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Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719475/high-risk-criteria-in-level-2-may-provide-a-source-of-disagreement-in-emergency-severity-index
#1
Amir Mirhaghi, Mirhaghi Ebrahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719474/rhino-orbital-mucormycosis
#2
Satvinder Singh Bakshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719473/ultrasonography-application-for-detection-and-management-of-pneumothorax-following-pleural-catheter-insertion-a-case-report
#3
Golnar Sabetian, Fatemeh Aalinezhad, Mansoor Masjedi, Shahram Paydar
Pneumothorax as a complication of pleural catheter insertion could be very dangerous in patients under mechanical ventilation. In ICU patients, physical examination and supine chest x-ray (CXR) are poorly sensitive in diagnosis of pneumothorax. Moreover, CT scan has also disadvantages, such as radiation, high cost, time consuming and need for patient transfer to radiology suit. In comparison to CXR and CT scan, ultrasonography is an available tool for early and rapid detection of this complication. In this study, we reported a 21-year-old woman, a victim of trauma, undergone pleural catheter insertion for drainage of hemothorax...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719472/talocalcaneal-coalition-including-open-comminuted-calcaneal-fracture-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Uldis Berzins, Gloria Maria Hohenberger, Ines Vielgut, Renate Krassnig, Bore Bakota, Franz Josef Seibert
Tarsal coalition is an often unrecognised cause of foot and ankle pain and represents a congenital osseous, cartilaginous or fibrous connection between two or more tarsal bones. Fractures in combination with tarsal coalitions are rarely described in the literature. We report the case of a 43-year-old male patient with a talocalcaneal coalition who sustained an open comminuted calcaneal fracture and a closed transverse cuboid fracture. Due to the asymptomatic tarsal coalition and the already firmly fixed subtalar joint, the patient was treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with satisfactory outcomes instead of ORIF in combination with subtalar arthrodesis...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719471/macular-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion-as-a-rare-complication-of-periocular-scorpion-bite-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Adel Hamid, Mohammad Shirvani, Mehrnoosh Maalhagh, Ali Rasti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719470/an-extremely-rare-complication-of-widespread-retroperitoneal-abscess-originating-from-anorectal-horseshoe-abscess
#6
Faruk Pehlivanli, Oktay Aydin, Gökhan Karaca, Gülçin Aydin, Çağatay Erden Daphan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719469/protocols-for-point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-in-a-patient-with-sepsis-an-algorithmic-approach
#7
Joaquín Valle Alonso, John Turpie, Islam Farhad, Gabrielle Ruffino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719468/prevalence-and-socio-economic-determinants-of-disabilities-caused-by-road-traffic-accidents-in-iran-a-national-survey
#8
Payam Roshanfekr, Mohammad-Reza Khodaie-Ardakani, Hossein Malek Afzali Ardakani, Homeira Sajjadi
Objective: To determine the prevalence and socio-economic disparity among victims with disabilities caused by RTAs in Iran as country with a high rate of accidents. Method: The source of data was the Iranian Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey, a nationwide cross-sectional study. The sampling framework was based on the population and housing census for Iran in 2006. Provincial samples ranged from 400 to 6,400 households. The target sample was 3,096 clusters consisting of 2,187 urban and 909 rural clusters...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719467/the-value-of-red-cell-distribution-width-rdw-and-trauma-associated-severe-hemorrhage-tash-in-predicting-hospital-mortality-in-multiple-trauma-patients
#9
Hamidreza Habibpour, Mehdi Torabi, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
Objective: To investigate the role of red cell distribution width (RDW) in comparison with Trauma-Associated Severe Hemorrhage (TASH) system in predicting the mortality of multiple trauma patients, referred to the hospital emergency department. Methods: This follow-up study was conducted on multiple trauma patients (age ≥ 18 years) with Injury Severity Scores (ISS) of ≥ 16, who were referred to the emergency department from March 1, 2017, to December 1, 2017...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719466/non-operative-management-of-blunt-liver-trauma-safety-efficacy-and-complications-of-a-standardized-treatment-protocol
#10
Antonio Brillantino, Francesca Iacobellis, Patrizio Festa, Arianna Mottola, Ciro Acampora, Fabio Corvino, Santolo Del Giudice, Michele Lanza, Mariano Armellino, Raffaella Niola, Luigia Romano, Maurizio Castriconi, Maurizio De Palma, Giuseppe Noschese
Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of NOM (non-operative management) in the treatment of blunt liver trauma, following a standardized treatment protocol. Methods: All the hemodynamically stable patients with computed tomography (CT) diagnosis of blunt liver trauma underwent NOM. It included strict clinical and laboratory observation, 48-72h contrast enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) or CT follow-up, a primary angioembolization in case of admission CT evidence of vascular injuries and a secondary angioembolization in presence of vascular injuries signs at follow-up CEUS...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719465/stereological-comparison-of-imbibed-fibrinogen-gauze-versus-simple-gauze-in-external-packing-of-grade-iv-liver-injury-in-rats
#11
Shahram Paydar, Golnoush Sadat Mahmoudi Nezhad, Mohammad Yasin Karami, Hossein Abdolrahimzadeh, Mojtaba Samadi, Alireza Makarem, Ali Noorafshan
Objective: To evaluate the effect of imbibed fibrinogen gauze on survival, bleeding and healing in liver trauma. Methods: This animal experimental study was conducted on 20 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats; with a mean weight of 300±50 gram; divided into two groups. Grade IV injury was induced to the subjects' liver. Then, the bleeding site was packed with simple gauze in the control group, and imbibed fibrinogen gauze in the experimental group. All animals were re-evaluated for liver hemostasis 48 hours after the initial injury...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719464/effects-of-pyrroloquinoline-quinone-pqq-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rat-ovaries-histological-and-biochemical-assessments
#12
Pegah Parhizkar, Rahim Mohammadi, Rasoul Shahrooz, Vahid Mohammadi
Objective: To evaluate effects of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) on ischemia-reperfusion injury using a rat ovary model. Method: Thirty healthy female Wistar rats with 250g were randomized into five experimental groups (n = 6): Group SHAM: The rats underwent only laparotomy. Group Ischemia: A 3- hour ischemia only. Group I/R: A 3-hour ischemia and a 3-hour reperfusion. 30 min before termination of reperfusion 20 µL soybeen oil (Solvent of PQQ) was administered...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719463/effect-of-local-administration-of-verapamil-combined-with-chitosan-based-hybrid-nanofiber-conduit-on-transected-sciatic-nerve-in-rat
#13
Mahan Alizadeh-Mohajer, Abbas Raisi, Ghasem Farjanikish, Rahim Mohammadi
Objective: To assess the effect of locally administered verapamil on transected peripheral nerve regeneration and functional recovery. Methods: Sixty male healthy white Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups (n=15), randomly: In transected group (TC), left sciatic nerve was transected and stumps were fixed in the adjacent muscle. In treatment group defect was bridged using chitosan tube (CHIT/Verapamil) filled with 10 µL verapamil (100ng/mL). In chitosan conduit group (CHIT), the tube was filled with phosphate-buffered saline alone...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719462/shock-index-as-a-predictor-of-post-intubation-hypotension-and-cardiac-arrest-a-review-of-the-current-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Saqer M Althunayyan
Endotracheal intubation is a lifesaving procedure that is performed in various settings within the hospital or even in the pre-hospital field. However, it can result in serious hemodynamic complications, such as post-intubation hypotension (PIH) and cardiac arrest. The most promising predictor of such complications is the shock index (SI), which holds great prognostic value for multiple disorders. On the other hand, most of the studies that have assessed the predictability of the pre-intubation SI have been small and were limited to a particular setting of a single center; thus, the results were not generalizable, and the predictive value vary according to the setting...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719461/features-and-results-of-conducted-studies-using-a-lean-management-approach-in-emergency-department-in-hospital-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Haleh Mousavi Isfahani, Sogand Tourani, Hesam Seyedin
Objective: To perform a systematic review of the properties and results of the studies that their approaches are lean management in emergency departments and the factors which influence on their performance. Method: The necessary information in the first stage was collected by searching these keywords: "Lean principles" "Lean Six Sigma", "Lean Process", "Lean thinking", "Lean Methodology", "Toyota Production System lean processing", "lean techniques", "emergency department", "emergency medicine", "emergency room" and "emergency care " ...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719460/self-immolation-in-iran-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Mohammad Saadati, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Mahdieh Heydari, Naser Derakhshani, Ramin Rezapour
Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of self-immolation epidemiology and characteristics in Iran. Methods: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis study. PubMed, Scopus, Web of science and Science Direct were searched for English literature and SID and Magiran for Persian in the time period of 2000 to 2016. The retrieved studies were screened and reviewed then quality assessed. Random Effect model was applied for meta-analysis. The qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis method...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402531/post-surgical-transitory-inferior-subluxation-of-shoulder
#17
Vikram Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402530/isolated-mesenteric-injury-causing-ileal-devascularisation-with-uterine-perforation-following-termination-of-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Dileep Ramesh Hoysal, Hemashree K
Surgical abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality, constituting up to 20% of maternal deaths. Uterine perforation is a rare complication, accounting for4% of all the abortion related complications. Intestinal injury with uterine perforation following termination of pregnancy is even rare and is a potentially fatal complication with mortality of up to 10%. A 27-year-old G3P2L2 woman with 12 weeks of gestation referred to our hospital in hemorrhagic shock with a suspicion of uterine perforation following dilatation and curettage for termination of pregnancy...
October 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402529/intrauterine-fetal-traumatic-brain-injury-following-motor-vehicle-accident-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Mohammad Safdari, Zohre Safdari, Masoud Pishjoo
Trauma, especially traumatic injuries due to car accidents are one of the causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity during pregnancy. Fetus brain injuries are usually caused fetus death. We herein report a pregnant woman in 28 weeks of gestation. The fetus was found to be normal during in-hospital. At birth, the female neonate demonstrated developmental delay and neurological deficits (hypotonicity). Neuroimaging after birth revealed extreme dilatation of lateral ventricles, hypoplasia and aplasia of the brain...
October 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30402528/surgical-management-of-adult-traumatic-atlantoaxial-rotatory-subluxation-with-unilateral-locked-facet-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Keyvan Eghbal, Abbas Rakhsha, Arash Saffarrian, Abdolkarim Rahmanian, Hamid Reza Abdollahpour, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand
Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS) is rarely occurred in adults with trauma as the most common cause. In type A and B it is usually managed with close reduction and external brace; however, in nonresponsive cases, surgical interventions might be needed. Our patient is a 21-year-old man with neck pain and torticollis after a car turn- over. There was C1-C2 rotatory subluxation with left side locked facet and C1 rotation about 40 degrees relative to C2 on computed tomography without evident of ligamentous injury in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
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