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Tobacco Prevention & Cessation

Johannes Thrul, Meredith C Meacham, Danielle E Ramo
INTRODUCTION: Biochemical verification of smoking abstinence remains an important validity check of cessation trial outcomes. Digital health trials rarely establish in-person contacts between participants and intervention providers, requiring novel strategies to biochemically verify outcomes. We describe remote verification of smoking abstinence via saliva cotinine and individual predictors of compliance in a digital intervention. METHODS: Data came from a feasibility trial and randomized controlled trial of a Facebook smoking cessation intervention for young adults...
May 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Milkie Vu, Betelihem Getachew, Jackelyn B Payne, Thomas R Kirchner, Carla J Berg
INTRODUCTION: Diverse non-cigarette alternative tobacco products are increasingly popular in the United States. This study investigates the reasons why young adults initiate and continue the use of these products, as well as potential motivations and approaches for quitting. Products assessed include cigarettes, little cigars/cigarillos (LCCs), smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, and hookahs. METHODS: We conducted 60 telephone interviews, of 30-minute duration, with tobacco users enrolled in colleges in Georgia...
February 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Georges E Khalil, Karen S Calabro, Brittani Crook, Tamara C Machado, Cheryl L Perry, Alexander V Prokhorov
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, young adults have the highest prevalence of tobacco use. The dissemination of mobile phone text messages is a growing strategy for tobacco risk communication among young adults. However, little has been done concerning the design and validation of such text messages. The Texas Tobacco Center of Regulatory Science (Texas-TCORS) has developed a library of messages based on framing (gain- or loss-framed), depth (simple or complex) and appeal (emotional or rational)...
February 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Shreya Kothari, Carla J Berg
INTRODUCTION: Given the increase in hookah use among young adults, characteristics of hookah use/users, as well as reasons for its use or discontinuation among young adults, are critical to understand. METHODS: Data from a study of 18-25 year olds from seven Georgia colleges/universities (n=2865) were analyzed to examined: 1) differences in socio-demographics and other substance use among current (past 4 months), never, and former hookah users; 2) use characteristics among current users (e...
January 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Joy L Hart, Kandi L Walker, Clara G Sears, Lindsay K Tompkins, Alexander S Lee, Delvon T Mattingly, Allison Groom, Robyn Landry, Aida L Giachello, Thomas J Payne, Anshula Kesh, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith, Rose M Robertson
INTRODUCTION: In Appalachia, youth tobacco-use rates remain higher than the U.S. national average. Past research has indicated that several factors are related to high rates of tobacco use among Appalachian youth (e.g. low socioeconomic status, rural lifestyles). Of the Appalachian states, Kentucky has one of the highest rates of youth tobacco use. The aim of this study was to explore views of tobacco among Kentucky youth living in Appalachian counties. METHODS: In Fall 2014 - Spring 2015, focus group interviews were conducted with middle and high school students (N=109) in Appalachian counties in Kentucky...
January 2018: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Alexander S Lee, Joy L Hart, Clara G Sears, Kandi L Walker, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith
INTRODUCTION: This study examined electronic cigarette (e-cig) content in visual materials posted on the social-media platforms Instagram and Pinterest. Both platforms allow users to upload pictures to the internet and share them globally. Users can search for pictures tagged with specific keywords and phrases. METHODS: Using content analysis, this study identified themes in image postings of e-cigs on social media. During five weeks of data collection, keywords were used to identify pictures related to e-cigs...
July 2017: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Clara G Sears, Kandi L Walker, Joy L Hart, Alexander S Lee, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith
INTRODUCTION: Videos promoting electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) can be easily accessed on YouTube. Marketing claims present in YouTube videos may help shape the public's opinion of e-cigarettes. Thus, it is important to understand the most frequent marketing claims and video sources. METHODS: The objectives of this study were to 1) identify marketing claims in YouTube videos that are commonly made on e-cigarette retail websites and 2) compare the frequency of marketing claims in user-generated and professional YouTube videos...
April 2017: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Grace Kong, Jennifer Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Steve Sussman
INTRODUCTION: Vape shops are popular brick-and-mortar stores that sell e-cigarette products but are not understood well. Previous analysis of Yelp reviews of vape shops located in various ethnic neighborhoods in Los Angeles, California in 2014 identified characteristics of vape shop as delineated by consumers. In this study, we assessed the associations between these characteristics and vape shops going out of business in 2015. METHODS: Content analysis of Yelp reviews of 72 vape shops in 2014 identified 1) general characteristics of the reviews/reviewers, 2) vape shop, staff, and marketing attributes, 3) physical environment, and 4) health claims...
2017: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Scott McIntosh, Andrew F Wall, Tye Johnson, Jordan Kurtzman, Duncan Ververs, Deborah J Ossip
Introduction: Tobacco use among United States college-aged students remains higher than that of the national average. While a majority of public health literature has explained smoking programs and policies at traditional four-year colleges and universities, little research exists on programs and policies at two-year community colleges. It is important to understand such efforts at these institutions as they have vastly different infrastructures and enroll a more diverse and at-risk student body compared to traditional four-year colleges...
December 2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Carla J Berg, Regine Haardörfer, Gillian Schauer, Getachew Betelihem, Matthew Masters, Bennett McDonald, Jill Shah, Jackelyn Payne, Raina Sarmah, Matthew Thomas, Michael Windle
INTRODUCTION: Limited research has examined reasons for polytobacco use, an increasing public health problem, particularly among young adults. We examined reasons for polytobacco use among users of more than one tobacco product in the past 4 months enrolled in an ongoing six-wave longitudinal study of 3,418 students aged 18-25 from seven US colleges and universities. METHODS: An expert panel generated items related to reasons for polytobacco use, included in Wave 3 (administered in Summer 2015)...
July 2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Robert Garcίa, Anupreet Sidhu, Jon-Patrick Allem, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer B Unger, Steve Sussman
INTRODUCTION: There has been a surge in the number of vape shops in the USA. Research on the marketing practices of e-cigarette manufacturers is scarce and even less known are the practices of vape shop retailers. Past research on tobacco marketing has shown differences in the amount and content of marketing material, based on a community's demographic profile. This study examined marketing strategies in vape shops and explored differences among vape shops located in communities that differ by ethnic composition...
2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
C Sears, J Hart, K Walker, A Lee, R Keith, S Ridner
INTRODUCTION: Across the US, vape shops have emerged to provide e-cigarette users access to products not usually available at gas stations or retail stores. As vape shop sales have steadily increased, so have questions about the impact of marketing and price on e-cigarette use behaviors. In this exploratory analysis, we aim to characterize spending on e-cigarettes and evaluate the association with customer perceptions and use behaviors. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey of vape shop customers (n=78), perceptions and use of e-cigarettes and tobacco products were assessed...
2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Jennifer Y Tsai, Ricky Bluthenthal, Jon-Patrick Allem, Robert Garcia, Jocelyn Garcia, Jennifer Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Steve Y Sussman
INTRODUCTION: The popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has spurred the growth of vape shops, but little is known about the retailers who may play an important role in the introduction and dissemination of vape products. In this paper we examine how retailers profile their customers and their perceptions of vaping, and the services their shops provide. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of retailers (n=77) located across southern California...
2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Joy L Hart, Kandi L Walker, Clara G Sears, Alexander S Lee, Courteney Smith, Allison Siu, Rachel Keith, S Lee Ridner
INTRODUCTION: E-cigarettes have increased in popularity and given rise to a new type of sales outlet-the vape shop. Expanding on work examining vape shop employee e-cigarette and tobacco attitudes and behaviors(1), this study examined key messages that vape shop employees communicate to customers. METHODS: Using informal interviews, observations, and a cross-sectional survey, we examined vape shop employees' (n=16) perceptions and e-cigarette use. Data were collected in nine vape shops in Louisville, Kentucky...
2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Robert Garcia, Jon Patrick Allem, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Jennifer Beth Unger, Steve Sussman
INTRODUCTION: Vape shops sell electronic cigarettes and related products such as e-liquids, which may contain nicotine. Direct contact with nicotine can lead to adverse health effects, and few regulations exist on how nicotine is handled in vape shops. This study examined how customers and employees come into contact with, and handle, nicotine-containing e-liquids in vape shops with the goal of informing potential future regulation of nicotine handling in vape shops. METHODS: Data were collected from 77 vape shops in the Los Angeles basin...
2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Andrea D Burbank, Johannes Thrul, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: The use of electronic cigarettes or vape devices is increasing, and products are evolving rapidly. This study assessed retail vape shops in the San Francisco Bay Area to describe store characteristics, products offered, advertisements and health claims, as well as employees' perceptions of their customers' demographics, and practices to support smoking cessation. METHODS: We conducted store audits of shops that exclusively sell vape devices with physical addresses in San Francisco and Alameda counties (n=23, response rate 72%) and interviewed vape shop owners/employees...
2016: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
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