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Archives of Craniofacial Surgery

Bommie Florence Seo, Hyuk Joon Choi, Sung-No Jung
Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from the intraepidermal ductal portion of the eccrine sweat gland. It develops either spontaneously or from a long standing benign eccrine poroma. This entity usually affects older people and is commonly located on the lower extremities, the trunk, and the head. We report a case of eccrine porocarcinoma on the left cheek in an 85-year-old male. In our case, the tumor was treated with wide excision and postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy. The patient recovered well without local recurrence and distant metastasis during the 14-month follow-up period...
February 11, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Yun Yong Park, Hee Chang Ahn, Jang Hyun Lee, Jung Woo Chang
Background: The resection of head and neck cancer can result in postoperative defect. Many patients have difficulty swallowing and masticating, and some have difficulty speaking. Various types of flaps are used for palatal reconstruction, but flap selection remains controversial. Therefore, our study will suggest which flap to choose during palatal reconstruction. Methods: Thirteen patients who underwent palatal reconstruction from 30 January, 1989 to 4 October, 2016 at our institution...
February 7, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Jin Hoon Lee, Jae Wook Oh, Sung Ho Yoon
Orocutaneous fistulas, or cutaneous sinuses of odontogenic origin, are uncommon but often misdiagnosed as skin lesions unrelated to dental origin by physicians. Accurate diagnosis and use of correct investigative modalities are important because orocutaneous fistulas are easily confused for skin or bone tumors, osteomyelitis, infected cysts, salivary gland fistulas, and other pathologies. The aim of this study is to present our experience with a patient with orocutaneous fistulas of odontogenic origin presenting as recurrent pyogenic granuloma of the cheek, and to discuss their successful treatment...
February 7, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Bommie Florence Seo, Hyuk Joon Choi, Kyung Jin Seo, Sung-No Jung
Schwannoma is a benign tumor rarely found in the head and neck and much less commonly found in the intraparotid facial nerve. It is a slow-growing encapsulated tumor originating from the Schwann cells or axonal nerve sheath. It can occur anywhere along the course of the facial nerve. Patients may present with symptoms of facial palsy, but the most common presenting symptom is an asymptomatic swelling. Diagnosis is usually difficult before surgical removal and histopathological examination. We report a rare case of intraparotid facial nerve schwannoma in a 57-year-old female who had sustained a mass of the right preauricular area for 3 years...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Jin Woo Han, Jong Hun Lee, Eun Kyung Kim
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia or Masson's hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor. The reactive proliferation of endothelial cells in this disease mimics other benign or malignant vascular proliferation such as angiosarcoma or Kaposi's sarcoma. It is important to make an accurate distinction to avoid confusion with these malignant tumors. This would facilitate a proper diagnosis, which is essential so that the patient is not subjected to unnecessarily aggressive or inappropriate treatment.
February 1, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Yang Seok Kim, Young Cheon Na, Woo Hoe Huh, Ji Min Kim
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an uncommon form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Most commonly affected organ is the stomach. But, it could affect almost every organ in the whole body. If they have suspicious lesion, excision biopsy could be made. For staging, blood test including blood smear, abdomen and chest tomography or scan will be checked. Also, bone marrow test can be done if it is needed. The patient had visited the clinic for palpable mass on right lower eyelid...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Han Byul Lee, So Eun Han, Lan Sook Chang, Soo Hyang Lee
Chronic burn scars often cause various skin malignancies at rates of up to 2%. These lesions are usually squamous cell carcinomas, but rarely, malignant melanoma is reported. We report a 67-year-old male with a malignant melanoma on a burn scar with regional metastasis. This patient presented an ulcerative lesion only in 2 weeks. After histopathological diagnosis, we performed only palliative surgery on patient's demand, and followed up the subsequent deterioration course. Our case reemphasizes the need for rapid diagnosis and treatment when suspect lesions are present on chronic burn scar...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Yong Hun Kim, Hyung Woo Yoon, Jiye Kim, Sug Won Kim
Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign tumor of the salivary gland. Pleomorphic adenoma occurs most commonly in the parotid gland but it may involve other salivary gland such as submandible or lingual. We report an ectopic pleomorphic adenoma in the subcutaneous layer of the face. A woman presented with a mass of the nasolabial fold. After excision of the mass, it was revealed as an pleomorphic adenoma pathologically. An ectopic pleomorphic adenoma which was located in the subcutaneous layer of the face is very rare in medical literature...
February 1, 2019: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Yoon Kyu Chung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Jae-Won Kim, Tae-Gon Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Bommie Florence Seo, Hyuk Joon Choi, Min Cheol Lee, Sung-No Jung
Replantation using microvascular anastomosis is considered to be the optimal method in treating the amputated ear in terms of resulting color, texture, and shape. Only a few cases of ear replantation have been reported because it is anatomically difficult to identify suitable vessels for anastomosis. We successfully replanted the amputated helical rim of the ear using single arterial anastomosis. A 37-year-old man had his helical rim amputated by a human bite. The amputee was about 4 × 1 cm in dimension, composed of skin and soft tissue including auricular cartilage...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Young Ho Kim, Hyonsurk Kim, Eul-Sik Yoon
Intraorbital wooden foreign bodies may present difficulties in diagnosis due to their radiolucent nature. Delayed recognition and management can cause significant complications. We present a case report that demonstrates these problems and the sequela that can follow. A 56-year-old man presented with a 3-cm laceration in the right upper eyelid, sustained by a slipping accident. After computed tomography (CT) scanning and ophthalmology consultation, which revealed no fractures and suggested only pneumophthalmos, the wound was repaired by a plastic surgery resident...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Young Hun Chung, Sang Yoon Kang, Woo Suk Choi
Xanthelasma palpebrarum is the most common cutaneous xanthoma found on the medial side of the eyelid. The typical lesion is usually a flat and yellowish plaque on the skin. However, we report on a unique case of intramuscular xanthoma found during blepharoplasty for the correction of ptosis. A 53-year-old male patient visited our department with a complaint of a ptotic eyelid. He was concerned about the cosmetic appearance and the uncomfortable feeling while opening his eyes, and wanted these problems to be solved...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Lan Sook Chang
Dental origins are a common cause of facial cutaneous sinus tracts. However, it can be easily overlooked or misdiagnosed if not suspected by a surgeon who is not familiar with dental origins. Cutaneous odontogenic sinuses are typically nodulocystic lesions with discharge and are most frequently located on the chin or jaw. This article presents two cases of unusual cutaneous odontogenic sinus presentations, as deep dimpling at the middle of the cheek. The patients were undergone surgical excision of sinus tract and dimpling immediate before and after treatment of causal teeth and the lesions resolved without recurrence...
December 2018: Archives of craniofacial surgery
Sam Yong Lee, Han Gyeol Lee, Kwang Seog Kim, Jae Ha Hwang
Tumoral calcinosis is a condition characterized by deposition of calcium salts in the skin and sub- cutaneous tissue, commonly found around the joints. However, tumoral calcinosis of the auricle is extremely rare. We present the case of a 13-year-old boy with tumoral calcinosis of the helix of the ear auricle. A 13-year-old boy presented with a 10-year history of an enlarging mass on the left auricle. The mass was hard, non-tender, and non-compressible. The patient had no history of trauma. Complete surgical excision and pathological examination of the specimen was performed...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Yang Seok Kim, Young Cheon Na, Woo Hoe Huh, Ji Min Kim
Malignant pilomatricoma (pilomatrical carcinoma) is a rare, locally occurring malignant tumor with a high rate of recurrence in the case of incomplete excision. This tumor has two characteristics. First, recurrences of pilomatrical carcinoma are common; second, distant metastasis is rare, but if it occurs, it is very fatal. It has characteristic features of high mitotic counts, cellular atypia, and local invasion. Although fine needle aspiration and excisional biopsy could help to confirm this tumor diagnosis, pathologic findings are critical...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Jangyoun Choi, Hyuk Joon Choi, Kwangil Yim, Ho Kwon, Jun Hee Byeon, Sung-No Jung
Primary malignant lymphoma rarely presents as a mass in the salivary gland. It accounts for about 1% of salivary gland tumors. The lymphomas of the parotid gland are mainly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell follicular type. It usually occurs in male adults and is very rare in children. In contrast to the intractable disease course of adult parotid follicular lymphoma, when occurred in children or adolescent, its prognosis is very good when it is first treated with surgical excision. Thus, a solitary follicular lymphoma in an extranodal site that has occurred in children is termed separately as pediatric follicular lymphoma (PFL)...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Joon Seok Lee, Joon Hyun Kwon, Gyu Sik Jung, Jeong Woo Lee, Jung Dug Yang, Ho Yun Chung, Byung Chae Cho, Kang Young Choi
Trichoblastic carcinoma usually occurs as a malignant transformation of the trichoblastoma, but is very rare. A 25-year-old man was admitted with trichoblastoma in the nuchal area with frequent recurrences since birth. The preoperative neck magnetic resonance image revealed lobulated soft tissue lesions involving superficial fascia and infiltrating into both proximal trapezius muscles. In our department, wide excision and reconstruction with a free anterolateral thigh flap were performed. Histological examination revealed skin adnexal carcinoma, originating from the hair follicles, consistent with trichoblastic carcinoma...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Kwang Seog Kim, Han Gyeol Lee, Jun Ho Shin, Jae Ha Hwang, Sam Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: Nasal bone fractures occur frequently because the nasal bone is located at the forefront of the face. The goal of this study was to examine the cause, change in severity, change in incidence, and demographics of nasal bone fracture according to today's lifestyle. METHODS: A total of 2,092 patients diagnosed as having nasal bone fractures at our department between 2002 and 2017 were included in this study. We retrospectively examined patients' medical records to extract information regarding age, sex, cause of injury, combined facial bone fractures, and related injuries such as skull base fracture, spinal cord injury, brain hemorrhage, and other bone fractures...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
Yong Hun Kim, Hyung Woo Yoon, Seum Chung, Yoon Kyu Chung
BACKGROUND: The alar and nasal tip are important subunits of the nose. Determining the optimal procedure for reconstructing a cutaneous defect in a nasal subunit depends on several factors including size, location, and involvement of deep underlying structures. We treated cutaneous defects after tumor ablation in the alar and nasal tip with a local flap, using an S-shaped design and a modified V-Y advancement flap with a croissant shape. METHODS: We analyzed 36 patients with skin tumors who underwent flap coverage after tumor ablation...
December 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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