: ChemMedChem
Ying Liang, Qi Lu, Wei Li, Dapeng Zhang, Fanglin Zhang, Qingping Zou, Lu Chen, Ying Tong, Mengxing Liu, Shaoxuan Wang, Wenxuan Li, Xiaoguang Ren, Peng Xu, Zhicong Yang, Shihua Dong, Baolong Zhang, Yanni Huang, Daqiang Li, Hailin Wang, Wenqiang Yu
Dysfunction of Tumour Suppressor Genes (TSGs) is a common feature in carcinogenesis. Epigenetic abnormalities including DNA hypermethylation or aberrant histone modifications in promoter regions have been described for interpreting TSG inactivation. However, in many instances, how TSGs are silenced in tumours are largely unknown. Given that miRNA with low expression in tumours is another recognized signature, we hypothesize that low expression of miRNA may reduce the activity of TSG related enhancers and further lead to inactivation of TSG during cancer development...
July 30, 2021: Nucleic Acids Research
Tzu-Jen Kao, Chung-Che Wu, Nam Nhut Phan, Yen-Hsi Liu, Hoang Dang Khoa Ta, Gangga Anuraga, Yung-Fu Wu, Kuen-Haur Lee, Jian-Ying Chuang, Chih-Yang Wang
Breast cancer is a complex disease, and several processes are involved in its development. Therefore, potential therapeutic targets need to be discovered for these patients. Proteasome 26S subunit, ATPase gene (PSMC) family members are well reported to be involved in protein degradation. However, their roles in breast cancer are still unknown and need to be comprehensively researched. Leveraging publicly available databases, such as cBioPortal and Oncomine, for high-throughput transcriptomic profiling to provide evidence-based targets for breast cancer is a rapid and robust approach...
July 30, 2021: Aging
Wei Zhang, Hui Liu, Junjie Jiang, Yunyun Yang, Wenjie Wang, Zhengyan Jia
Metastasis is the leading cause of breast cancer (BC)-related deaths. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as essential regulators for cancer progression and metastasis. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the role of circRNAs in BC metastasis and related mechanism. In this study, we established the BC cell line with high or low potential of metastasis. RNA sequencing, migration and invasion assay, Fluorescence in situ hybridization, luciferase report assay, circRNA pulldown, and transmission electron microscopy were performed to elucidate the molecular mechanism...
July 30, 2021: Aging
Redouane Ternifi, Yinong Wang, Yinong Wang, Eric C Polley, Robert T Fazzio, Mostafa Fatemi, Azra Alizad
A growing body of evidence indicates that there is a strong correlation between microvascular morphological features and malignant tumors. Therefore, quantification of these features might allow more accurate differentiation of benign and malignant tumors. The main objective of this research project is to improve the quantification of microvascular networks depicted in contrast-free ultrasound microvessel images. To achieve this goal, a new series of quantitative microvessel morphological parameters are introduced for differentiation of breast masses using contrast-free ultrasound-based high-definition microvessel imaging (HDMI)...
July 30, 2021: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Afrasim Moin, Shahid Ud Din Wani, Riyaz Ali Osmani, Amr S Abu Lila, El-Sayed Khafagy, Hany H Arab, Hosahalli V Gangadharappa, Ahmed N Allam
Silk fibroin (SF) is a natural polymeric biomaterial that is widely adopted for the preparation of drug delivery systems. Herein, we aimed to fabricate and characterize SF nanoparticles loaded with the selective estrogen receptor modulator; tamoxifen citrate (TC-SF-NPs) and to assess their in vitro efficacy against breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231). TC-loaded SF-NPs were characterized for particle size, morphology, entrapment efficiency, and release profile. In addition, we examined the in vitro cytotoxicity of TC-SF-NPs against human breast cancer cell lines and evaluated the anticancer potential of TC-SF-NPs through apoptosis assay and cell cycle analysis...
December 2021: Drug Delivery
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