Keywords Speech Language Impairment AND...

Speech Language Impairment AND treatment AND outcome measures
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Allyson D Page, Lauren Siegel, Mandar Jog
Purpose: In this preliminary study, we examined self-rated communication-related quality of life (CR-QoL) of 10 control participants and 10 individuals with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) and dysarthria receiving therapeutic botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections. Method: Participants with OMD and associated dysarthria self-rated CR-QoL pre- and post- BoNT-A injection using the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Quality of Communication Life Scale (ASHA QCL; Paul et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
April 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Zoe Butterfint, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria is an acquired speech disorder following neurological injury that reduces intelligibility of speech due to weak, imprecise, slow and/or unco-ordinated muscle control. The impact of dysarthria goes beyond communication and affects psychosocial functioning. This is an update of a review previously published in 2005. The scope has been broadened to include additional interventions, and the title amended accordingly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions to improve dysarthric speech following stroke and other non-progressive adult-acquired brain injury such as trauma, infection, tumour and surgery...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Serge Pinto, Rita Cardoso, Jasmin Sadat, Isabel Guimarães, Céline Mercier, Helena Santos, Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Joana Carvalho, Pauline Welby, Pedro Oliveira, Mariapaola D'Imperio, Sónia Frota, Alban Letanneux, Marina Vigario, Marisa Cruz, Isabel Pavão Martins, François Viallet, Joaquim J Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have to deal with several aspects of voice and speech decline and thus alteration of communication ability during the course of the disease. Among these communication impairments, 3 major challenges include: (1) dysarthria, consisting of orofacial motor dysfunction and dysprosody, which is linked to the neurodegenerative processes; (2) effects of the pharmacological treatment, which vary according to the disease stage; and (3) particular speech modifications that may be language-specific, that is, dependent on the language spoken by the patients...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
Oscar J Manrique, Hyuma A Leland, Claude-Jean Langevin, Alex Wong, Joseph N Carey, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen, Ketan M Patel
Background  More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. Materials and Methods  A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
February 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Marisa Lousada, Margarida Ramalho, Carolina Marques
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Language Intervention Programme for the treatment of 14 preschool-aged children with primary language impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a waiting list control design, in which half the sample (7 children) received immediate intervention with the Language Intervention Programme, whereas the remaining children received treatment after a 4-week delay. The intervention consisted of 8 individual biweekly sessions...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Bertrand Glize, Marie Villain, Laura Richert, Maeva Vellay, Isabelle de Gabory, Jean-Michel Mazaux, Patrick Dehail, Igor Sibon, Marina Laganaro, Pierre-Alain Joseph
BACKGROUND: Aphasia recovery remains difficult to predict initially in particular for the most severe cases. The features of impaired verbal communication which are the basis for cognitive-linguistic diagnosis and treatment could be part of prediction of recovery from aphasia. AIM: This study investigated whether some components of language screening in the acute phase of stroke are reliable prognostic factors for language recovery in the post-acute phase. DESIGN: Monocentric prospective study...
April 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mary Beth Schmitt, Laura M Justice, Jessica A R Logan
BACKGROUND: Treatment intensity is an important factor in designing and delivering treatments to children with language impairment (LI). However, to date very little is understood about cumulative intervention intensity for children with LI in the US public school system. AIMS: To examine treatment intensity (dose: time spent on language; frequency: number of sessions; duration: one academic year) as delivered to children with LI within US public schools and to explore its relation to children's language outcomes...
March 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Nicola A Clayton, Gulsen Ellul, Elizabeth C Ward, Amanda Scott, Peter K Maitz
Burn injury to the face can lead to scarring and contractures that may impair oral competence for articulation, feeding, airway intubation access, oral/dental hygiene, aesthetics, and facial expression. Although a range of therapy interventions has been discussed for preventing contracture formation, there is minimal information on current practice patterns. This research examined patterns of clinical practice for orofacial burns management during a 4-year period to determine the nature and extent of clinical consistency in current care...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Ramesh Kaipa, Michelle L Danser
OBJECTIVES: Auditory verbal therapy (AVT) is one of the primary treatment approaches for developing spoken language in children with hearing impairment (HI), but its outcomes have not been thoroughly investigated. The current study aimed to systematically review past studies investigating AVT outcomes in children with HI. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in six databases. Fourteen articles that met the final inclusion criteria were grouped under three categories based on the outcome measures: receptive and expressive language development, auditory/speech perception and mainstreaming...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Janaki M Torrence, Carolyn R Baylor, Kathryn M Yorkston, Kristie A Spencer
PURPOSE: In speech-language pathology, there is increasing attention on participation-focused interventions to optimize participation in valued life roles. The purpose of this study was to investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States address life participation in therapy programs, as well as their opinions regarding barriers and facilitators to participation-focused intervention. METHOD: An online questionnaire presented case scenarios for aphasia, dysarthria, and laryngectomy to 66 SLPs who have worked with adults...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Karen Gordon, Yael Henkin, Andrej Kral
Deafness affects ∼2 in 1000 children and is one of the most common congenital impairments. Permanent hearing loss can be treated by fitting hearing aids. More severe to profound deafness is an indication for cochlear implantation. Although newborn hearing screening programs have increased the identification of asymmetric hearing loss, parents and caregivers of children with single-sided deafness are often hesitant to pursue therapy for the deaf ear. Delayed intervention has consequences for recovery of hearing...
July 2015: Pediatrics
Grainne C Brady, Paul N Carding, Jaishree Bhosle, Justin W G Roe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advanced lung cancer can cause changes to swallowing and communication function. Direct tumour invasion, dyspnoea and deconditioning can all impact on swallowing function and communication. Cancer treatment, if administered, may cause or compound symptoms. In this study, the nature of swallowing and communication difficulties in patients with advanced lung cancer will be discussed, and management options including medical management, speech and language therapy (SLT) intervention, and surgical interventions will be considered...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Jaumeiko J Coleman, Tobi Frymark, Nicole M Franceschini, Deborah G Theodoros
PURPOSE: This is a systematic review of assessment and treatment of cognitive and communicative abilities of individuals with acquired brain injury via telepractice versus in person. The a priori clinical questions were informed by previous research that highlights the importance of considering any functional implications of outcomes, determining disorder- and setting-specific concerns, and measuring the potential impact of diagnostic accuracy and treatment efficacy data on interpretation of findings...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sherine R Tambyraja, Kelly Farquharson, Jessica A R Logan, Laura M Justice
PURPOSE: Children with language impairment (LI) often demonstrate difficulties with word decoding. Research suggests that child-level (i.e., phonological processing) and environmental-level (i.e., classroom quality) factors both contribute to decoding skills in typically developing children. The present study examined the extent to which these same factors influence the decoding skills of children with LI, and the extent to which classroom quality moderates the relationship between phonological processing and decoding...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ineke Wilssens, Dorien Vandenborre, Kim van Dun, Jo Verhoeven, Evy Visch-Brink, Peter Mariën
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the effectiveness of 2 intensive therapy methods: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT; Pulvermüller et al., 2001) and semantic therapy (BOX; Visch-Brink & Bajema, 2001). METHOD: Nine patients with chronic fluent aphasia participated in a therapy program to establish behavioral treatment outcomes. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups (CIAT or BOX). RESULTS: Intensive therapy significantly improved verbal communication...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marcella Carragher, Karen Sage, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Capturing evidence of the effects of therapy within everyday communication is the holy grail of aphasia treatment design and evaluation. Whilst impaired sentence production is a predominant symptom of Broca's-type aphasia, the effects of sentence production therapy on everyday conversation have not been investigated. Given the context-sensitive nature of spoken production by people with aphasia, it is difficult to extrapolate implications for everyday conversation based on results from task-based assessment (such as picture description, story retell or interview)...
May 2015: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Peter W Hashim, Eric D Brooks, John A Persing, Hannah Reuman, Adam Naples, Roberto Travieso, Jordan Terner, Derek Steinbacher, Nicole Landi, Linda Mayes, James C McPartland
BACKGROUND: Patients with single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC) are at an elevated risk for long-term learning disabilities. Such adverse outcomes indicate that the early development of neural processing in SSC may be abnormal. At present, however, the precise functional derangements of the developing brain remain largely unknown. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are a form of noninvasive neuroimaging that provide direct measurements of cortical activity and have shown value in predicting long-term cognitive functioning...
January 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"