Josephine McMurray, AnneMarie Levy, Wei Pang, Paul Holyoke
BACKGROUND: With the rapid aging of the global population, the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia is anticipated to surge worldwide. MCI serves as an intermediary stage between normal aging and dementia, necessitating more sensitive and effective screening tools for early identification and intervention. The BrainFx SCREEN is a novel digital tool designed to assess cognitive impairment. This study evaluated its efficacy as a screening tool for MCI in primary care settings, particularly in the context of an aging population and the growing integration of digital health solutions...
April 19, 2024: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Christel Lynne Chang, Chaitali Sinha, Madhavi Roy, John Chee Meng Wong
BACKGROUND: The impact that the COVID-19 pandemic has had on health care workers' mental health, in particular, cannot be ignored. Not only did the pandemic exacerbate mental health challenges through elevated stress, anxiety, risk of infection, and social isolation, but regulations to minimize infection additionally hindered the conduct of traditional in-person mental health care. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the feasibility of using Wysa, an artificial intelligence-led mental health app, among health care workers...
April 19, 2024: JMIR Formative Research
Celia Alvarez-Romero, Alejandro Polo-Molina, Eugenio Francisco Sánchez-Úbeda, Carlos Jimenez-De-Juan, Maria Pastora Cuadri-Benitez, Jose Antonio Rivas-Gonzalez, Jose Portela, Rafael Palacios, Carlos Rodriguez-Morcillo, Antonio Muñoz, Carlos Luis Parra-Calderon, Maria Dolores Nieto-Martin, Manuel Ollero-Baturone, Carlos Hernández-Quiles
BACKGROUND: Functional impairment is one of the most decisive prognostic factors in patients with complex chronic diseases. A more significant functional impairment indicates that the disease is progressing, which requires implementing diagnostic and therapeutic actions that stop the exacerbation of the disease. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to predict alterations in the clinical condition of patients with complex chronic diseases by predicting the Barthel Index (BI), to assess their clinical and functional status using an artificial intelligence model and data collected through an internet of things mobility device...
April 19, 2024: JMIR Formative Research
N A Lebedeva-Nesevria, A V Leukhina
The article presents review of empirical social medical and sociological studies of mental health of Russians in "post-pandemic" (2022 - first half of 2023). The purpose of the study is to generalize results of corresponding studies. The review covers the articles in national scientific journals indexed in the RSCI, the results of monitoring surveys carried out by both all-Russian research organizations handling analysis of public opinion and by Federal research and educational organizations. The criteria of selection of studies included the study field stage was implemented in January 2022 - June 2023; sociological survey technique was applied; the study object was whole population of the Russian Federation or its subject or a separate social group...
March 2024: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Mara Ulin, Nneoma Edokobi, Brandon Ganjineh, Everett F Magann, Megan D Whitham
IMPORTANCE: Pregnant women are exposed to both occupational and environmental noise during their pregnancy. The association between noise and adverse health outcomes is well known. Less is known about the relationship between noise and its effects on the embryo/fetus and pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study is to review what is known about the effect(s) of environment and occupational noise during pregnancy on maternal and perinatal outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase) were searched from 1995-2023 with the only limitation being that the articles were in English...
April 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Julie A Beck
Nursing students increasingly report being stressed. As a potential treatment, students are using marijuana, according to nursing schools. Currently, there is no standardized guideline for the use of marijuana or marijuana testing for nursing students. This article discusses several concerns about clinical nursing students' use of marijuana for stress and anxiety relief.
May 1, 2024: Nursing
Nur Hani Zainal, Hui Han Tan, Ryan Yee Shiun Hong, Michelle Gayle Newman
BACKGROUND: Theories propose that brief, mobile, self-guided mindfulness ecological momentary interventions (MEMIs) could enhance emotion regulation (ER) and self-compassion. Such changes are posited to be mechanisms of change. However, rigorous tests of these theories have not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: In this assessor-blinded, parallel-group randomized controlled trial, we aimed to test these theories in social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHODS: Participants with SAD (defined as having a prerandomization cut-off score ≥20 on the Social Phobia Inventory self-report) were randomized to a 14-day fully self-guided MEMI (96/191, 50...
April 19, 2024: JMIR Mental Health
Marloes Bults, Catharina Margaretha van Leersum, Theodorus Johannes Josef Olthuis, Egbert Siebrand, Zohrah Malik, Lili Liu, Antonio Miguel-Cruz, Jan Seerp Jukema, Marjolein Elisabeth Maria den Ouden
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop and coordinate dementia care plans that use assistive technology for vulnerable groups such as immigrant populations. However, immigrant populations are seldom included in various stages of the development and implementation of assistive technology, which does not optimize technology acceptance. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to gain an in-depth understanding of the acceptance of a digital personal assistant, called Anne4Care, by older adult immigrants living with dementia in their own homes...
April 19, 2024: JMIR aging
Stefanie G A Veenhuizen, Sophie E L van Grinsven, Isabelle L Laseur, Marije F Bakker, Evelyn M Monninkhof, Stéphanie V de Lange, Ruud M Pijnappel, Ritse M Mann, Marc B I Lobbes, Katya M Duvivier, Mathijn D F de Jong, Claudette E Loo, Nico Karssemeijer, Paul J van Diest, Wouter B Veldhuis, Carla H van Gils
OBJECTIVES: Supplemental MRI screening improves early breast cancer detection and reduces interval cancers in women with extremely dense breasts in a cost-effective way. Recently, the European Society of Breast Imaging recommended offering MRI screening to women with extremely dense breasts, but the debate on whether to implement it in breast cancer screening programs is ongoing. Insight into the participant experience and willingness to re-attend is important for this discussion. METHODS: We calculated the re-attendance rates of the second and third MRI screening rounds of the DENSE trial...
April 19, 2024: European Radiology
Chun-Jen Huang, Ching-Hua Lin, Tai-Ling Liu, Pai-Cheng Lin, Chin-Chen Chu, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chun-Wang Wei, Shih-Feng Weng
This study investigated the healthcare utilization and medical expenditure of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and identified the associated factors. The healthcare utilization and expenditure of T2DM patients with (case group) and without (control group) GAD between 2002 and 2013 were examined using the population-based Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Healthcare utilization included outpatient visits and hospitalization; health expenditure included outpatient, inpatient, and total medical expenditure...
April 19, 2024: Psychiatric Quarterly
Scheila Iria Kraus, Jeane Bachi Ferreira, Angela Patricia França, Vinícius Alexandre Wippel, Rodrigo Bainy Leal, Raquel Oppermann, Michele Debiasi Alberton, Morgana Duarte da Silva
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a painful chronic condition that significantly impacts the quality of life, posing challenges for clinical management. Given the difficulty of understanding the pathophysiology and finding new therapeutics, this study explored the effects of a medicinal plant, E. brasiliensis, in an FM model induced by reserpine in Swiss mice. Animals were treated with saline 0.9% (vehicle), duloxetine 10 mg/kg (positive control), or hydroalcoholic extract of E. brasiliensis leaves 300 mg/kg (HEEb). Nociceptive parameters, as well as locomotion, motor coordination, strength, anxiety, and depressive-like behaviors, were evaluated for 10 days...
April 19, 2024: Molecular Neurobiology
Qing Zhang, Qian Lan, Zhen-Zhu Cao, Juan Li, Xin Zhao, Ao-Mei Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of the nursing model based on the interactive model of health behavior (IMCHB) on the self-efficacy and negative emotions of prostate cancer patients. METHODS: 70 cases clinically admitted to our hospital from January 1, 2021 to January 31, 2023 Patients who received radiotherapy for prostate cancer were taken as research subjects and divided into a control group (n=35) and an observation group (n=35) according to the random drawing method...
October 2023: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
De-Juan Sun, Ya-Lu Zheng, Yuan-Yuan Zhu, Li Li, Li-Lin Li
UNLABELLED: Obstract: To explore the application of electrophysiological appropriate technology in perioperative nursing of patients undergoing microdissection testicular sperm extraction. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the medical records of 108 patients who underwent testicular incision and sperm extraction under a microscope at our center from May 2022 to June 2023. Among them, 51 patients received routine care and 57 patients received electrophysiological treatment...
October 2023: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Wei Wei, Chunrogng Ma, Zirong Tian, Mengmei Bu, Wei Liu, Ming Song
BACKGROUND: Background • Radiofrequency ablation, a widely utilized minimally invasive surgery for atrial fibrillation treatment, has certain latent risks, including a high postoperative recurrence rate and various complications. Therefore, nursing intervention plays a pivotal role in the rehabilitation process after radiofrequency ablation. BACKGROUND: Objective • This study aims to investigate the impact of rehabilitation nursing on postoperative cardiac function and quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation...
April 18, 2024: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Bing Xu, Yong-Zhan Gong, Kai-Feng Liu, Sheng-Min Zhang, Shao Zhang, Pan-Yan Zhu, Zi-Hao Wang, Peng-Jie Lu, Zi-Song Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of dapoxetine combined with transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (TNES) in the treatment of primary premature ejaculation. METHODS: A total of 60 patients who met the diagnostic criteria for primary premature ejaculation were selected as study subjects and randomly divided into a dapoxetine group (control group) and a dapoxetine combined with percutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation group (observation group)...
September 2023: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Le Yu, Xiaona Zhu, Kang Peng, Huimin Qin, Kexin Yang, Fang Cai, Ji Hu, Ye Zhang
Pain, a comorbidity of anxiety disorders, causes substantial clinical, social, and economic burdens. Emerging evidence suggests that propofol, the most commonly used general anesthetic, may regulate psychological disorders; however, its role in pain-associated anxiety is not yet described. This study investigates the therapeutic potential of a single dose of propofol (100 mg kg-1 ) in alleviating pain-associated anxiety and examines the underlying neural mechanisms. In acute and chronic pain models, propofol decreased anxiety-like behaviors in the elevated plus maze (EPM) and open field (OF) tests...
April 19, 2024: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
João Pedro Gonçalves Pacheco, Christian Kieling, Pedro H Manfro, Ana M B Menezes, Helen Gonçalves, Isabel O Oliveira, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Luis Augusto Rohde, Maurício Scopel Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The DSM Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure (DSM-XC) allows for assessing multiple psychopathological domains. However, its capability to screen for mental disorders in a population-based sample and the impact of adverbial framings (intensity and frequency) on its performance are unknown. METHODS: The study was based on cross-sectional data from the 1993 Pelotas birth cohort in Brazil. Participants with completed DSM-XC and structured diagnostic interviews ( n = 3578, aged 22, 53...
April 19, 2024: Psychological Medicine
Chintan Trivedi, Preetam Reddy, Abid Rizvi, Karrar Husain, Kimberly Brown, Zeeshan Mansuri, Mahamudun Nabi, Shailesh Jain
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is linked with an increased risk of schizophrenia and other non-mood psychotic disorders (psychotic disorders), but the prevalence and contributing factors of these psychiatric conditions post-TBI remain unclear. This study explores this link to identify key risk factors in TBI patients. METHODS: We used the 2017 National Inpatient Sample dataset. Patients with a history of TBI (n = 26 187) were identified and matched 1:1 by age and gender to controls without TBI (n = 26 187)...
April 18, 2024: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Markus Eckardt, Laura Stadtmueller, Christoph Zick, Jörg Kupfer, Christina Schut
Mindfulness is a special type of attention, namely focusing on the current moment in a non-judgmental manner. Extensive mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to have positive effects in patients with psoriasis. However, it is unclear whether brief (2-week) interventions are also beneficial. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a 2-week mindfulness-based intervention in patients with psoriasis. Patients were randomly assigned to an experimental (treatment-as-usual + mindfulness-based intervention) or control group (treatment-as-usual) during their clinic stay...
April 19, 2024: Acta Dermato-venereologica
L N Gumenyuk, M Yu Kuznetsova, M B Ispiryan, U I Basnaev, N E Karakursakov
UNLABELLED: Search of new rational ways to increase the effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation measures for patients with psoriasis vulgaris continues to be one of the urgent problems in modern clinical dermatology. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a comparative analysis of the impact of different variants of sanatorium-resort treatment (SRT) - pelotherapy and pelotherapy in combination with intravenous laser blood irradiation (ILBI) - on the level of IL-17 and TNF-a, dermatological status, psychoemotional state and quality of life (QL) assessment of patients with psoriasis vulgaris...
2024: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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