Dev Desai, Abhijay B Shah, Joseph Rem C Dela, Tayba A Mugibel, Khalid M Sumaily, Essa M Sabi, Ahmed H Mujamammi, Maria E Malafi, Sara A Alkaff, Thurya A Alwahbi, Jamal O Bahabara, Lotfi S Bin Dahman
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a ubiquitous health condition with severe outcomes. The advancement of ultrasonography techniques allows its application in evaluating pulmonary diseases, providing safer and accessible bedside therapeutic decisions compared to chest X-ray and chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Because of its aforementioned benefits, we aimed to confirm the diagnostic accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) for pneumonia in adults. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed of Medline, Cochrane and Crossref, independently by two authors...
June 4, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
An-Ni Xie, Wen-Jian Huang, Chih-Yuan Ko
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by high-energy metabolism, often leads to malnutrition and is linked to exacerbations. This study investigates the association of malnutrition-related body composition and handgrip strength changes with exacerbation frequencies in COPD patients. METHODS: We analyzed 77 acute exacerbation COPD (AECOPD) patients and 82 stable COPD patients, categorized as frequent and infrequent exacerbators. Assessments included body composition, handgrip strength, nutritional risk, dyspnea scale, and COPD assessment...
May 31, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Lauriana-Eunice Zbîrcea, Maria-Roxana Buzan, Manuela Grijincu, Tudor-Paul Tamaș, Constantina Bianca Vulpe, Ioan Huțu, Virgil Păunescu, Carmen Panaitescu, Kuan-Wei Chen
Ragweed pollen allergy is the most common seasonal allergy in western Romania. Prolonged exposure to ragweed pollen may induce sensitization to pan-allergens such as calcium-binding proteins (polcalcins) and progression to more severe symptoms. We aimed to detect IgE sensitization to recombinant Amb a 9 and Amb a 10 in a Romanian population, to assess their potential clinical relevance and cross-reactivity, as well as to investigate the relation with clinical symptoms. rAmb a 9 and rAmb a 10 produced in Escherichia coli were used to detect specific IgE in sera from 87 clinically characterized ragweed-allergic patients in ELISA, for basophil activation experiments and rabbit immunization...
May 30, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Olga Holubovska, Pavlo Babich, Alla Mironenko, Jens Milde, Yuriy Lebed, Holger Stammer, Lutz Mueller, Aartjan J W Te Velthuis, Victor Margitich, Andrew Goy
Enisamium is an orally available therapeutic that inhibits influenza A virus and SARS-CoV-2 replication. We evaluated the clinical efficacy of enisamium treatment combined with standard care in adult, hospitalized patients with moderate COVID-19 requiring external oxygen. Hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were randomly assigned to receive either enisamium (500 mg per dose, four times a day) or a placebo. The primary outcome was an improvement of at least two points on an eight-point severity rating (SR) scale within 29 days of randomization...
May 6, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Yuehong Li, Guopeng Xu
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of an unknown aetiology. It can exist in many organs. Pulmonary and intrathoracic lymph nodes are most commonly involved. Lung sarcoidosis is uncommon in Asia. However, due to the large population of our country and the development of bronchoscopy, percutaneous lung puncture, and other medical technologies, the number of pulmonary sarcoidosis patients is on the rise. Pulmonary sarcoidosis patients have no obvious symptoms in the early stage, and the clinical manifestations in the later stage may vary from person to person...
April 28, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Pedro Alexandre-Sousa, Nuno Sousa, Joana Bento, Filipa Azevedo, Maíra Assis, José Mendes
Bronchial asthma is a chronic pathology and a global public health problem. However, asthma can be controlled and treated for the most part by patients, so the Portuguese General Directorate of Health recommends shared medical appointments in primary health care (PHC). The present study aims to identify the role of PHC nurses in the control and treatment of asthma in adults. Using the MeSH platform, the following descriptors were validated: asthma, nurses, adults. An individual search was carried out in the following databases: CINAHL (ESBSCO host), MEDLINE (Pubmed host), Web of Science, and Scopus...
April 25, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Piotr Jankowski, Katarzyna Mycroft, Katarzyna Górska, Piotr Korczyński, Rafał Krenke
COPD is the third leading cause of death worldwide. Its diagnosis can be made with spirometry, which is underused due to its limited accessibility. Portable spirometry holds promise for enhancing the efficacy of COPD diagnoses. The study aimed to estimate COPD prevalence diagnosed with a portable spirometer in high-risk patients and compare it with COPD prevalence based on data from conventional, on-site spirometry. We also evaluated the strategy of a proactive approach to identify COPD in high-risk individuals...
March 27, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Krzysztof Kuziemski, Monika Franczuk, Sebastian Majewski, Tadeusz M Zielonka, Adam Barczyk
Advances in Respiratory Medicine , which has been published by MDPI since 2022, serves as a platform for hosting pneumological studies [...].
March 19, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Susanne Simon, Jens Gottlieb, Ina Burchert, René Abu Isneineh, Thomas Fuehner
BACKGROUND: Many hospitalized patients decline in functional status after discharge, but functional decline in emergency admissions with hypoxemia is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to study functional outcomes as a clinical endpoint in a cohort of patients with acute hypoxemia. METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was conducted in patients with new-onset hypoxemia emergently admitted to two respiratory departments at a university hospital and an academic teaching hospital...
March 6, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Mia Solholt Godthaab Brath, Sisse Dyrman Alsted, Marina Sahakyan, Esben Bolvig Mark, Jens Brøndum Frøkjær, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen, Lasse Riis Østergaard, Rasmus Brath Christensen, Ulla Møller Weinreich
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with low skeletal muscle mass and severe airway obstruction have higher mortality risks. However, the relationship between dynamic/static lung function (LF) and thoracic skeletal muscle measurements (SMM) remains unclear. This study explored patient characteristics (weight, BMI, exacerbations, dynamic/static LF, sex differences in LF and SMM, and the link between LF and SMM changes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a 12-month prospective follow-up study patients with stable COPD undergoing standardized treatment, covering mild to severe stages, was conducted...
March 6, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Silvano Dragonieri, Andrea Portacci, Vitaliano Nicola Quaranta, Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano
Biologics targeting IgE, IL-5, IL-4/IL-13, and TSLP are crucial in severe asthma treatment. Research, including randomized controlled trials and real-world studies, has been conducted to assess their efficacy and identify patient characteristics that may predict positive responses. The effectiveness of switching biologics, especially given overlaps in treatment eligibility, and the clinical outcomes post-cessation are critical areas of investigation. This work reviews the effects of switching between these biologics and the indicators of treatment success or failure...
February 21, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Ach Taieb, Ben Haj Slama Nassim, Gorchane Asma, Methnani Jabeur, Saad Ghada, Ben Abdelkrim Asma
Long COVID-19, also known as post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection, is a condition where individuals who have recovered from the acute phase of COVID-19 continue to experience a range of symptoms for weeks or even months afterward. While it was initially thought to primarily affect the respiratory system, it has become clear that Long COVID-19 can involve various organs and systems, including the endocrine system, which includes the pituitary gland. In the context of Long COVID-19, there is a growing understanding of the potential implications for the pituitary gland...
February 14, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Vladimir L Cousin, Raphael Joye, Angelo Polito
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a pulmonary vasodilator that plays an important clinical ICU role. The administration of iNO is usually performed through an endotracheal tube, but spontaneously breathing patients might also benefit from iNO administration. The use of the non-invasive administration of iNO through high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) allows for NO delivery in spontaneously breathing patients who still need supplemental oxygen and positive airway pressure. A simple method to administer NO through HFNC is described here using standard commercially available NO administration and HFNC...
February 8, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Irini Patsaki, Vasiliki Avgeri, Theodora Rigoulia, Theodoros Zekis, George A Koumantakis, Eirini Grammatopoulou
Error in Figure 3 [...].
February 1, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Wensi Gan, Zhihui Chen, Zhen Tao, Wenyuan Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) causes heavy losses in terms of finances, hospitalization, and death for elderly patients in the intensive care unit (ICU); however, the risk is difficult to evaluate due to a lack of reliable assessment tools. We aimed to create and validate a nomogram to estimate VAP risk to provide early intervention for high-risk patients. METHODS: Between January 2016 and March 2021, 293 patients from a tertiary hospital in China were retrospectively reviewed as a training set...
January 19, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Sydney Paltra, Tim O F Conrad
Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir is an oral treatment for mild to moderate COVID-19 cases with a high risk for a severe course of the disease. For this paper, a comprehensive literature review was performed, leading to a summary of currently available data on Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir's ability to reduce the risk of progressing to a severe disease state. Herein, the focus lies on publications that include comparisons between patients receiving Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir and a control group. The findings can be summarized as follows: Data from the time when the Delta-variant was dominant show that Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir reduced the risk of hospitalization or death by 88...
January 18, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Eduardo Salazar-Martínez
(1) Background: The breathing pattern is defined as the relationship between the tidal volume (VT) and breathing frequency (BF) for a given VE. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training influenced the response of the breathing pattern during an incremental effort in amateur cyclists. (2) Methods: Eighteen amateur cyclists completed an incremental test to exhaustion, and a gas analysis on a cycle ergometer and spirometry were conducted. Cyclists were randomly assigned to two groups (IMTG = 9; CON = 9)...
January 17, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Joanna Pepke-Zaba, Luke Howard, David G Kiely, Shruti Sweeney, Martin Johnson
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease (CTEPD) is a complication of pulmonary embolism (PE). We conducted an online survey of UK PE-treating physicians to understand practices in the follow-up of PE and awareness of CTEPD. The physicians surveyed ( N = 175) included 50 each from cardiology, respiratory and internal medicine, plus 25 haematologists. Most (89%) participants had local guidelines for PE management, and 65% reported a PE follow-up clinic, of which 69% were joint clinics. Almost half (47%) had a protocol for the investigation of CTEPD...
January 9, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Kamil Barański
UNLABELLED: At the population level, respiratory symptoms in children can be estimated cross-sectionally. However, such methods require additional objective support parameters, such as the measurement of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). The aim of the present study was to analyze if the FeNO value measured at baseline can have a predictive value for asthma-like symptoms after 8 years of measurement. METHODS: The follow-up included 128 (out of 447) children, 70 girls and 58 boys...
January 4, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Judith Heiss, Katja Grün, Isabell Singerer, Laura Tempel, Mattia Matasci, Christian Jung, Alexander Pfeil, P Christian Schulze, Dario Neri, Marcus Franz
BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a multifactorial process driven by inflammation and pulmonary vascular remodeling. To target these two aspects of PH, we recently tested a novel treatment: Interleukin-9 (IL9) fused to F8, an antibody that binds to the extra-domain A of fibronectin (EDA+ Fn). As EDA+ Fn is not found in healthy adult tissue but is expressed during PH, IL9 is delivered specifically to the tissue affected by PH. We found that F8IL9 reduced pulmonary vascular remodeling and attenuated PH compared with sham-treated mice...
January 3, 2024: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
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