journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38737871/paediatric-emergency-care-in-low-income-countries-can-guidelines-be-generalized
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abner Tagoola, Helena Hildenwall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38737870/fibrous-dysplasia-polyostotic-when-radiology-clarifies-the-diagnosis
#2
Ihssane Lahlou, Sara Essetti, Samia Obilat, Fatima Chait, Nourrelhouda Bahlouli, Yousra Guelzim, Siham El Haddad, Nazik Allali, Latifa Chat
Fibrous dysplasia is a rare non-hereditary congenital condition characterized by 2 main forms: monostotic and polyostotic. Monostotic is the more common form, while polyostotic, often associated with a syndrome, is rarer. The case presented involves a 10-year-old patient who was diagnosed with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia accompanied by an endocrinopathy. This report explores the clinical and radiological aspects of this condition based on the patient's case.
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38716425/coexistence-of-allergic-diseases-in-pediatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-prevalence-clinical-manifestation-and-severity
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Porntipa Suebsarakam, Kitiporn Kaweeyanont, Sureeporn Srisutthikamol, Dara Mairiang
Objective . This study aimed to evaluate allergic diseases in pediatric patients with SLE and their association with SLE disease activity. Method . Patients with SLE aged ≤18 years were enrolled. Allergic diseases were screened using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire. Patients with a positive allergic disease screen were evaluated by a pediatric allergist for diagnostic confirmation and severity assessment. Results . Out of 118 patients, 16 patients (13...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694564/spectrum-of-pediatric-autoimmune-hepatitis-in-a-cohort-of-pakistani-children
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sabeen Abid Khan, Naurin Ali, Muhammad Arslan Farooq, Shamama Hasan, Munir Iqbal Malik
Background . Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is increasingly seen in children worldwide and it is more severe in children compared to adults. This study highlights the biochemical and clinical aspect, treatment given and outcome of the disease including pediatric liver transplantation. Study . Retrospective review (2012-2022) was done in Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad. Patients under 18 years diagnosed with AIH were included. Data related to age, gender, clinical features, laboratory investigations including liver function test, liver biopsy findings and imaging modalities were included...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38694563/factors-influencing-the-implementation-of-infant-warming-devices-among-healthcare-workers-in-malawian-hospitals
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Sangwani Salimu, Brandina Chiwaya, Felix Chikoti, Lusungu Chirambo, Ephrida Mwaungulu, Mwai Banda, Tamanda Hiwa, Marianne Vidler, Elizabeth M Molyneux, Queen Dube, Joseph Mfutso-Bengo, David M Goldfarb, Kondwani Kawaza
Objectives . Preterm infants are at risk of hypothermia. This study described the available infant warming devices (IWDs) and explored the barriers and facilitators to their implementation in neonates in Malawi. Methods . A qualitative descriptive study was conducted among 19 health care workers in Malawi from January to March 2020. All interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed, and managed using NVivo and analyzed using a thematic approach. Results . The warming devices included radiant warmers, Blantyre hot-cots, wall-mounted heaters, portable warmers, and incubators...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38685999/safety-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-pediatric-population-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Deekshitha Alla, Dhruv Jayeshkumar Shah, Muneesh Seepana, Rishabh Baskara Salian, Sai Santhosha Mrudula Alla, Midhun Krishna Mohanan, Mert Sabıroğlu, Mohan Sai Sunith Vegesna, Aradhya Singh, Srajan Gupta, Shushrutha Shivalingappa Rekha
Objective. Commonly recommended drugs for adults and children include proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), proven effective for treating peptic diseases like stomach ulcers, GERD, and Helicobacter pylori infections in children over 1-year-old. Yet, prolonged PPI use carries higher risks of adverse reactions, prompting this study's analysis. Methods. We have performed a systematic review of 30 articles, which include a total of 762 505 pediatric patients. Results. Adverse effects were encountered in 6.98% of the population...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38680273/the-power-of-play-examining-the-impact-of-a-school-yard-playground-on-attitudes-toward-school-and-peer-relationships-among-elementary-school-students-in-chennai-india
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shan Lateef, Rhea Zahir, Leena Sherdil, Carol McCleary, Tasnuva Shafin
Introduction. School environments may impact elementary school students' attachment levels to school as well as their mental and emotional well-being. Yet investments in recess/play infrastructure lag commitments to academic resources, particularly in developing countries. The main objective was to examine the impact of installing playground equipment, in the school yard, on students' attitudes toward school, peers, and the capacity to play of elementary-school children in an underserved, inner-city school in Chennai, India...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38660690/treatment-outcome-and-associated-factors-among-type-1-diabetic-children-admitted-with-dka-in-bahir-dar-city-public-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fentahun Meseret, Silenat Muluken, Tilaye Gebru Gebi, Tsegasew Embiale Yigrem
Background. Outcomes that should be measured during diabetic ketoacidosis management is crucial. However, data associated to this was limited in Ethiopia. Methods . A cross-sectional study was conducted among children with diabetic keto acidosis between 2016 and 2021.Data were stored in Epi-data version 4.6 and exported into STATA 14.0 software for analysis. The association between independent variables and length of hospital stay was assessed using binary logistic regression. Finally, variables with P -value <...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606322/prognostic-nutritional-index-enhances-the-discriminatory-ability-of-procalcitonin-for-predicting-pediatric-sepsis
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Deng Hongya, Deng Linfan, He Chunyuan, Jiang Jun, Liu Bin, Zhao Jian, Li Gang
Objective. Improving diagnostic ability of pediatric sepsis is of great significance for reducing the mortality of sepsis. This study explored the discriminatory capacity of nutritional index (PNI) in pediatric sepsis. Methods. We retrospectively enrolled 134 children with suspected sepsis and collected their clinical and laboratory data. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC), decision curve analysis (DCA) and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were performed to compare the predictive significance of the PNI, procalcitonin (PCT) and their combination...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38577660/vitamin-d-serum-25-oh-cholecalciferol-insufficiency-is-associated-with-childhood-asthma-recent-case-control-findings-from-bangladesh
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nabila Tabassum, Kazi Selim Anwar, Probir Kumar Sarkar, A R M Luthful Kabir, Md Abid Hossain Mollah, Dipa Saha, Md Jahangir Alam, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti
Objectives. To evaluate the interaction between childhood asthma and S. 25(OH) cholecalciferol among Bangladeshi children. Methods. This case control study was conducted in child asthma clinic, Bangladesh Shishu Hospital Institute during March-August 2021. Comparison was made between clinically-diagnosed (following GINA guideline) asthmatic children (2-12 years-old) (cases = 87) and age and sex-matched children having no respiratory illness (controls = 90) using SPSS' (Statistical Package for Social Science, V...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38577659/serum-level-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-symptoms-of-pica-among-adolescent-school-children-in-northern-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed A Ahmed, Abdullah Al-Nafeesah, Ashwaq AlEed, Ishag Adam
Objectives. To assess levels of 25(OH)D among adolescents with symptoms of pica in northern Sudan. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in North Sudan. Questionaries were used to collect adolescents' sociodemographics. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure 25(OH)D level. Results. Of the 344 adolescents enrolled, 161 (46.8%) and 183 (53.2%) were male and female, respectively and 103 (29.9%) had symptoms of pica. The median (IQR) of 25(OH)D level was significantly lower in adolescents with symptoms of pica...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38533296/retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-neonatal-mortality-and-morbidity-in-preterm-singleton-and-multiple-births-single-center-experience
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Alhasoon, Bader Alqahtani, Mohamad Alreefi, Abdulaziz Homedi, Ghadah Alnami, Saif Alsaif, Kamal Ali
Objective. To compare mortality and major neonatal morbidities between singleton preterm infants and preterm infants of multiple gestations born <33 weeks' gestation. Method. Case-control study of preterm multiples and singletons <33 weeks' born at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City Riyadh (KAMC-R) between January 2017 and December 2020. Out-born infants and infants with lethal congenital abnormalities were excluded from the study. Mortality and major neonatal morbidities including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), sepsis and surgical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) were compared between preterm singletons and multiples...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529337/chatgpt-yields-a-passing-score-on-a-pediatric-board-preparatory-exam-but-raises-red-flags
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mindy Le, Michael Davis
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the performance of a publicly-available online artificial intelligence program (OpenAI's ChatGPT-3.5 and -4.0, August 3 versions) on a pediatric board preparatory examination, 2021 and 2022 PREP® Self-Assessment, American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). METHODS: We entered 245 questions and answer choices from the Pediatrics 2021 PREP® Self-Assessment and 247 questions and answer choices from the Pediatrics 2022 PREP® Self-Assessment into OpenAI's ChatGPT-3...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529336/enhancing-oral-hygiene-in-children-with-hearing-impairment-the-impact-of-skit-video-interventions-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Moin, Muhammad Mohsin Haider, Kulsoom Fatima Rizvi, Rabia Imtiaz, Afsheen Maqsood, Sara Altamash, Naseer Ahmed, Artak Heboyan
Aim . This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of 3 interventions-skit video, pictorial, and sign language-in improving the oral hygiene of children with hearing impairment. Materials and Methods . Sixty children randomly divided into 3 groups: Skit video, Pictorial, and Sign language. The mean gingival and Oral Hygiene Index scores were recorded before and after interventions. A 1-way ANOVA was used for statistically significant difference between pre and post intervention scores. Results . A significant difference in mean oral hygiene and gingival index scores before and after interventions was found in Group A ( P  < ...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525434/multi-level-mixed-effects-analysis-of-stunting-among-6-to-59%C3%A2-months-children-in-ethiopia-evidenced-from-analysis-of-health-and-demographic-survey-2000-to-2019
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haymanot Mezmur, Maleda Tefera, Aklilu Abrham Roba, Öznur Başdaş
Background. Stunting remains a major public health issue in developing countries like Ethiopia. It is termed as a chronic malnutrition which leads to morbidity and mortality among children. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with stunting among 6 to 59 months children in Ethiopia. Methods. A total weighted sample of 34 930 children aged 6 to 59 months was included in this study. A Multilevel Mixed-Effect logistic regression was carried out. The Median Odds Ratio (MOR) and the Intra class Correlation Coefficient (ICC) were calculated...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525433/children-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-the-philippines-challenges-and-interventions
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dalmacito A Cordero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38487208/predictors-of-preterm-neonatal-mortality-in-india-and-pakistan-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-purpose-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shiyam Sunder Tikmani, Sarah Saleem, Afreen Sadia, Carla M Bann, Muhammad Hayat Bozdar, Jamal Raza, Sangappa M Dhaded, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Guruparasad Gowdar, Haleema Yasmin, Elizabeth M McClure, Robert L Goldenberg
Objective. To create a prediction model for preterm neonatal mortality. Methods. A secondary analysis was conducted using data from a prospective cohort study, the Project to Understand and Research Preterm Pregnancy Outcome South Asia. The Cox proportional hazard model was used and adjusted hazard ratios (AHR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were reported. Results. Overall, 3446 preterm neonates were included. The mean age of preterm neonates was 0.65 (1.25) hours and 52% were female. The preterm neonatal mortality rate was 23...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465209/predictors-of-uptake-of-rotavirus-vaccination-amongst-disadvantaged-communities-in-pakistan
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maryam Huda, Tazeen Ali, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Saleem Sayani, Shehla Zaidi
Introduction. Pakistan has the highest childhood mortality associated with diarrheal diseases. The objective of this study is to identify underlying factors contributing to lack of knowledge among mothers regarding vaccine's efficacy in the prevention of diarrhea. Methodology. Secondary data was analyzed from a cross-sectional household survey in Northern Pakistan of eligible households having under-2-year children. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out. Results. Only 30% of the mothers had knowledge regarding diarrhea prevention by vaccine...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465208/an-epistemic-look-at-parental-conceptual-knowledge-and-oral-health-outcomes-in-children
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Untray T Brown, Silvia Spivakovsky, Malvin Janal
Objective. This study explores the impact of parental oral health knowledge on children's oral health, investigating if limited knowledge contributes to poor outcomes. The CAMBRA caries risk assessment and the World Health Organization dmft/DMFT index measure oral health. Methods. Over 23 months, the Knowledge Related to Oral Health Literacy (KROHL) questionnaire assesses parental knowledge in 4 domains and 5 oral health conditions. Pearson Correlation Coefficient analyzes the association between KROHL scores and CAMBRA outcomes...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465207/comparison-the-diameter-of-the-urethral-meatus-before-and-after-circumcision-and-evaluation-of-urethral-stenosis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammad Kazem Hariri, Mohammad-Bagher Rajabalian, Behzad Narouie, Seyedeh Fatemeh Yousefi Tilaki, Ghasem Rostami, Sajedeh Jadidi, Parham Torabinavid
Objectives. This study focused on assessing the diameter of the meatus before and after circumcision to evaluate meatal stenosis. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, boys who met the inclusion criteria, their demographic parameters, and meatus diameter were recorded. Thirty days after circumcision, complications were evaluated meatus diameter was measured again and their information was analyzed by SPSS 26 software. Results. Four hundred boys were studied, and it was found that 41 cases (10.3%) developed meatal stenosis after circumcision, with 85% having a pre-circumcision meatus diameter of 4 mm or less...
2024: Global Pediatric Health
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