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Annals of Work Exposures and Health

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982846/characterizing-short-term-jobs-in-a-population-based-study
#1
Marie-Élise Parent, Hugues Richard, Jean-François Sauvé
BACKGROUND: Work histories generally cover all jobs held for ≥1 year. However, it may be time and cost prohibitive to conduct a detailed exposure assessment for each such job. While disregarding short-term jobs can reduce the assessment burden, this can be problematic if those jobs contribute important exposure information towards understanding disease aetiology. OBJECTIVE: To characterize short-term jobs, defined as lasting more than 1 year, but less than 2 years, in a population-based study conducted in Montreal, Canada...
April 15, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30958513/determinants-of-exposure-and-variability-of-trihalomethanes-in-the-air-of-three-indoor-swimming-pools
#2
Therese Bergh Nitter, Kristin V Hirsch Svendsen
INTRODUCTION: Negative health effects related to long-term exposure to volatile trihalomethanes (THMs) formed during the chlorination of pool water is recognized, but the determinants causing the concentrations to vary within and between sampling locations have not received much attention. METHODS: One hundred and twenty air samples of four THMs were examined in three Norwegian indoor pool facilities. In each facility, repeated samples were collected above a sports pool and a therapy pool, 0...
April 8, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30938763/endotoxin-and-hydrogen-sulphide-exposure-and-effects-on-the-airways-among-waste-water-workers-in-sewage-treatment-plants-and-sewer-net-system
#3
Kari K Heldal, Åse D Austigard, Kristin H Svendsen, Elin Einarsdottir, Lars Ole Goffeng, Liv Ingun Sikkeland, Karl-Christian Nordby
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether airborne exposure to endotoxins, hydrogen sulphide (H2S), and inhalable particles negatively impacts the respiratory system and inflammatory blood proteins in sewage plant and sewer net system workers and, further, to determine dose-response associations between exposure and health outcomes. METHODS: In total, 148 waste water workers (WWWs) from urban and rural sewage plants and the sewer net system participated...
April 2, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30927407/sex-and-gender-role-differences-in-occupational-exposures-and-work-outcomes-among-registered-nurses-in-correctional-settings
#4
Mazen El Ghaziri, Alicia G Dugan, Yuan Zhang, Rebecca Gore, Mary Ellen Castro
BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT: The correctional environment exposes registered nurses to unique occupational health hazards including, but not limited to, an increased risk for workplace violence. Gender role expectations regarding femininity and masculinity may influence occupational exposures and outcomes differently. Risk comparisons between male and female registered nurses working in correctional settings, have been minimally examined. With the proportion of male registered nurses working in corrections higher than that of nurses working in other healthcare sectors, and with the increasing number of males entering the nursing workforce in general, it is important to characterize and understand occupational exposures and outcomes of male and female registered nurses, especially those working in correctional settings...
March 30, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30916322/burden-need-and-impact-an-evidence-based-method-to-identify-worker-safety-and-health-research-priorities
#5
Sarah A Felknor, Paul A Schulte, Teresa M Schnorr, Regina Pana-Cryan, John Howard
The importance of research and recommendations to address workforce safety and health derives from the continuing toll from worker fatalities, injuries, and illnesses. Estimates of the societal cost of work-related fatalities, injuries, and illnesses range up to $2.2 trillion in the USA from 2007 to 2015, which may be an underestimate of total societal costs. The ongoing changes in the nature of work, the workforce, and the workplace in the USA challenge old paradigms of worker safety and health research and require new decision criteria that are more solution oriented than observational and that result in interventions that can be readily applied to new occupational hazards and exposures...
March 27, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30916316/sun-protection-behaviors-of-state-park-workers-in-the-southeastern-usa
#6
Vinayak K Nahar, Amanda H Wilkerson, Brian Martin, Javier F Boyas, Mary A Ford, John P Bentley, Paul Johnson, Kim R Beason, William H Black, Robert T Brodell
BACKGROUND: Due to the nature of their work, state park workers receive substantial exposure to sunlight, putting them at an increased risk of developing skin cancer. Increased use of sun protection behaviors can reduce this risk. OBJECTIVES: Using the health belief model (HBM) as a theoretical framework, the purpose of this study was to assess factors associated with sun protection behaviors among state-park workers. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a convenience sample of participants were recruited from 23 state parks in the Southeastern USA to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the constructs of the HBM...
March 27, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30893441/a-new-method-for-workplace-monitoring-of-airborne-diacetyl-and-2-3-pentanedione-using-thermal-desorption-tubes-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#7
Ian Pengelly, Veronica M Brown
Diacetyl is a potentially harmful chemical that is used as an artificial flavouring in the food industry and may also be generated during processing of some natural products including coffee. In Europe, an 8-h time weighted average occupational exposure limit (TWA-OEL) of 20 ppb has been adopted for diacetyl, together with a short-term exposure limit (STEL) of 100 ppb. A sensitive new measurement method for diacetyl, and the related compound 2,3-pentanedione has been developed and evaluated. The new method uses Tenax TA sorbent tubes as the sampling media with analysis by thermal desorption (TD) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
March 20, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30893419/measurement-of-diacetyl-and-2-3-pentanedione-in-the-coffee-industry-using-thermal-desorption-tubes-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#8
Ian Pengelly, Hannah O'Shea, Gordon Smith, Marie A Coggins
Diacetyl is a potentially harmful chemical that is used as an artificial flavouring in the food industry and may also be generated during processing of some natural products including coffee. In Europe, an 8-h time weighted average occupational exposure limit (TWA-OEL) of 20 ppb has been adopted for diacetyl, together with a short-term exposure limit (STEL) of 100 ppb. A new measurement method involving sampling on thermal desorption tubes and analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry has been used to investigate potential exposure to diacetyl, and the related compound 2,3-pentanedione, at eight companies involved in the coffee industry including large- and small-scale manufacturers and coffee shops...
March 20, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877765/control-of-dust-dispersion-from-an-enclosed-renovation-site-into-adjacent-areas-by-using-local-exhaust-ventilation
#9
Anna Kokkonen, Markku Linnainmaa, Arto Säämänen, Tomi Kanerva, Jouni Sorvari, Mikko Kolehmainen, Vuokko Lappalainen, Pertti Pasanen
OBJECTIVE: In real-world applications, implementation of an enclosure and negative pressurization is not always adequate to prevent the dispersion of dust from renovation sites. This study aimed to quantify the effect of local exhaust ventilation (LEV) in controlling the dust concentration within an enclosed renovation site to reduce the dust dispersion into adjacent areas. METHODS: The concentrations of inhalable and respirable dust were measured in 16 cases during renovation projects...
March 16, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30877302/the-association-of-occupational-psychosocial-factors-with-the-prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-the-chilean-working-population
#10
Patricia A Huerta, Manuel Cifuentes, Charles Levenstein, David Kriebel
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a stress-related disease linked to psychosocial factors, though knowledge about its occupational psychosocial aspects is scarce. OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of IBS and its association with occupational psychosocial factors in Chilean workers was conducted. METHODS: IBS prevalence, using the IBS-Rome IV criteria, in the working population was estimated using data from the National Health Survey of 2009...
March 16, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30865270/light-exposure-during-days-with-night-outdoor-and-indoor-work
#11
Stine Daugaard, Jakob Markvart, Jens Peter Bonde, Jens Christoffersen, Anne Helene Garde, Åse Marie Hansen, Vivi Schlünssen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Helene Tilma Vistisen, Henrik Albert Kolstad
OBJECTIVE: To assess light exposure during days with indoor, outdoor, and night work and days off work. METHODS: Light intensity was continuously recorded for 7 days across the year among indoor (n = 170), outdoor (n = 151), and night workers (n = 188) in Denmark (55-56°N) equipped with a personal light recorder. White light intensity, duration above 80, 1000, and 2500 lux, and proportion of red, green, and blue light was depicted by time of the day and season for work days and days off work...
March 13, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30855661/nitrous-oxide-exposure-among-dental-personnel-and-comparison-of-active-and-passive-sampling-techniques
#12
John Hansen, Nicholas Schaal, Theodore Juarez, Charles Woodlee
This study measured dental personnel's exposure to nitrous oxide during dental procedures to compare exposures to occupational exposure limits, exposures between similar exposure groups, and results between passive and active sampling methods. Forty-one paired samples were collected using the Thermo Scientific™ Miran SapphIRe portable analyzer and the Advanced Chemical Sensor™ N-10 Passive Badge. Results were compared to the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists nitrous oxide 250 parts per million by volume (p...
March 11, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30855086/living-at-work-24-h-noise-exposure-aboard-us-navy-aircraft-carriers
#13
Nicholas Cody Schaal, Raushan A Salaam, Michael E Stevens, Alex H Stubner
BACKGROUND: Personnel assigned to aircraft carriers are exposed to a variety of noise sources from equipment and flight deck operations for durations >12 h. Personnel work and live in environments where hazardous noise areas and hearing recovery spaces such as sleeping and relaxation areas are in proximity to one another which provides little recovery time from hazardous noise. This investigation describes noise levels measured over a 24-h period on a US Navy aircraft carrier during flight operations for different populations of aircraft carrier personnel...
March 11, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30852618/the-procedure-for-quantitative-characterization-and-analysis-of-magnetic-fields-in-magnetic-resonance-sites-for-protection-of-workers-a-pilot-study
#14
Valentina Hartwig, Cristiano Biagini, Daniele De Marchi, Alessandra Flori, Chiara Gabellieri, Giorgio Virgili, Luca F Ferrante Vero, Luigi Landini, Nicola Vanello, Giulio Giovannetti
Concerning the occupational exposure in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) facilities, the worker behavior in the magnetic resonance (MR) room is of such particular importance that there is the need for a simple but reliable method to alert the worker of the highest magnetic field exposure. Here, we describe a quantitative analysis of occupational exposure in different MRI working environments: in particular, we present a field measurement method integrated with a software tool for an accurate mapping of the fringe field in the proximity of the magnetic resonance bore...
March 10, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30852616/reduction-of-contamination-with-antibiotics-on-surfaces-and-in-environmental-air-in-three-european-hospitals-following-implementation-of-a-closed-system-drug-transfer-device
#15
Paul J M Sessink, Tibor Nyulasi, Emmie L M Haraldsson, Branislava Rebic
PURPOSE: Occupational exposure of nurses to antibiotics may result in adverse health effects such as hypersensitivity, allergic reactions, resistance, and anaphylactic shock. The purpose of this study was to measure surface and air contamination with antibiotics in three hospitals during the preparation of the drugs using conventional techniques or using the Tevadaptor® closed-system drug transfer device (CSTD). METHODS: Surface contamination was measured by taking wipe samples...
March 10, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30852593/relative-differences-in-concentration-levels-during-sawing-and-drilling-of-car-bumpers-containing-mwcnt-and-organic-pigment
#16
Eelco Kuijpers, Anjoeka Pronk, Antti Joonas Koivisto, Keld Alstrup Jensen, Roel Vermeulen, Wouter Fransman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30852590/assessment-of-occupational-exposure-to-organic-flame-retardants-a-systematic-review
#17
Sabrina Gravel, Simon Aubin, France Labrèche
BACKGROUND: Flame retardants (FRs) are widespread in common goods, and workers in some industries can be exposed to high concentrations. Numerous studies describe occupational exposure to FRs, but the diversity of methods and of reported results renders their interpretation difficult for researchers, occupational hygienists, and decision makers. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper are to compile and summarize the scientific knowledge on occupational exposure to FRs as well as to identify research gaps and to formulate recommendations...
March 10, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30851094/dermal-advanced-reach-tool-dart-development-of-a-dermal-exposure-model-for-low-volatile-liquids
#18
Henk A Goede, Kevin McNally, Jean-Philippe Gorce, Hans Marquart, Nick D Warren, Wouter Fransman, Martin Tischer, Jody Schinkel
This article describes the development of a mechanistic model for underpinning the dermal Advanced REACH Tool (dART), an extension of the existing ART model and its software platform. It was developed for hand exposure to low volatile liquids (vapour pressure ≤ 10 Pa at 20°C) including solids-in-liquid products. The model is based on an existing conceptual dermal source-receptor model that has been integrated into the ART framework. A structured taxonomy of workplace activities referred to as activity classes are adopted from ART...
March 9, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30908575/are-recommended-heat-stroke-treatments-adequate-for-australian-workers
#19
Matt B Brearley
Workers that combine physical exertion with exposure to hot conditions are susceptible to heat-related illnesses, including heat stroke. Despite recognition of cold water immersion as the heat stroke treatment of choice in the peer-reviewed literature, it was not included within recommended treatments of leading Australian healthcare training organizations and was omitted from Safe Work Australia's recently updated 'Managing the risks of working in heat' guidance material. On this basis, the guidance material appears an opportunity lost to assist Australian industry transition their heat stroke management to reflect the evidence...
March 7, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30783656/annals-of-work-exposures-and-health-performance-2018
#20
Noah Seixas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2019: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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