Journals Annals of Work Exposures and H...

Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Elisabeth Ibenthal, Niels Hinricher, Albert Nienhaus, Claus Backhaus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Occupations involving repetitive movements of the wrists, activities that require a lot of force, and hand-arm swinging are particularly likely to contribute to the development of hand and wrist complaints. The daily setup and dismantling of dialysis machines as part of the dialysis treatment process can strain the wrists and fingers of nurses. However, evidence regarding the relationship between the work activities of dialysis nurses and the incidence of hand and wrist complaints is limited...
December 23, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
John D Beard, Mitchell G Greenhalgh, Emily Hawkes, Bailey M Jones, Sarah C Hamner, Steven M Thygerson
BACKGROUND: Job-exposure matrices (JEMs) are often used for exposure assessment in occupational exposure and epidemiology studies. However, general population JEMs are difficult to find and access for workers in the United States of America. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to use publicly available information to develop a JEM-like exposure assessment method to determine exposure to a wide range of occupational agents in a wide range of occupations for US general population studies...
December 20, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Michael Weller, Dennis Clemence, Abe Lau, Mark Rawlings, Amy Robertson, Bhoopathy Sankaran
There is a significant silicosis risk for workers fabricating engineered stone (ES) products containing crystalline silica. The aims of this study by SafeWork NSW were to: (i) assess current worker exposure to respirable dust (RD) and respirable crystalline silica (RCS) following a 5-y awareness and compliance program of inspections in ES workshops and (ii) to identify improvements in work practices from the available evidence base to further reduce exposures. One hundred and twenty-three personal full shift samples taken on as many workers and 34 static samples across 27 workshops fabricating ES were included in the final assessment...
December 14, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Mattias Sjöström, Marie Lewné, Magnus Alderling, Jenny Selander, Per Gustavsson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to create a quantitative job-exposure matrix (JEM) for noise including a large set of measurements for the Swedish workforce, a detailed exposure-level assessment, spanning over an extensive time period from 1970 to 2014. METHODS: The JEM was developed by 2 teams, each with an experienced occupational hygienist and an occupational safety engineer. Each pair assessed the exposure using measurements performed and reported by occupational hygienists, occupational safety engineers, or similar, from 1970 to 2014...
December 9, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Elise Cabaset, Mathieu Marchal, Audrey Santandrea, Olivier Herbinet, Emmanuel Belut, Sullivan Lechêne, Stéphanie Marsteau, Jean-Pierre Leclerc
Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) is the reference tracer gas in many international standards for characterizing respiratory protective devices (RPD), fume cupboards, building ventilations, and other installations. However, due to its significant impact on global warming, its use is becoming increasingly restrictive. Krypton 84 (Kr) was chosen to be a possible replacement based on theoretical and practical criteria for the properties that a substitute gas should possess. While compliance with these criteria is generally sufficient to guarantee the reliability of the choice, it is essential in the case of widespread use such as a standard to validate experimentally that this tracer has the same behavior as SF6...
November 30, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Anna Maria Marcelloni, Daniela Pigini, Alessandra Chiominto, Angela Gioffrè, Emilia Paba
OBJECTIVES: There is growing interest in the role of airborne mycotoxins in occupational environments, however, their impact on human health still remains poorly investigated. This review aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the existing literature on the occurrence of inhalable mycotoxins in working environments to investigate which sectors and tasks are at greater risk of exposure. METHODS: We have performed a systematic search in the PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases from 2010 to date, without limitation of geographic location...
November 28, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Lars Ole Goffeng, Åse Dalseth Austigard, Kristin H Svendsen, Øivind Skare, Elin Einarsdottir, Lene Madsø, Kari Kulvik Heldal
OBJECTIVES: Workers at sewage treatment plants are exposed to a complex mixture of toxins, including hydrogen sulphide (H2S). An issue of concern among sewage workers, is possible negative nervous system effects from low-level H2S exposure. Empirical neuropsychological evidence indicates both that low-dose exposure to H2S exposure affects the nervous system, and the contrary, that such exposure may facilitate nervous system function, since H2S is an endogenously produced central nervous system (CNS) gasotransmitter...
November 28, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Hanne Line Daae, Pål Graff, Oda Astrid Haarr Foss, Victor Carp Kofoed, Anani Komlavi Afanou, Margit Wagtberg Frederiksen, Anne Mette Madsen
This cross-sectional study aims to obtain knowledge about workers' exposure to airborne dust, bacterial and fungal species, endotoxin, biofilm formation, and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in drilling waste treatment plants. In total, 408 full-shift personal samples, 66 work areas, 40 drilling waste, and reference (outdoor air and seawater) samples were analyzed. Some workers were exposed to high levels of endotoxin (207 EU/m3), bacteria (3.8 × 104 colony forming units (CFU)/m3 and 9.8 × 104 DNA copies/m3), or fungi (1...
November 23, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Maira Fernanda Zambrano-Carrillo, Antonio F Hernandez-Jerez
Glutaraldehyde is a high-efficiency disinfectant that has been included in the protocols of some hospitals for controlling the spread of SARS-CoV-2, together with sodium hypochlorite and quaternary ammonium disinfectants. However, exposure has been poorly studied in workplace settings, despite the association between glutaraldehyde and respiratory diseases and skin conditions in exposed workers. This study evaluated the magnitude of exposure associated with the use of glutaraldehyde in healthcare workers across various work areas of a first level of Hospital-Based Care in Colombia...
November 10, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Perry Gottesfeld
Asbestos cement (AC) is used in water pipes, roofing, exterior siding, water tanks, cooling towers, and other applications. Although the global market for asbestos is slowly shrinking, AC products continue to dominate the remaining uses in many countries. This review focuses on asbestos exposures during the installation, maintenance, and ultimate removal of these materials. This assessment summarizes the available published and unpublished reports of airborne asbestos exposures during the cutting and removal of AC pipes, roofing, sheets, and cooling tower components and the range of exposures associated with the most common work practices...
November 9, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Alexandra M Uren, James Harris, Vicki Slinko, Fiona Vosti, Megan Young
OBJECTIVE: This paper highlights the occupational risk of Q fever from exposure to raw animal products in the context of multiple notified Q fever cases from 2020 to 2023 linked to four pet food manufacturing facilities in South-East Queensland, Australia. METHODS: The Queensland Government Notifiable Conditions System was used to identify Q fever cases linked to pet food manufacturing in the Metro North and Gold Coast Hospital and Health Service areas of Brisbane, Australia...
November 6, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Xiaocong Guo, Hugh W Davies, Mohammad Ehsanul Karim
OBJECTIVES: Occupational noise exposure may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Yet the findings are inconclusive. This study aimed to examine the association between self-reported occupational noise exposure and CVD (using a broad composite case definition and by each condition) and identify how these associations vary with the intensity and duration of noise exposure, and combinations thereof. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a nationally representative sample (n = 6,266) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015 to 2020), aged 20 and greater, in the United States...
November 6, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Mark Nicas
In the near field/far field (NF/FF) dispersion construct, the analytical solutions for the NF and FF concentration equations, respectively denoted CNF(t) and CFF(t) in mg/m3, are coupled in their mathematical derivation. Depending on the form of the contaminant emission rate function G(t) (mg/min), deriving CNF(t) and CFF(t) can range from being relatively easy to impossible. A method is presented to more easily approximate these concentration functions. The method decouples the NF and FF equations by treating the NF as an isolated well-mixed space with volume VNF (m3) and supply/exhaust airflow rate β(m3) and treating the FF as an isolated well mixed-space with volume V (m3) and supply/exhaust airflow rate Q (m3)...
November 3, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Alexander W Mbuya, Innocent B Mboya, Hadija H Semvua, Sia E Msuya, Patrick J Howlett, Simon H Mamuya
BACKGROUND: Globally, the number of small-scale miners (SSM) is estimated to be more than 25 million, but it supports the livelihoods of around 100 million individuals. In Tanzania, the number of SSM has increased from an estimated 150,000 in 1987 to ~1.5 million in 2017. The miners are at a high risk of occupational-related health challenges. The study aimed to assess the concentrations of respirable crystalline silica (RCS) and radon among the tanzanite mining communities in Simanjiro District, Tanzania...
October 12, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Vivi Schlünssen, Rachael M Jones
While sex is a biological attribute associated with physical and physiological features, gender refers to socially constructed roles, behaviors, expressions, and identities. On the biological side, males and females differ concerning hormonal and anatomical differences, and It is therefore plausible occupational exposure may act differently on males and females. In contrast, gender may influence the work organization, work environment conditions and exposures, and employment conditions, leading people of different genders to perform different jobs or job tasks, be exposed to different stressors, and work under different employment terms...
October 9, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Dominic Pocock, Samantha Hall, Steven Bennett, Lucy Darnton, Marian Molloy
Exposure to flour dust remains one of the leading causes of occupational asthma in Great Britain (GB). The average annual incidence rate per 100,000 bakers and flour confectioners in GB was 47.8 for the 3 yr period 2017 to 2019 compared with 0.53 for all occupations. There are many processes in commercial bakeries that can cause exposure to flour dust. Exposures are typically controlled by using local exhaust ventilation or respiratory protective equipment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential to reduce exposure to inhalable flour dust in commercial bakeries by modification of the process by use of a conical sieve in place of a round sieve; and substitution of traditional wheat flour (TWF) with 'low dust' flours LD1 and LD2 for dusting surfaces...
October 5, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Viktoria Wahlström, Leticia Bergamin Januario, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Marina Heiden, David M Hallman
OBJECTIVE: We investigated and compared temporal sitting patterns among male and female hybrid office workers when working at the office (WAO), working from home (WFH), and for non-working days (NWD). METHODS: We analyzed data collected in 2020 among 165 hybrid office workers, carrying thigh-worn accelerometers for 938 days in total. Day type (WAO, WFH, or NWD) and time in bed were identified using diaries. Time awake was exhaustively classified as non-sitting time and time sitting in short, moderate, and long bouts...
October 3, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Raymond M Agius
In May 2023 the World Health Organization (WHO) Director General announced the "end" of the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Although the scale of the pandemic was unprecedented in living memory, it had not been unforeseen. Previous outbreaks of viral respiratory disease have shown important lessons regarding the need to protect healthcare workers (HCW), and research has also been undertaken into the relative effectiveness of control measures and their resource implications. Relevant guidance for worker protection, including HCW protection, which existed at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic was disregarded both at international and national governmental levels...
September 30, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Daniëlla van de Langenberg, Jelle Vlaanderen, Nina Berentzen, Hans Kromhout, Roel Vermeulen
Night-shift workers often sleep at moments, not in sync with their circadian rhythm. Though the acute effects of night-shift work on sleep quality directly after a night shift are well described, less is known about the chronic effects of night-shift work on sleep. We associated ever-working night shifts and recently working night shifts (<4 wk) with lifetime use of sleep medication and melatonin, self-reported average sleep duration and sleep quality over the 4 wk preceding inclusion (measured using the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep scale)...
September 27, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Anna Coleman, Rebecca Canham, Katie Clabon, Paniz Hosseini, Sheena Johnson, Martie van Tongeren
OBJECTIVES: When it comes to controlling workplace transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, different workplaces and industrial sectors face different challenges, both in terms of likely transmission routes and which control measures can be practically, economically, and effectively implemented. This article considers a large body of research in the United Kingdom across different work sectors and time points during the COVID-19 pandemic to better understand mitigation measures, challenges to mitigating the risk of SARS-COV-2 transmission, knowledge gaps, and barriers and enablers to control viral transmission...
September 23, 2023: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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