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International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775688/investigation-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-amh-level-and-ovarian-response-in-infertile-women-with-endometriosis-in-ivf-cycles
#1
Leili Safdarian, Seyedeh Noushin Ghalandarpoor Attar, Ashraf Aleyasin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Fateme Sadaf Sarfjoo, Sedigheh Hosseinimousa
Background: Endometriosis, can cause ovarian conflict and reduced ovarian reserve that could lead to lower response to assisted reproductive techniques. Objective: Current study was conducted to determine the association between level of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and the infertility treatment outcomes in infertile females with endometriosis versus the non-endometriosis infertile subject. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, 64 infertile females who referred to Shariati Hospital from April 2015 to November 2017 were enrolled...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775687/cyclophosphamide-induced-testicular-toxicity-ameliorate-by-american-ginseng-treatment-an-experimental-study
#2
Akram Hosseini, Samad Zare, Zahra Borzouei, Firouz Ghaderi Pakdel
Background: Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the most invasive chemotherapeutic agents, which used commonly despite of its wide spectrum toxicity. Clinical evidence showed toxic side effects of CP in multiple organ systems. Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of American ginseng on CP-induced testicular toxicity in rats. Materials and Methods: Adult male Wistar rats (220±30 gr) were randomly divided into four groups (n=7 in each)...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775686/the-effects-of-vitamin-c-and-menthone-on-acyclovir-induced-dna-damage-in-rat-spermatozoa-an-experimental-study
#3
Shima Toghiani, Nasim Hayati Roudbari, Gholam Reza Dashti, Shahla Rouzbehani
Background: Acyclovir (ACV) is known to be toxic to gonads, inducing apoptosis in the reproductive system. The beneficial effects of vitamin C (Vit C) and menthone, both as antioxidant agents on various organs has been reported. Objective: This study evaluated the potential role of the Vit C and menthone on the DNA damage in rat spermatozoa induced by the ACV. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, adult male albino Wistar rats with average weight of 250±10 gr, were divided into six groups (n=18/each), as: ACV (15 mg/kg/day), ACV+Vit C (20 mg/kg/day), ACV+ menthone (100 µl/d), ACV+ menthone (250 µl/d), ACV+ menthone (400 µl/day) and control group without any treatment...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775685/the-effect-of-inflammatory-diseases-associated-with-opportunistic-urogenital-infection-on-the-hormonal-function-of-the-female-reproductive-system
#4
Abdrakhmanov Azat Rasimovich, Abdrakhmanov Rasim Mindrakhmanovich
Background: Sexually transmitted infections play a great role in formation of inflammatory diseases of female urogenital system. These diseases can cause a decrease in the level of female sex hormones, as well as the ratio of estrogens and androgens. Objective: To determine changes in the state of sex hormones in women with inflammatory diseases of ovaries associated with opportunistic urogenital flora. Materials and Methods: 136 women aged 18-39 yr participated in this cross-sectional clinical study...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775684/association-of-serum-content-of-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-with-semen-quality-in-normozoospermic-and-oligoasthenoteratozoospermic-men
#5
Elham Azizi, Mohammad Naji, Maryam Shabani-Nashtaei, Aligholi Aligholi, Atefeh Najafi, Fardin Amidi
Background: Vitamin D has multifaceted function in human reproductive physiology. It has been revealed that vitamin D is involved in spermatogenesis, and semen quality can be linked to vitamin D status in men. Objective: Evaluating the correlation of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD) levels in serum with basic and advanced semen parameters and essential determinants of spermatozoa function. Materials and Methods: Participants were categorized, based on semen parameters, into normozoospermic (NS) and oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT) men...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775683/the-prevalence-of-infertility-in-20-49-years-women-in-yazd-2014-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Masoud Mirzaei, Nasim Namiranian, Razieh Dehghani Firouzabadi, Somaye Gholami
Background: Infertility is a serious health problem that affects the individual, her/his family, and the community. Infertility is defined as failure to achieve clinical pregnancy after at least 12 months of unprotected coitus. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of primary and secondary infertility and the associated factors in Yazd Greater Area during 2014-2015. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytic study using Yazd Health Study data which was conducted on 10,000 people...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775682/the-correlation-between-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-1-igfbp-1-and-homeostasis-model-assessment-of-insulin-resistance-homa-ir-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-with-insulin-resistance
#7
Arini Firmansyah, Maisuri Tadjuddin Chalid, Retno Budiati Farid, Nusratuddin Nusratuddin
Background: The underlying etiology of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is unknown and assumed to have a strong correlation with insulin resistance. Homeostasis Model Assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) is a good tool to assess insulin resistance. Low levels of serum Insulin-like Growth Factor-Binding Protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in PCOS women led to the hypothesis that hyperinsulinemia in PCOS inhibits the production of IGFBP-1, which in turn stimulates excessive androgen production...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775681/the-prevalence-of-menstrual-disorders-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Reza Omani Samani, Amir Almasi Hashiani, Maryam Razavi, Samira Vesali, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Background: Understanding the prevalence of menstrual disorders has important implications for both health service planning and risk factor epidemiology. Objective: The aim of this review is to identify and collate studies describing the prevalence of menstrual disorders in Iran. Materials and Methods: Studies with original data related to the prevalence of menstrual disorders were identified via searching six electronic databases and reviewing citations...
November 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643860/transient-osteoporosis-of-pregnancy-in-a-case-of-postpartum-bilateral-femoral-neck-fracture
#9
Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Alireza Mirzaei, Solmaz Piri, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643859/recurrent-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-at-the-trocar-site-of-laparoscopy-a-rare-case
#10
Mojgan Akbarzadeh-Jahromi, Maedeh Motavas, Afsoon Fazelzadeh
Background: Surgical scar endometriosis is typically presented as a slow-growing, painful abdominal mass near the site of a past surgery. Endometriosis on the trocar port site is rare. To best of our knowledge, only 17 cases have been reported in the literature. The nonspecific nature of endometriosis presents a diagnostic challenge, and it is often considered as an incisional hernia or other conditions. Case: Here, we described our experience with a recurrent abdominal scar endometriosis case at the trocar port site of a previous laparoscopy, which was initially thought to be an incisional hernia...
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643858/inter-observer-agreement-on-varicoceles-diagnosis-among-patients-referred-to-shiraz-namazi-hospital
#11
Saeed Shakeri, Leila Malekmakan, Farhad Manaheji, Taraneh Tadayon
Background: Varicocele is the collection of dilated veins of pampiniform plexus which is the most common cause of infertility occurred in 35-40% of infertile men. Despite all the diagnostic tools exist for varicocele diagnosis; still, a physical examination is the first step. Objective: This study was done to determine the inter-observer agreement on varicoceles diagnosis. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, two expert examiners evaluated 93 men with infertility, scrotal pain, and enlarged scrotum for the presence of varicocele...
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643857/antioxidant-effects-of-calligonum-extract-on-ovarian-tissue-of-pco-model-an-experimental-study
#12
Fatemeh Tahmasebi, Mansoureh Movahedin, Zohreh Mazaheri
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCO) is one of the most common reasons for infertility. Calligonum as a plant possess some of the important antioxidants that can decrease oxidative stress. Objective: The effects of treatment with Calligonum as an antioxidant on ovary tissue of a PCO mouse model. Materials and Methods: Thirty female NMRI mice were divided into three groups (n=10/each): control, PCO, and Calligonum. We induced PCO model with single dose of Estradiol valerate (40 mg/kg)...
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643856/relationship-between-mspi-polymorphism-of-cyp1a1-gene-and-the-risk-of-endometriosis-in-an-iranian-population-a-case-control-study
#13
Azam Babaki, Ehsan Zare Mehrjardi, Razieh Dehghani Firouzabadi, Abbas Aflatoonian, Seyed Morteza Seifati
Background: Endometriosis is a disease that affects women of reproductive age. This disease is characterized by the presence of endometrial-like tissues (endometrial or stromal glands) outside the uterus and shows significantly elevated prevalence in industrial regions. Additionally, an interaction between genetics and environmental factors is assumed for the disease. Enzymes belonging to the cytochrome P450 (CYP) family are participated in detoxification process of a wide range of environmental toxins and carcinogens...
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643855/early-effects-of-concurrent-administration-of-artesunate-amodiaquine-and-nifedipine-on-sperm-parameters-and-sex-hormones-in-guinea-pigs-an-experimental-study
#14
Jonah Sydney Aprioku
Background: Many antimalarial agents and calcium channel blockers have been demonstrated to alter male reproductive activity. Increasing prevalence of hypertension, therefore, increases concern of male infertility, and concurrent administration of antihypertensive and antimalarial agents in malaria-prone areas. Objective: The study evaluates the reproductive effect of co-administration of artesunate (Ats)-amodiaquine (Amod) and nifedipine (Nif) in male guinea pigs...
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643854/body-fat-percentage-is-a-better-marker-than-body-mass-index-for-determining-inflammation-status-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Andon Hestiantoro, Rachmat Dediat Kapnosa Hasani, Amalia Shadrina, Herbert Situmorang, Nurul Ilma, Raden Muharam, Kanadi Sumapraja, Budi Wiweko
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrinopathic disorder most commonly experienced by women of reproductive age, and it is characterized by a low-grade chronic inflammatory condition. Excessive fat deposit has been long considered as an etiological factor in the pathogenesis of this inflammatory condition. Currently, body mass index (BMI) or percentage of body fat is used as a marker to assess the body fat composition of a person. Objective: To determine whether BMI or body fat percentage (BFP) can be used as a better marker for measuring inflammation related to body fat accumulation in polycystic ovary syndrome patients...
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643853/aberrant-expression-of-micrornas-16-and-21-and-gene-targets-in-women-with-unexplained-recurrent-miscarriage-a-case-control-study
#16
Noorodin Karami, Seyed Hamidreza Mirabutalebi, Fatemeh Montazeri, Seyed Mehdi Kalantar, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Maryam Eftekhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643868/chromosome-segregation-and-chromatin-integrity-in-spermatozoa-from-a-t-2-8-p24-p21-mat-carrier-a-case-report
#17
Catalina García-Vielma, Martha Imelda Dávila-Rodríguez, Elva Irene Cortés-Gutiérrez
Background: Chromosome rearrangements can produce genomic imbalance in gametes which causes a drastic decrease in fertility. Several studies have described the relationship between high levels of DNA damage and chromosomal alterations in the spermatozoa of infertile or subfertile males. However, the nature of this relation is poorly understood. In this study, the meiotic segregation pattern and chromatin integrity were analyzed in the ejaculated spermatozoa of a 46, XY, t(2;8)(p24;p21)mat carrier with normozoospermia and a lack of conception...
September 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643867/the-prevalence-of-hbv-hcv-and-hiv-infections-among-iranian-infertile-couples-referring-to-royan-institute-infertility-clinic-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Mehrangiz Zangeneh, Maryam Sedaghat Jou, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani, Mahin Jamshidi Makiani, Shaghayegh Sadeghinia, Reza Salman Yazdi
Background: The role of the screening protocol for viral hepatitis and human immuunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among infertile couples were seldom investigated. Objective: The present study was performed to assess the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV infections among infertile couples referring to infertility clinic of Royan Institute. Materials and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was performed on 21673 infertile couples referring to infertility clinic of Royan Institute between 2009 and 2014...
September 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643866/frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-comparison-of-pregnancy-outcomes-with-and-without-prior-pituitary-suppression-by-gnrh-agonists-an-rct
#19
Alamtaj Samsami, Zohre Chitsazi, Golnaz Namazi
Background: To perform an in-vitro fertilization cycle, pretreatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist is widely used as a part of controlled ovarian hyper-stimulation protocols to prevent endogenous luteinizing hormone surge and spontaneous ovulation. GnRH agonist pretreatment is relatively costly and there is a risk of hypo estrogenic side effect. It would also lengthen the preparation period until pituitary desensitization occurs. Objective: Our study is aimed at evaluating the pregnancy outcome rate of frozen thawed embryo transfer with and without GnRH agonists pretreatment...
September 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30643865/conversion-of-apoptosis-to-necrosis-and-the-corresponding-alteration-in-the-oxidative-milieu-of-male-germ-cells-of-rat-under-acute-heat-stress-an-experimental-study
#20
Kuldeep Kaushik, Naveen Kaushal, Natwar Raj Kalla
Background: Increased scrotal temperature can disrupt spermatogenesis leading to male infertility. Germ cells being heat sensitive maintain their genetic integrity via protective mechanism originated from the cell itself or by means of cell death. However, qualitative differentiation of how reactive oxygen species and antioxidant enzymes regulate signaling pathways of cellular damage including DNA fragmentation at varied temperatures remains unexplored. Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the effects of heat mediated oxidative stress on male germ cells...
September 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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