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Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711689/temperament-and-character-differences-of-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Ahmet Öztürk, Kucur Suna Kabil, Ali Seven, Erdem Deveci, Halime Şencan, Alperen Kiliç, Onur Yilmaz, Kiliç Alperen
AIM: There is an unclear relationship between Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression. We aimed to evaluate temperamental and personal characteristics of patients with PCOS. METHODS: Fifty patients with PCOS and 41 healthy controls were included in the study. Hormonal and demographic characteristics were recorded after gynecologic and psychiatric evaluation. Socio-demographical Data Form, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory were performed for all participants...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690088/-size-does-matter-prophylactic-gonadectomy-in-a-case-of-swyer-syndrome
#2
Parkhi Mayur, Gupta Parikshaa, Bhansali Anil, Gainder Shalini, Rajwanshi Arvind
Swyer syndrome also known as pure or complete gonadal dysgenesis is a very rare disorder of sex development wherein the individuals are phenotypically females with 46, XY genotype and preserved mullerian structures. These individuals characteristically have dysgenetic streak gonads which carry an increased risk of malignant transformation. Prophylactic gonadectomy is highly recommended as soon as a clinical diagnosis is established to diminish the chances of tumor development. We present a case of complete gonadal dysgenesis with bilateral small gonads with a dysgerminoma arising in a background of gonadoblastoma in one gonad and immature teratoma in the other...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690087/how-perinatal-health-in-france-compared-with-other-european-countries-in-2015-some-progress-but-also-some-concerns-about-newborn-health
#3
EDITORIAL
Béatrice Blondel, Mélanie Durox, Jennifer Zeitlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30690086/a-novel-concept-for-female-infertility-exploration-the-fertiliscan-a-dedicated-all-in-one-3d-ultrasound-exploration
#4
Jean-Marc Levaillant, Maud Pasquier, Nathalie Massin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685429/influence-of-the-woman-trial-on-national-wide-standard-operating-procedures-for-treatment-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#5
Florian J Raimann, Lukas Jennewein, Michael Sonntagbauer, Lena-Maria Raddatz, Charlotte J Möllmann, Frank Louwen, Kai Zacharowski, Christian F Weber
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death. Recently, the WOMAN trial showed that early administration of tranexamic acid leads to a reduced mortality due to bleeding. The aim was to study whether the results of the WOMAN trial have influenced the institutional standard operating procedures in treating postpartum hemorrhage. METHODS: We performed a paper-based survey during the German Perinatal Congress in 2017 located in Berlin. A total of thirteen questions covered the fields of incidence, training, and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685428/detection-of-the-sry-gene-in-patients-with-turner-syndrome
#6
Erdal Kurnaz, Semra Çetinkaya, Şenay Savaş Erdeve, Zehra Aycan
BACKGROUND: If turner syndrome (TS) patients have a Y-containing cell line, they have an increased risk for gonadal tumors. TS patients are therefore screened for Y-chromosome and Y-specific sequences, such as SRY, DYZ1, DYZ3, DYS132, ZFY, TSPY, etc. In addition, since the dysgenetic gonad may include the stroma and granulosa/sertoli cells, which produce androgens, virilization can seen in girls with Y-chromosomal material. Prophylactic gonadectomy may therefore be required for optimal management in such patients...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685427/effects-of-fetal-gender-and-low-first-trimester-aneuploidy-screening-markers-on-preterm-birth
#7
Ahkam Göksel Kanmaz, Abdurrahman Hamdi İnan, Emrah Beyan, Volkan Karataşlı, İlker Çakır, Adnan Budak, Volkan Emirdar
OBJECTIVE: To show the relation between fetal gender and preterm birth (PTB) in low values of first trimester aneuploidy test markers MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 29528 patients included the study of them 7,382 was PTB and all patients grouped according to fetal gender. Demographic data and perinatal complications were determined. According low PAPP-A MoM (<0.4) and low free BhCG MoM (<0.5) values PTB subgroup relative risks were calculated for each fetal gender. RESULTS: The PTB rate and birth weight was significantly higher in male gender...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30685426/the-relation-of-the-vaginal-microbiota-to-early-pregnancy-development-during-in-vitro-fertilization-treatment-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
M Singer, M Borg, S Ouburg, S A Morré
An abnormal vaginal microbiota composition has been shown to lead to pre-term births, miscarriage, and problems with conceiving. Studies have suggested that dysbiosis reduces successful early pregnancy development during IVF. However, conflicting reports exist. This meta-analysis aims to answer the following question: what is the aggregated effect found by studies investigating the influence of the vaginal microbiota composition on early pregnancy rates after IVF treatment? A systematic review was performed using the Medline and EMBASE databases, using search terms for healthy vaginal microbiota, abnormal vaginal microbiota, fertility and pregnancy...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30660657/role-of-endometrial-sampling-in-cases-with-asymptomatic-cervical-polyps
#9
Adnan Budak, Ahkam Göksel Kanmaz
Cervical polyps are benign neoplasms of the cervix and frequently asymptomatic; however, they may cause intermenstrual, postcoital, and postmenopausal bleeding. The excision of cervical polyps and necessity of endometrial sampling is remain controversial. The objective of our study was to determine the association between cervical polyps and smear and endometrial pathologies. 221 patients were included in the study and all patients data reviewed retrospectively. All patients were divided into two groups; 1...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639783/a-frenchman-in-england-ectopic-pregnancy-hydrosalpinx-and-torsion-who-cares-about-the-tubes-she-can-have-ivf-or-maybe-not
#10
LETTER
By Antoine Torre, Jim Thornton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30634005/fetal-thyroid-disorders-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Jessian L Munoz
Fetal thyroid disorders while uncommon in general, have significant morbidity and profound effects in the neonate. Pregnancy provides the opportunity not only for the diagnosis of these conditions but also for therapeutic interventions. In careful balance, these disorders range from hypothyroidism to hyperthyroidism, both may manifest with fetal thyroid goiters as well. The intrauterine therapeutic approach of these must also weight the balance in this range as well as the maternal well being which may also express thyroid dysfunction...
January 8, 2019: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30634004/case-report-on-early-treatment-with-valaciclovir-after-maternal-primary-cytomegalovirus-infection
#12
Camille Codaccioni, Christelle Vauloup-Fellous, Emmanuelle Letamendia, Julien Saada, Alexandra Benachi, Alexandre J Vivanti
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the main cause of congenital viral infections. Current guidelines do not include any recommendation about antenatal treatment. Most studies that evaluate the efficacy of valaciclovir aim to treat infected symptomatic fetus but the benefit of anti-CMV therapy remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of cytomegalovirus seroconversion during the second trimester of pregnancy. Early treatment with valaciclovir was introduced, associated with a close monitoring of maternal CMV viremia...
January 8, 2019: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30634003/does-emergency-cerclage-really-works-in-patients-with-advanced-cervical-dilatation
#13
Isil Uzun Cilingir, Cenk Sayin, Havva Sutcu, Cihan İnan, Selen Erzincan, Cem Yener, Fusun Varol
OBJECTIVE: To asses the efectivity of emergency cerclage in the patients with advance cervical dilatation and prolapsed membranes. MATERIAL METHODS: The patients who have ≥4 cm cervical dilatation with protruding membranes were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups. Group I was consisted of the patients who had emergency cerclage procedure and group II was consisted of the patients who denied the operation and expectantly managed. The physical examination, pregnancy outcomes and the complications were compared between the groups...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30580069/when-can-obstetric-risk-be-predicted
#14
Julie Ancel, Emmanuel Rault, Marie-Pierre Fernandez, Cyril Huissoud, Anne Savidan, Coralie Gaire, Corinne Dupont, R C Rudigoz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the chronology of the appearance of perpartum obstetric risk factors (POR) in order to define the best moment to evaluate the type of management to which women will be oriented. We have secondarily studied the extent to which inappropriate medical interventions play a role in the genesis of some complications in the deliveries of women who are in principle at low risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study from January 1 to June 30, 2015 at the Croix-Rousse Hospital of Lyon, a level III maternity, and the Valence Hospital Center, a level II maternity, including all women giving birth at 24 to 42 weeks of gestation at hospital...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30578849/impact-of-establishment-of-a-color-code-in-emergency-caesareans-in-secondary-health-care-maternity
#15
Nouria Benazza, Laurent Touzart, Charles Muszynski, Jean Gondry
In 2008, a tertiary health care maternity set up a colour code organization for emergency caesarean to reduce the delay between decision and birth to thirty minutes. The aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of the implementation in secondary health care maternity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in secondary health care maternity and it was divided in two phases: phase I corresponding to the period before the implementation of colour code and phase II, to the period after the implementation of colour code...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30562580/enterobacteria-vaginal-colonization-among-patients-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-from-24-34-weeks-of-gestation-and-neonatal-infection-risk
#16
Marion Merello, Laurène Lotte, Sébastien Gonfrier, Sergio Eleni Dit Trolli, Florence Casagrande, Raymond Ruimy, André Bongain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30553052/uterus-transplantation-in-patients-with-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-cais-why-cais-cannot-be-considered-as-an-indication-in-france
#17
LETTER
L Duranteau, C Bouvattier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30553051/perineal-prevention-and-protection-in-obstetrics-cngof-clinical-practice-guidelines
#18
G Ducarme, A C Pizzoferrato, R de Tayrac, C Schantz, T Thubert, C Le Ray, D Riethmuller, E Verspyck, B Gachon, F Pierre, F Artzner, B Jacquetin, X Fritel
INTRODUCTION: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS). RESULTS: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus)...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30553050/double-mild-stimulation-and-egg-collection-in-the-same-cycle-for-management-of-poor-ovarian-responders
#19
T Madani, M Hemat, A Arabipoor, S H Khodabakhshi, Z Zolfaghari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of double stimulations during the follicular and luteal phases in women with poor ovarian response (POR) in in-vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. BASIC PROCEDURES: This prospective clinical study was performed in Royan Institute from October 2014 to January 2016. 121 patients were diagnosed as POR on the basis of Bologna criteria were included. Double stimulations were performed during the follicular and luteal phases by Letrozole, Clomid, hMG and GnRH-agonist...
December 12, 2018: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30553049/rapamycin-administration-during-normal-and-diabetic-pregnancy-effects-the-mtor-and-angiogenesis-signaling-in-the-rat-placenta
#20
Asli Ozmen, Dijle Kipmen-Korgun, Emin Türkay Korgun
OBJECTIVE: The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has newly been recommended to be a nutrient sensor in the placenta. It is speculated that mTORC1 may be activated in diabetes, associated with increased placental nutrient availability. Thus, we aimed to investigate the mTOR signaling pathway both in diabetic and non-diabetic placenta and searched for the alterations of angiogenic factors VEGF, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2. METHODS: Streptozotocin (STZ) was administered by intravenous injection in doses of 60 mg/kg body weight and STZ injected rats were exposed to Everolimus (Rapamycin analog) and sacrificed at gestational days 14 and 20...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
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