Meenal Thadasina, Peter Paul Lim, Jaskirat Takhar, Margaret Kuper-Sasse, David Zhang
Pseudomembranous conjunctivitis, caused by inflammation of the conjunctiva, is characterized by conjunctival injection, mucopurulent discharge, and formation of a thin membrane overlying the conjunctiva. This is often caused by a viral or bacterial infection. This case report discusses pseudomembranous conjunctivitis from Escherichia coli in a newborn infant which, to our knowledge, has not been reported in relevant literature. This infection was likely transmitted perinatally given that the mother of the infant had blood cultures growing E...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Gianluca Dini, Ilaria Capolsini, Carla Cerri, Maria Speranza Massei, Elena Mastrodicasa, Katia Perruccio, Paolo Gorello, Maurizio Caniglia, Alberto Verrotti, Francesco Arcioni
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common childhood malignancy. Despite many advances in therapy, about 15%-20% of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia experience a disease relapse. Isolated ocular relapse is relatively rare. A 14-year-old male with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission presented with sudden onset of right eye pain and visual acuity impairment. Fundoscopic examination of the eye and magnetic resonance imaging of the orbits were consistent with optic nerve infiltration...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Alex Mremi, Eliasa Ndale, Leonard Stephen, Elifuraha Mkwizu, Kajiru Kilonzo
Castleman's disease is a rare lympho-proliferative disease entity characterized by variable clinical presentations, distinctive histological manifestations, and prognosis. Its incidence and etiology are unclear. An interplay of HIV and human herpesvirus-8 has been implicated. Although its localized variety is benign, other types can be multifocal with adverse systemic manifestations. Human herpesvirus-8 Castleman's disease affects mainly HIV-positive individuals; however, individuals who are immunocompromised from other causes can also be affected, thus necessitating investigations for HIV...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Ugyen Choden, Sonam Yangzom, Geeta Pradhan, Pema Wangchuk
The novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 was first reported from Wuhan, China in December 2019. Since then, it has caused global crisis and it still continues to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Although it primarily involves respiratory system with symptoms ranging from mild to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, extrapulmonary involvement including gastrointestinal manifestations is increasingly reported. There are few reported cases of acute pancreatitis following severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection; however, little is known on true prevalence of acute pancreatitis or other extrapulmonary manifestations...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Tadesse Gure
Infertility is one of the reproductive health issues that affects 10%-15% of couples. There are different factors causing infertility: male factors, female factors, and combinations of them. Knowing the causes of infertility is very important for treatment, and looking for them starts with a simple physical examination and progresses to invasive diagnostic procedures. Although it is rare, there are reports of unnoticed and forgotten intrauterine contraceptive devices causing infertility in different parts of the world...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Aikaterini Liapi, Chirine Atat, Vincent Dunet, Apostolos Sarivalasis
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a rare neurological disorder, the diagnosis of which is based on the combination of clinical and radiological findings. It can be associated with many patient-related conditions such as autoimmune disorders or can be provoked by toxins or medication. We report the case of a 70-year-old patient, known for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IVB, high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, who was diagnosed with a posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome while on bevacizumab and olaparib maintenance treatment...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Bidzina Kulumbegov, Maia Gotua
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis is a rare but severe form of anaphylaxis that occurs after consuming wheat products and engaging in physical activity. A case study of a 30-year-old woman suffering from chronic urticaria for the last 5 years highlights the difficulty in diagnosing this condition, as specific triggers were not identified. A diagnostic study called MADx revealed a positive analysis for omega-5-gliadin, leading to a diagnosis of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis. Delayed diagnosis is a common issue, and it can be challenging to distinguish wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis from other conditions with similar symptoms...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Benayad Aourarh, Yannick Bangda, Sanaa Berrag, Tarik Adioui, Mouna Tamzaourte, Soumya Elgraini, Lina Belkouchi, Rachida Saouab, Omar Belkouchi, Abdelnaim Ait Ali
The superior mesenteric artery syndrome and nutcracker phenomenon are rare vascular disorders due to the abnormal development of the superior mesenteric artery stemming from the abdominal aorta with reduced angle (<22°) and resultant compression of the left renal vein and duodenum. It is an underreported entity due to the absence of specific pathognomonic signs. We report the case of a 59-year-old man, admitted for acute bilious vomiting, who underwent a gastroscopy and a computed tomography scan revealing a Wilkie's syndrome associated with a dilated posterior left renal vein communicating with the left ascending lumbar vein without connection with the inferior vena cava mimicking a nutcracker phenomenon...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Shintaro Kuwauchi, Mitsuharu Hosono, Tomohiko Uetsuki, Kohei Kawazoe
A 60-year-old woman presented with a fever of unknown origin. Echocardiography revealed a large left atrial tumor protruding into the left ventricle during diastole. Laboratory investigation showed an elevated white blood cell count, C-reactive protein concentration, and interleukin-6 concentration. Magnetic resonance imaging showed hyperacute microinfarcts and multiple old lacunar infarcts. Surgery was performed under suspicion of cardiac myxoma. A dark red jelly-like tumor with an irregular surface was removed...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Mishi Bhushan, Richard D Betzold, Sameer Al Diffalha
Thromboangiitis obliterans, or Buerger's disease, is a relatively rare nonatherosclerotic, segmental inflammatory and obliterative vascular disease that affects the small- and medium-sized arteries, veins, and nerves. In the acute phase, the lesion presents as an inflammatory, nonsuppurative panarteritis or panphlebitis with vascular thrombosis without necrosis. In the late stage of the disease, the thrombus becomes organized leading to varying degrees of recanalization and subsequent gangrene and amputation...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Hafeez U Lone, Cornelia S Carr, Ahmed Maghrabi, Abdulaziz M Alkhulaifi
Cyst or thrombus formation in the left ventricular outflow tract of a normal heart is very rare. We present a case of a male who presented with a major stroke and was found to have a freely mobile cystic mass in the left ventricular outflow tract, with an otherwise completely normal heart. He had some risks factors for hypercoagulability (reduced protein C activity and raised fibrinogen), but only received aspirin therapy due to his stroke severity (haemorrhagic transformation). Once his brain imaging suggested it was safe to proceed, repeat imaging showed the mass had gone, so cardiac surgery was avoided...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Hend M Alotaibi, Sawsan A Alharthi, Ghadah Alhammad
Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, several reports around the world indicated that the novel coronavirus could be associated with specific dermatologic manifestations. Among earlier articles, encountered features included erythematous maculopapular exanthems, chilblains-like acral skin lesions, vesicular, and urticarial rashes. We describe the first case of Jacquet erosive diaper dermatitis in a 17-month-old girl with a confirmed COVID-19 infection. This article may serve to expand the knowledge of the diverse clinical features of COVID-19 infection, particularly among the pediatric population...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Amine Naggar, Meryem Benmoussa, Ibrahima Dokal Diallo, Omar El Aoufir, Fatima Zahra Laamrani, Laila Jroundi
Carotid artery injuries are rare with an incidence of 1%-2.6% in trauma patients. They are associated with high morbi-mortality rates, with mortality ranging from 19% to 43%. The diagnosis relies mainly on computed tomography angiography in the emergency setting; however, it is fundamental to be able to suspect carotid artery injuries on non-contrast computed tomography, as the latter is the routine imaging tool for trauma patients. We report the case of a young male, victim of a blunt high velocity motor-vehicle trauma...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Charles Preston Pugh, Megan Baber, Gwenevere White
Necrotizing enterocolitis is a disease process of intestinal disruption which has been associated with gastrointestinal microbial alterations after antibiotic exposure. Treatment guidelines and antibiotic exposure for congenital syphilis have historically been based on limited evidence. This case presents a term infant who developed necrotizing enterocolitis after treatment for congenital syphilis.
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Kateryna Strubchevska, Marko Kozyk, Nicole Marijanovich
Vibrio vulnificus is a Gram-negative bacterium, a member of the Vibrionaceae family. V. vulnificus is the main cause of seafood-related deaths in the United States because it can cause severe wound infections or sepsis. This microorganism is highly dependent on iron availability. Therefore, patients with high body iron levels are more susceptible to the infection. Prompt treatment with cephalosporins as well as doxycycline is usually administered. We present a case of V. vulnificus bacteremia in a patient heterozygous for HFE p...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Peng Qi, Hui An, Yuxuan Lv, Yanping Geng, Shuxia Chen, Shuren Li, Yi Dang
In patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation refractory to optimal medical therapy, atrioventricular node ablation followed by permanent pacemaker implantation is an effective treatment option. A 66-year-old woman with symptomatic persistent atrial fibrillation refractory to multiple ablation procedures was referred to our institution. After optimal drug therapy, the patient still had obvious symptoms. Sequential His-Purkinje conduction system pacing and atrioventricular node ablation were performed. Left bundle branch pacing was used as a backup pacing method if thresholds of His bundle pacing were too high or loss of His bundle capture occurred in the follow-up...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Pasquale Scoppettuolo, Laura Sinkunaite, Mihaela-Felicia Topciu, Joachim Schulz
Cytotoxic lesions of the corpus callosum are lesions secondary to different medical conditions. Radiologically, lesions are identified on magnetic resonance imaging as a hyperintense signal on diffusion-weighted imaging and decreased apparent diffusion coefficient values of the splenium of corpus callosum. Signal changes are reversible in almost totality of the cases. Previous cases of cytotoxic lesions of the corpus callosums have been associated with several metabolic disturbances, but ketotic hyperglycemia has never been reported...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Sydney Levy, Molly Posa, Maria Kelly, J Reeves Samaha, Jaclyn Otero
A 15-year-old female presented to the emergency department with a 1-day history of pain and swelling of her right eye following ocular contact with a caterpillar. Caterpillars of the white-marked tussock moth and other related species possess hairlike structures called setae, with angled barbs along their length, allowing them to travel linearly upon penetration of an enemy, resisting backward movement and becoming very difficult to extract once imbedded. When these fine, pointed hairs contact the surface of the eye, they can easily migrate in, eliciting movement of the globe, blinking, and rubbing of the eye in an attempt to remove the offending agent, potentially leading to ophthalmia nodosa...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Dena Yakoup, Efraim Rodosthenous, Kostis Giannakopoulos
Supernumerary teeth and taurodontism are both common dental anomalies when found as isolated entities. However, simultaneous presence in the same individual without a syndrome is rarely reported in the literature. This case report describes a 20-year-old non-syndromic male with multiple supernumerary teeth in association with multiple molar and premolar taurodonts and no family history of genetic predisposing factors. Taurodontism was measured and confirmed through cone-beam computed tomography for accuracy of the classification...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Kpd Janitha Kaushalya Gunarathne, Pd Jayamini Kaushalya, Nishantha Wijenayake Halpegamage
Blunt injury to the abdomen resulting in isolated duodenal injury is rare in surgical practice. Due to the insidious onset of symptoms and the vague non-specific nature of the clinical presentation, these injuries can be easily missed even in experienced hands. Contrary to Europe or developed countries, assaults to the abdomen using hands, fists, and feet in home-based violence is common in third-world countries. These patients have the habit of hiding the assault part of the history to avoid litigations to 'known' people...
2023: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
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