Berivan Tatar, Büşra Müceldili, Oya Erdil
BACKGROUND: As an unprecedented outbreak, the COVID-19 pandemic has restricted and dramatically changed several respects of life. In terms of working life, the transition to a remote working system has brought several changes and interrupted the continuity between past and present working life. In this case, this adversity has led people to past experiences and memories, and many people have used nostalgia as a crucial resource for alleviating the negative impact of the outbreak. OBJECTIVE: In this context, as a form of nostalgia, the current study particularly investigated memories eliciting organizational nostalgia and antecedents and consequences of organizational nostalgia in the pandemic era...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Michael H Riad, Kwanghoon Park, Ines Ibañez-Tallon, Nathaniel Heintz
Neuromodulatory substances can be released from distal afferents for communication between brain structures or produced locally to modulate neighboring circuit elements. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) from long-range neurons in the hypothalamus projecting to the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been shown to induce anxiety-like behaviors. However, the role of CRH produced in the mPFC has not been investigated. Here we demonstrate that a specific class of mPFC interneurons that express CRH (CrhINs) releases CRH upon high-frequency stimulation to enhance excitability of layer 2/3 pyramidal cells (L2/3 PCs) expressing the CRH receptors...
December 6, 2022: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Angelina Pei-Tzu Tsai, Eric A Youngstrom, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Mary A Fristad, Stacey B Daughters, Andrea S Young, L Eugene Arnold, Boris Birmaher, Stephanie Salcedo, The Lams Group, Robert L Findling
Identifying substance use disorders (SUDs) early and accurately improves case formulation and treatment. Previous studies have investigated validity and reliability of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory (CASI) for anxiety, mood, and behavior problems. The present study's aim was to test if the embedded CASI Substance Use (SU) subscale can discriminate adolescents and young adults (AYA) with and without a SUD diagnosis accurately enough to justify clinical application within an evidence-based assessment framework...
November 28, 2022: Psychological Assessment
Katherine Walukevich-Dienst, Brian H Calhoun, Anne M Fairlie, Jennifer M Cadigan, Megan E Patrick, Christine M Lee
OBJECTIVE: Using substances to cope with social anxiety is robustly related to negative consequences. The present study uses daily-level methods to test whether days young adults used substances to cope with social anxiety were associated with greater alcohol and cannabis use and consequences compared to use days without this motive. METHOD: Participants were a community sample of young adults enrolled in a study on alcohol and cannabis use, which involved a baseline survey and five 2-week bursts of online daily surveys across 2 years...
November 28, 2022: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Alicia Vallorani, Kelley E Gunther, Berenice Anaya, Jessica L Burris, Andy P Field, Vanessa LoBue, Kristin A Buss, Koraly Pérez-Edgar
Developmental theories suggest affect-biased attention, preferential attention to emotionally salient stimuli, emerges during infancy through coordinating individual differences. Here we examined bidirectional relations between infant affect-biased attention, temperamental negative affect, and maternal anxiety symptoms using a Random Intercepts Cross-Lagged Panel model (RI-CLPM). Infant-mother pairs from Central Pennsylvania and Northern New Jersey ( N = 342; 52% White; 50% reported as assigned female at birth) participated when infants were 4, 8, 12, 18 and 24 months of age...
November 28, 2022: Developmental Psychology
Roseli G Shavitt, Karthik Sheshachala, Dianne M Hezel, Melanie M Wall, Srinivas Balachander, Christine Lochner, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Daniel L C Costa, Maria Alice de Mathis, Anton J L M van Balkom, Niels T de Joode, Madhuri Narayan, Odile A van den Heuvel, Dan J Stein, Euripedes C Miguel, Helen Blair Simpson, Y C Janardhan Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the steps of ensuring measurement fidelity of core clinical measures in a five-country study on brain signatures of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: We collected data using standardized instruments, which included the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), the Dimensional YBOCS (DYBOCS), the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale (BABS), the 17-item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D), the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A), and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 (SCID)...
November 28, 2022: Neuropsychology
Merve Çavdar Toraman, Enes Sarigedik, Adnan Özçetin
OBJECTIVE: In this study, it was aimed to research the connection between psychological resilience, alexithymia, depression, anxiety and impulsivity in patients who attempted suicide with drugs. METHODS: The patient group ( n = 66) who attempted suicide with drugs and the control group ( n = 66) without any psychiatric diagnosis were examined in the study. Sociodemographic data form, Psychological Resilience Scale, Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11) were used in the study...
November 28, 2022: Omega
Marsha Kim Huh, Kevin Fitzpatrick, Casey Harris, Michael Niño
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines the relationship between social/psychological resources and COVID-related fear, threat, and worry. METHODS: This work is based on data collected in March 23, 2020 from a national sample of 10,368 adults (ages 18 or older) living in the United States. The final sample of 10,368 was post-stratification weighted across gender, age, race, income, and geography (state) to ensure representativeness of the overall population of the United States...
November 28, 2022: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Marjolein E Haveman, Rianne van Melzen, Mostafa El Moumni, Richte C L Schuurmann, Hermie J Hermens, Monique Tabak, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
BACKGROUND: Preoperative telemonitoring of vital signs, physical activity, and well-being might be able to optimize prehabilitation of the patient's physical and mental condition prior to surgery, support setting alarms during in-hospital monitoring, and allow personalization of the postoperative recovery process. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate when and how long patients awaiting major abdominal surgery should be monitored to get reliable preoperative individual baseline values of heart rate (HR), daily step count, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)...
November 28, 2022: JMIR perioperative medicine
Solomis Solomou, Jennifer Logue, Siobhan Reilly, Guillermo Perez-Algorta
University students are at risk of experiencing mental health problems during the transition from home to university. This transition can also adversely affect their diet quality. This review aims to examine bidirectional associations from observational studies regarding the influence of diet quality on the mental health of university students, and vice versa. The databases PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched using relevant search terms. The searches were last updated on 15 July 2022...
November 28, 2022: Health Education Research
Mingzhou Gao, Hao Zhang, Zhan Gao, Ya Sun, Guanghao Xu, Fengqin Wei, Jieqiong Wang, Dongmei Gao
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is high in women of childbearing age with obvious premenstrual irritability. However, reliable animal models are still lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PMDD rat model of premenstrual irritability was induced by the resident-intruder paradigm (RIP). Behavioral characteristics were determined by the aggressive behavior test, elevated plus maze, open-field test, and breast width measurement. The estrous cycle in rats was artificially manipulated by bilateral ovariectomy and exogenous hormone injection to verify the model phenotype's dependence on the estrous cycle...
November 27, 2022: Aging
Megan E LaMotte, Marta Elliott, Dawne M Mouzon
Black Americans have lower rates of depression and anxiety than Whites, despite greater exposure to stressors known to negatively impact mental health, characterized as the Black-White mental health paradox. This study revisited the paradox during the coronavirus pandemic. Drawing on stress process theory, minority stress theory, and the rejection-identification model of discrimination, in-group identity, and well-being, we analyzed original survey data from a quota sample of African American and White adults (N = 594)...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Laíse Figueiredo de Oliveira, Gabriela Godoy Poluceno, Tuane Bazanella Sampaio, Leandra Celso Constantino, Ana Paula Costa, Wagner Carbolin Martins, Tharine Dal-Cim, Karen Andrinéia de Oliveira, Fabiana Kalyne Ludka, Rui Daniel Prediger, Frederico C Pereira, Carla Inês Tasca
Neonatal exposure to general anesthetics has been associated with neurotoxicity and morphologic changes in the developing brain. Isoflurane is a volatile anesthetic widely used in pediatric patients to induce general anesthesia, analgesia, and perioperative sedation. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a single neonatal isoflurane (3% in oxygen, 2 h) exposure in rats at postnatal day (PND) 7, in short-term (24 h - PND8) and long-term (adulthood) protocols. In PND8, ex vivo analysis of hippocampal and frontal cortex slices evaluated cell viability and susceptibility to in vitro glutamate challenge...
November 28, 2022: Neurotoxicity Research
Mia P Kösters, Mai Jm Chinapaw, Marieke Zwaanswijk, Marcel F van der Wal, Hans M Koot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Serkan Turan, Remzi Oğulcan Çıray, Mustafa Tunçtürk, Eren Halac, Berrin Bilgic, Nilay Ağaç, Çağatay Ermiş
In recent years, in addition to its clinical importance, interest in the social-cognitive aspect of internet gaming disorder (IGD) has increased. This study aimed to investigate autistic traits, executive functions, and self-regulation abilities of patients with IGD. Eighty-seven male patients with IGD and eighty-three male healthy controls (HC) were included in the study. All patients were diagnosed with IGD as per the diagnostic criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5. Healthy controls without any comorbid psychiatric diagnosis were recruited from the community...
November 28, 2022: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Michela Ponzio, Maria Cristina Monti, Giulia Mallucci, Paola Borrelli, Sara Fusco, Andrea Tacchino, Giampaolo Brichetto, Livio Tronconi, Cristina Montomoli, Roberto Bergamaschi
BACKGROUND: Comorbid conditions are common in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). They can delay diagnosis and negatively impact the disease course, progression of disability, therapeutic management, and adherence to treatment. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the economic impact of comorbidity in multiple sclerosis (MS), based on cost-of-illness estimates made using a bottom-up approach. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in two northern Italian areas...
November 28, 2022: Neurological Sciences
Zifeng Wu, Hanyu Liu, Enshi Yan, Xinying Zhang, Yuanyuan Wang, Chaoli Huang, Teng He, Liying Miao, Ling Yang, Riyue Jiang, Changyong Qi, Cunming Liu, Di Wang, Chun Yang
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic pain frequently suffer from anxiety symptoms. It has been well established that gut microbiota is associated with the pathogenesis of pain and anxiety. However, it is unknown whether the gut microbiota, particularly the specific bacteria, play a role in the comorbidity of chronic pain and anxiety. METHODS: Chronic inflammatory pain was induced in mice by a single injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Mice were then separated into anxiety-susceptible and anxiety-resilient phenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis of behaviors...
November 28, 2022: Psychopharmacology
Isabelle Leboeuf, Pascal Antoine
Imagery work is a useful therapeutic tool in the treatment of depression. It is central in different therapeutic approaches, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and compassion-focused therapy. The clinical case of Cynthia is presented. Cynthia started therapy for severe depression associated with social anxiety and dependent personality disorder. At different key moments in the therapy, the proposed change strategies led to ruptures in the therapeutic alliance. For example, difficulties in accepting depression, fears of being judged by the therapist, guided imagery of compassion and work on the termination of therapy were both triggers of ruptures and spaces for working on the issues linked to the therapeutic relationship...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Christiane Zelenyanszki, Ruth Somerfield
INTRODUCTION: In England, the NHS National Breast Screening Programme (NHSBSP) offers routine breast screening to all women, some trans men and non-bionary people, between the ages of 50 years and up to their 71 st birthday, every 3 years. The unfolding Covid-19 pandemic in early 2020 was understandably a time of great anxiety and concern. Culturally we were seeing strong behavioural shifts such as social distancing and a general change in all our daily life patterns. Conceptually, and as leaders, we understood the vulnerability we observed, but felt that we did not have the 'right language' and in fact lacked the relevant experience of how to address and communicate with staff and clients during this crisis...
December 2022: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences
Jasmin Honkamäki, Pinja Ilmarinen, Hanna Hisinger-Mölkänen, Leena E Tuomisto, Heidi Andersén, Heini Huhtala, Anssi Sovijärvi, Ari Lindqvist, Helena Backman, Bright I Nwaru, Eva Rönmark, Lauri Lehtimäki, Paula Pallasaho, Päivi Piirilä, Hannu Kankaanranta
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonrespiratory diseases are seemingly more prevalent in subjects with than without asthma, and asthma seems to differentiate by age of onset. However, studies with comparison of nonrespiratory diseases in subjects with and without asthma, considering asthma age of onset, are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To compare the quantity and type of chronic nonrespiratory diseases in adults with and without asthma considering age at asthma diagnosis. METHODS: In 2016, a FinEsS questionnaire was sent to 16,000 20- to 69-year-old adults randomly selected in Helsinki and Western Finland populations...
November 2, 2022: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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