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GMS Ophthalmology Cases

Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Sharanya Abraham
A seven-year-old boy presented with difficulty in night vision of five years duration. Vision was 20/20 OU. Fundus examination revealed a golden sheen over the posterior pole in both eyes which disappeared after 45 minutes of dark adaptation, suggestive of Mizuo-Nakamura phenomenon. Clinical findings were suggestive of Oguchi's disease. ERG was confirmatory.
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Ayse Yagmur Kanra, Sevil Ari Yaylali, Ayse Serap Karadag, Aylin Ardagil Akçakaya, Itir Ebru Zemheri
Objective: To report a case of acquired reactive perforating collagenosis (ARPC) triggered by an intravitreal ranibizumab injection that was successfully treated by switching to aflibercept (AFL). Methods: A 73-year-old Caucasian man with an occult choroidal neovascular membrane in the right eye received three-monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections. Two weeks after the second ranibizumab injection, he complained about a generalized, excessively pruriginous eruption that was further exacerbated by the third injection...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Bryan Vincent Q Mesina, George Michael N Sosuan, Karen B Reyes
Purpose: To report a case of eight-and-a-half syndrome presenting with a conjugate horizontal gaze palsy, an ipsilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia, and an ipsilateral lower motor neuron-like facial palsy. Methods: A 56-year-old male who came in for limitation of extraocular muscle motion - wherein the only remaining movement is abduction of the left eye - and right-sided facial weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-defined lesion resembling a cavernoma, at the level of the ponto-medullary junction...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi
An unusual case of choroidal neovascularization in a young female with factor VIII deficiency is presented. The treatment course lasted 23 months. A favourable treatment outcome with restoration of the original visual acuity was achieved. The eye remained stable until the last follow-up, 10 years following therapy.
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Rajiv Raman, Aditya Verma, Sangeetha Srinivasan, Deepak Bhojwani
Objective: Tritan anomaly is a known acquired color defect seen in diabetic patients, with or without the evidence of clinical signs of diabetic retinopathy (DR). We report a case of a 45-year-old diabetic patient with tritan pattern color defect associated with obstructive sleep apnea and its partial reversal with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ventilation. Methods: A 45-year-old male with diabetes, wildlife photographer by profession, presented with specific complaints of seeing all objects in the surrounding with a greenish tinge in both the eyes...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi
A19-year-old man presented with decreased vision in the right eye following a bee sting injury, ten days back. Examination revealed conjunctival hyperemia at the site of the sting, anterior uveitis, vitritis, mild disc hyperemia, ocular hypotony, and striae at macula. Treatment was initiated elsewhere with topical antibiotics, steroid, and cycloplegic. Systemic steroids were added. Three weeks later, vitiritis resolved, intraocular pressure became normal and the vision improved from 20/60 to 20/20. However, a chorioretinal atrophy in the vicinity of the sting site was noted...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Ambreen Sarmad, Fadi Alfaqawi, Monali Chakrabarti, Samer Elsherbiny
Purpose: This rare case shows the presence of both angioid streaks (AS) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in the same eye. Methods: A 41-year-old Caucasian male who also has a positive family history of AS was diagnosed with angioid streaks. He was followed for few years, later developed CSC in his good eye. Results: Fundus fluorescein led to the diagnosis of CSC and indocyanine green angiography ruled out the possibility of idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (IPCV). The CSC followed a chronic course of non-resolution and finally half fluence photodynamic therapy was performed...
2018: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Nurul Ain Shahrudin, Aida Zairani Mohd Zahidin, Umi Kalthum Md Noh, Wan Haslina Wan Abdul Halim, Norshamsiah Md Din
Objective: To highlight the clinical presentation of CMV endotheliitis and the challenge in diagnosing this condition in recurrent failed penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Methods: Case series Results: There are 3 cases of recurrent failure in PK secondary to CMV endotheliitis presented. Case 1 and 2 were pseudophakic patients, while in case 3, the patient had a previous history of recurrent anterior uveitis. Case 1 and 3 had four and one previous failed PK respectively, while case 2 had endothelial keratoplasty twice before the diagnosis of CMV endotheliitis was made, following positive culture of aqueous humour...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Prabu Baskaran, Pratyusha Ganne, Nagesha C Krishnappa
Retained intraocular foreign body (IOFB) is a major cause of visual loss following open globe injuries. Detecting the presence and accurate localization of IOFB in the setting of an open globe injury remains a challenge. There can be various mimics of intraocular IOFB on imaging including air, ocular calcifications, etc. Here, we describe a case of open globe injury wherein a retained perfluoro-n-octane bubble mimicked a retained intraocular foreign body.
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Ziya Ayhan, Sureyya Yigit Kaya, Mehmet Ali Ozcan, Ali Osman Saatci
We describe a 36-year-old woman with a relapsing Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed a severe bilateral sudden visual loss almost three weeks after the initiation of brentuximab therapy. Ancillary fundus tests yielded bilateral severe retinal arteriolar occlusion 360° and serous macular retinal detachment. No visual improvement could be achieved despite the pulse corticosteroid therapy and a single bilateral intravitreal aflibercept administration cessation of the brentuximab therapy. Unfortunately, she succumbed to respiratory failure almost six weeks after the diagnosis of Purtscher-like retinopathy...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Melih Ustaoglu, Nilgun Solmaz, Feyza Onder
Objective: To present the successful outcome of regenerating agent (RGTA) treatment in a patient with severe ocular surface chemical injury. Methods: Case report Results: A 14-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic following chemical burn in the left eye. Her best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/40; and she had total corneal and 75% conjunctival epithelial loss, corneal haze, and limbal ischemia for nine clock hours in the left eye. The patient had already received standard therapy consisting of patching, preservative-free artificial tears, topical netilmicin, topical dexamethasone, oral doxycycline, and vitamin C for two weeks...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Prabu Baskaran, Dhananjay Shukla, Parag Shah
Aim: Presumed congenital simple retinal pigment epithelium hamartoma is a rare benign lesion of the macula that mimics congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and combined hamartoma of the retina and the RPE; newer imaging modalities can help in diagnosis. We report three patients with presumed congenital simple RPE hamartoma, and describe the enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) findings. Methods: Two patients were asymptomatic; one had an intraocular foreign body in addition to the hamartoma...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Omar A AlShehri, Hashem Almarzouki, Badr A Alharbi, Mohammed Alqahtani, Khaled Allam
Introduction: Ectopia lentis is defined as a crystalline lens displacement, either partially or completely, due to zonular abnormalities. It can be a result of trauma, hereditary ocular disease, or part of systemic diseases, like Marfan syndrome and homocystinuria. Case description: We report a case of a medically free 16-year-old girl, who was referred to our hospital complaining of poor vision and a squint in both eyes since childhood. Her history included a traffic accident when she was one-year-old. She was previously diagnosed with alternating esotropia, which was treated with glasses, alternating patching, and bilateral Botox injections...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Laura S Leysen, Elke O Kreps, Ilse De Schryver, Kristien P Hoornaert, Vanessa Smith, Julie De Zaeytijd
Objective: To describe a patient with peripheral retinal ischaemia and neovascularisation who was diagnosed with streptococcus mitis-induced bacterial endocarditis. Methods: Retrospective analysis of case report. A 57-year-old man presented with a history of a rapidly progressive, bilateral, painless visual loss. He also suffered from pain in the neck and lower back and a weight loss of 10 kg. He underwent a full ophthalmologic work-up, laboratory investigations, and imaging of the spine. Results: BCVA was reduced to 20/40 in the right eye and 20/32 in the left eye...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Koushik Tripathy
Recently, Lodhi SA and colleagues have reported on a patient with choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) associated with tubercular granuloma, who responded to intravitreal bevacizumab injections. The available literature regarding CNVM associated with intraocular tuberculosis is briefly discussed. Choroidal neovascular membrane is a possible complication of choroidal tuberculosis and the patients should be informed about this risk. However, patients usually respond well to intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents as evidenced by the case reported by us and the current case reported by Lodhi et al...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Pratheeba Devi Nivean, S Malarkodi, M Nishanth, M Nivean
Custard apple seeds have been used as a traditional remedy for scalp infestation of lice and dandruff since many years in our part of the world. Not many people, doctors even, are aware about the ill effects of this practice. Surprisingly, there are very few reports on poisoning due to these seeds and the management is not very well streamlined. Rohit Shetty et al. highlighted the ill effects of the seeds and the need to avoid steroids in these cases as they worsen the clinical scenario. We present 2 patients who developed keratoconjunctivitis due to ocular exposure with custard apple seeds...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Mukesh Jain, Renuka Srinivasan, K Ramesh Babu, M Swapnil Parchand
Purpose: Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION) is typically a disorder of patients 50 years and older predisposed to the vascular and structural optic disc risk factors. We present an interesting case of sequential development of NA-AION in a 45-year-old patient with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: Observational case report. Results: A 45-year-old female on hemodialysis for chronic renal failure complained of sequential acute onset sudden painless gross diminution of vision in right eye followed by the left eye...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Zackery Oakey, Kevin Thai, Sumit Garg
Introduction: The cornea may become infected and perforated after epithelium-on collagen crosslinking. Case presentation: A healthy 33-year-old male who underwent corneal collagen crosslinking in both eyes developed a purulent keratitis and bilateral corneal perforations, requiring bilateral penetrating keratoplasties. He was exposed to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by a family member with a tracheostomy and was treated with MRSA-directed antibiotics. After prolonged recovery and treatment of his infection, he had acceptable but limited uncorrected visual acuity, with excellent corrected visual acuity...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Mukesh Jain, Md Shahid Alam, Bipasha Mukherjee, Rajiv Raman
Objective: Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are abnormal communications between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. Based on the etiology, CCFs can be traumatic, spontaneous and rarely iatrogenic. We report an interesting case of new onset CCF associated with shallow choroidal detachment after trabeculectomy surgery. Method: Observational case report Result: A 69-year-old male patient presented with complain of proptosis, congestion, and gross diminution of vision in the left eye following trabeculectomy elsewhere...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
Pratheeba Devi Nivean, M Nivean
Xanthogranuloma is an uncommon tumor in the ocular adnexa. It usually presents as diffuse lid swelling with or without orbital involvement. Xanthogranulomas can be associated with systemic comorbidities. They are diagnosed by their characteristic pathological finding. They are further subclassified based on immunohistochemistry. We present two cases with lid swelling which were diagnosed to be xanthogranuloma. Our cases were special because of the unique presentation as localized monomorphic lesions.
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
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