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Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30781607/bridging-the-gap-between-theory-and-practice-the-active-role-of-inpatient-pharmacists-in-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#1
Abrar F Alhameed, Sara Al Khansa, Hani Hasan, Sherine Ismail, Mohammed Aseeri
Many hospitals face barriers in the implementation of TDM services, this study aimed to evaluate a pharmacist-led TDM service to optimize patients' outcomes. Adult patients who were administered vancomycin, gentamicin, or amikacin were included. The pre-phase included a retrospective assessment of patients and the intervention phase consisted of an educational program. The post-phase assessed patients based on TDM services provided by inpatient pharmacists on a 24-h, 7-day basis for 3 months. The primary outcome was to assess the mean difference in proportion of correct initial doses of prescribing orders...
February 18, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736467/general-public-views-attitudes-and-experiences-toward-drug-safety-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates-a-qualitative-approach
#2
Doaa Alkhalidi, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Ramadan Mohamed Elkalmi, Mirza Rafi Baig, Adeel Aslam, Mohamed Azmi Hassali
Ensuring drug safety among the patients is the main domain of pharmacovigilance activities worldwide. A pharmacovigilance system was established in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 2008. Research evidence reflects that the current system is lacking in active participation from patients, and also, the inadequate role of healthcare professionals is anticipated. In this context, it is pertinent to know the general public's understandings and their patterns of safe use of medication, which are unexplored areas in Dubai, UAE...
February 7, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717323/complexity-of-medicine-regimens-and-patient-perception-of-medicine-burden
#3
Janet Krska, Sarah A Corlett, Barbra Katusiime
From the patient perspective, medicine burden is more than the number of medicines, or the complexity of medicine regimens they need to manage. Relationships between the number of medicines, regimen complexity and patient perception of medicine burden are under-researched. This cross-sectional study measured regimen complexity and determined how this and patient perceived burden are affected by the therapeutic group. Regimen complexity was measured in patients presenting prescriptions to six community pharmacies in South-East England...
February 2, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717311/consultant-pharmacist%C3%A2-provider-collaboration-in-u-s-assisted-living-facilities-a-pilot-study
#4
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Kelsey D Frederick, Krishna Patel, Kristi Summers, Morgan Honeycutt
The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the impact of pharmacist-provided recommendations to general practitioners (GPs) of patients living in assisted living facilities (ALFs). A secondary objective of this study was to explore prescriber and ALF staff perceptions. This was a mixed-method, quasi experimental 1-group pre/post-test study with an explanatory qualitative arm using in-depth semi-structured interviews at five regional ALFs and one independent community pharmacy in East Tennessee. Residents older than 65 years of age, with confirmed diagnosis of Type II diabetes in the pharmacy's medical record, taking anti-diabetic medication for at least 14 days and resident of affiliated ALF for at least past 30 days were enrolled...
February 1, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704103/assessment-of-insulin-related-knowledge-among-healthcare-professionals-in-a-large-teaching-hospital-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Amie Bain, Sallianne Kavanagh, Sinead McCarthy, Zaheer Babar
Despite numerous strategies introduced to promote the safe use of insulin, insulin-related medication errors persist. Our aim was to examine the knowledge and self-reported confidence of a range of healthcare professionals regarding insulin use in a large teaching hospital in the North of England. A 16-item electronic questionnaire was prepared in light of locally reported insulin-related incidents and distributed electronically to all healthcare professionals at the hospital over a 4-week study period. A range of healthcare professionals, including nurses, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, junior doctors and consultants, completed the questionnaires (n = 109)...
January 30, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691097/current-clinical-practice-for-the-use-of-hypnotics-to-manage-primary-insomnia-in-adults-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-an-audit-study
#6
Ali Dobia, Kath Ryan, Daniel Grant, Ahmed BaHammam
Despite the risks associated with hypnotics and their recent increased use in Saudi Arabia, there are no specific national guidelines for using these medicines to treat insomnia nor are there any data on how these medicines are currently prescribed. There is the potential, however, that some physicians might be adhering to the United States guidelines. The current audit study was aimed to assess the current practice in treating insomnia with hypnotics in Saudi Arabia, and to evaluate its agreement with the US guidelines...
January 26, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30682807/polypharmacy-and-psychological-distress-may-be-associated-in-african-american-adults
#7
Shervin Assari, Mohsen Bazargan
Background: Compared to Whites, African Americans are at a higher risk of multiple chronic conditions, which places them at a higher risk of polypharmacy. Few national studies, however, have tested whether polypharmacy is associated with psychological distress-the net of socioeconomic status, health status, and stress-in African Americans. Aims: In a national sample of African Americans in the US, this study investigated the association between polypharmacy and psychological distress. Methods: The National Survey of American Life (NSAL, 2003) included 3570 African American adults who were 18 years or over...
January 24, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30669460/effects-of-cross-training-on-medical-teams-teamwork-and-collaboration-use-of-simulation
#8
Ashley R Hedges, Heather J Johnson, Lawrence R Kobulinsky, Jamie L Estock, David Eibling, Amy L Seybert
Previous research in the US Navy demonstrated that cross-training enhances teamwork and interpersonal collaboration. Limited data exists on cross-training effectiveness in medical education. This research aimed to assess whether cross-training would have similar effects on medical teams. A multidisciplinary pair of resident participants-consisting of one physician and one pharmacist-was randomly assigned to cross-training or current training condition. The training experience involved one video-based content module (training a pharmacist's task of pharmacokinetic dosing and a physician's task of intubation) and one simulation-based practice scenario (collaborative treatment of an unstable critically ill simulated patient)...
January 19, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30658389/hypersensitivity-reactions-in-serious-adverse-events-reported-for-paracetamol-in-the-eudravigilance-database-2007%C3%A2-2018
#9
Iwona Popiołek, Katarzyna Piotrowicz-Wójcik, Grzegorz Porebski
Paracetamol is a popular and easily available drug which is used world-wide as analgesic, antipyretic agent. Hypersensitivity reactions to this drug involve a wide range of symptoms of various importance for patient management. The EudraVigilance (EV) database serves as a system for monitoring adverse events (AE) due to drug intake. We retrospectively recorded AE reports for "paracetamol" reported from 1 January 2007 to 1 October 2018 which fulfilled the category of "serious" in EV. For further analysis the retrieved AE reports were selected according to the keywords corresponding to hypersensitivity symptoms...
January 17, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30650559/readiness-of-pharmacists-based-in-utah-about-pain-management-and-opioid-dispensing
#10
Meghan M Balough, Stephen Nwankpa, Elizabeth J Unni
Prescription opioid use disorder is a growing epidemic and pharmacists as the dispensers of prescription drugs can play a crucial role in the management of the opioid crisis. However, few studies have examined pharmacists' perceptions of their role in it. The objective of this study was to evaluate the perceptions of pharmacists in Utah regarding their role in the opioid epidemic. The study utilized a cross sectional online survey design to understand the pharmacist knowledge and beliefs regarding pain management, opioids, naloxone, and the various opioid risk identification tools...
January 15, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30650554/the-use-of-dietary-interventions-in-pediatric-patients
#11
REVIEW
Shirin Madzhidova, Lusine Sedrakyan
Complementary and alternative treatment approaches are becoming more common among children with chronic conditions. The prevalence of CAM use among US adults was estimated to be around 42% in 2015 and around 44% to 50% among adults with neurologic disorders. Studies demonstrate that children with certain chronic illnesses such as asthma, cancer, genetic disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and other neurodevelopmental disorders are treated with complementary and alternative treatments at higher rates...
January 15, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30642096/rare-and-imported-infections-are-we-prepared
#12
EDITORIAL
Godwin Oligbu
The world's population is rapidly expanding [...].
January 13, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30634591/health-information-technology-use-and-patient-safety-study-of-pharmacists-in-nebraska
#13
Kimberly A Galt, Kevin T Fuji, Ted K Kaufman, Shweta R Shah
This study aimed to describe the impact of 13 different health information technologies (HITs) on patient safety across pharmacy practice settings from the viewpoint of the working pharmacist. A cross-sectional mixed methods survey of all licensed practicing pharmacists in 2008 in Nebraska ( n = 2195) was developed, pilot-tested and IRB approved. One-fourth responded (24.4%). A database of pharmacists' responses to closed-ended quantitative questions and in vivo qualitative responses to open-ended questions was built...
January 10, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30621002/evaluation-of-prescription-adaptation-following-changes-to-a-provincial-drug-insurance-formulary
#14
Robert T Pammett
On 1 December 2016, British Columbia's (BC) provincial drug insurance program changed which medications in certain classes would benefit under the insurance program in an attempt to reduce expenditure. As part of the modernization, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (Statins), Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), and dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (CCB) were affected. Prescribers and pharmacists had six months to discuss the changes with patients, and change medications if deemed necessary...
January 7, 2019: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30591674/pharmacy-based-travel-health-services-in-the-united-states
#15
REVIEW
Keri Hurley-Kim, Jeffery Goad, Sheila Seed, Karl M Hess
The aim of this paper is to review pharmacy laws and regulations, pharmacist training, clinic considerations, and patient care outcomes regarding pharmacy-based travel health services in the United States. Pharmacists and pharmacies in the United States are highly visible and accessible to the public, and have long been regarded as a source for immunization services. As international travel continues to increase and grow in popularity in this country, there is a pressing need for expanded access to preventative health services, including routine and travel vaccinations, as well as medications for prophylaxis or self-treatment of conditions that may be acquired overseas...
December 27, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30586866/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-slovenia
#16
Borut Božič, Aleš Obreza, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE (" Pharmacy Education in Europe ") project studied pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU) member states. The work was carried out using an electronic survey sent to chosen pharmacy representatives. The surveys of the individual member states are now being published as reference documents. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy practice and education in Slovenia. In the light of this, we examine the harmonisation of practice and education in Slovenia with EU norms...
December 24, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30583580/risk-of-transverse-myelitis-following-dengue-infection-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Nafisa Badat, Dalia Abdulhussein, Peter Oligbu, Olakunle Ojubolamo, Godwin Oligbu
INTRODUCTION: Dengue virus (DENV) is one of the most common arbovirus diseases, with a wide spectrum of presentation. Spinal cord involvement in dengue infection (DF) is rare. However, the risk of transverse myelitis (TM) following Dengue has not been systematically assessed. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review of published English literature from January 1974 to December 2017 to assess risk of TM and outcomes following DF. Data sources included EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, ISI web of knowledge, conference proceedings and references within identified articles...
December 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30583547/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-clinical-pharmacy-consultations-on-nutrition-physical-activity-and-sleep-in-improving-patient-reported-psychiatric-outcomes-for-individuals-with-mental-illnesses
#18
Jennifer Bingham, David R Axon, Nicole Scovis, Ann M Taylor
One fifth of U.S. adults have a current mental illness. Nutrition, physical activity, and sleep are critical to physical health; any related deficiencies may worsen existing mental health conditions. Little is known about the impact of clinical pharmacist assessment and consultation in improving physical and mental health outcomes. The study objective was to determine whether patients' mental health status improved following clinical pharmacist consultation. This pilot study involved clinical pharmacist-delivered services at an integrated medical behavioral health clinic in June 2018...
December 22, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30583485/dispensing-of-prescribed-medicines-in-swiss-community-pharmacies-observed-counselling-activities
#19
Karen A Maes, Jasmine A Ruppanner, Tamara L Imfeld-Isenegger, Kurt E Hersberger, Markus L Lampert, Fabienne Boeni
Patient counselling and addressing drug-related problems are the pharmacist's key activities to ensure the safe and effective use of medicines. This study aimed to describe the dispensing practice of prescribed medicines in daily community pharmacy practice and to identify factors influencing counselling provision; Methods: An observational study was conducted in community pharmacies in Basel, Switzerland. One master student in pharmacy performed non-participatory observations for one day at each of the participating community pharmacies...
December 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30562992/patterns-of-medication-dispensation-for-multiple-comorbidities-among-older-adults-in-australia
#20
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Jenni Ilomaki, Andrea J Curtis, Ella Zomer, Sophia Zoungas, Danny Liew
Background: The increasing burden of chronic (medical) conditions (CCs) is a major issue for healthcare systems across the world. We aimed to examine the changes in the rate of medication dispensation for multiple CCs among Australians aged ≥65 years. Methods: A repeated cross-sectional study was performed using the 2013⁻2016 Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) data on reimbursed prescriptions for a 10% random sample of the Australian population. Twenty-two CCs were identified via the RxRisk-V tool. The yearly changes in the proportion of older adults dispensed medications for ≥2 CCs were determined through Poisson regression modelling using 2013 as the reference year...
December 17, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
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