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Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology

Kelvin Z. Li, Colin S. Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Selçuk Sızmaz, Nuhkan Görkemli, Ebru Esen, Nihal Demircan
A 25-year-old female presented with a decrease of vision and redness in both eyes. She had a history of nodular melanoma in her right shoulder, which was excised surgically and she was under oral vemurafenib treatment. She was diagnosed with moderately severe bilateral panuveitis and hospitalized for systemic investigation and workup. The laboratory test results were unremarkable and systemic workup failed to reveal an etiology. The condition was considered vemurafenib-induced uveitis, as the drug is known to be associated with uveitis...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Şaban Gönül, Ayşe Bozkurt Oflaz, Berker Bakbak, Kamil Yavuzer, Banu Bozkurt
Spontaneous lens absorption (SLA) is a rare complication of hypermature cataract. However, this condition has been reported in several cases of hypermature cataracts that were caused by trauma, senility, uveitic disorders such as Fuchs’ uveitis syndrome (FUS), and infectious disorders including leptospirosis and rubella. We report a case of spontaneous absorption of a hypermature cataract secondary to FUS. To our knowledge, this is the first report of SLA that was followed by dislocation of the capsular remnants into the vitreous and resulted in a misdiagnosis as crystalline lens luxation...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Sabahattin Sül, Aylin Karalezli
We present the case of a 60-year-old patient who underwent a complicated cataract surgery with cefuroxime injection (1 mg/0.1 mL) into the anterior chamber at the end of surgery. The patient presented to our hospital due to decrease in visual acuity (VA) after surgery. VA was counting fingers (CF) from 4 meters. There was extensive retinal hemorrhages and edema in addition to retinal vascular leakage detected with fluorescein angiography (FA). After negative microbiologic tests, the patient was treated with intravenous pulse and oral corticosteroids...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Özgün Melike Gedar Totuk, İlhami Salcan, Melih Atalay, Ümit Aykan
We aimed to present a novel case of sectoral ciliary body agenesis and complicated cataract as an embryogenic defect of eye development diagnosed by ultrasound biomicroscopy. A 20-year-old male patient presented with a complaint of visual impairment in his left eye since childhood. Slit-lamp examination of the left eye revealed pigment precipitation and focal lens opacities extending from the temporal quadrant through the posterior lens capsule, blocking the central optical axis. On ultrasound biomicroscopy examination, there was a hyperechoic reflection belonging to the rudimentary ciliary body structures between 2-5 o’clock in the temporal quadrant...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Cem Şimşek, Murat Doğru, Takashi Kojima, Kazuo Tsubota
A better understanding of the pathophysiology and etiology of dry eye disease leads to more efficient management and treatment of the disease process. However, there is substantial variation among both clinicians and countries in terms of dry eye treatment modalities. The latest 2017 International Dry Eye Workshop II report aimed to reduce these differences and emphasized the use of a stepped care algorithm. The algorithm includes treatment forms ranging from artificial tear drops, the primary conventional treatment method, to the latest surgical applications...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Pınar Bingöl Kızıltunç, Figen Şermet
Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the fundus autofluorescence (FAF) findings of age-related maculopathy and risk patterns associated with FAF changes. Materials and Methods: FAF images of 150 eyes with age-related maculopathy were evaluated retrospectively. FAF patterns were classified as normal, minimal change, focal increase, patchy, linear, lace-like, reticular, and speckled pattern. Correlation between patterns and visual acuity, pattern associations at initial visit, and focal atrophy development and pattern alterations during follow-up were evaluated...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Figen Bezci Aygün, Mehmet Cem Mocan, Sibel Kocabeyoğlu, Murat İrkeç
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TS-CPC) limited to 180° of ciliary body ablation in patients with various forms of refractory glaucoma. Materials and Methods: Thirty eyes with refractory glaucoma treated with 180° TS-CPC were retrospectively analyzed for intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and success rates. Patients’ age, gender, type of glaucoma, number of diode laser treatment sessions, postoperative complications, number of hypotensive medications required to control IOP, and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were evaluated...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Ufuk Elgin, Emine Şen, Murat Uzel, Pelin Yılmazbaş
Objectives: Our aim was to compare the refractive status and anterior segment parameters of patients with juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG) and normal subjects. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five recently diagnosed cases of JOAG and 24 normal subjects were included in this prospective controlled clinical trial. Central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), axial length (AL), K1 and K2 keratometry, and white-to-white distance (WTW) measurements were performed with optical biometry (LenStar LS 900, Haag Streit Diagnostics)...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Tomris Şengör, Sanem Alkibay, Ayşegül Ermeç Sertoğlu, Sevda Aydın Kurna
Objectives: To identify consumers’ tendencies regarding contact lens (CL) use in order to develop recommendations for messages to include in education for safe CL use and in public awareness campaigns. Materials and Methods: Subjects living in Ankara, Turkey who used eyeglasses and/or contact lenses due to refractive error were included in the study. CL users’ reasons for choosing CLs for vision correction, CL-related problems they encountered, and their perceptions regarding safe CL use education and regular ophthalmologic follow-up visits were evaluated using a survey completed by 917 participants...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Tolga Kocatürk, Erol Erkan, İbrahim Meteoğlu, Mehmet Ekici, Aslıhan Karul Büyüköztürk, İrfan Yavaşoğlu, Harun Çakmak, Volkan Dayanır, Muharrem Balkaya
Objectives: To comparatively evaluate the effects of thymoquinone (TQ), the biologically active main component of volatile oil derived from Nigella sativa seeds, in an experimental dry eye model. Materials and Methods: A total of 36 BALB/c mice 10 weeks of age were used in the study. The mice were divided into 6 groups of 6 mice. Two groups were negative and positive controls, and the other 4 groups were treated with balanced salt solution, fluorometholone (FML), TQ, or vehicle (Tween80)...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Sevgi Subaşı, Nurşen Yüksel, Müge Toprak, Büşra Yılmaz Tuğan
Objectives: To describe the clinical features and microstructural characteristics assessed by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in patients with adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). Materials and Methods: The study included 20 eyes of 12 patients who presented to the Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Department of Ophthalmology with complaints of watering, crusting, and stinging, were clinically diagnosed EKC, and were examined by slit-lamp biomicroscopy and IVCM during the prodromal phase and the punctate keratitis, deep epithelial keratitis, and subepithelial infiltration stages of EKC...
December 27, 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Mustafa Koç, Kemal Tekin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Önder Ayyıldız, Fatih Mehmet Mutlu, Murat Küçükevcilioğlu, Gökçen Gökçe, Halil İbrahim Altınsoy
Symptomatic excyclotorsion is an important clinical problem, especially in acquired superior oblique muscle palsy. Excyclotorsion can disrupt the fusion and cause torsional diplopia. Harada-Ito surgery (HI) is a widely used method for treating excyclotorsions. This method relieves the torsional diplopia by increasing the effect of the incyclotorsion. In this study, we aimed to report the clinical features of patients with torsional diplopia due to acquired trochlear nerve palsy and the results of HI surgery in these patients...
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Özlem Biçer, Figen Batıoğlu, Sibel Demirel, Emin Özmert
Pachychoroid neovasculopathy (PNV) is a form of type 1 neovascularization characterized by dilated choroidal vessels in areas of increased choroidal thickness. In this article, we describe a patient diagnosed with PNV. A 50-year-old male with a 2-month history of blurred vision was referred to our clinic. His best corrected visual acuity was 20/100 in both eyes. Retinal pigment epithelium alterations, which were more prominent in fundus autofluorescence, were detected in both eyes on dilated fundus examination...
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Irmak Karaca, Jale Menteş, Serhad Nalçacı
Neuroretinitis characterized by optic disc edema and star-like exudates in the macula was detected in a patient who presented with sudden unilateral painless vision loss and had a history of raw meat consumption. The patient tested seropositive for Toxocara . Combination therapy with steroid and albendazole resulted in an increase in visual acuity and complete resolution of clinical signs.
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Burak Tanyıldız, Baran Kandemir, Mehmet Serhat Mangan, Aise Tangılntız, Eren Göktaş, Şaban Şimşek
A 24-year-old female presented with bilateral vision loss following attempted suicide with pregabalin. Her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/40 in the right eye and 20/50 in the left eye. The bilateral visual disturbance was associated with serous macular detachment. Fundus examination of both eyes showed foveal serous retinal detachment, which was confirmed by optical coherence tomography. Topical nepafenac 0.1% eye drops were started as single drop every 8 hours for 4 weeks. One month later, the serous macular detachment had regressed and BCVA increased to 20/20 in both eyes...
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Özdemir Özdemir, Chetan Kantibhai Patel
We report a male premature baby who was born at 24 weeks gestation weighing 600 grams. There was bilateral stage 2, zone 2 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) without plus disease at 38 weeks postmenstrual age. Ultra-wide-field Optomap images obtained 1 week later showed no change in ROP stage. At 40 weeks postmenstrual age, stage 3, zone 2 ROP was detected using binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy and documented using Optos. Minor tortuosity and dilation of vessels was interpreted as pre-plus disease. One week later, at 41 weeks postmenstrual age, Optomap images identified progressive extraretinal fibroproliferation in the nasal quadrant...
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Mehmet Fatih Kağan Değirmenci, Sibel Demirel, Figen Batıoğlu, Emin Özmert
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of micropulse yellow laser (MPL) on best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and retinal thickness in patients with non-center-involving diabetic macular edema (DME). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 9 eyes of 8 patients with non-center-involving DME who underwent MPL treatment between January 2015 and December 2016. BCVA (logMAR) and retinal thickness were evaluated before and 3 months after treatment...
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Öznur Gürbüz Yurtseven, Sibel Aksoy, Aysu Karatay Arsan, Yelda Buyru Özkurt, Hatice Kübra Kökçen
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and refractive error and axial length, as well as the socio-demographic characteristics and biochemical variables that may affect this relationship. Materials and Methods: A total of 196 eyes of 98 patients over 50 years of age who were diagnosed with AMD at our clinic were included in this cross-sectional study. Early and late AMD findings were categorized according to the age-related eye disease study grading scale...
October 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
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