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Musculoskeletal Science & Practice

Gwendolen Jull, Ann Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Sean Iain Docking, Jill Cook, Stephanie Chen, Jennie Scarvell, Wes Cormick, Paul Smith, Angela Fearon
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that imaging findings play a role in directing treatment for Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome. Structural diagnoses associated with Greater Trochanter Pain Syndrome include gluteal tendinosis, and partial- or full-thickness gluteal tendon tears. However, few studies have compared imaging to confirmed tendon pathology observed during surgery. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of magnetic resonance and ultrasound imaging to identify the presence of a pathological gluteus medius tendon in comparison to surgical and histological findings...
February 7, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Xiaojian Shi, Jia Han, Jeremy Witchalls, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams
QUESTION: Can manual therapy improve functional outcomes for individuals with chronic ankle instability? DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with chronic ankle instability. INTERVENTION: Manual therapy is defined as an intervention that involves joint mobilization, and mobilization with movement. OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary outcome is patient reported function (PRF) questionnaires scores, the secondary outcomes are ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) and balance control...
February 7, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Hadi Sarafraz, Mohammad Reza Hadian, Niloofar Ayoobi Yazdi, Golamreza Olyaei, Hossein Bagheri, Shohreh Jalaei, Omid Rasouli
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the neuromuscular morphometric characteristics in patients with sciatica. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible changes of nerve and muscle structures in patients with low back pain with unilateral radiculopathy due to lumbar disc herniation by ultrasound imaging. DESIGN: A case-control observational study. METHODS: Forty individuals were divided into case (n = 20; low back pain with unilateral radiculopathy due to disc herniation), and healthy control groups (n = 20)...
February 1, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Simon J Summers, Nancy C Higgins, Maxine Te, Ailish Byrne, Lucy S Chipchase
BACKGROUND: Implicit theories of pain represent a socio-cognitive mechanism linked to important coping, emotional, and expressive reactions to chronic pain. Evidence suggests that chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients who hold an incremental theory of pain (i.e., view pain as a malleable) use more active coping strategies, display less pain behavior, and report lower levels of depression than those with an entity theory of pain (i.e., view pain as a fixed). However, a link between implicit theories of pain and symptoms of pain and disability in people with CLBP has not been established...
January 29, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Ui-Jae Hwang, Oh-Yun Kwon, Sung-Hoon Jung, Sun-Hee Ahn, Hyun-A Kim
BACKGROUND: Because patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) are heterogeneous, subgrouping patients with NSCLBP might clarify the research findings. NSCLBP in the direction of extension movement, namely active extension pattern (AEP), is common during prolonged standing. OBJECTIVE: Predictors of pain intensity and dysfunction were determined in prolonged standing service workers (PSSWs) with NSCLBP subclassified as AEP in the motor impairment subgroup...
January 28, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Kathryn J Schneider
INTRODUCTION: While most individuals recover in the initial days to weeks following a concussion, in up to 30% of cases symptoms and functional limitations may persist beyond the initial four weeks. There is emerging evidence that multifaceted physiotherapy techniques for individuals who have ongoing symptoms following concussion may be of benefit. PURPOSE: The purpose of this masterclass article is to summarize the evidence for rehabilitation, describe treatment techniques and multifaceted interventions following concussion...
January 25, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Ivana Leão Ribeiro, Paula Rezende Camargo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, Angélica Viana Ferrari, Cristina Lima Arrais, Tania Fátima Salvini
BACKGROUND: There are no conclusive results concerning changes in scapular kinematics associated with upper limb dysfunctions after breast cancer surgery. OBJECTIVE: To compare the three-dimensional (3-D) scapular kinematics during elevation of the arm between women after breast cancer surgery and controls. Shoulder range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, pain intensity, upper limb function, and quality of life were also assessed. METHODS: Forty-two women were assigned to two groups (surgery group, n = 21; control group, n = 21)...
January 24, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Alexandra Harriss, Andrew M Johnson, David M Walton, James P Dickey
PURPOSE: This study quantified the linear and angular kinematics that result from purposeful heading during youth soccer games, and the influence of game scenario and head impact location on these magnitudes. METHOD: This observational study recruited thirty-six female soccer players (13.4 ± 0.9 years old) from three elite youth soccer teams (U13, U14, U15) and followed for an entire soccer season. Players wore wireless sensors during each game to quantify head impact magnitudes...
January 24, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Lindy J Williams, Felicity A Braithwaite, Hayley B Leake, Michelle N McDonnell, Daniela K Peto, G Lorimer Moseley, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Left/right judgement (LRJ) of body parts is commonly used to assess the ability to perform implicit motor imagery and the integrity of brain-grounded maps of the body. Clinically, LRJ are often undertaken using a mobile tablet, but the concurrent validity and reliability of this approach has not yet been established. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the concurrent validity and test-retest reliability of a mobile tablet for assessing LRJ. METHOD: Participants completed LRJ for 50 hand images (Experiment 1), and 40 back, foot, or neck images (Experiment 2) using a mobile tablet and desktop computer in random order...
January 24, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Marisa C Registro Fonseca, Emily Lalone, Natalia Claro da Silva, Raquel Metzker Mendes Sugano, Rafael I Barbosa, Alexandre M Marcolino, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: Many tools have been described for outcome assessment after nerve repair. The Patient-Rated Wrist and Hand Evaluation (PRWHE) have been shown to be valid for several hand conditions. OBJECTIVES: To explore the construct validity of the PRWHE in comparison to cold intolerance, pain and dysfunction questionnaires; the Rosén score and its subcomponents; and threshold sensibility, dynamometry and dexterity tests for nerve repair of the hand. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement...
January 16, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Konstantinos Koulidis, Yannis Veremis, Christina Anderson, Nicola R Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Upper limb neurodynamic tests (ULNTs) are used to identify a neuropathic pain component in patients' presenting with arm and/or neck pain. Clinical tests with established diagnostic accuracy are required to not only to inform clinical management but also minimise costs associated with expensive medical investigations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of ULNTs in assessment of peripheral neuropathic pain and to inform their value in clinical practice when assessing patients with arm and/or neck symptoms...
January 12, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Gareth Stephens, Seth O'Neill, Helen P French, Angela Fearon, Alison Grimaldi, Louise O'Connor, Stephanie Woodley, Chris Littlewood
PURPOSE: Greater Trochanteric Pain syndrome (GTPS) is a debilitating condition causing lateral hip pain. It affects up to 23.5% of women and 8% of men between 50 and 75 years old. Sufferers report comparable quality of life and functional performance to patients with end stage osteoarthritis of the hip. Understanding of optimal management strategies for GTPS remains limited. Hence, the purpose of this cross-sectional survey was to describe current UK physiotherapy practice so as to understand current practice and inform the systematic development of a physiotherapy intervention...
January 12, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
M Thoomes-de Graaf, R P G Ottenheijm, A P Verhagen, E Duijn, Y H J M Karel, M P J van den Borne, A Beumer, J van Broekhoven, G J Dinant, E Tetteroo, C Lucas, B W Koes, G G M Scholten-Peeters
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic overview of the literature and an agreement study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore the inter-professional agreement of diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound (DMUS) between physical therapists (PT) and radiologists, using a new classification strategy based upon the therapeutic consequences in patients with shoulder pain. BACKGROUND: DMUS is frequently used by PTs, although the agreement regarding traditional diagnostic labels between PTs and radiologists is only fair...
January 11, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Yvonne Lindbäck, Paul Enthoven, Birgitta Öberg
BACKGROUND: Since the pre-surgery phase is a new setting for physiotherapy, exploring patients' experiences might contribute to new insights for future development of care in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disorders. OBJECTIVES: To describe patients' experiences of how symptoms are explained, and their experiences of the influences on back-related health after pre-surgery physiotherapy. DESIGN: Explorative qualitative design using semi-structured interviews analysed with content analysis...
January 9, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
T S Palsson, S W Christensen, M H Thomsen, R P Hirata
This study had the objective of measuring the validity of using a smartphone-based application to measure range of motion (ROM) and quality of movement (QOM) of neck motion by comparing it with 3D-motion capture analysis. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers participated in this cross-sectional study. A helmet fitted with markers for motion capture analysis and a smartphone were fastened to the head of the participants. The smartphone recorded data using a beta version of Balancy (MEDEI, Denmark)...
January 9, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Hannu Antero Luomajoki, Christoph Michael Bauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Lucy Thomas, Michelle Allen, Debra Shirley, Darren Rivett
BACKGROUND: The Australian Physiotherapy Association 2006 VBI Guidelines are used by many of the member organisations of IFOMPT. These Guidelines are due for revision incorporating recent research findings, international guides, and member's recommendations. PURPOSE: To identify and consider Australian musculoskeletal physiotherapists' recommendations to inform revision of the 2006 VBI Guidelines. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted in the five larger Australian state capitals by an independent qualitative researcher and a subject expert...
December 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Kim Westad, Frode Tjoestolvsen, Clair Hebron
Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are very common and represent a major concern for the society and global health. The manual therapy technique Mulligan's Mobilisation with Movement (MWM) has shown promising results in treating a variety of MSK conditions. The aim of this review was to systematically review the literature to establish whether MWM treatment is effective for improving pain and function in patients with MSK conditions related to peripheral joints. METHODS: Seven electronic databases (MEDLINE (through Ovid), EMBASE (through ovid), CINAHL (through EBSCO), Cochrane (CENTRAL), Web of Science, SPORTDiscus (through EBSCO) AND PEDro) were searched up to November 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 11, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Karla van der Walt, Amy Tyson, Ewan Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS) are complex, and typically involve multidisciplinary assessment and management. The neck and vestibulo-ocular systems are recognised as potential contributors to PPCS, yet it is not clear how often treatment for these systems is warranted. OBJECTIVES: To explore how often neck and vestibulo-ocular treatment is received or recommended in people with PPCS. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review...
December 11, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
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