Sara Barbeito, Patricia Vega, Teresa Sánchez-Gutiérrez, Juan Antonio Becerra, Ana González-Pinto, Ana Calvo
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the main cause of premature death in patients with psychosis. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to review suicide in adolescents with psychotic disorders by evaluating factors associated with suicidal acts. Ours is the first systematic review of suicide in this population. METHOD: We performed a systematic review of suicide in adolescents (10 to 19 years) with psychotic disorder. RESULTS: We identified 10 studies, only 2 of which were randomized clinical trials...
July 28, 2021: Schizophrenia Research
Maria Barhoma, Charlotte Sonne, Miriam J J Lommen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of research and consensus with respect to long-term effective treatments for trauma-affected refugees. The purpose of this follow-up study of a randomised clinical trial was to investigate the effectiveness of Stress Management (SM) versus Cognitive Restructuring (CR) in treating trauma-affected refugees, six and 18 months post-treatment, respectively. METHODS: From a total of 126 refugees with PTSD, the intention-to-treat sample in the original trial, 74 patients were present at the six-month follow-up (SM; n = 37, CR; n = 37) and 34 patients at the 18-month follow-up (SM; n = 14, CR; n = 20)...
July 16, 2021: Journal of Affective Disorders
Eugenia Romano, Ruimin Ma, Gayan Perera, Robert Stewart, Konstantinos Tsamakis, Marco Solmi, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs, Christoph Mueller
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective cohort study investigates risks of hospitalised fall or hip fractures in working age adults receiving mental health care in South London. METHODS: Patients aged 18 to 64, who received a first mental illness diagnosis between 2008 and 2016 were included. Primary outcome was hospitalised falls, secondary outcome was hip fractures. Age- and gender-standardised incidence rates and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) compared to local general population were calculated...
July 20, 2021: General Hospital Psychiatry
Jean M Twenge, Cooper McAllister, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Events from spring to fall 2020, including the COVID-19 pandemic, hate crimes, and social unrest, may have impacted mental health, particularly mood and anxiety disorders. This study compares rates of positive screens for anxiety and depressive disorders in separate U.S. national samples from 2019 and April to September 2020. The analysis includes trends within demographic groups, which have received scant attention. METHODS: Nationally representative probability samples of U...
July 23, 2021: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Linda Brent, Elaine A Lissner, Michelle A Kutzler
This case study reports on the use of hormone therapy to treat a dog with a range of physical and behavioral signs that began after gonadectomy. A male mixed breed dog neutered at 7 months of age presented at 1 year with health issues impacting quality of life. Reduced mobility, limping, rapid weight gain, and fear of unfamiliar people were treated over the next three years with trials of pain medication, joint supplements, thyroxine, antidepressant, and significant diet restrictions. Frequent carprofen administration and daily joint supplements reduced limping, but mobility was still poor...
July 28, 2021: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Caihou Lin, Guifen Liu, Yulong Huang, Shunyi Liu, Binghua Tang
Rare-earth nanoparticles have been widely studied for disease diagnosis, in vivo optical imaging, biosensing, and drug delivery. However, the effects of rare-earth nanoparticles on a central nervous system remain unclear. Here, we report that the continuous exposure to rare-earth nanoparticles in mice can cause behavioral alterations including cognitive deficits, anxiety, and depression-like behavior. Using an open-field test and a morris water maze, we showed that long-term exposure to rare-earth nanoparticles may lead to significant depression, anxiety-like behavior, and memory impairment...
July 28, 2021: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Tonia Samela, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Giulia Raimondi, Giancarlo Giupponi, Imperatori Claudio, Anna Contardi, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between food addiction severity (FA) and ADHD symptomatology. Furthermore, we investigated whether emotional distress, and the mentalization deficits could mediate this relationship. METHODS: Three hundred eighty-five Italian adults (307 women and 78 men) participated in the study and completed the Italian versions of the Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale version 2.0, the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 and the Mentalization Questionnaire...
July 28, 2021: Appetite
Gülçin Benbir Şenel, Ömer Aydın, Ezgi Tanrıöver Aydın, Mahmut Reha Bayar, Derya Karadeniz
AIM: Sleep spindles have an important role in the pathophysiology and perception of sleep. We aimed to investigate the link between sleep spindles and microstructural architecture of sleep in regard to psychiatric characteristics in paradoxical insomnia. METHOD: A total of 40 participants (20 with paradoxical insomnia, 20 healthy controls) were included in the study. All participants were evaluated by somnologists and undergone a full-night polysomnography at sleep laboratory...
July 28, 2021: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Apurva Sakarde, Roshan Takhelmayum, Seema Garg, Arvind S Kushwaha
OBJECTIVES: To understand the dynamics of infectivity of COVID-19 and allay the fear and anxiety associated with it in healthcare workers and the society. CASE PRESENTATION: Three individuals accompanied their pediatric patients in the COVID ward but did not develop infection. Information about their knowledge and perspective about the disease and the protective measures undertaken by them during their stay in the hospital was gathered by administering a questionnaire 14 days after discharge...
July 30, 2021: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Beth S Russell, Morica Hutchison, Crystal L Park, Michael Fendrich, Lucy Finkelstein-Fox
BACKGROUND: The negative mental health impact of coronavirus disease 2019-related stressors may be heightened for those caring for children, who bear responsibity for their welfare during disasters. AIM: Based on the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, we inquired whether caregivers' emotion regulation and coping behavior were associated with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). MATERIALS & METHODS: Data were collected through a national online survey in April 2020, and again 60 days later...
July 31, 2021: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Pulkit Kumar, Dhaniket Patel
Background: This review is a great route for future researchers on the topic of alternative medicine. The review goes in depth with respect to Ocimum sanctum and its proposed mechanism of action for different types of cancers. Primary Study Objective: The primary objective of the study was to bring traditional therapy back, which can prove to be economically beneficial and may be helpful to many patients with cancer with few to no adverse events. Intervention: Ocimum sanctum (OS), commonly known as Holy Basil or tulsi, is a very important medicinal herb in parts of India and Southeast Asia...
July 31, 2021: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Eunkyung Lee, Jin-Hwa Park
Background: Academic stress and anxiety are experienced by students as a consequence of examinations. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore whether or not auricular acupressure therapy can reduce exam anxiety, state anxiety and trait anxiety in nursing students. Methods/Design: A single blinded randomized control trial was designed. Setting: The study was conducted at one univeristy in Daegu City, South Korea...
July 31, 2021: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Mohammad Amin Khodadadegan, Shakiba Azami, Paul C Guest, Tannaz Jamialahmadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Depressive and anxiety disorders affect a significant proportion of the global population and constitute one of the highest disease burdens worldwide. Conventional pharmacological treatments are traditionally the first line of therapy for individuals affected by these conditions although these are only successful approximately half of the time and are often associated with undesirable side effects. This review describes the use of the natural substance curcumin as a potential alternative treatment of these mental disorders...
2021: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Rui Luo, Vincent M B Silenzio, Yunxiang Huang, Xi Chen, Dan Luo
This study aimed to explore whether there were differences in suicidal ideation at different time points among sexual minority men (SMM) within five years of HIV diagnosis, and to investigate the influence of time and psychosocial variables on suicidal ideation. This was a five-year follow-up study focusing on the suicidal ideation among HIV-positive SMM who were recruited when they were newly diagnosed with HIV. Suicidal ideation and psychosocial characteristics including depression, anxiety, HIV-related stress, and social support were assessed within one month, the first year, and the fifth year after HIV diagnosis...
July 31, 2021: AIDS and Behavior
Mirinda Ann Gormley, Matthew J Akiyama, Lior Rennert, Kerry A Howard, Brianna L Norton, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Sam Muench, Moonseong Heo, Alain H Litwin
BACKGROUND: Although efforts to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) in people who inject drugs (PWID) yield high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR), the relationship between successful HCV treatment and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among PWID is poorly understood. This study examined HRQOL changes throughout HCV treatment and post-treatment for PWID achieving SVR. METHODS: Participants included 141 PWID who achieved SVR following HCV treatment onsite at three opioid agonist treatment (OAT) clinics in Bronx, NY...
July 31, 2021: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Torin W Waters, David S Dickens
BACKGROUND: Sedation for lumbar punctures (LPs) in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients has been the standard for decades to reduce pain and anxiety. Recent studies on the potential long-term neurocognitive effects of cumulative propofol exposure have raised concerns about this practice. The recent pandemic introduced additional burdens to patients, with the requirement of a negative COVID-19 test prior to each sedated procedure. PROCEDURE: These factors prompted a quality improvement intervention at our institution where we aimed to reduce postinduction sedated LPs by 50%...
July 31, 2021: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Rachel Rouse, Julie Regan
BACKGROUND: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) working with dysphagia have had to radically alter diagnostic and rehabilitation services during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, hereafter referred to as coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Given the aerosol-generating procedures inherent in swallow assessment and interventions, these SLTs have also been particularly susceptible to virus exposure. AIMS: To investigate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on SLTs working with adult dysphagia across the Republic of Ireland and to identify the personal and professional factors associated with depression, anxiety, stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
July 31, 2021: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Elmeida Effendy, Ariwan Selian, Julius Martin Siagian
Aim To evaluate and assess knowledge and perception, as well as factors related to the occurrence of anxiety among frontliners, especially resident doctors working in emergency room (ER). Methods This multivariate study was conducted with cross-sectional approach involving 80 eligible subjects (based on inclusion and exclusion criteria) that are consecutively assigned and assessed with GAD-7 questionnaire. The study was held in ER of Universitas Sumatera Utara affiliated teaching hospital from May to August 2020...
August 1, 2021: Medicinski Glasnik
Amanda Perdomo, Stacey McMahon, Trent Wilkie, Naomi Fox, Padma Rao
INTRODUCTION: Carers and comforters frequently remain with children during paediatric general radiographic examinations. As well as improving the likelihood of overall success of the procedure, this can be important for minimising stress and anxiety of the child. Wearing lead aprons can contribute to additional stress and anxiety about the procedure for both carer and child, specifically due to radiation risk. It also introduces some practical challenges for radiographers. This study quantified a carers exposure to scattered radiation for general radiographic examinations when remaining with a child to assist in positioning or to comfort them...
July 31, 2021: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Alex Catherine Staines, Niall Broomfield, Laura Pass, Faith Orchard, Jessica Bridges
Research indicates a bidirectional relationship between sleep and anxiety, with findings suggesting anxiety can precede poor sleep and vice versa. Evidence suggests sleep-related thought processes associated with anxiety are involved in the maintenance of insomnia. Previous meta-analyses provide some evidence to suggest cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia moderately improves anxiety, yet little research has investigated the effect of other sleep interventions on anxiety symptoms. The aim of this meta-analysis was to review whether non-pharmacological sleep interventions have an impact on anxiety symptoms immediately post-intervention...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Sleep Research
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