Journals Turkish Journal of Emergency M...

Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Chui King Wong, Mohd Johar Jaafar
BRASH syndrome is a syndrome characterized by bradycardia, renal failure, usage of atrioventricular (AV) nodal blocker, shock, and hyperkalemia (BRASH). It is more common among patients with multiple comorbidities such as cardiac disease, kidney dysfunction, and hypertension requiring AV nodal blockers. Cardiac conduction abnormalities are frequently caused by severe hyperkalemia. However, it may also occur in mild-to-moderate hyperkalemia with concomitant use of AV nodal blockers due to the synergistic effects between these two factors in the presence of renal insufficiency...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hyun Jung Lee, Jeong Ho Kang
Glufosinate ammonium (GLA) is widely used as a commercial herbicide in many countries. Neurotoxicity of GLA has been associated with serious neurological complications such as loss of consciousness, convulsions, and memory impairment. Late-onset memory impairment due to GLA-induced hippocampal lesions is the most distinct clinical feature in GLA poisoning. However, the lesion of the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) is a rare condition in GLA poisoning, so the clinical features are not well known. We report the case of a 57-year-old male patient who developed SCC damage after GLA poisoning...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yunus Emre Özlüer, Mücahit Avcil, Sadık Erdem Dizman
Arterial bleeding due to pelvic fracture can be life-threatening, and angiographic embolization is the gold standard for its control. Various materials have been described, but most of them are not widely available, mainly because of the high costs. Here, we report a case of use of autologous subcutaneous fat tissue for successfully controlling bleeding in a patient with an anterior-posterior pelvic fracture.
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Adam James Rhodes, Michele Joy Fagan, Sergey M Motov, Jessica Zerzan
Administration of sub-dissociative doses of ketamine is used via intranasal (IN) and intravenous routes in the pediatric emergency department for managing acute pain. Due to difficulties in both obtaining intravenous access and compliance with IN medications in children, administration of ketamine via breath-actuated nebulizer can serve as a valuable modality for timely analgesia in children where dosing titration is patient controlled. We describe five pediatric patients who received ketamine via breath-actuated nebulizer at 0...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
İshak Şan, Burak Bekgöz, Mehmet Ergin, Eren Usul
OBJECTIVES: Although studies in the field of emergency medical services (EMS) generally compare survival and hospital discharge rates, there are not many studies measuring the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this study, we aimed to compare the mechanical chest compression device and paramedics in terms of CPR quality. METHODS: This is an experimental trial. This study was performed by the EMS of Ankara city (capital of Turkey). Twenty (ten males and ten females) paramedics participated in the study...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Minhyuk Kang, Hyejin Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the characteristics of suicide attempters as distinguished from nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among those who are admitted to the emergency department (ED) following self-harm behavior using psychological scales and biochemical markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The initial assessment forms and medical records of patients referred to the ED after self-harm behavior between March 2017 and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hüseyin Sevil, Volga Bastan, Esma Gültürk, Imad El Majzoub, Erkan Göksu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized, cross-over trial is to reveal the effect of smartphone cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) feedback applications (App) on a group of lay rescuers' chest compression-only CPR quality metrics. Quality metrics is measured initially and after 3 months. METHODS: A floor-based Resusci Anne mannequin (Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway) was used. Three scenarios (CPR with device App-on [scenario-a], CPR with device App-off [scenario-b], and hands-only CPR [scenario-c]) were randomly allocated to all participants...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Dikmen Çalışkan, Fikret Bildik, Mehmet Ali Aslaner, İsa Kılıçaslan, Ayfer Keleş, Ahmet Demircan
OBJECTIVE: Whether the use of metronome affects the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of metronome use on CPR quality. METHODS: This was a prospective, simulation-based CPR manikin study. There were two phases: without and with metronome use. Chest compression was performed for 2 min, and three CPR quality criteria including chest compression depth, recoil, and rate were recorded with TrueCPR Feedback Device in both phases...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Jack Michel, George Michel, Odalys Frontela, Jorge Posada, Jose Cardona, Eugenio Angueira
BACKGROUND: The first cases of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were reported in Wuhan, China. No antiviral treatment options are currently available with proven clinical efficacy. However, preliminary findings from phase III trials suggest that remdesivir is an effective and safe treatment option for COVID-19 patients with both moderate and severe disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to investigate whether remdesivir was effective for treating COVID-19 including reduced in-hospital adverse events, oxygen support, and mortality rates...
April 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vlatka Periša, Dorian Laslo, Lana Maričić, Lada Zibar
This is the first report on a case of perindopril/amlodipine-induced thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) syndrome. A 48-year-old female was admitted complaining of nettle rash all over the body, bloody urine, and weakness shortly after starting antihypertensive therapy with perindopril/amlodipine. Shortly thereafter, she developed pronounced hemiparesis, somnolence, and sensorimotor aphasia. Laboratory findings were compatible with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. She was diagnosed with TMA...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sefer Ozgur, Ersin Aksay, Aysen Aydın Kacar
Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the important emergencies that needs aggressive treatment for decreasing the risk of death. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and fibrinolysis should be considered in patients with failure in oxygenation and perfusion despite invasive mechanical ventilation and vasopressor treatment. We present the case of a 22-year-old male who underwent ECMO, systemic fibrinolysis, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation because of massive PE and subsequently developed intraperitoneal bleeding...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Muge Gulen, Salim Satar, Onder Yesiloglu, Akkan Avci, Selen Acehan
In this article, we discuss the successful treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a rare complication of opioid overdose, through high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNCOT). A 32-year-old male patient was referred to the emergency department with an ambulance due to a state of confusion following intravenous opioid intake. On arrival, the patient had an arterial blood pressure of 100/60 mmHg, pulse of 112 beats/min, respiratory rate of 8 breaths/min, and oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) of 75%...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Wachira Wongtanasarasin, Karan Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVES: Because the benefits of bicarbonate therapy remain unclear, it is not routinely recommended for the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) given to individuals with cardiac arrest (CA). This study aims to evaluate the clinical benefits of bicarbonate therapy in adults with CA. METHODS: Without any language restriction, we searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane CENTRAL from the inception until April 30, 2020. We performed hand-search to identify the relevant trials included in previous meta-analyses...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sule Yakar, Necmi Baykan, Ömer Önal, Polat Durukan
OBJECTIVES: Sternal fractures (SFs) are rare pathologies that mainly occur as a result of traffic accidents, which can cause mortality due to concomitant complications. In this study, we aimed to evaluate clinical processes and termination status of patients diagnosed with a SF in the emergency department. METHODOLOGY: Patients diagnosed with a SF in the emergency department during 8 years were retrospectively reviewed. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were recorded, and standard data forms were created...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Arzu Topeli, Banu Cakir
OBJECTIVE: We report the hospital outcomes after implementing the blue code system in our hospital and health campus. We also aimed to determine factors related to mortality. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of the patients who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). All blue code calls for all age groups between March 15, 2013, and April 30, 2015 were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to find independent predictors of in-hospital mortality...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Richard Chocron, Thomas Tamisier, Anne-Laure Feral-Pierssens, Philippe Juvin
OBJECTIVES: Sutures require follow-up visits for favorable evolution. To improve postemergency wound care, we decided to include a standardized advice sheet for patients based on current recommendations. The objective is to assess its effectiveness on outpatients' compliance after being discharged from the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We performed a prospective, pre-post design trial in an ED of a teaching hospital. We included for two consecutive months all patients aged ≥16 years old and consulting for wounds that needed suturing, and we excluded chronic wounds, burns, and hand wounds since they all need special care...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mahdi Zangi, Somayeh Karimi, Sahar Mirbaha, Mehran Sotoodehnia, Fatemeh Rasooli, Alireza Baratloo
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the accuracy of recognition of stroke in the Emergency Room (ROSIER) Scale in the diagnosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) transferred to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The present study was a multicenter study. Records from patients suspected of stroke, who referred to the ED were reviewed. Demographic, clinical, and diagnostic data were extracted and then entered in checklists. ROSIER Scale was used to evaluate the possible diagnosis in this study...
January 2021: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 146 in vol. 20, PMID: 32832734.].
October 2020: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Divya Sethi, Naveen Kumar
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare disease of unknown cause that affects women of childbearing age. A high index of suspicion should be maintained in the pregnant and peripartum woman who presents with sudden cardiac decompensation without any prior history of cardiac disease. The diagnosis can be confirmed with echocardiographic evidence of global left ventricular dysfunction. Timely diagnosis and institution of therapy for heart failure can avoid adverse outcomes in a parturient with PPCM. In this case report, we describe the management of primigravida presenting to the hospital's emergency department with acute cardiac failure and respiratory distress due to PPCM...
October 2020: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Merve Misirlioglu, Dincer Yildizdas, Faruk Ekinci, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, Ahmet Yontem
Acute pancreatitis is a reversible inflammatory condition of the pancreas. It usually develops on the basis of trauma, structural abnormalities, and chronic systemic diseases. A definitive causal correlation between a drug and acute pancreatitis is quite difficult for clinicians. Drugs play a vital role in the etiology in approximately 10% of children with pancreatitis. More than 50 drugs including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been reported to cause pancreatic damage. There was no pediatric case report developed pancreatitis following perindopril use...
October 2020: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
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