Bipin Thapa, Suman Sapkota, Anil Khanal, Binod Kumar Aryal, Yifei Hu
BACKGROUND: Medical undergraduates are more prone to emotional distress in comparison to the general population and non-medical undergraduates. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and factors associated with depression and anxiety symptoms among undergraduate medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 204 medical students in a medical institute in Kathmandu. Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-42 was used to identify the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Tonguc Demir Berkol, Ipek Özönder Ünal
The comorbidity between the major depressive disorder (MDD) and the social anxiety disorder (SAD) is significantly prevalent, necessitating a nuanced understanding of their overlapping clinical characteristics and shared etiological factors, including inflammatory biomarkers. To address this, we conducted a cross-sectional study from December 2021 to June 2022, encompassing 204 outpatients diagnosed with MDD-SAD comorbidity. We employed various psychometric assessments, such as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS)...
September 23, 2023: Biomol Biomed
Klaudia Paula Czorniej, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Wojciech Kułak
BACKGROUND Anxiety disorders are currently among the most common psychiatric diagnoses. This study aimed to analyze self-assessment of anxiety disorders, depression, and quality of life among healthcare personnel working during the COVID-19 pandemic, with a focus on sociodemographic sources and psychological indicators. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study covered a group of 318 healthcare professionals from Poland. The study used a self-created questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, WHOQOL-BREF, Generalised Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD-7), and Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale...
September 24, 2023: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Arzu Uslu, Selda Arslan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of using virtual reality glasses on anxiety and fatigue in women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. DATA SOURCES: A total of 66 women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. The intervention group watched and listened to beach and nature content with virtual reality glasses for 30 minutes. The control group also received standard care. An Introductory Information Form, the State Anxiety Scale, and the Cancer Fatigue Scale were used for data collection...
September 21, 2023: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
Alfredo Oliveros, Michael Poleschuk, Peter D Cole, Detlev Boison, Mi-Hyeon Jang
Chemotherapy has a significant positive impact in cancer treatment outcomes, reducing recurrence and mortality. However, many cancer surviving children and adults suffer from aberrant chemotherapy neurotoxic effects on learning, memory, attention, executive functioning, and processing speed. This chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment (CICI) is referred to as "chemobrain" or "chemofog". While the underlying mechanisms mediating CICI are still unclear, there is strong evidence that chemotherapy accelerates the biological aging process, manifesting as effects which include telomere shortening, epigenetic dysregulation, oxidative stress, mitochondrial defects, impaired neurogenesis, and neuroinflammation, all of which are known to contribute to increased anxiety and neurocognitive decline...
2023: International Review of Neurobiology
Teresa Treacy, Yvvonne O'Meara, Alasdair L Henry, Sarah F Lensen, Michaela J Higgins, Martha Hickey, Donal J Brennan
AIMS: This study will assess the efficacy of digital CBT for insomnia (dCBT-I) compared to sleep hygiene education (SHE) for the management of insomnia in women with cancer. BACKGROUND: 30% of patients with cancer meet insomnia diagnostic criteria and this can be detrimental to health outcomes. Insomnia disorder comprises a dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality characterized by difficulty initiating sleep, frequent awakenings, or early morning wakening without the ability to return to sleep, at least 3 nights per week, for at least 3 months, causing significant impairment or distress in areas of functioning...
September 21, 2023: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Xin-Yu Hao, Yong-Xin Guo, Jing-Sheng Lou, Jiang-Bei Cao, Liu Miao, Tian-Yue Mi, Ao Li, Shao-Hua You, Fu-Yang Cao, Yan-Hong Liu, Hao Li, Zhi-Kang Zhou, Jun-Mei Xu, Qing-Ping Wu, Xiao-Ping Gu, Di-Fen Wang, Yu-Ming Peng, Li-Bin Ma, Li-Yun Wang, Li Tong, Wei-Dong Mi
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has a heavy impact on the mental health of elderly surgical patients worldwide. In particular, the elderly patients faced considerable psychological stress due to various environmental and medical factors during the outbreak. This study aims to examine changes in mental health trends among non-cardiac surgical patients aged 65 and above in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This multi-center, convenient sampling, longitudinal observational study was conducted from April 1, 2020 to April 30, 2022...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Jennifer A Mattera, Allegra X Campagna, Sherryl H Goodman, Maria A Gartstein, Gregory R Hancock, Zachary N Stowe, D Jeffrey Newport, Bettina T Knight
BACKGROUND: Developmental shifts in infant temperament predict distal outcomes including emerging symptoms of psychopathology in childhood. Thus, it is critical to gain insight into factors that shape these developmental shifts. Although parental depression and anxiety represent strong predictors of infant temperament in cross-sectional research, few studies have examined how these factors influence temperament trajectories across infancy. METHODS: We used latent growth curve modeling to examine whether mothers' and fathers' anxiety and depression, measured in two ways - as diagnostic status and symptom severity - serve as unique predictors of developmental shifts in infant temperament from 3 to 12 months...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Renato de Filippis, Michele Mercurio, Cristina Segura Garcia, Pasquale De Fazio, Giorgio Gasparini, Olimpio Galasso
INTRODUCTION: Total hip (THA) and knee (TKA) arthroplasty are effective procedures, but whose success depends on various factors, including patients' genetics, sociocultural environments, and psychological factors. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) provide objective health status outcomes measurements, whose lowest significant variation is detected by the minimum clinically important difference (MCID). HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to find the MCID scores for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), HADS-A, and HADS-D in a cohort of individuals undergoing THA or TKA...
September 21, 2023: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Ying Jiang, Ci Zhang, Jingfang Hong, Wilson Wai San Tam, Hadassah Joann Ramachandran, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Promoting self-care behaviours in heart failure management is an important goal and challenge for healthcare systems worldwide. Using the situation-specific theory of heart failure self-care, this study examined the relationships of person-related, problem-related, and environment-related factors to self-care behaviours and the mediating role of self-care confidence in these relationships. METHOD: We analysed the baseline data from a previous randomised controlled trial study involving 213 patients with heart failure...
August 21, 2023: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Jiemiao Chen, Esther van den Bos, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In recent years eye-tracking studies have provided converging evidence that socially anxious individuals avoid looking at other people's faces in social situations. In addition to these objective measures, the Gaze Anxiety Rating Scale (GARS) has increasingly been used as a self-report measure of gaze avoidance. However, extant results concerning its predictive validity were inconsistent. Moreover, no study has considered social anxiety and gaze anxiety together to examine their relative contributions to actual gaze behavior...
August 11, 2023: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
André Zugman, Laura Jett, Chase Antonacci, Anderson M Winkler, Daniel S Pine
Anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders. Neuroimaging findings remain uncertain, and resting state functional magnetic resonance (rs-fMRI) connectivity is of particular interest since it is a scalable functional imaging modality. Given heterogeneous past findings for rs-fMRI in anxious individuals, we characterize patterns across anxiety disorders by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. Studies were included if they contained at the time of scanning both a healthy group and a patient group...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
C Gouraud, P Thoreux, C Ouazana-Vedrines, V Pitron, S Betouche, K Bolloch, E Caumes, S Guemouni, K Xiang, C Lemogne, B Ranque
OBJECTIVE: Among patients attending a multidisciplinary day-hospital program for persistent symptoms after COVID-19, we aimed i) to describe their characteristics ii) to present the medical conclusions (diagnoses and recommendations) and iii) to assess the patients' satisfaction and its correlates. METHODS: For this retrospective chart review study, frequent symptoms were systematically assessed. Standardized questionnaires explored fatigue (Pichot scale), physical activity (Ricci & Gagnon scale), health-related quality of life (Short-Form Health Survey), anxiety and depressive symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale) and associated psychological burden (Somatic-Symptom-Disorder B criteria Scale)...
August 23, 2023: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
R D Moreno-Fernández, P Sampedro-Piquero, F J Gómez-Salas, A Nieto-Quero, G Estivill-Torrús, F Rodríguez de Fonseca, L J Santín, C Pedraza
Anxious depression is a prevalent disease with devastating consequences. Despite the lack of knowledge about the neurobiological basis of this subtype of depression, recently our group has identified a relationship between the LPA1 receptor, one of the six characterized G protein-coupled receptors (LPA1-6 ) for lysophosphatidic acid, with a mixed depressive-anxiety phenotype. Dysfunctional social behaviors, which have been related to increased activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, are key symptoms of depression and are even more prominent in patients with comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders...
September 21, 2023: Behavioural Brain Research
Christopher J Hayward, Jonathan A Batty, David R Westhead, Owen Johnson, Chris P Gale, Jianhua Wu, Marlous Hall
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of post-myocardial infarction (MI) disease risk to date is limited-yet the number of survivors of MI has increased dramatically in recent decades. We investigated temporally ordered sequences of all conditions following MI in nationwide electronic health record data through the application of process mining. METHODS: We conducted a national retrospective cohort study of all hospitalisations (145,670,448 episodes; 34,083,204 individuals) admitted to NHS hospitals in England (1st January 2008-31st January 2017, final follow-up 27th March 2017)...
September 21, 2023: EBioMedicine
Wei Liu, Xingyue Liu, Jian Wang, Shuzhi Peng, Jie Li, Mengyun Pei, Zhichao Qiu, Peng Zhang
Sleep and psychological disorders are common complaints in stroke survivors. The effectiveness of sleep duration in post-stroke on mental well-being and health outcomes has been reported recently. This study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of sleep duration on the relationship between anxiety and health-related quality of life in Chinese post-stroke; MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a quantitative, cross-sectional study with participants recruited through a multistage, stratified, probability proportional to size sampling method...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Tetiana Danylova, Anatoliy Vovk, Ihor Hoian, Svitlana Kholodynska, Kateryna Honcharenko, Olena Ishchenko, Anna Bezhnar
OBJECTIVE: The aim: The paper aims to examine the relationship between philosophy and mental health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The authors used integrative anthropological approach, interpretive research paradigm, hermeneutical approach. The data collection was carried out using Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar databases. Research papers were identified according to search terms: "mental health", "philosophy", "Ancient philosophy", "Epicureanism", "Stoicism", "Eastern philosophy", "Buddhism", "Taoism", "psychology", "psychotherapy", "anxiety", "depression", "happiness", "mindfulness", "meaning in life"...
2023: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tetiana Vasheka, Oksana Vlasova-Chmeryk, Borys Palamar, Olena Dolgova, Oleksandr Pravda, Sergii Tukaiev, Svitlana Palamar
OBJECTIVE: The aim: Establishment of emotional and behavioral ways of student response to the coronavirus pandemic, the assessment of dominant coping strategies, and the prevalence of neurotic states and stress among students. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The research used a specially developed questionnaire and a block of psychodiagnostic methods for diagnosing manifestations of neurotic conditions in students (Clinical questionnaire for the detection and assessment of neurotic conditions by K...
2023: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Mi Han, Xiao Wang, Huajing Yang, Xiaofeng Wang, Hong Zhu, Mengfan Song
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on male sexual and mental health. However, no prior study has evaluated the efficacy of online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) during the COVID-19 pandemic for treating nonorganic erectile dysfunction (ED) by improving negative emotions and self-esteem. AIM: To test the efficacy of online CBT for nonorganic ED during the COVID-19 pandemic in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Yasmeen Kawji, Hanna Almoaswes, Claire Bise, Lena Kawji, Adrienne Murphy, Tanner D Reed, Rachel J Klapper, Shahab Ahmadzadeh, Sahar Shekoohi, Elyse M Cornett, Alan D Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the present review, various categories of pain, clinician-observed pain scales, and patient-reported pain scales are evaluated to better understand factors that impact patient pain perceptions. Additionally, the expansion of areas that require further research to determine the optimal way to evaluate pain scale data for treatment and management are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Electronic health record (EHR) data provides a starting point for evaluating whether patient predictors influence postoperative pain...
September 23, 2023: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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