Ozlem Kazan Kızılkurt, Ahmet Yılmaz, Cemal Onur Noyan, Nesrin Dilbaz
PURPOSE: To investigate health anxiety-related factors in the early stages of pandemic in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study included 1046 participants who responded to the online survey anonymously between 28 March and 04 April 2020. FINDINGS: Demographic data, postpandemic attitudes towards the elderly and precaution-taking behaviors were health anxiety-related factors. The main predictors of the health anxiety were the level of hopelessness, perception of self, time spent on social media, and following COVID-19 pandemic-related news...
October 19, 2020: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Rosario J Marrero, Ascensión Fumero, José A González-Villalobos, Juan A Hernández-Cabrera, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
BACKGROUND: The present study tested the factorial structure of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) in Mexican adults. Although this instrument has been validated in different cultural contexts, there are no studies to date that analyze its psychometric properties in a Mexican sample. METHOD: 307 adults completed the SPQ, seven participants were removed for being at high risk of psychosis. The final sample was made up of 300 participants (M = 34.58, SD = 13...
November 2020: Psicothema
Ania Justo-Alonso, Ana García-Dantas, Ana I González-Vázquez, Milagrosa Sánchez-Martín, Lucía Del Río-Casanova
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups...
November 2020: Psicothema
Khanh P Le, Brien K Ashdown
Perceiving one's self as accepted by important others, such as parents, is fundamental and crucial for the well-being of each individual. One major aspect of interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory) is examining how parental acceptance-rejection affects people's psychological adjustment. This theory has been validated in many countries and cultural groups around the world, but has not been utilized in the Vietnamese context. This research aims to assess the reliability of IPARTheory measures in Vietnam and applicability of the theory itself among a Vietnamese sample...
October 19, 2020: Journal of Genetic Psychology
Sergey S Berg, Parker S Rosenau, J Roxanne Prichard
To determine whether sleep quality mediates the relationship between traumatic life events and psychological wellbeing in college students. Methods: 40,646 undergraduate responses from the Spring 2017 National College Health Assessment II were evaluated for relationships between two predictor variables: satisfactory sleep and traumatic life events, and two outcome variables: psychological distress (a composite of anxiety, exhaustion, feeling overwhelmed, depression, sadness, loneliness, hopelessness, and anger) and suicidality (composite of self-harm behaviors, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts)...
October 19, 2020: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Nancy Wolff, Eva Aizpurua, Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Dan Peng
Childhood adversity is predictive of poorer health and behavioral health outcomes in adulthood. Males and females are known to experience different types of childhood adversity, with females experiencing more sexual and emotional harm in childhood. Latent class analysis (LCA) has been used to identify patterns among types of childhood adversity. These studies have constructed class structures using single gender or blended gender samples. Class structures based on blended gender samples, however, may misrepresent the nuances of gender-specific adversity histories through averaging, potentially distorting the relative need for gender-specific types of intervention...
October 18, 2020: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sophie Scherer, Lina Jansen, Daniel Boakye, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) and its treatment can lead to several physical and psychosocial impairments. Cancer rehabilitation aims to reduce morbidity and improve quality of life. The objective of this review was to summarize and evaluate evidence on changes in health-related outcomes among CRC patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation therapy and on the effectiveness of such treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search including the electronic databases Pubmed and Web of Science to find observational and interventional studies, which investigated changes in health-related outcomes among CRC patients undergoing multidisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation programs or treatment effects...
October 19, 2020: Acta Oncologica
Yunying Hou, Dandan Zhang, Jifang Zhu, Xin Zhao, Minxia Lu, Qing Wu, Omorogieva Ojo, Xiaohua Wang, Yonghong Zhang
Depression and anxiety often co-occur in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study was conducted to examine the predictive value of depression, anxiety, and their combination on the prognosis of Chinese PCI patients. A multicenter prospective study was undertaken with a sample of 309 primary PCI patients. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was completed at baseline to assess anxiety and depression symptoms. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) were recorded for 12 months after PCI ...
October 19, 2020: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Lauren C Heathcote, Nele Loecher, Pamela Simon, Sheri L Spunt, Abbie Jordan, Perri R Tutelman, Sarah Cunningham, Lidia Schapira, Laura E Simons
OBJECTIVE: Somatic symptoms capture attention, demand interpretation, and promote health behaviors. Symptom appraisal is particularly impactful within uncertain health contexts such as cancer survivorship. Yet, little is known about how individuals make sense of somatic symptoms within uncertain health contexts, nor how this process guides health behaviors. DESIGN: 25 adolescent and young adult survivors of childhood cancer completed semi-structured interviews regarding how they appraise and respond to changing somatic sensations within the uncertain context of survivorship...
October 19, 2020: Psychology & Health
Malithi R Thoradeniya, Ellen L Wessel, Davoud Pourmarzi, Jake M Najman, Andrew Smirnov
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is a lack of evidence regarding mental health disorder prevalence in people who use amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS). This study compares prevalence in Australian young adults who used ATS and young adults who had never used, and examines potential predictors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Population-based sampling was used to recruit young adults who used ATS (n = 224) and young adults who had never used ATS (n = 125). Thirty-day prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mania/hypomania were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Scale...
October 19, 2020: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ruihong Yan, Fang Yu, Kara Strandlund, Jing Han, Na Lei, Yinghong Song
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported associations between health-related quality of life(HRQOL), social support, and mental stress of patients with chronic wound, while the causal relationship is unclear and little is known about the HRQOL of hospitalized them. We therefore investigated the status of HRQOL of hospitalized patients with chronic wound and the causal relationships among social support, mental stress (anxiety and depression) and HRQOL of which. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted and the demographic and disease characteristics, HRQOL, perceived social support and mental stress of 216 hospitalized patients with chronic wound was surveyed through questionnaires collected by face to face interview...
October 19, 2020: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Dimitar K Gavrilov, Amy L Piazza, Gisele Pino, Coleman Turgeon, Dietrich Matern, Devin Oglesbee, Kimiyo Raymond, Silvia Tortorelli, Piero Rinaldo
The expansion of the recommend uniform screening panel to include more than 50 primary and secondary target conditions has resulted in a substantial increase of false positive results. As an alternative to subjective manipulation of cutoff values and overutilization of molecular testing, here we describe the performance outcome of an algorithm for disorders of methionine, cobalamin, and propionate metabolism that includes: (1) first tier screening inclusive of the broadest available spectrum of markers measured by tandem mass spectrometry; (2) integration of all results into a score of likelihood of disease for each target condition calculated by post-analytical interpretive tools created byCollaborative Laboratory Integrated Reports (CLIR), a multivariate pattern recognition software; and (3) further evaluation of abnormal scores by a second tier test measuring homocysteine, methylmalonic acid, and methylcitric acid...
June 2020: International Journal of Neonatal Screening
Raymond Y Wang
Pompe disease is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme deficiency, resulting in muscle and neuron intralysosomal glycogen storage. Clinical symptoms vary from the severe, infantile-onset form with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, gross motor delay, and early death from respiratory insufficiency; to a late-onset form with variable onset of proximal muscle weakness and progressive respiratory insufficiency. Newborn screening programs have been instituted to presymptomatically identify neonates with infantile-onset Pompe disease for early initiation of treatment...
March 2020: International Journal of Neonatal Screening
Victor E Akpan, David O Omole, Daniel E Bassey
Wastewater reuse has become an integral part of Integrated Water Resources Management and thus plays a role in securing the water needs for future generations. This study aimed at determining the perceptions of Canaanland, an emerging urban community in Ogun State, Nigeria, on treated wastewater reuse for several purposes. Data were collected through questionnaires administered to the city residents (n = 244). Findings revealed that the city was aware of the economic and environmental benefits of wastewater reuse but would prefer reuse schemes that involved less human contact such as flushing toilets, electricity generation, building construction, and car wash...
October 2020: Heliyon
Seyed Ghasem Seyed Hashemi, Shalaleh Hosseinnezhad, Solmaz Dini, Mark D Griffiths, Chung-Ying Lin, Amir H Pakpour
With the rapid growth of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), individuals may try to find related medical information using the internet to overcome their fears. Under such circumstances, individuals with the features of cyberchondria, anxiety sensitivity, and metacognitive beliefs in negative thoughts may suffer more fears than those without these features. Therefore, the present study proposed a model to understand the associations between problematic internet use (PIU), cyberchondria, anxiety sensitivity, metacognition beliefs, and fear of COVID-19...
October 2020: Heliyon
Ying Chen, Eric S Kim, Alexandra E Shields, Tyler J VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses' Health Study II (2009-2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including: psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors...
2020: Cogent Psychology
Melika Fallah, Gholamreza Askari, Zatollah Asemi
Background: Women's mental health is a significant health issue for pregnant women during and after pregnancy. Postpartum depression (PPD) is defined as the presence of depression in the 1st year after delivery. This study reviews the relationship between Vitamin D levels, anxiety and poor sleep quality related to pregnancy. Materials and Methods: A systematic search was conducted on documents presented in PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Web of Science databases until March 2020...
2020: Advanced Biomedical Research
Mutlay Sayan, Ilkay Serbez, Bilgehan Teymur, Gokhan Gur, Teuta Zoto Mustafayev, Gorkem Gungor, Banu Atalar, Enis Ozyar
Purpose: Magnetic resonance-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) has been incorporated into a growing number of clinical practices world-wide, however, there is limited data on patient experiences with MRgRT. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate patient tolerance of MRgRT using patient reported outcome questionnaires (PRO-Q). Methods: Ninety patients were enrolled in this prospective observational study and treated with MRgRT (MRIdian Linac System, ViewRay Inc...
2020: Frontiers in Oncology
Murat Yassa, Ahmet Yassa, Cihangir Yirmibeş, Pınar Birol, Umur Göktuğ Ünlü, Arzu Bilge Tekin, Kemal Sandal, Memiş Ali Mutlu, Gül Çavuşoğlu, Niyazi Tug
Objective: Reliable data regarding maternal mental well-being during the Severe Acute Respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic are scarce. This study aimed to assess the state/trait anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms of pregnant women and compare those with the non-pregnant population using patient-reported validated outcome measures. Materials and Methods: This prospective case-control study was conducted at a tertiary 'Coronavirus Pandemic Hospital' in İstanbul, Turkey in April, 2020...
September 2020: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dana Slavoaca, Codruta Birle, Adina Stan, Alexandru Tatomir, Oana Popa, Paula Rosu, Ana-Maria Vulcan, Diana Chira, Livia Livint Popa, Constantin Dina, Vitalie Vacaras, Stefan Strilciuc, Pieter Vos
Seric biomarkers have been tested in a large number of studies on traumatic brain injuries (TBI) patients in order to predict severity, especially related to the short-term outcome. However, TBI patients have a high risk of developing long-term complications such as physical disability, cognitive impairment, psychiatric pathology, epilepsy, and others. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between protein biomarkers S100 and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and neurocognitive status at 10- and 90-days post-injury...
July 2020: Journal of Medicine and Life
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