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Ultrasound International Open

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729231/efsumb-recommendations-for-gastrointestinal-ultrasound-part-3-endorectal-endoanal-and-perineal-ultrasound
#1
REVIEW
Dieter Nuernberg, Adrian Saftoiu, Ana Paula Barreiros, Eike Burmester, Elena Tatiana Ivan, Dirk-André Clevert, Christoph F Dietrich, Odd Helge Gilja, Torben Lorentzen, Giovanni Maconi, Ismail Mihmanli, Christian Pallson Nolsoe, Frank Pfeffer, Søren Rafael Rafaelsen, Zeno Sparchez, Peter Vilmann, Jo Erling Riise Waage
This article represents part 3 of the EFSUMB Recommendations and Guidelines for Gastrointestinal Ultrasound (GIUS). It provides an overview of the examination techniques recommended by experts in the field of endorectal/endoanal ultrasound (ERUS/EAUS), as well as perineal ultrasound (PNUS). The most important indications are rectal tumors and inflammatory diseases like fistula and abscesses in patients with or without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). PNUS sometimes is more flexible and convenient compared to ERUS...
January 2019: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30648161/gastric-emptying-of-low-and-high-caloric-liquid-meals-measured-using-ultrasonography-in-healthy-volunteers
#2
Tarek Mazzawi, Emily Bartsch, Sara Benammi, Rosa Maria Carrasco Ferro, Ekaterina Nikitina, Nancy Nimer, Lara Jiménez Ortega, Charles Perrotte, Joäo Vitor Pithon, Safira Rosalina, Alexis Sharp, Reza Stevano, Jan Gunnar Hatlebakk, Trygve Hausken
Purpose: Delayed gastric emptying is present in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), diabetes mellitus, and neurological diseases. Diet may affect gastric emptying symptoms in patients with FD. We sought to determine the extent to which gastric emptying and symptoms of dyspepsia are influenced by caloric content in healthy subjects using ultrasonography. Materials and Methods: 32 healthy volunteers were given 2 meals with different caloric content in random order...
January 2019: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30599042/pediatric-transthoracic-cardiac-vector-flow-imaging-a-preliminary-pictorial-study
#3
Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen, Klaus Juul, Hasse Møller-Sørensen, Jens C Nilsson, Jørgen Arendt Jensen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen
Purpose Conventional pediatric echocardiography is crucial for diagnosing congenital heart disease (CHD), but the technique is impaired by angle dependency. Vector flow imaging (VFI) is an angle-independent noninvasive ultrasound alternative for blood flow assessment and can assess complex flow patterns not visible on conventional Doppler ultrasound. Materials and Methods 12 healthy newborns and 3 infants with CHD were examined with transthoracic cardiac VFI using a conventional ultrasound scanner and a linear array...
January 2019: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30599041/the-role-of-us-contrast-agents-in-us-guided-biopsy-of-focal-liver-lesions-a-pictorial-review
#4
REVIEW
Torben Lorentzen, Christian Pallson Nolsoe
US-guided percutaneous biopsy of focal liver lesions (FLL) is a classic interventional procedure performed by almost all radiology units. Typically, an incidental focal finding on US or a focal indeterminate lesion diagnosed on CT, MRI or PET/CT is referred for US-guided biopsy for final diagnosis. The introduction of microbubble US contrast agents has overcome some of the limitations of standard US in diagnosing FLLs by displaying the microvasculature together with the US morphology, which has increased both the sensitivity and the specificity...
January 2019: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30599040/european-federation-of-societies-for-ultrasound-in-medicine-and-biology-efsumb-policy-document-development-strategy-clinical-practice-guidelines-position-statements-and-technological-reviews
#5
Christian Jenssen, Odd Helge Gilja, Andreas L Serra, Fabio Piscaglia, Christoph F Dietrich, Lynne Rudd, Paul S Sidhu
This document summarizes principles and methodology to guide the creation of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Position Statements und Technological Reviews of the European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB). The purpose of EFSUMB Clinical Practice Guidelines is to provide physicians and sonographers performing or requesting diagnostic and interventional ultrasound examinations with evidence-based recommendations. Position Statements summarize EFSUMB opinions on important current issues in clinical applications, education and training of ultrasound techniques or health care policy related to ultrasound-based imaging and ultrasound-guided interventions...
January 2019: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30607384/uio-editorial
#6
EDITORIAL
Adrian Lim
It is with great pleasure again that I introduce the December 2018 issue of Ultrasound International Open. This issue has a focus on Neck ultrasound where the first article highlights the value of careful sonographic observations of thyroid nodules which will improve diagnostic accuracy and help select suspicious nodules for histological sampling. The article also provides many examples and highlights some helpful tips.
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30374471/sonographic-bedside-quantification-of-pleural-effusion-compared-to-computed-tomography-volumetry-in-icu-patients
#7
Ulf Karl-Martin Teichgräber, Judith Hackbarth
Objectives: To date, the reliability of ultrasound for the quantitative assessment of pleural effusion has been limited. In the following study, an easy and cost-effective bedside ultrasound method was developed and investigated for specific use in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: 22 patients (median age: 58.5 years, range: 37-88 years, 14 men and 8 women) with a total of 31 pleural effusions were examined in the ICU. The inclusion criterion was complete visualization of the effusion on chest computed tomography (CT)...
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30374470/sonographic-evaluation-of-nodules-newly-detected-in-the-neck-after-thyroidectomy-suture-granuloma-versus-recurrent-carcinoma
#8
Hitomi Aga, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Ayana Suzuki, Hisashi Ota, Maki Oshita, Takumi Kudo, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Kaoru Kobayashi, Akira Miyauchi
Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the sonographic features of suture granuloma and recurrent carcinoma newly detected after thyroidectomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed ultrasound reports with images of 25 cases of suture granuloma and 18 cases of recurrent carcinoma that newly appeared in the resected area after thyroidectomy in our institution. Results: Both suture granulomas and recurrent carcinomas more frequently exhibited multiple lesions rather than solitary lesions...
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30370402/sonographic-venous-velocity-index-identifies-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-severe-diastolic-dysfunction
#9
Markus Meier, Wolfram Johannes Jabs, Maria Guthmann, Gesa Geppert, Ali Aydin, Martin Nitschke
Objective: Diagnosing cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) continues to remain challenging in outpatient practice. In this study, we investigate whether a newly developed venous velocity ultrasound index (VVI) can differentiate between patients with CRS and patients with CKD of other cause or normal renal function (NRF). Methods: Patients with CRS (n = 30), CKD (n=30), and NRF (n=30) were included in the study. For each patient, duplex ultrasound scans of intrarenal segmental veins were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30370401/early-antenatal-sonographic-findings-of-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome-imaging-of-high-arched-palate-and-bilateral-abducted-thumbs-on-surface-rendering-mode-at-17-weeks
#10
Iglika Ivancheva Simeonova-Brachot, Laure Gerony-Laffitte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30370400/myofibrosarcoma-mimicking-a-vascular-thrombosis-a-case-report
#11
Ryan Bou Said, Michelle D Williams, Beth S Edeiken-Monroe, Bruno D Fornage, Erich M Sturgis, J Matthew Debnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30370399/re-evaluation-of-162-malignant-thyroid-nodules-that-were-interpreted-as-benign-based-on-ultrasound-findings
#12
Tomoko Fujimoto, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Ayana Suzuki, Hisashi Ota, Maki Oshita, Takumi Kudo, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Kaoru Kobayashi, Akira Miyauchi
Purpose: The goal of this study was to estimate the risk of malignant thyroid nodules being interpreted as benign based on ultrasound findings and to clarify the pathological features of these malignant nodules. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively re-evaluated ultrasound and pathological findings for 162 malignant thyroid nodules that were initially interpreted as benign based on ultrasound findings at Kuma Hospital between April 2012 and June 2015. Results: The incidences of malignancy among "benign" thyroid nodules were 0...
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30364899/an-atypical-inguinal-hernia-in-a-9-month-old-girl-case-report-and-ultrasound-findings
#13
Jonathan Cohen, Susanne Reinhardt, Dorte Levin Pedersen, Caroline Ewertsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349900/phantom-nodules-detected-by-ultrasound-examination-of-the-neck-the-possibility-of-ectopic-cervical-thymic-tissue-in-adults
#14
Hisashi Ota, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Ayana Suzuki, Maki Oshita, Aki Ito, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Kaoru Kobayashi, Akira Miyauchi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the ultrasound characteristics and clinical significance of slightly hyperechoic lesions, referred to as phantom nodules, in the perithyroidal area in patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 128 patients who underwent thyroidectomy with central neck lymph node dissection at Kuma Hospital in Hyogo, Japan were included in the study. We detected 16 phantom nodules during preoperative ultrasound examinations, defined as slightly hyperechoic masses located in the perithyroidal areas, in 13 of these 128 patients (10...
October 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30364890/ultrasound-and-cystic-echinococcosis
#15
REVIEW
Enrico Brunetti, Francesca Tamarozzi, Calum Macpherson, Carlo Filice, Markus Schindler Piontek, Adnan Kabaalioglu, Yi Dong, Nathan Atkinson, Joachim Richter, Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Christoph F Dietrich
The introduction of imaging techniques in clinical practice 40 years ago changed the clinical management of many diseases, including cystic echinococcosis (CE). For the first time cysts were clearly seen before surgery. Among the available imaging techniques, ultrasound (US) has unique properties that can be used to study and manage cystic echinococcosis. It is harmless, can image almost all organs and systems, can be repeated as often as required, is portable, requires no patient preparation, is relatively inexpensive and guides diagnosis, treatment and follow-up without radiation exposure and harm to the patient...
September 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30345417/carotidynia-in-a-patient-receiving-an-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-a-case-report-to-support-a-disputed-entity
#16
Tobias Thostrup Andersen, Martin Lundsgaard Hansen, Søren Lykke Petersen, Caroline Ewertsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30345416/editorial
#17
EDITORIAL
Sonila Pashaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30276359/evaluation-of-peak-reflux-velocities-with-vector-flow-imaging-and-spectral-doppler-ultrasound-in-varicose-veins
#18
Thor Bechsgaard, Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen, Andreas Brandt, Ramin Moshavegh, Julie Lyng Forman, Pia Føgh, Lotte Klitfod, Niels Bækgaard, Lars Lönn, Jørgen Arendt Jensen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen
Purpose Spectral Doppler ultrasound (SDUS) is used for quantifying reflux in lower extremity varicose veins. The technique is angle-dependent opposed to the new angle-independent Vector Flow Imaging (VFI) method. The aim of this study was to compare peak reflux velocities obtained with VFI and SDUS in patients with chronic venous disease, i. e., pathological retrograde blood flow caused by incompetent venous valves. Materials and Methods 64 patients with chronic venous disease were scanned with VFI and SDUS in the great or the small saphenous vein, and reflux velocities were compared to three assessment tools for chronic venous disease...
September 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30255165/prenatal-diagnosis-and-clinical-course-of-a-patent-urachus-associated-with-an-allantoic-cord-cyst-and-a-giant-umbilical-cord
#19
Ismail Tekesin, Regina Küper-Steffen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Ultrasound International Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30255164/mri-ultrasound-fusion-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-critical-appraisal
#20
Judith Berger, Onno Henneman, Johann Rhemrev, Maddy Smeets, Frank Willem Jansen
Purpose: It was the aim of our study to evaluate this procedure using pelvic anatomical landmarks in order to assess the accuracy of fusion imaging and to critically evaluate the applicability in daily practice. Methods: In a prospective, single center study, 10 patients with clinical signs of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) were selected. We measured the distance between the landmark organ and the target shown by the software system (measurement 1). Measurement 2 depicts the distance between the landmark and the nearest calibration point...
September 2018: Ultrasound International Open
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