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JFMS Open Reports

Dennis J Woerde, Karon L Hoffmann, Anne Kicinski, Narelle L Brown
Case series summary: This case series describes two cats diagnosed with oesophageal obstruction due to trichobezoars. Both cases presented for acute dyspnoea, with thoracic radiographs revealing changes consistent with oesophageal foreign material causing ventral displacement of the trachea. Endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and both cases required surgical intervention. Case 1 died within 24 h of trichobezoar removal, likely from aspiration pneumonia. Case 2 developed laryngeal collapse 10 days after trichobezoar removal and required a permanent tracheostomy...
January 2019: JFMS Open Reports
Elizabeth L Jenkins, Natalie J De Souza, Julia A Beatty, Vanessa Rd Barrs
Case summary: A 12-year-old male neutered Tonkinese cat was presented for acute ataxia, weakness, altered mentation and generalised tremors. The cat had been administered oral spinosad (140 mg; 33.5 mg/kg) 48 h prior to the onset of clinical signs, and an oral anthelmintic containing milbemycin oxime (16 mg; 3.8 mg/kg) and praziquantel (40 mg; 9.6 mg/kg) 12 h before the onset of clinical signs. On physical examination, dull-to-obtunded mentation, tetraparesis, ataxia and mild tremors of facial, limb and trunk muscles were noted...
January 2019: JFMS Open Reports
Lara M Tomich, Jason B Pieper
Case summary: A 14-month-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented with an 8 month history of severe pruritus, alopecia, papules and excoriations. Initial evaluation and treatment prior to referral included skin scrape, cytology, two strict food trials, dermatophyte culture, and bacterial culture and sensitivity, as well as antibiotic therapy, empiric treatment for mites, steroids and ciclosporin A (Atopica; Elanco). The cat was referred to the Dermatology and Otology Clinic at the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital for further diagnostics and treatment...
January 2019: JFMS open reports
Dianne I Mawby, Jacqueline C Whittemore, Robert L Donnell
Case summary: An adult female spayed Siamese-cross cat of unknown age was presented for bilateral hemorrhagic otorrhea. Nasopharyngeal polyps were diagnosed by CT and biopsy; bilateral ventral bulla osteotomies were performed. Episodic epistaxis, otic hemorrhage and hemoptysis with respiratory distress progressed over 18 months. Systolic blood pressure, complete blood count, plasma biochemistries, prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time and coagulation factor 12, 9 and 8 activities were normal...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Sofía Lafuente, Laura Fresno, Carlo Anselmi, Albert Lloret, Ivonne Espada, Laura Santos
Case summary: Congenital or acquired hepatic cystic lesions in cats are a rare condition. Congenital hepatic cysts are often present as part of a systemic polycystic disease involving several organs. Most cats with hepatic cysts remain clinically normal for their lives, although some patients may show abdominal distension, vomiting, abdominal pain and jaundice. An 11-year-old female neutered Persian cat was presented to our institution 3 days after the onset of inappropriate defecation and urination...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Kirsty Hart, Harriet Brooks Brownlie, Daniel Ogden, Sabela Atencia
Case summary: A 10-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat presented with nausea and 1.2 kg weight loss over a 6 month period. Physical examination was unremarkable, and haematological and biochemical results were considered clinically unremarkable. Abdominal ultrasound revealed an 18 mm diameter heterogeneous mass in the stomach at the pyloric sphincter, protruding into the gastric lumen with loss of gastric wall layering. The remainder of the intestinal tract and abdominal viscera were unremarkable and no free fluid was detected...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Pablo Pérez López, Stefania Martinoli
Case summary: A 2-year-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented for investigation of acute onset tachypnoea and dyspnoea. Pyothorax was diagnosed based on thoracic radiographs and fluid analysis. Medical treatment consisted of bilateral thoracostomy tube placement, antibiotic therapy and thoracic lavage. After 12 days of medical management infection was still present, warranting exploratory thoracotomy. At surgery, encapsulated abscesses were found in the left lung, right cranial and right middle lobes...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Jessica Meekins, Ada G Cino-Ozuna
Case series summary: A 5-month-old male intact domestic shorthair (DSH) cat (cat 1), a 1-year-old male neutered DSH cat (cat 2) and a 1.5-year-old female spayed DSH cat (cat 3) were submitted for gross necropsy after acute death, with the clinical suspicion of cytauxzoonosis. All three cats displayed signs of rapidly progressive clinical deterioration, including lethargy, anorexia, and hyper- or hypothermia. Cat 1 was euthanized owing to the grave prognosis for survival, whereas cats 2 and 3 were found dead 1-4 days after the onset of clinical signs...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Joseph S Raleigh, Matthew R Lanza, James A Perry
Case summary: A 15-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented for hyporexia and acute development of L4-Cd myelopathy (urinary incontinence, pelvic limb paresis with hyporeflexia and absent tail tone). Humane euthanasia was elected owing to the rapid neurological deterioration and necropsy was performed. Post-mortem examination identified a right-sided anal sac mass and medial iliac lymphadenopathy. No gross lesions were evident in the cauda equina or peripheral nerves...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hideo Akiyoshi, Keiichiro Mie, Hidetaka Nishida
Objectives: Most nasopharyngeal masses in cats are lymphomas or polyps. To our knowledge, there is no report of MRI findings, including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) or apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, of nasopharyngeal lymphomas and nasopharyngeal polyps in cats. This study aimed to evaluate the MRI findings of nasopharyngeal lymphomas and nasopharyngeal polyps, including DWI and ADC values. Methods: MRI examination was performed on two cats with a histologically confirmed nasopharyngeal polyp and one cat with lymphoma...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Madeleine L Roberts, Stacy Rine, Amy Lam
Case summary: A 4-month-old neutered male Russian Blue kitten had a 4 week history of hypersalivation and failure to thrive. In addition, there was a 2 week history of soft tissue swelling on the ventral abdomen, which had failed to improve with antimicrobial therapy. There were no significant physical examination or neurological deficits on examination; however, the cat had a quiet demeanour for its age. Postprandial bile acids were increased (32 µmol/l; reference interval <25 µmol/l)...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Rodolfo Oliveira Leal, Hugo Pereira, Clara Cartaxeiro, Esmeralda Delgado, Maria da Conceição Peleteiro, Isabel Pereira da Fonseca
Case summary: A 12-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat underwent rhinoscopy due to inspiratory dyspnoea and stertor. Rhinoscopy showed signs of chronic rhinitis and a multinodular nasopharyngeal mucosa. A marked infiltrate of macrophages that contained intracellular parasitic forms morphologically compatible with Leishmania amastigotes were observed on histopathological examination of nasal and nasopharyngeal biopsies. PCR from nasal tissue was positive for Leishmania infantum DNA, confirming the diagnosis of granulomatous rhinitis secondary to this parasite...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Koen M Santifort, Ben Jurgens, Guy Cm Grinwis, Ingrid Gielen, Björn P Meij, Paul Jj Mandigers
Case summary: A 10-year-old neutered female domestic shorthair cat was presented with an acute onset of neurological signs suggestive of a right-sided forebrain lesion, temporal lobe epilepsy and generalised seizure activity. MRI of the head revealed an expansile soft tissue mass in the caudal nasal passages (both sides but predominantly right-sided) involving the ethmoid bone and extending through the cribriform plate into the cranial vault affecting predominantly the right frontal lobe and temporal lobe...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Yoko M Ambrosini, Kelsey A Johnson, Morgan Matthews, Amy F Sato
Case summary: An 11-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was referred to the Foster Hospital for Small Animals, USA for suspected dysautonomia based on weight loss, vomiting and referral radiographs that showed severe dilation of the esophagus, stomach and entire gastrointestinal tract. After recheck radiographs revealed a decrease in gas compared with the referral images, persistently reduced gastrointestinal motility was deemed less likely; however, cardiomegaly and a soft tissue opacity overlying the esophagus were noted...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Carol Margolis, Maja Zakošek Pipan, Jolie Demchur, Matan Or, Paula Henthorn, Margret L Casal
Case series summary: The congenital midline defects of peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) and omphalocele are believed to be related developmental defects, and have both been described in cats and dogs. This case series describes multiple cases of PPDH and omphalocele in related cats. The majority of cats affected with midline defects (PPDH or omphalocele) were male, consistent with previous reports of male overrepresentation. Relevance and novel information: This is the first report of a family of Persian cats affected by PPDH and/or omphalocele...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055116918795717.].
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Genya Shimbo, Michihito Tagawa, Masashi Yanagawa, Kazuro Miyahara
Case summary: A 2-year-old neutered female domestic shorthair cat presented with a history of hypodipsia, recurrent hypernatraemia, pelvic limb ataxia and tremor. The serum arginine vasopressin level was low for the serum osmolality. MRI of the brain revealed a failure of separation of the cerebrum, which manifested as absence of the rostral part of the corpus callosum, fornix and septum pellucidum, thus resulting in a single fused ventricle. The diagnosis was lobar holoprosencephaly with hypodipsic hypernatraemia...
July 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Takafumi Osumi, Ikki Mitsui, Christian M Leutenegger, Ryo Okabe, Kaori Ide, Koji Nishifuji
Case summary: A 32-month-old spayed female Singapura cat presented with a non-pruritic erythematous nodule on the upper lip. The cat also had multiple nodules in the liver but exhibited no other clinical signs consistent with classical feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), such as pleural effusion or ascites, uveitis or neurological symptoms. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses of the cutaneous nodule revealed pyogranulomatous dermatitis with intralesional macrophages laden with feline coronavirus (FCoV) antigen...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Alessandro Conte, Emma Scurrell, Stephen J Baines
Case summary: A solitary, sessile, non-ulcerated, freely mobile cutaneous mass approximately 1 cm in diameter on the left temporal region of a 7-year-old neutered female cat was examined. A fine-needle aspirate and wedge biopsy were performed by the referring veterinary surgeon and indicated a neoplasm of uncertain cell lineage. On histopathological examination, the deep dermis contained a discrete, non-encapsulated and vascular neoplasm with morphological and immunophenotypical features typical of a glomus cell tumour...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
Pompei Bolfa, Chris Larson, Andrea Peda, David Hilchie, Mary M Christopher, Mary Anna Thrall
Case summary: A 6-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat presented with non-regenerative macrocytic anemia of 2 years' duration and minimally ambulatory paraparesis. Neurologic examination suggested an upper motor neuron paresis or T3-L3 myelopathy. The cat was positive for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), neutropenic, had polyclonal gammopathy and was euthanized following a hemolytic crisis. At autopsy, multifocal bilateral dark red masses were observed subpleurally around the costochondral junctions, extradurally and paraspinally in the spinal canal, and paravertebrally, on the lateral and ventral subpleural surfaces of the T4-11 vertebrae...
July 2018: JFMS open reports
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