keyword
Keywords Speech Language Impairment AND...

Speech Language Impairment AND treatment AND outcome measures

https://read.qxmd.com/read/32373025/intervening-on-the-developmental-course-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-with-a-multimodal-intervention-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Valeria Blasi, Michela Zanette, Gisella Baglio, Alice Giangiacomo, Sonia Di Tella, Maria Paola Canevini, Mauro Walder, Mario Clerici, Francesca Baglio
An adverse social environment is a major risk factor for borderline intellectual functioning (BIF), a condition characterized by an intelligence quotient (IQ) within the low range of normality (70-85) with difficulties in the academic achievements and adaptive behavior. Children with BIF show impairments in planning, language, movement, emotion regulation, and social abilities. Moreover, the BIF condition exposes children to an increased risk of school failures and the development of mental health problems, and poverty in adulthood...
2020: Frontiers in Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32369007/computerised-speech-and-language-therapy-or-attention-control-added-to-usual-care-for-people-with-long-term-post-stroke-aphasia-the-big-cactus-three-arm-rct
#2
Rebecca Palmer, Munyaradzi Dimairo, Nicholas Latimer, Elizabeth Cross, Marian Brady, Pam Enderby, Audrey Bowen, Steven Julious, Madeleine Harrison, Abualbishr Alshreef, Ellen Bradley, Arjun Bhadhuri, Tim Chater, Helen Hughes, Helen Witts, Esther Herbert, Cindy Cooper
BACKGROUND: People with aphasia may improve their communication with speech and language therapy many months/years after stroke. However, NHS speech and language therapy reduces in availability over time post stroke. OBJECTIVE: This trial evaluated the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of self-managed computerised speech and language therapy to provide additional therapy. DESIGN: A pragmatic, superiority, single-blind, parallel-group, individually randomised (stratified block randomisation, stratified by word-finding severity and site) adjunct trial...
April 2020: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32316911/controlled-trial-of-lovastatin-combined-with-an-open-label-treatment-of-a-parent-implemented-language-intervention-in-youth-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#3
Angela John Thurman, Laura A Potter, Kyoungmi Kim, Flora Tassone, Amy Banasik, Sarah Nelson Potter, Lauren Bullard, Vivian Nguyen, Andrea McDuffie, Randi Hagerman, Leonard Abbeduto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to conduct a 20-week controlled trial of lovastatin (10 to 40 mg/day) in youth with fragile X syndrome (FXS) ages 10 to 17 years, combined with an open-label treatment of a parent-implemented language intervention (PILI), delivered via distance video teleconferencing to both treatment groups, lovastatin and placebo. METHOD: A randomized, double-blind trial was conducted at one site in the Sacramento, California, metropolitan area...
April 22, 2020: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32316779/-i-remember-when-%C3%A2-the-impact-of-reminiscence-therapy-on-discourse-production-in-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment
#4
Naomi Rose, Anne Whitworth, Sharon Smart, Elizabeth Oliver, Jade Cartwright
Purpose: Positive outcomes following reminiscence therapy have been reported for older adults with mild cognitive impairment and dementia in cognition and quality of life and, in a small number of studies, communication. Despite the close relationship between cognition and language, the impact on communication has received limited attention. This study aimed to investigate whether the spoken discourse of older adults with mild cognitive impairment or dementia could be improved within the genre of nostalgic recounts following group reminiscence therapy, and whether change generalised to everyday discourse...
April 22, 2020: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32135070/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-for-adults-with-social-communication-impairments-due-to-an-acquired-brain-injury-significant-other-reports
#5
Leah Paice, Annalle Aleligay, Martin Checklin
Purpose : To determine the most effective intervention for adults with social communication impairments due to an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI), using standardised outcome measures completed by significant others. Method : A systematic literature review was conducted. Four electronic databases relevant to the field of speech-language pathology or brain injury were searched: Medline, CINAHL, AMED and Embase. Grey literature, reference lists and citation indexes were also hand searched for additional research. Studies that met the broad inclusion and exclusion criteria were initially screened to determine articles for full text reviews by two independent reviewers...
March 5, 2020: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31883704/panel-5-impact-of-otitis-media-on-quality-of-life-and-development
#6
Preben Homøe, Christian H Heidemann, Roger Amj Damoiseaux, Susen Lailach, Judith E C Lieu, John S Phillips, Roderick P Venekamp
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent advances in knowledge on otitis media (OM) and quality of life (QoL) and development by synthesizing relevant research in this field published between June 1., 2015 until June 1., 2019. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library using predefined database-specific syntaxes. REVIEW METHODS: Articles selected were randomized controlled trials and observational studies with an adequate control group estimating treatment effects of OM including acute OM (AOM), recurrent AOM (RAOM), OM with effusion (OME), chronic OM (COM) and chronic suppurative OM (CSOM)...
December 20, 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31577359/maternal-thyroid-hormone-replacement-therapy-exposure-and-language-and-communication-skills-of-offspring-at-8-years-of-age
#7
Anna S Frank, Angela Lupattelli, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Hedvig Nordeng
Importance: Hypothyroidism during pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental delays in the offspring. However, it remains unknown whether prenatal thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THRT) has benefits regarding children's language and communication skills. Objective: To quantify associations between prenatal THRT exposure and risk of language impairment diagnosis and parent-reported symptoms of language and communication skill deficits in offspring at 8 years of age...
October 2, 2019: JAMA network open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31416400/auditory-phonological-and-semantic-factors-in-the-recovery-from-wernicke-s-aphasia-poststroke-predictive-value-and-implications-for-rehabilitation
#8
Holly Robson, Timothy D Griffiths, Manon Grube, Anna M Woollams
Background. Understanding the factors that influence language recovery in aphasia is important for improving prognosis and treatment. Chronic comprehension impairments in Wernicke's aphasia (WA) are associated with impairments in auditory and phonological processing, compounded by semantic and executive difficulties. This study investigated whether the recovery of auditory, phonological, semantic, or executive factors underpins the recovery from WA comprehension impairments by charting changes in the neuropsychological profile from the subacute to the chronic phase...
August 16, 2019: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31214657/treatment-targets-for-co-occurring-speech-language-impairment-a-case-study
#9
Philip N Combiths, Jessica A Barlow, Jennifer Taps Richard, Sonja L Pruitt-Lord
Purpose: The intersection of speech and language impairments is severely understudied. Despite repeatedly documented overlap and co-occurrence, treatment research for children with combined phonological and morphosyntactic deficits is limited. Especially little is known about optimal treatment targets for combined phonological-morphosyntactic intervention. We offer a clinically focused discussion of the existing literature pertaining to interventions for children with combined deficits and present a case study exploring the utility of a complex treatment target in word-final position for co-occurring speech and language impairment...
April 15, 2019: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31198579/evaluating-enhancing-pragmatic-language-skills-for-young-children-with-social-communication-impairments-e-plays-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-study
#10
Suzanne Murphy, Victoria Joffe, David Messer, Sarah Crafter, Jessica Radley, Sailaa Sunthararajah, Kerry Bell, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Sara Rodgers, David Torgerson, Charlie Welch
Background: A number of children experience difficulties with social communication and this has long-term deleterious effects on their mental health, social development and education. The proposal presented in this article describes a feasibility study for a trial to test an intervention ('E-PLAYS') aimed at supporting children with social communication impairments. E-PLAYS harnesses technology in the form of a novel computer game in order to develop collaborative and communication skills...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30458473/current-practice-of-child-grammar-intervention-a-survey-of-speech-language-pathologists
#11
Lizbeth H Finestack, Kayla E Satterlund
Purpose: The aim of this study was to better understand current grammatical intervention approaches. Despite grammatical language being a common weakness among children with language impairment, relatively little is known about current grammatical intervention practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Such information is needed to guide the development and evaluation of grammatical interventions and to identify areas in which the current practice is not empirically supported. Method: Participants included 338 SLPs working primarily with children...
November 21, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30405512/robotic-arm-rehabilitation-in-chronic-stroke-patients-with-aphasia-may-promote-speech-and-language-recovery-but-effect-is-not-enhanced-by-supplementary-tdcs
#12
Adam Buchwald, Carolyn Falconer, Avrielle Rykman-Peltz, Mar Cortes, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Gary W Thickbroom, Hermano Igo Krebs, Felipe Fregni, Linda M Gerber, Clara Oromendia, Johanna Chang, Bruce T Volpe, Dylan J Edwards
Objective: This study aimed to determine the extent to which robotic arm rehabilitation for chronic stroke may promote recovery of speech and language function in individuals with aphasia. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 17 individuals from a hemiparesis rehabilitation study pairing intensive robot assisted therapy with sham or active tDCS and evaluated their speech ( N = 17) and language ( N = 9) performance before and after a 12-week (36 session) treatment regimen. Performance changes were evaluated with paired t -tests comparing pre- and post-test measures...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30240277/critical-appraisal-of-systematic-reviews-of-executive-function-treatments-in-tbi
#13
Anastasia M Raymer, Jane Roitsch, Rachael Redman, Anne M P Michalek, Rachel K Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To appraise the quality of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) that summarize the treatment literature for executive function (EF) impairments following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We used five data sources (PubMed; PsycINFO; ANCDS.org; Cochrane Collaboration; American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Compendium; Psychological Database for Brain Impairment Treatment Efficacy) and identified 19 reviews that met eligibility criteria (adults with TBI; behavioural treatments for EF impairments; no pharmacologic treatments)...
September 21, 2018: Brain Injury
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29845607/interventions-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#14
REVIEW
Angela T Morgan, Elizabeth Murray, Frederique J Liégeois
BACKGROUND: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) affects a child's ability to produce sounds and syllables precisely and consistently, and to produce words and sentences with accuracy and correct speech rhythm. It is a rare condition, affecting only 0.1% of the general population. Consensus has been reached that three core features have diagnostic validity: (1) inconsistent error production on both consonants and vowels across repeated productions of syllables or words; (2) lengthened and impaired coarticulatory transitions between sounds and syllables; and (3) inappropriate prosody (ASHA 2007)...
May 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#15
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29494316/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update-executive-summary
#16
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients presenting with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29177494/domain-general-subregions-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-contribute-to-recovery-of-language-after-stroke
#17
Fatemeh Geranmayeh, Tsz Wing Chau, Richard J S Wise, Robert Leech, Adam Hampshire
We hypothesized that the recovery of speech production after left hemisphere stroke not only depends on the integrity of language-specialized brain systems, but also on 'domain-general' brain systems that have much broader functional roles. The presupplementary motor area/dorsal anterior cingulate forms part of the cingular-opercular network, which has a broad role in cognition and learning. Consequently, we have previously suggested that variability in the recovery of speech production after aphasic stroke may relate in part to differences in patients' abilities to engage this domain-general brain region...
July 1, 2017: Brain
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29068860/validating-a-method-to-assess-lipreading-audiovisual-gain-and-integration-during-speech-reception-with-cochlear-implanted-and-normal-hearing-subjects-using-a-talking-head
#18
Stefan Schreitmüller, Miriam Frenken, Lüder Bentz, Magdalene Ortmann, Martin Walger, Hartmut Meister
OBJECTIVES: Watching a talker's mouth is beneficial for speech reception (SR) in many communication settings, especially in noise and when hearing is impaired. Measures for audiovisual (AV) SR can be valuable in the framework of diagnosing or treating hearing disorders. This study addresses the lack of standardized methods in many languages for assessing lipreading, AV gain, and integration. A new method is validated that supplements a German speech audiometric test with visualizations of the synthetic articulation of an avatar that was used, for it is feasible to lip-sync auditory speech in a highly standardized way...
May 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28748108/readyspeech-for-people-with-dysarthria-after-stroke-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28654948/self-rated-communication-related-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-oromandibular-dystonia-receiving-botulinum-toxin-injections
#20
Allyson D Page, Lauren Siegel, Mandar Jog
Purpose: In this preliminary study, we examined self-rated communication-related quality of life (CR-QoL) of 10 control participants and 10 individuals with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) and dysarthria receiving therapeutic botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections. Method: Participants with OMD and associated dysarthria self-rated CR-QoL pre- and post- BoNT-A injection using the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Quality of Communication Life Scale (ASHA QCL; Paul et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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