journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38975026/target-trial-framework-for-determining-the-effect-of-changes-in-training-load-on-injury-risk-using-observational-data-a-methodological-commentary
#1
REVIEW
Chinchin Wang, Jay S Kaufman, Russell J Steele, Ian Shrier
In recent years, a large focus has been placed on managing training load for injury prevention. To minimise injuries, training recommendations should be based on research that examines causal relationships between load and injury risk. While observational studies can be used to estimate causal effects, conventional methods to study the relationship between load and injury are prone to bias. The target trial framework is a valuable tool that requires researchers to emulate a hypothetical randomised trial using observational data...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38975025/a-narrative-review-of-inherited-arrhythmogenic-syndromes-in-young-population-role-of-genetic-diagnosis-in-exercise-recommendations
#2
REVIEW
Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Estefanía Martínez-Barrios, Sergi Cesar, Rocío Toro, José Cruzalegui, Andrea Greco, Nuria Díez-Escuté, Patricia Cerralbo, Fredy Chipa, Elena Arbelo, Carles Diez-López, Gonzalo Grazioli, Norma Balderrábano, Oscar Campuzano
Sudden cardiac death is a rare but socially devastating event, especially if occurs in young people. Usually, this unexpected lethal event occurs during or just after exercise. One of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death is inherited arrhythmogenic syndromes, a group of genetic entities characterised by incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity. Exercise can be the trigger for malignant arrhythmias and even syncope in population with a genetic predisposition, being sudden cardiac death as the first symptom...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974096/obesity-is-associated-with-muscle-atrophy-in-rotator-cuff-tear
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Simone D Herzberg, Zhiguo Zhao, Thomas H Freeman, Ravi Prakash, Keith M Baumgarten, Julie Y Bishop, James L Carey, Grant L Jones, Eric C McCarty, Edwin E Spencer, Armando F Vidal, Nitin B Jain, Ayush Giri, John E Kuhn, Michael S Khazzam, Elizabeth G Matzkin, Robert H Brophy, Warren R Dunn, C Benjamin Ma, Robert G Marx, Sourav K Poddar, Matthew V Smith, Brian R Wolf, Rick W Wright
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study is to evaluate the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and muscle atrophy in individuals with rotator cuff tears. METHODS: This study consists of patients with rotator cuff tears identified by MRI from two independent cohorts, the Rotator Cuff Outcomes Workgroup (ROW) and the Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON). Presence of atrophy (yes/no) and severity of atrophy (as an ordinal variable) were assessed on MRI by expert physicians...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974095/descriptive-epidemiology-study-of-hand-injuries-sustained-in-gaelic-football-referred-to-a-hand-therapy-service-over-1-year
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Harte, Daniel Deehan, Lucia Ramsey, Suzanne Martin, Paul Slater, Lynn Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Gaelic football requires ball handling, such as bouncing, fist passing and catching. To date, no research has examined the types of injuries sustained to the hand in this sport. This study aims to establish the types of orthopaedic hand injuries sustained in Gaelic football. METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive epidemiology study of Gaelic football-related hand injuries treated at a hand therapy unit. The nature of injuries was categorised along with collated variables on player demographics and injury profiles...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38974094/sanctioned-illegal-high-tackles-significantly-increase-concussion-risk-to-both-tacklers-and-ball-carriers-in-elite-men-s-rugby-union
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ross Tucker, Ben Hester, Sharief Hendricks, James Brown, Éanna C Falvey
OBJECTIVES: Tackles making contact above the sternum increase concussion and head injury assessment (HIA) risk in Rugby Union. The sport has introduced harsher sanctions to change tackler behaviours to reduce this risk. This increased high tackle sanction numbers, though it is unknown whether sanction severity is associated with injury risk. METHODS: The sanction decision made by match officials for tackles resulting in 157 HIA1 removals, of which 91 were confirmed concussions, was evaluated...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38962362/untangling-the-relationships-between-age-gender-type-of-sport-perfectionistic-self-presentation-and-motivation-on-body-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-on-aesthetic-and-non-aesthetic-female-and-male-athletes-aged-10-to-22-years
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carolina Lundqvist, Örn Kolbeinsson, Anna Asratian, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships between age, gender, type of sport, perfectionistic self-presentation and motivation on body satisfaction among young athletes in one aesthetic sport (gymnastics) and one non-aesthetic sport (basketball). The study hypothesise that (1) age, gender and type of sport (aesthetic or non-aesthetic) will predict body satisfaction scores, (2) autonomous motivation will positively be related to body satisfaction and (3) perfectionistic self-presentation will negatively be related to body satisfaction...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38952852/association-between-profiles-of-accelerometer-measured-daily-movement-behaviour-and-mortality-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-british-older-adults
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manasa Shanta Yerramalla, Mathilde Chen, Aline Dugravot, Vincent T van Hees, Severine Sabia
OBJECTIVES: We identified profiles of wake-time movement behaviours (sedentary behaviours, light intensity physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) based on accelerometer-derived features among older adults and then examined their association with all-cause mortality. METHODS: Data were drawn from a prospective cohort of 3991 Whitehall II accelerometer substudy participants aged 60-83 years in 2012-2013. Daily movement behaviour profiles were identified using k-means cluster analysis based on 13 accelerometer-assessed features characterising total duration, frequency, bout duration, timing and activity intensity distribution of movement behaviour...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38933372/shedding-light-on-the-non-operative-treatment-of-the-forgotten-side-of-the-knee-rehabilitation-of-medial-collateral-ligament-injuries-a-systematic-review
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jasmine Svantesson, Ramana Piussi, Elin Weissglas, Eleonor Svantesson, Alexandra Horvath, Erik Börjesson, Andy Williams, Robert Prill, Kristian Samuelsson, Eric Hamrin Senorski
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the current literature regarding the non-operative treatment of isolated medial collateral ligament (MCL) injuries. DESIGN: Systematic review, registered in the Open Science Framework (https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/E9CP4). DATA SOURCES: The Embase, MEDLINE and PEDro databases were searched; last search was performed on December 2023. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Peer-reviewed original reports from studies that included information about individuals who sustained an isolated MCL injury with non-surgical treatment as an intervention, or reports comparing surgical with non-surgical treatment were eligible for inclusion...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38933371/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spasticity-and-motor-function-in-paralympic-athletes-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatemeh Aliasgharpour, Roshanak Honarpishe, Seyed Hossein Hosseini-Asl, Mohammad Saeid Khonji, Faezeh Abbaschian, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Pablo Herrero Gallego, Amin Nakhostin-Ansari
No study has evaluated the effects of dry needling on Paralympic athletes. Therefore, in this study, we will evaluate the effect of dry needling on lower limb spasticity and motor performance, as well as the range of motion of Paralympic athletes. The study will be a triple-blinded, randomised controlled trial. Twenty-four athletes aged 18-45 in T35-T38 groups of the International Paralympic Committee classification will be included in the study. Twelve participants will receive dry needling of the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles, and 12 will receive placebo treatment with sham needles at similar points...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38933370/players-are-positive-regarding-injury-prevention-exercise-programmes-but-coaches-need-ongoing-support-a-survey-based-evaluation-using-the-health-action-process-approach-model-across-one-season-in-amateur-and-youth-football
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hanna Lindblom, Ida Åkerlund, Markus Waldén, Sofi Sonesson, Martin Hägglund
OBJECTIVES: Implementation of injury prevention exercise programmes (IPEPs) in sports is challenging, and behaviour change among players and coaches is essential for success. The aim was to describe players' and coaches' motivation and coaches' goal pursuit when using IPEPs in amateur and youth football across a season. A secondary aim was to describe players' motivation to engage in IPEP use in relation to presence or absence of injury. METHODS: The study was based on questionnaires to amateur and youth, male and female football players and coaches at baseline, mid-season and post-season in a three-armed randomised trial in 2020 in Sweden...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38911478/establishment-of-clinical-exercise-physiology-as-a-regulated-healthcare-profession-in-the-uk-a-progress-report
#11
REVIEW
Helen Jones, Anthony Crozier, Keith George, Gemma Miller, Greg P Whyte, Joanna Rycroft, Andrew Scott, John P Buckley, Gordon McGregor, Christopher David Askew, Sandy Jack, Steffan Birkett, David R Broom, Keith Tolfrey, Anna Campbell, Dawn A Skelton, Lizanne Steenkamp, Jude Savage, Daniel J Green
In 2021, a 'call to action' was published to highlight the need for professional regulation of clinical exercise physiologists to be established within UK healthcare systems to ensure patient safety and align training and regulation with other health professions. This manuscript provides a progress report on the actions that Clinical Exercise Physiology UK (CEP-UK) has undertaken over the past 4 years, during which time clinical exercise physiologists have implemented regulation and gained formal recognition as healthcare professionals in the UK...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38911477/heavy-resistance-training-at-retirement-age-induces-4-year-lasting-beneficial-effects-in-muscle-strength-a-long-term-follow-up-of-an-rct
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mads Bloch-Ibenfeldt, Anne Theil Gates, Karoline Karlog, Naiara Demnitz, Michael Kjaer, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk
OBJECTIVES: Muscle function and size decline with age, but long-term effects of resistance training in older adults are largely unknown. Here, we explored the long-lasting (3 years) effects of 1 year of supervised resistance training with heavy loads. METHODS: The LIve active Successful Ageing (LISA) study was a parallel group randomised controlled trial at a university hospital in Denmark. Older adults (n=451) at retirement age were randomised to 1 year of heavy resistance training (HRT), moderate-intensity training (MIT) or a non-exercising control group (CON)...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38911476/-i-want-to-ski-and-race-not-just-ski-a-qualitative-study-on-athletes-and-stakeholders-perspectives-on-return-to-sport-in-high-performance-snowsports
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Philippe O Müller, Moritz Helbling, Evert Verhagen, Jörg Spörri, Caroline Bolling
This study explored stakeholders' perspectives on current practices, challenges and opportunities related to the return-to-sport (RTS) process in high-performance Snowsports. We conducted fourteen semi-structured interviews with athletes, coaches and health professionals from multiple countries using online video platforms. The data were transcribed verbatim and analysed based on constant comparative analysis employing the principles of Grounded Theory. Codes were grouped into categories and main concepts and a conceptual model were derived...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38895646/what-did-we-learn-about-elite-student-athlete-mental-health-systems-from-the-covid-19-pandemic
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kaitlin Simpson, Graham Baker, Emily Cameron-Blake, Debbie Palmer, Grant Jarvie, Paul Kelly
Elite student-athletes (SAs) in higher education (HE) have distinct mental health (MH) risks. The COVID-19 pandemic put pressure on systems and increased elite SA vulnerability to adverse MH outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the provision and management of MH in elite HE sports settings during the time of COVID-19 pandemic stress. The secondary aim was to identify lessons and opportunities to enhance future mental healthcare systems and services for elite SAs. A qualitative study design was used to investigate the views of three groups (athletic directors, coaches and sport healthcare providers)...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38895645/psychological-readiness-for-injury-recovery-evaluating-psychometric-properties-of-the-iprrs-and-assessing-group-differences-in-injured-physically-active-individuals
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexandra Dluzniewski, Madeline P Casanova, Sarah Ullrich-French, Christopher J Brush, Lindsay W Larkins, Russell T Baker
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of the study was to assess the one-factor and two-factor structure of the Injury Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport Scale (IPRRS) in an injured physically active population using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) procedures and assess group (ie, sex, age, injury type, athlete status) and longitudinal differences using structural equation modelling (eg, invariance testing). METHODS: The non-experimental study included a sample of 629 physically active individuals who suffered a musculoskeletal injury who sought treatment at an outpatient integrated sport medicine and rehabilitation therapy clinic...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38895644/measure-do-not-guess-a-call-to-action-to-end-assumed-and-estimated-menstrual-cycle-phases-in-research
#16
EDITORIAL
Richard J Burden, Marco Altini, Eva Ferrer, Tessa R Flood, Gary Lewin, Sophia Nimphius, Stuart M Phillips, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882207/severely-reduced-physical-performance-is-already-present-at-the-time-of-admission-for-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ronja Beller, Gabriele Gauß, Oliver Basu, Stefan Schönberger, Michaela Höfs, Dirk Reinhardt, Miriam Götte
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric patients with cancer undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) face a high risk for life-threatening infections and transplant-related complications. Therefore, these children should be in the best possible physical condition beforehand. The study aims to evaluate the fitness status before allo-HSCT and identify correlations between fitness, quality of life and fatigue, clinical data, and previous exercise sessions. METHODS: Paediatric patients with cancer ≥4 years old, treated with allo-HSCT, were recruited for the ANIMAL trial ("Effects of a low vs...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882206/cardiac-troponin-concentrations-following-exercise-and-the-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-outcomes-rationale-and-design-of-the-prospective-treat-cohort-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sylvan L J E Janssen, Sacha K Lamers, Wim H M Vroemen, Ellen J S Denessen, Kristian Berge, Otto Bekers, Maria T E Hopman, Monique Brink, Jesse Habets, Robin Nijveldt, Wouter M Van Everdingen, Vincent L Aengevaeren, Alma M A Mingels, Thijs M H Eijsvogels
Exercise can produce transient elevations of cardiac troponin (cTn) concentrations, which may resemble the cTn release profile of myocardial infarction. Consequently, clinical interpretation of postexercise cTn elevations (ie, values above the 99th percentile upper reference limit) remains challenging and may cause clinical confusion. Therefore, insight into the physiological versus pathological nature of postexercise cTn concentrations is warranted. We aim to (1) establish resting and postexercise reference values for recreational athletes engaged in walking, cycling or running exercise; (2) compare the prevalence of (sub)clinical coronary artery disease in athletes with high versus low postexercise cTn concentrations and (3) determine the association between postexercise cTn concentrations and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and mortality during long-term follow-up...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38882205/exploring-the-effect-of-the-menstrual-cycle-or-oral-contraception-on-elite-athletes-training-responses-when-workload-is-not-objectively-quantifiable-the-mils-approach-and-findings-from-female-olympians
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Quentin De Larochelambert, Imad Hamri, Tom Chassard, Alice Meignié, Florent Storme, Marine Dupuit, Allison Diry, Jean-François Toussaint, Pierre Yves Louis, Nicolas Coulmy, Juliana da Silva Antero
OBJECTIVES: Develop the Markov Index Load State (MILS) model, based on hidden Markov chains, to assess athletes' workload responses and investigate the effects of menstrual cycle (MC)/oral contraception (OC), sex steroids hormones and wellness on elite athletes' training. METHODS: On a 7-month longitudinal follow-up, daily training (volume and perceived effort, n=2200) and wellness (reported sleep quality and quantity, fitness, mood, menstrual symptoms, n=2509) data were collected from 24 female rowers and skiers preparing for the Olympics...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38868839/level-and-limitations-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-excess-body-weight-or-diabetes
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Edyta Sutkowska, Karolina Biernat, Justyna Mazurek, Katarzyna Hap, Natalia Kuciel, Magdalena Sutkowska, Dominik Marciniak
Physical activity (PA) is recommended to prevent or treat many diseases, but various factors may limit it. We analyse the level of PA and the barriers to undertaking it. Patients aged 18-64 with diabetes or at least overweight completed the following questionnaires: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Accompanying Survey (AS). For statistical analysis, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U, χ2 -Pearson, correspondence analysis and meta-analysis (OR with ±95% CI) were used, and α=0...
2024: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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