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Journal of Dental Biomaterials

Golkari A, Sabokseir A, Blane D, Sheiham A, Watt Rg
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Early childhood is a crucial period of life as it affects one's future health. However, precise data on adverse events during this period is usually hard to access or collect, especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: This paper first reviews the existing methods for retrospective data collection in health and social sciences, and then introduces a new method/tool for obtaining more accurate general and oral health related information from early childhood retrospectively...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Jafari Aa, Lotfi-Kamran Mh, Ghafoorzadeh M, Shaddel Sm
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Despite the numerous positive features of acrylic denture base, there are a number of undeniable associated disadvantages. The properties of denture base have been improved through various interventions including application of different types of filler and coatings. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the surface roughness, thickness and coating quality of organic-inorganic coating on the denture base through scanning electron microscopy...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Shaghaghian S, Zeraatkar M
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Inadequate tooth brushing and inappropriate oral hygiene can lead to dental caries, the most common chronic diseases of childhood with several side effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate factors affecting on preschool children's oral hygiene and tooth brushing in Shiraz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we selected 453 children registered in Shiraz kindergartens in 2013 by randomized cluster sampling...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Tavangar Ms, Jafarpur D, Bagheri R
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Compressive strength (CS) and sorption/solubility of the luting cements are two associated factors. Searching a correlation between sorption/solubility and compressive strength of various luting cements is required. OBJECTIVES: To measure the water sorption/solubility, and compressive strength of three resin-based and one conventional glass ionomer (CGI) luting cement after 1 and 24 h of immersion in distilled water and to determine if there is any correlation between those properties found...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Malek Mohammadi T, Derakhshani R, Tavallaie M, Raoof M, Hasheminejad N, Haghdoost Aa
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The concentration of fluoride in water is usually higher in areas around the coal mines. Zarand region in the south-east of Iran is known for its coal mines. Some studies have shown the high prevalence of fluorosis and some studies reported high levels of fluoride in the region. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to use Geographic Information System (GIS) to assess the relationship between water fluoride content and the prevalence of fluorosis and its spatial distribution in Zarand region...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Sobhnamayan F, Adl A, Ghanbaran S
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Previous studies have shown discoloration of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in contact with root canal irrigation solutions. However, there are limited data on colour stability of other calcium silicate-based materials (CSMs). OBJECTIVES: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the colour stability of three CSMs in contact with different irrigation solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three CSMs including White MTA (wMTA) Angelus, calcium enriched mixture (CEM), and Biodentine were assessed in this study...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
S M Abrisham, A Fallah Tafti, S Kheirkhah, M A Tavakkoli
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Recent clinical results for Zirconia all-ceramic restorations have revealed that the fracture rate 6-15% of the Zirconia framework is so low and the core of Zirconia has high stability. However, chipping-off fractures of porcelain are the most common reason for failures of Zirconia in the fixed partial dentures. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of porcelain in the porcelain fused to metal and all-ceramic crowns with Zirconia core...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
H Poureslami, Ra Hoseinifar, P Khazaeli, Re Hoseinifar, H Sharifi, P Poureslami
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The casein phospho peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate with or without fluoride (CPP-ACPF and CPP-ACP respectively) are of considerably new materials which are highly recommended for prevention of dental caries. However, there is a shortage in literature on how they affect the ion concentration of saliva or dental plaque. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of calcium, phosphate and fluoride in the plaque and saliva of children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) after applying the CPP-ACP paste in comparison with the use of CPP-ACPF paste...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
V Moshkelgosha, Sh Mehrvarz, M Saki, A Golkari
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Fixed orthodontic appliances in the oral cavity make tooth cleaning procedures more complicated. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of computerized oral hygiene instruction with verbal technique among fixed orthodontic patients referred to the evening clinic of Orthodontics of Shiraz Dental School. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blind study was performed in Orthodontic Department of Shiraz, Islamic Republic of Iran, from January to May 2015 following the demonstrated exclusion and inclusion criteria...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
M Amiri, Z Etemadifar, A Daneshkazemi, M Nateghi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acid producing bacteria including Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli cause tooth demineralization and lead to tooth decay. Also, oral colonization of the species of Candida has been reported in many studies that are resistant to antifungal agents. OBJECTIVES: In this study, antibacterial and antifungal effects of nano-CuO were studied against some oral bacteria and yeast fungi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) for oral bacterial and fungal test strains were determined in 96-well microtiter plate technique...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
M Sookhakiyan, S Tavana, Y Azarnia, R Bagheri
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Patients' demand for tooth-colored restoratives in the posterior region is increasing. Clinicians use universal nanohybrid resin composites for both anterior and posterior regions. There are few published reports comparing fracture toughness of nonohybrids and that of hybrid composite stored wet and dry. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the fracture toughness of three nanohybrids compared to that of a hybrid resin composite stored dry or wet up to 60 days, using four-point bending test...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Mousavi S, Narimani S, Hekmatfar S, Jafari K
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acrylic teeth of dentures are prone to discoloration due to frequent exposure to different colouring solutions in the oral environment. Thus, in order to maintain their aesthetic appearance, they must possess high colour stability while exposed to colorant solutions. OBJECTIVES: To compare the colour stability of three different brands of acrylic teeth following immersion in coffee, tea and cola. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 90 acrylic teeth in three groups (n = 30) of Ivoclar (Italy), PolyDent (Slovenia) and Apple (Iran)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Monfared M, Bahrololoom Me
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental resin composites are becoming prevalent in restorative dentistry and have almost replaced amalgam nowadays. Consequently, their mechanical properties and durability are critical. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to produce Pyrex glass nano-particles by wet milling process and use them as reinforcement in dental resins for anterior restorations and then examination of fractographic properties of these composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The glass nano-particles were achieved via wet milling...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Hajimaghsoodi S, Zandi H, Bahrami M, Hakimian R
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: It is necessary to use irrigation solutions during cleaning and shaping of root canals to efficiently reduce the number of micro organisms. Sodium hypochlorite is used as an effective antibacterial endodontic irrigants. However, the extract of pennyroyal plant has also shown anti-bacterial characteristics comparable with antibacterial drugs. OBJECTIVES: To compare the anti-bacterial effect of spearmint extract on Enterococcus faecalis bacteria with that of sodium hypochlorite 5...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Sharifi M, Khoramian Tusi S
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The bond strength between restorative material and tooth structure is so important for conduction of durable restoration. Considering the recent attention to low shrinkage composite resins, evaluation of micro tensile bond strength of these materials would be valuable. OBJECTIVES: To compare the microtensile bond strength of silorane composite resin (Filtek P90) with the conventional methacrylate composite (Filtek Z250) with and without applying acid etch before application of bonding system...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Bakhtiar M, Azadi N, Golkari A
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Pit and fissure sealant therapy has been approved as an effective measure in the prevention of occlusal dental caries. Resin based materials are the most common materials used worldwide. A variety of resin based fissure sealants are produced and used. Most of them have been presented with ideal results in research environment. However, their effectiveness in the real life, especially in a mass application program such as Iran's oral health reform plan is not clear...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Mousavinasab Sm, Atai M, Salehi N, Salehi A
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The degree of conversion depends on the material composition, light source properties, distance from light source, light intensity, curing time, and other factors such as shade and translucency. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we evaluated the effects of different light-curing modes and shades of methacrylate and silorane-based resin composites on the degree of conversion of resin composites (DC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methacrylate-based (Filtek Z250, 3M, ESPE) and low-shrinkage silorane-based (Filtek P90, 3M, ESPE) resin composites were used in three groups as follows: group 1-Filtek Z250 (shade A3), group 2-Filtek Z250 (shade B2), and group 3-Filtek P90 (shade A3)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Farhadpour H, Sharafeddin F, Akbarian Sc, Azarian B
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Hemostatic agents may affect the micro-leakage of different adhesive systems. Also, chlorhexidine has shown positive effects on micro-leakage. However, their interaction effect has not been reported yet. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of contamination with a hemostatic agent on micro-leakage of total- and self-etching adhesive systems and the effect of chlorhexidine application after the removal of the hemostatic agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized Class V cavity was prepared on each of the sixty caries free premolars at the cemento-enamel junction, with the occlusal margin located in enamel and the gingival margin in dentin...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Farahat F, Daneshkazemi Ar, Hajiahmadi Z
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: For many years, application of the composite restoration with a thickness less than 2 mm for achieving the minimum polymerization contraction and stress has been accepted as a principle. But through the recent development in dental material a group of resin based composites (RBCs) called Bulk Fill is introduced whose producers claim the possibility of achieving a good restoration in bulks with depths of 4 or even 5 mm. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of irradiation times and bulk depths on the degree of cure (DC) of a bulk fill composite and compare it with the universal type...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
Khaghani M, Alizadeh S, Doostmohammadi A
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: In order to increase the performance of glass ionomer cement, it is reinforced with metal powders, short fibers, bioceramics and other materials. Fluoroapatite (Ca10(PO4)6F2) is found in dental enamel and is usually used in dental materials due to its good chemical and physical properties. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the effects of the addition of synthesized fluoroapatite nanoceramic on the compressive strength and bioactivity of glass ionomer cement were investigated...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Biomaterials
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